Environmental Health - Toxic Substances
U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings
of the Technical Meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993,
Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015
Method for Monitoring Biodegradation of Hydrocarbons in Unsaturated
John G. Nolan (Department of Civil Engineering, Drexel University,
Philadelphia, Pa.), Ronald J. Baker (U.S. Geological Survey, West Trenton,
N.J.), and Arthur L. Baehr (U.S. Geological Survey, West Trenton, N.J.)
A method for monitoring reaction rates of reactants and products during
biodegradation of hydrocarbons in unsaturated porous media was developed.
Stainless-steel bioreactors were filled with porous media that had been
collected from a gasoline-spill site and used in biodegradation column studies.
The purpose of the bioreactor study was to test the hypothesis that the
microbial population in the porous media taken from the columns was at steady-state
with respect to biomass production and endogenous respiration. This hypothesis
allows hydrocarbon-biodegradation rates to be calculated from carbon dioxide
production rates or oxygen consumption rates if mineralization stoichiometry
is assumed. Toluene and p-xylene were the hydrocarbons used.