Environmental Health - Toxic Substances Hydrology Program

Watershed Contamination from Hard-Rock Mining — Uranium Mining

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Arai, Y., and Fuller, C.C., 2012, Effects of sulfate ligand on uranyl carbonato surface species on ferrihydrite surfaces: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, v. 365, no. 1, p. 268-274, doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2011.09.026.

Arai, Y., McBeath, M., Bargar, J.R., Joye, J., and Davis, J.A., 2006, Uranyl adsorption and surface speciation at the imogolite-water interface--Self-consistent spectroscopic and surface complexation models: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 70, no. 10, p. 2492-2509, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2006.02.013.


Bargar, J.R., Reitmeyer, R., and Davis, J.A., 1999, Spectroscopic confirmation of uranium(VI)-carbonato adsorption complexes on hematite: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 33, no. 14, p. 2481-2484, doi:10.1021/es990048g.

Bargar, J.R., Reitmeyer, R., Lenhart, J.J., and Davis, J.A., 2000, Characterization of uranium (VI)-carbonato ternary complexes on hematite--EXAFS and electrophoretic mobility measurements: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 64, p. 2737-2749, doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(00)00398-7.

Bargar, J.R., Williams, K.H., Campbell, K.M., Long, P.E., Stubbs, J.E., Suvorova, E.I., Lezama-Pacheco, J.S., Alessi, D.S., Stylo, M., Webb, S.M., Davis, J.A., Giammar, D.E., Blue, L.Y., and Bernier-Latmani, R., 2013, Uranium redox transition pathways In acetate-amended sediments: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, v. 110, no. 12, p. 4506-11, doi:10.1073/pnas.1219198110.

Beisner, K.R., Paretti, N.V., Tillman, F.D., Naftz, D.L., Bills, D.J., Walton-Day, K., and Gallegos, T.J., 2016, Geochemistry and hydrology of perched groundwater springs--Assessing elevated uranium concentrations at Pigeon Spring relative to nearby Pigeon Mine, Arizona (USA): Hydrogeology Journal, p. 1-18, doi:10.1007/s10040-016-1494-8 (Advanced Web release).

Böhlke, J.K., Verstraeten, I.M., and Kraemer, T.F., 2007, Effects of surface-water irrigation on the sources, fluxes, and residence times of water, nitrate, and uranium in an alluvial aquifer: Applied Geochemistry, v. 22, no. 1, p. 152-174, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2006.08.019.

Bond, D.L., Davis, J.A., and Zachara, J.M., 2008, Uranium(VI) release from contaminated vadose zone sediments--Estimation of potential contributions from dissolution and desorption, in Barnett, M.O., and Kent, D.B., eds., Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia II--Variables, Mechanisms, and Model Applications: Amsterdam, Elsevier, v. 375-416, p. 474, ISBN:978-0-444-53212-1.

Briggs, M., and Buxton, H.T., 2014, Improved approach for quantifying subsurface contamination: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/27/2015, 2015

Briggs, M.A., Day-Lewis, F.D., Ong, J.B.T., Curtis, G.P., and Lane, J.W., 2013, Simultaneous estimation of local-scale and flow path-scale dual-domain mass transfer parameters using geoelectrical monitoring: Water Resources Research, v. 49, no. 9, p. 5615-5630, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20397.


Campbell, K.M., Davis, J.A., Bargar, J., Giammar, D., Bernier-Latmani, R., Kukkadapu, R., Williams, K.H., Veramani, H., Ulrich, K.U., Stubbs, J., Yabusaki, S., Figueroa, L., Lesher, E., Wilkins, M.J., Peacock, A., and Long, P.E., 2011, Composition, stability, and measurement of reduced uranium phases for groundwater bioremediation at Old Rifle, CO: Applied Geochemistry, v. 26, Supplement, p. S167-S169, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.03.094.

Campbell, K.M., Gallegos, T.J., and Landa, E.R., 2014, Biogeochemical aspects of uranium mineralization, mining, milling, and remediation: Applied Geochemistry, v. 57, p. 206-235, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2014.07.022.

Campbell, K.M., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2013, Improving subsurface uranium cleanup methods: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/20/2016, 2016

Croteau, M.-N., Fuller, C.C., Cain, D.J., Campbell, K.M., and Aiken, G., 2016, Biogeochemical controls of uranium bioavailability from the dissolved phase in natural freshwaters: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 50, no. 15, p. 8120-8127, doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b02406.

Croteau, M.-N., Fuller, C.C., and Lee, K.E., 2016, Study reveals processes that control uranium bioavailability in a freshwater snail--Relevance to aquatic biota in the Grand Canyon area: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 09/01/2016, 2016

Curtis, G.P., and Davis, J.A., 2004, Simulation of U(VI) transport in groundwater with variable geochemical conditions, in Wanty, R.B., and Seal II, R.R., eds., Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction, Saratoga Springs, New York, July 2004: Balkema, v. 2, p. 927-933.

Curtis, G.P., Davis, J.A., and Naftz, D.L., 2006, Simulation of reactive transport of uranium(VI) in groundwater with variable chemical conditions: Water Resources Research, v. 42, W04404, doi:10.1029/2005WR003979.

Curtis, G.P., Fox, P., Kohler, M., and Davis, J.A., 2004, Comparison of in situ uranium K D values with a laboratory determined surface complexation model: Applied Geochemistry, v. 19, p. 1643-1653, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2004.03.004.

Curtis, G.P., Kohler, M., and Davis, J.A., 2009, Comparing approaches for simulating the reactive transport of U(VI) in ground water: Mine Water and the Environment, v. 28, no. 2, p. 84-93, doi:authid:9333137300.


Davis, J.A., and Curtis, G.P., 2003, Application of surface complexation modeling to describe uranium (VI) adsorption and retardation at the uranium mill tailings site at Naturita, Colorado: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Report NUREG CR-6820.

Davis, J.A., Curtis, G.P., Wilkins, M.J., Kohler, M., Fox, P.M., Naftz, D.L., and Lloyd, J.R., 2006, Processes affecting transport of uranium in a suboxic aquifer: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, v. 31, p. 548-555, doi:10.1016/j.pce.2006.04.005.

Davis, J.A., Meece, D.E., Kohler, M., and Curtis, G.P., 2004, Approaches to surface complexation modeling of uranium(VI) adsorption on aquifer sediments: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 68, p. 3621-3641, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2004.03.003.

Demas, A., and Focazio, M., 2016, USGS assesses baseline conditions prior to uranium mining near Grand Canyon National Park: U.S. Geological Survey News Release, 03/03/2016.


Elias, D.A., Senko, J.M., and Krumholz, L.R., 2003, A procedure for quantitation of total oxidized uranium for bioremediation studies: Journal of Microbiological Methods, v. 53, no. 3, p. 343-353, doi:10.1016/S0167-7012(02)00252-X.


Fox, P.M., Davis, J.A., and Zachara, J.M., 2006, The effect of calcium on aqueous uranium(VI) speciation and adsorption to ferrihydrite and quartz: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 70, no. 6, p. 1379-1387, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2005.11.027.

Fuller, C.C., and Akstin, K.C., 2014, Laboratory studies of biostimulated uranium reduction by ISR aquifer sediments and suboxic remobilization of sequestered uranium (Chapter 3), in Yabusaki, S.B., and others, eds., Assessing the Potential for Biorestoration of Uranium In Situ Recovery Sites: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission NUREG/CR-7167.

Fuller, C.C., Bargar, J.R., Davis, J.a., and Piana, M.J., 2002, Mechanisms of uranium interactions with hydroxyapatite--Implications for groundwater remediation: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 36, no. 2, p. 158-165, doi:10.1021/es0108483.

Fuller, C.C., Barger, J.R., and Davis, J.A., 2003, Molecular-scale characterization of uranium sorption by bone apatite materials for a permeable reactive barrier demonstration: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 37, no. 20, p. 4642-4649, doi:10.1021/es0343959.

Fuller, C.C., Johnson, K.J., Akstin, K.C., Singer, D.M., Yabusaki, S.B., Fang, Y., and Fuhrmann, M., 2014, Uranium sequestration during biostimulated reduction and in response to the return of oxic conditions in shallow aquifers: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission NUREG/CR-7178.


Gallegos, T.J., Campbell, K.M., Zielinski, R.A., Reimus, P.W., Clay, J.T., Janot, N., J. R. Bargar, and Benzel, W.M., 2015, Persistent U(IV) and U(VI) following in-situ recovery (ISR) mining of a sandstone uranium deposit, Wyoming, USA: Applied Geochemistry, v. 63, p. 222-234, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2015.08.017.

Gallegos, T.J., Fuller, C.C., Webb, S.M., and Betterton, W., 2013, Uranium(VI) interactions with mackinawite in the presence and absence of bicarbonate and oxygen: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 13, p. 7357-7364, doi:10.1021/es400450z.

Gorby, Y.A., and Lovley, D.R., 1992, Enzymatic uranium precipitation: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 26, no. 1, p. 205-207, doi:10.1021/es00025a026.

Gordon, L.C., 2016, Living organisms take up uranium from their environment: U.S. Geological Survey News Release, 08/04/2016.

Greskowiak, J., Hay, M.B., Prommer, H., Liu, C., Post, V.E.A., Ma, R., Davis, J.A., Zheng, C., and Zachara, J.M., 2011, Simulating adsorption of U(VI) under transient groundwater flow and hydrochemistry--Physical versus chemical nonequilibrium model: Water Resources Research, v. 47, no. 8, p. W08501, doi:10.1029/2010wr010118.


Kohler, M., Curtis, G.P., Kent, D.B., and Davis, J.A., 1996, Experimental investigation and modeling of uranium (VI) transport under variable chemical conditions: Water Resources Research, v. 32, no. 12, p. 3539-3551, 96WR02815, doi:10.1029/95WR02815.

Kohler, M., Curtis, G.P., Meece, D.E., and Davis, J.A., 2004, Methods for estimating adsorbed uranium(VI) and distribution coefficients of contaminated sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 38, p. 240-247, doi:10.1021/es0341236.

Kraemer, F.T., Doughten, M.W., and Bullen, T.D., 2002, Use of ICP/MS with ultrasonic nebulizer for routine determination of uranium activity ratios in natural water: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 36, no. 22, p. 4899-4904, doi:10.1021/es020522+.

Kraemer, T.F., and Genereux, D.P., 1998, Applications of uranium- and thorium-series radianuclides in catchment hydrology studies, in Kendall, C., and McDonnell, J.J., eds., Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology: Amsterdam, Elsevier, p. 679-722.


Landa, E.R., 2005, Microbial biogeochemistry of uranium mill tailings: Advances in Applied Microbiology, v. 57, p. 113-130, doi:10.1016/S0065-2164(05)57004-7.

Landa, E.R., 2004, Uranium mill tailings--Nuclear waste and natural laboratory for geochemical and radioecological investigations: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, v. 77, p. 1-27, doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2004.01.030.

Landa, E.R., 2003, Mobilization of radionuclides from uranium mill tailings and related waste materials in anaerobic environments: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, v. 255, no. 3, p. 559-563, doi:10.1023/A:1022501003604.

Landa, E.R., 1999, Geochemical and biogeochemical controls on element mobility in and around uranium mill tailings--recent studies: Reviews in Economic Geology, v. 6B, p. 527-538.

Landa, E.R., and Councell, T.B., 2000, Uranium content and leachable fraction of fluorspars: Health Physics, v. 79, no. 3, p. 286-290, doi:10.1097/00004032-200009000-00009.

Landa, E.R., Cravotta, C.A., II., Naftz, D.L., Verplanck, P.L., Nordstrom, D.K., and Zielinski, R.A., 1999, Geochemical investigations by the U.S. Geological Survey on uranium mining, milling, and environmental restoration, in Hylko, J.M., and Salyer, R.L., eds., Proceedings from the Health Physics Society Meeting, January 24-27: Madison, WI, Medical Physics Publishing, p. 215-220.

Landa, E.R., Cravotta, C.A., Naftz, D.L., Verplanck, P.V., Nordstrom, D.K., and Zielinski, R.A., 2000, Geochemical investigations by the U.S. Geological Survey on uranium mining, milling, and environmental restoration: Technology, v. 7, no. 2-4, p. 381-396 (Merril Eisenbud memorial issue).

Landa, E.R., and Gray, J.R., 1995, U.S. Geological Survey research on the environmental fate of uranium mining and milling wastes: Environmental Geology, v. 26, p. 19-31, doi:10.1007/BF00776028.

Landa, E.R., Le, A.H., Luck, R.L., and Yeich, P.J., 1995, Sorption and coprecipitation of trace concentrations of thorium and various minerals under conditions simulating an acid uranium mill effluent environment: Inorganica Chimica Acta, v. 229, p. 247-252, doi:10.1016/0020-1693(94)04251-P.

Landa, E.R., Phillips, E.J.P., and Lovley, D.R., 1991, Release of 226 Ra from uranium mill tailings by microbial Fe(III) reduction: Applied Geochemistry, v. 6, p. 647-652, doi:10.1016/0883-2927(91)90075-Z.

Landa, E.R., Stieff, L.R., Germani, M.S., Tanner, A.B., and Evans, J.R., 1994, Intense alpha-particle emitting crystallites in uranium mill wastes: Nucelar Geophysics, v. 8, no. 5, p. 443-454.

Lovley, D.R., and Philips, E.J.P., 1992, Reduction of uranium by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 58, no. 3, p. 850-856.

Lovley, D.R., and Phillips, E.J.P., 1992, Bioremediation of uranium contamination with enzymatic uranium reduction: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 26, no. 11, p. 2228-2234, doi:10.1021/es00035a023.

Lovley, D.R., Phillips, E.J.P., Gorby, U.A., and Landa, E.R., 1991, Microbial reduction of uranium: Nature, v. 350, no. 6317, p. 413-416, doi:10.1038/350413a0.

Lovley, D.R., Phillips, E.J.P., Gorby, Y.A., and Landa, E.R., 1991, Microbial reduction of uranium, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 548-551.


Morman, S.A., Van Gosen, B.S., and Plumlee, G.S., 2017, In vitro bioaccessibility extractions from previously collected uranium mineral deposit samples, 1971 and 1981, southwestern U.S: U.S. Geological Survey Data Release.


Naftz, D., and Walton-Day, K., 2016, Establishing a pre-mining geochemical baseline at a uranium mine near Grand Canyon National Park, USA: Geoderma Regional, v. 7, no. 1, p. 76-92, doi:10.1016/j.geodrs.2016.01.004.


Payne, T.E., Davis, J.A., Ochs, M., Olin, M., and Tweed, C.J., 2004, Uranium adsorption on weathered schist--Intercomparison of modeling approaches: Radiochimica Acta, v. 92, p. 651-661, doi:10.1524/ract.92.9.651.54992.

Payne, T.E., Davis, J.A., and Waite, T.D., 1996, Uranium adsorption on ferrihydrite--Effects of phosphate and humic acid: Radiochimica Acta, v. 74, p. 239-243.

Payne, T.E., Davis, J.A., and Waite, T.D., 1994, Uranium retention by weathered schists--The role of iron minerals: Radiochimica Acta, v. 66/67, p. 297-303.

Payne, T.e., Davis, J.A., Lumpkin, G.R., Chisari, R., and Waite, T.D., 2004, Surface complexation model of uranyl sorption on Georgia kaolinite: Applied Clay Science, v. 26, p. 151-162, doi:10.1016/j.clay.2003.08.013.

Phillips, E.J.P., Landa, E.R., and Lovley, D.R., 1995, Remediation of uranium contaminated soils with bicarbonate extraction and microbial U(VI) reduction: Journal of Industrial Microbiology, v. 14, no. 3-4, p. 203-207, doi:10.1007/BF01569928.


Ranalli, A.J., and Yager, D.B., 2016, Use of mineral/solution equilibrium calculations to assess the potential for carnotite precipitation from groundwater in the Texas Panhandle, USA: Applied Geochemistry, v. 73, p. 118-131, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2016.08.004.


Schumacher, J., and Stollenwerk, K., 1991, Geochemical controls on the migration of molybdenum, uranium, and other constituents at the Weldon Spring chemical plant site, in Proceedings of the Geosciences Workshop: U.S. Department of Energy DOE/OR/21548-197, p. 87-140 (Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project (WSSRAP) geosciences workshop, O'Fallon, Mo. (United States), Febuary 21, 1991).

Senko, J.M., Istok, J.D., Suflita, J.M., and Krumholz, L.R., 2002, In-situ evidence for uranium immobilization and remobilization: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 36, no. 7, p. 1491-1496, doi:10.1021/es011240x.

Senko, J.M., Mohamed, Y., Dewers, T.A., and Krumholz, L.R., 2005, Role for Fe(III) minerals in nitrate-dependent microbial U(IV) oxidation: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 39, no. 8, p. 2529-2536, doi:10.1021/es048906i.

Senko, J.M., Suflita, J.M., and Krumholz, L.R., 2005, Geochemical controls on microbial nitrate-dependent U(IV) oxidation: Geomicrobiology Journal, v. 22, p. 371-378, doi:10.1080/01490450500248911.

Slater, L.D., Ntarlagiannis, D., Day-Lewis, F.D., Mwakanyamale, K., Versteeg, R.J., Ward, A., Strickland, C., Johnson, C.D., and Jr., J.W.L., 2010, Use of electrical imaging and distributed temperature sensing methods to characterize surface water-groundwater exchange regulating uranium transport at the Hanford 300 Area, Washington: Water Resources Research, v. 46, no. 10, W10533, doi:10.1029/2010WR009110.

Stoliker, D.L., Campbell, K.M., Fox, P.M., Singer, D.M., Kaviani, N., Carey, M., Peck, N.E., Bargar, J.R., Kent, D.B., and Davis, J.A., 2013, Evaluating chemical extraction techniques for the determination of uranium oxidation state in reduced aquifer sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 16, p. 9225-9232, doi:10.1021/es401450v.

Stoliker, D.L., Kaviani, N., Kent, D.B., and Davis, J.A., 2013, Evaluating ion exchange resin efficiency and oxidative capacity for the separation of uranium(iv) and uranium(vi): Geochemical Transactions, v. 14, no. 1, doi:10.1186/1467-4866-14-1.

Stoliker, D.L., Kent, D.B., and Zachara, J.M., 2011, Quantifying differences in the impact of variable chemistry on equilibrium uranium(VI) adsorption properties of aquifer sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 45, no. 20, p. 8733-8740, doi:10.1021/es202677v.

Stoliker, D.L., Liu, C., Kent, D.B., and Zachara, J.M., 2013, Characterizing particle-scale equilibrium adsorption and kinetics of uranium(VI) desorption from U-contaminated sediments: Water Resources Research, v. 49, no. 2, p. 1163-1177, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20104.

Stubbs, J.E., Veblen, L.A., Elbert, D.C., Zachara, J.M., Davis, J.A., and Veblen, D.R., 2009, Newly recognized hosts for uranium in the Hanford Site vadose zone: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 73, no. 6, p. 1,563-1,576, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2008.12.004.


Van Gosen, B.S., 2016, Element concentrations in surface soils of the Coconino Plateau, Grand Canyon region, Coconino County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016-1160.

Van Gosen, B.S., Johnson, M.R., and Goldman, M.A., 2016, Three GIS datasets defining areas permissive for the occurrence of uranium-bearing, solution-collapse breccia pipes in northern Arizona and southeast Utah: U. S. Geological Survey Data Release.

Verstraeten, I.M., Böhlke, J.K., and Kraemer, T.F., 2000, Groundwater/surface-water interactions and sources of nitrogen and uranium in an irrigated area of Nebraska, USA, in Dassargues, A., ed., Proceedings, Tacers and Modelling in Hydrogeology: International Association of Hydrological Sciences Publication 262, p. 525-531.

Verstraeten, I.M., Böhlke, J.K., Kraemer, T.F., and Cannia, J., 2002, Use of environmental tracers and isotopes to evaluate sources of water, nitrate, and uranium in an irrigated alluvial valley, Nebraska: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 100-01, 4 p.


Waite, T.D., Davis, J.A., Fenton, B.R., and Payne, T.E., 2000, Approaches to modelling uranium (VI) adsorption on natural mineral assemblages: Radiochimica Acta, v. 88, p. 687-696, doi:10.1524/ract.2000.88.9-11.687.

Waite, T.D., Davis, J.A., Payne, T.E., Waychunas, G.A., and Xu, N., 1994, Uranium(VI) adsorption to ferrihydrite--Application of a surface complexation model: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 58, no. 24, p. 5465-5478, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(94)90243-7.

Walton-Day, K., Naftz, D., and Lee, K.E., 2016, U.S. Geological Survey develops approach to assess baseline chemical and radiological conditions prior to uranium mining near Grand Canyon National Park: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 03/25/2016, 2016

Webb, S.M., Fuller, C.C., Tebo, B.M., and Bargar, J.R., 2006, Determination of uranyl incorporation into biogenic manganese oxides using x-ray absorption spectroscopy and scattering: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 40, no. 3, p. 771-777, doi:10.1021/es051679f.


Yabusaki, S.B., Fang, Y., Waichler, S.R., Fuller, C.C., Akstin, K., Long, P.E., and Fuhrmann, M., 2014, Assessing the potential for biorestoration of uranium in situ recovery sites: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Yin, J., Haggerty, R., Stoliker, D.L., Kent, D.B., Istok, J.D., Greskowiak, J., and Zachara, J.M., 2011, Transient groundwater chemistry near a river--Effects on U(VI) transport in laboratory column experiments: Water Resources Research, v. 47, no. 4, W04502, doi:10.1029/2010wr009369.

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There are 81 publications in this section of the bibliography. The above list is sorted by author. The Toxics Bibliographic Data Base was last updated on 9/13/18.


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