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The 19 Pharmaceuticals in the Study of Pharmaceuticals in Soil Irrigated with Reclaimed Water

Pharmaceutical CASRN Use
1, 7-Dimethylxanthine 611-59-6 A caffeine metabolite
Acetaminophen 103-90-2 Non-prescription drug used to relieve pain and reduce fever -- analgesic
Caffeine 58-08-2 A stimulant
Carbamazepine 298-46-4 Used to prevent and control seizures -- anticonvulsant
Cimetidine 51481-61-9 A prescription and/or non-prescription drug used to treat ulcers and to prevent them from coming back -- antacid
Codeine 76-57-3 Used to treat moderate to severe pain -- narcotic analgesic
Cotinine 486-56-6 A nicotine metabolite
Dehydronifedipine 67035-22-7 A nifedipine metabolite -- Nifedipine is a calcium channel blocker use to treat chest pain (angina), high blood pressure (hypertension), and other heart conditions -- antihypertensive
Diltiazem 42399-41-7 A calcium channel blocker used to treat chest pain (angina), high blood pressure (hypertension), and other heart conditions -- antihypertensive
Diphenhydramine 147-24-0 Used to alleviate symptoms of allergies and the common cold (cough, runny nose, sneezing, ...) -- antihistamine
Erythromycin 114-07-8 Used to treat or prevent a wide range of bacterial infections -- antibiotic
Fluoxetine 54910-89-3 Used for the treatment of depression and other mental/mood disorders -- antidepressant
Gemfibrozil 25812-30-0 Used to help lower cholesterol and fats (triglycerides) in blood -- antihyperlipidemic
Miconazole 22832-87-7 Used to treat and prevent fungal infections of the skin, such as athlete's foot -- antifungal
Salbutamol (albuterol) 18559-94-9 Used for the treatment of asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema -- antiasthmatic
Sulfamethoxazole 723-46-6 Used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections -- antibiotic
Thiabendazole 148-79-8 Used to treat roundworm infections -- It is also a systemic fungicide used to treat and prevent fruit and vegetable diseases, such as mold -- fungicide
Trimethoprim 738-70-5 Used to treat urinary tract and other infections -- antibiotic
Warfarin 81-81-2 Used to prevent and treat blood clots -- anticoagulant

CASRN = Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number


Kinney, C.A., Furlong, E.T., Werner, S.L., and Cahill, J.D., 2006, Presence and distribution of wastewater-derived pharmaceuticals in soil irrigated with reclaimed water: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 25, no. 2, p. 317-326, doi: 10.1897/05-187R.1.

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