Environmental Health - Toxic Substances Hydrology Program

Petroleum Related Contamination — Natural Attenuation of Gasoline — Galloway Township, New Jersey

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B

Baedecker, M.J., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Phinney, C.S., 1991, Distribution of organic and inorganic constituents in ground water at Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 287-293.

Baehr, A.L., and Baker, R.J., 1995, Use of a reactive gas transport model to determine rates of hydrocarbon biodegradation in unsaturated porous media: Water Resources Research, v. 31, no. 11, p. 2877-2882, 95WR02077, doi:10.1029/95WR02077.

Baehr, A.L., and Bruell, C.J., 1990, Application of the Stefan-Maxwell equations to determine limitations of Fick's Law when modeling organic vapor transport in sand columns: Water Resources Research, v. 26, no. 6, p. 1155-1163, doi:10.1029/WR026i006p01155.

Baehr, A.L., and Fischer, J.M., 1996, Overview of research on the transport, microbial degradation, and remediation of hydrocarbons at a subsurface gasoline-spill site in Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 1-6.

Baehr, A.L., Fischer, J.M., Lahvis, M.A., Baker, R.J., and Smith, N.P., 1991, Method for estimating rates of microbial degradation of hydrocarbons based on gas transport in the unsaturated zone at a gasoline-spill site in Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 250-255.

Baehr, A.L., and Hult, M.F., 1991, Evaluation of unsaturated zone air permeability through pneumatic tests: Water Resources Research, v. 27, no. 10, p. 2605-2617, 91WR01655, doi:10.1029/91WR01655.

Baehr, A.L., and Joss, C.J., 1995, An updated model of induced airflow in the unsaturated zone: Water Resources Research, v. 31, no. 2, p. 417-421, 94WR02423, doi:10.1029/94WR02423.

Baehr, A.L., Stackelberg, P.E., and Baker, R.J., 1999, Evaluation of the atmosphere as a source of volatile organic compounds in shallow groundwater: Water Resources Research, v. 35, no. 1, p. 127-136, 1998WR900030, doi:10.1029/1998WR900030.

Baker, R.J., 1995, In situ and on-site biodegradation of refined and fuel oils--A review of technical literature 1988-1991: American Petroleum Institute publication number 4627, 146 p.

Baker, R.J., 1993, A laboratory method for quantifying the rate of microbial degradation of hydrocarbons in unsaturated porous media: Philadelphia, Pa., Drexel University, Environmental Studies Institute, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, 235 p.

Baker, R.J., and Baehr, A.L., 1996, Use of column studies and a reactive transport model to measure biodegradation rates of hydrocarbons, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 43-47.

Baker, R.J., Baehr, A.L., and Lahvis, M.A., 2000, Estimation of hydrocarbon biodegradation rates in gasoline-contaminated sediment from measured respiration rates: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 41, no. 1-2, p. 175-192, doi:10.1016/S0169-7722(99)00063-7.

Baker, R.J., Baehr, A.L., and Lahvis, M.A., 1999, Equilibrium vapor method to determine the concentration of inorganic carbon and other compounds in water samples, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 103-112.

Baker, R.J., Fischer, J.M., Smith, N.P., Koehnlein, S.A., and Baehr, A.L., 1991, Gas-chromatographic methods for determining the composition of the vapor phase in gasoline-contaminated soils, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 280-286.

Bruell, C.J., Gilbert, C.D., and Baehr, A.L., 1991, Non-Fickian vapor transport in sand columns contaminated with volatile organic compounds, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 294-300.

C

Chapelle, F.H., 1999, Bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated ground water--The perspectives of history and hydrogeology: Ground Water, v. 37, no. 1, p. 122-132, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1999.tb00965.x.

Cozzarelli, I.M., 2002, Impact of organic contaminants on the evolution of aquifer geochemistry, in Aiken, G.R., and Kuniansky, E.L., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Artificial Recharge Workshop Proceedings, Sacramento, California, April 2-4, 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-89, p. 31-33.

Cozzarelli, I.M., 1993, The biogeochemical fate of organic acids in a shallow aquifer contaminated with gasoline: Charlottesville, University of Virginia, Ph.D. dissertation, 240 p.

Cozzarelli, I.M., and Baedecker, M.J., 1996, Biogeochemical fate of organic acid metabolites produced during the microbial degradation of hydrocarbons in ground water, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 17-25.

Cozzarelli, I.M., and Baedecker, M.J., 1992, Oxidation of hydrocarbons coupled to reduction of inorganic species in groundwater, in Kharaka, Y.K., and Maest, A.S., eds., Low temperature environments, v. 1 of Water-rock interaction--Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction--WRI-7, Park City Utah, July 13-18, 1992: Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema, p. 275-278.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., Eganhouse, R.P., and Goerlitz, D.F., 1994, The geochemical evolution of low-molecular-weight organic acids derived from the degradation of petroleum contaminants in groundwater: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 58, no. 2, p. 863-877, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(94)90511-8.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., Fischer, J., and Phinney, C.S., 1994, Ground-water contamination by petroleum hydrocarbons--Natural biodegradation in a dynamic hydrologic and geochemical system, in Proceedings of the 208th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Washington, D.C., August 21-26, 1994: American Chemical Society, v. 34, p. 588-592.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., and Hopple, J.A., 1991, Geochemical gradients in shallow ground water caused by the microbial degradation of hydrocarbons at Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 256-262.

Cozzarelli, I.M., and Baehr, A.L., 2003, Volatile fuel hydrocarbons and MTBE in the environment (chapter 12), in Lollar, B.S., ed., Treatise on Geochemistry: Elsevier, v. 9 of 10 volumes, p. 433-474, ISBN:9780080437514.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Herman, J.S., and Baedecker, M.J., 1995, Fate of microbial metabolites of hydrocarbons in a coastal plain aquifer--The role of electron acceptors: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 29, no. 2, p. 458-469, doi:10.1021/es00002a023.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Herman, J.S., Baedecker, M.J., and Fischer, J.M., 1999, Geochemical heterogeneity of a gasoline-contaminated aquifer: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 40, no. 3, p. 261-284, doi:10.1016/S0169-7722(99)00050-9.

F

Fischer, J.M., Baehr, A., and Smith, N.P., 1991, An investigation of the transport and microbial degradation of hydrocarbons in the subsurface at a gasoline-spill site in Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 243-249.

Fischer, J.M., Baker, R.J., Lahvis, M.A., and Baehr, A.L., 1996, Determination of vapor-phase diffusion coefficients for unsaturated-zone sediments at a gasoline-spill site in Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 35-41.

Fischer, J.M., Smith, N.P., and Baehr, A.L., 1996, Hydrogeology, contaminant distribution, and biodegradation processes at a gasoline-spill research site in Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 7-16.

G

Garges, J.A., 1996, The relative importance between advection and dispersion for solutes in the saturated zone and vapors in the unsaturated zone: Philadelphia, Pa., Drexel University, Department of Civil Engineering, unpublished M.S. thesis, 65 p.

Garges, J.A., and Baehr, A.L., 1998, Type curves to determine the relative importance of advection and dispersion for solute and vapor transport: Ground Water, v. 36, no. 6, p. 959-965, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1998.tb02102.x.

Gibs, J., Brown, G.A., and Turner, K.S., 1991, Use of a multilevel sampler to determine vertical concentration gradients of volatile aromatic hydrocarbons in ground water, Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 268-275.

Gibs, J., Brown, G.A., Turner, K.S., MacLeod, C.L., Jelinski, J.C., and Koehnlein, S.A., 1993, Effects of small-scale vertical variations in well-screen inflow rates and concentrations of organic contaminants on the collection of representative ground-water quality samples: Ground Water, v. 31, no. 2, p. 201-208, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1993.tb01812.x.

Gilbert, C.D., 1991, Vapor phase transport of chlorohydrocarbons in unsaturated porous media: Lowell, University of Massachusetts, Environmental Studies Program, unpublished M.S. thesis, 230 p.

J

Johnson, P.C., Baehr, A.L., Brown, R.A., Hinchee, R., and Hoag, G.E., 1994, Vacuum vapor extraction, in Anderson, W.C., ed., Innovative site remediation technology: American Academy of Environmental Engineers Monograph Series v. 8, p. 224.

Joss, C.J., 1993, A multispecies transport model to simulate vapor extraction from the unsaturated zone: Philadelphia, Pa., Drexel University, Department of Civil Engineering, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, 145 p.

Joss, C.J., and Baehr, A.L., 1997, Documentation of AIR2D, A computer code to simulate two-dimensional, axisymmetric air flow in the unsaturated zone: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-588, 106 p.

Joss, C.J., and Baehr, A.L., 1996, A multispecies transport model to simulate vapor extraction and bioventing remediation of unsaturated zones contaminated with gasoline, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 61-63.

Joss, C.J., and Baehr, A.L., 1995, Documentation of AIR3D, An adaptation of the ground water flow code MODFLOW to simulate three-dimensional airflow in the unsaturated zone: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-533, 154 p.

Joss, C.J., Baehr, A.L., and Fischer, J.M., 1991, A field technique for determining unsaturated zone air-permeability, in Proceedings of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Symposium on Soil Venting, Houston, Tex., April 29-May 1, 1991: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, EPA/600/R-92/174, p. 149-170.

L

Lahvis, M.A., 1993, A two-dimensional vapor diffusion model for the unsaturated zone with applications to the Galloway Township, New Jersey hydrocarbon research site: Philadelphia, Pa., Drexel University, Department of Civil Engineering, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, 204 p.

Lahvis, M.A., and Baehr, A.L., 1999, Transport of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and hydrocarbons to ground water from gasoline spills in the unsaturated zone, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 113-120.

Lahvis, M.A., and Baehr, A.L., 1998, Simulating transport of volatile organic compounds in the unsaturated zone using the computer model R-UNSAT: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-019-98, 4 p.

Lahvis, M.A., and Baehr, A.L., 1997, Documentation of R-UNSAT, A computer model for the simulation of reactive transport in the unsaturated zone: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-630, 104 p.

Lahvis, M.A., and Baehr, A.L., 1996, Estimation of rates of aerobic hydrocarbon biodegradation by simulation of gas transport in the unsaturated zone: Water Resources Research, v. 32, no. 7, p. 2231-2249, 96WR00805, doi:10.1029/96WR00805.

Lahvis, M.A., Baehr, A.L., and Baker, R.J., 1999, Quantification of aerobic biodegradation and volatilization rates of gasoline hydrocarbons near the water table under natural attenuation conditions: Water Resources Research, v. 35, no. 3, p. 753-765, 1998WR900087, doi:10.1029/1998WR900087.

Lahvis, M.A., Baehr, A.L., and Fischer, J.M., 1996, Method for estimating the rate of microbial degradation of hydrocarbons associated with bioventing at a gasoline-spill site in Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 27-34.

M

Mallard, G.E., and Baedecker, M.J., 1993, Hydrocarbon transport and degradation in groundwater--U.S. Geological Survey investigations, in Proceedings of the Air Combat Command Environmental Quality T93 Symposium, Denver, Colorado, March 1-5, 1993: p. 102-108.

Mills, A.L., and Randall, S.E., 1991, Abundance and distribution of microbial guilds in a subsurface plume of gasoline contamination at Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 263-267.

N

Nolan, J.G., 1994, A method to determine the stoichiometry between carbon dioxide, oxygen and hydrocarbons for microbial reactions in porous media: Philadelphia, Pa., Drexel University, Department of Civil Engineering, unpublished M.S. thesis, 101 p.

Nolan, J.G., Baker, R.J., and Baehr, A.L., 1996, Method for monitoring biodegradation of hydrocarbons in unsaturated porous media, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 49-54.

P

Pankow, J.F., Thomson, N.R., Johnson, R.L., Baehr, A.L., and Zogorski, J.S., 1997, The urban atmosphere as a non-point source for the transport of MTBE and other volatile organic compounds (VOC's) to shallow groundwater: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 31, no. 10, p. 2821-2828, doi:10.1021/es970040b.

Phinney, C.S., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1996, A comparison of two analytical techniques for identifying and measuring the concentrations of volatile hydrocarbons in ground water, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 65-69.

W

Welty, C., and Baehr, A.L., Joss, C.J., and Dillow, J.J.A., 1991, Use of mathematical programming coupled with a transport model to optimize the design of vapor-extraction systems, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 276-279.

Welty, C., Joss, C.J., and Baehr, A.L., 1996, Optimizing the design of vapor-extraction remediation systems for removal of organic contaminants from the unsaturated zone, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 55-59.

Z

Zogorski, J.S., Morduchowitz, A., Baehr, A.L., Bauman, B.J., Conrad, D.L., Drew, R.T., Korte, N.E., Lapham, W.W., Pankow, J.F., and Washington, E.R., 1996, Fuel oxygenates and water quality--A summary of current understanding of sources, occurrence in natural waters, environmental behavior, fate, and significanceNational Science and Technology Council-Committe on Environment and Natural Resources, 37 p.


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There are 56 publications in this section of the bibliography. The above list is sorted by author. The Toxics Bibliographic Data Base was last updated on 9/13/18.

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