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Environmental Health - Toxic Substances


Petroleum Related Contamination

Diagram of an dual-pump oil recovery system.
Crude-oil recovery system implemented at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site, 1999 to 2003. The crude-oil in the unsaturated zone above the water table contained a mixture of crude oil, air, and water in the sediment pore spaces (Delin and Herkelrath, 2014) Remediation of crude oil from the aquifer is difficult, owing to sorption and entrapment of the oil in the pore spaces within sediments -- from the Bemidji Site

Bibliography 461 Publications

Subsurface spills of petroleum compounds (crude oil, gasoline, and gasoline additives) may be the most frequently cited cause of ground-water contamination. USGS scientists and their partners are developing information and tools essential for effective remediation and long-term management of fuel spills. A major theme of this research is the effectiveness and practical limitations of Natural Attenuation for treatment of sites with petroleum related contamination. Research has been conducted at 4 research sites:

Fate and Effects of Wastes from Unconventional Oil and Gas Development

Crude Oil Contamination in a Shallow Outwash Aquifer -- Bemidji, Minnesota

Oxygenated Gasoline -- Laurel Bay, South Carolina [Completed]

Produced Water -- Osage-Skiatook Petroleum Environmental Research Project, Oklahoma [Completed]

Gasoline -- Galloway Township, New Jersey [Completed]

Other Program Petroleum Related Research

Program Science Feature Articles on Petroleum Related Research

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Page Last Modified: Thursday, 14-Apr-2016 15:53:26 EDT