Environmental Health - Toxic Substances Hydrology Program

Contaminants of Emerging Concern in the Environment Investigation — Ecological Effects Studies

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Alvarez, D.A., Shappell, N.W., Billey, L.O., Bermudez, D.S., Wilson, V.S., Kolpin, D.W., Perkins, S.D., Evans, N., Foreman, W.T., Gray, J.L., Shipitalo, M.J., and Meyer, M.T., 2013, Bioassay of estrogenicity and chemical analyses of estrogens in streams across the United States associated with livestock operations: Water Research, v. 47, no. 10, p. 3347-3363, doi:10.1016/j.watres.2013.03.028.


Baker, B.H., Martinovic-Weigelt, D., Ferrey, M., Barber, L.B., Writer, J.H., Rosenberry, D.O., Kiesling, R.L., Lundy, J.R., and Schoenfuss, H.L., 2014, Identifying non-point sources of endocrine active compounds and their biological impacts in freshwater lakes: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, v. 67, no. 3, p. 374-388, doi:10.1007/s00244-014-0052-4.

Baldigo, B.P., George, S.D., Phillips, P.J., Hemming, J.D.C., Denslow, N.D., and Kroll, K.J., 2015, Potential estrogenic effects of wastewaters on gene expression in Pimephales promelas and fish assemblages in streams of southeastern New York: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 34, no. 12, p. 2803-2815, doi:10.1002/etc.3120.

Barber, L.B., Brown, G.K., Nettesheim, T.G., Murphy, E.W., Bartell, S.E., and Schoenfuss, H.L., 2011, Effects of biologically-active chemical mixtures on fish in a wastewater-impacted urban stream: Science of the Total Environment, v. 409, no. 22, p. 4720-4728, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.06.039.

Barber, L.B., Keefe, S.H., Antweiler, R.C., and Taylor, H.E., 2006, Response to comment on "Accumulation of contaminants in fish from wastewater treatment wetlands": Environmental Science and Technology, v. 40, no. 10, p. 3438-3439, doi:10.1021/es068003k.

Barber, L.B., Keefe, S.H., Antweiler, R.C., Taylor, H.E., and Wass, R.D., 2006, Accumulation of contaminants in fish from wastewater treatment wetlands: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 40, no. 2, p. 603-611, doi:10.1021/es0514287.

Barber, L.B., Keefe, S.H., Brown, G.K., Furlong, E.T., Gray, J.L., Kolpin, D.W., Meyer, M.T., Sandstrom, M.W., and Zaugg, S.D., 2013, Persistence and potential effects of complex organic contaminant mixtures in wastewater-impacted streams: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 5, p. 2177-2188, doi:10.1021/es303720g.

Barber, L.B., Kolpin, D.W., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2012, Improvements in wastewater treatment reduces endocrine disruption in fish: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/20/2016, 2016

Barber, L.B., Lee, K.E., Swackhamer, D.L., and Schoenfuss, H.L., 2007, Reproductive responses of male fathead minnows exposed to wastewater treatment plant effluent, effluent treated with XAD8 resin, and an environmentally relevant mixture of alkylphenol compounds: Aquatic Toxicology, v. 82, no. 1, p. 36-46, doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2007.01.003.

Barber, L.B., Rapp, J.L., Kandel, C., Keefe, S.H., Rice, J., Westerhoff, P., Bertolatus, D.W., and Vajda, A.M., 2019, Integrated assessment of wastewater reuse, exposure risk, and fish endocrine disruption in the Shenandoah River watershed: Environmental Science and Technology, doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b05655.

Barber, L.B., Vajda, A.M., Douville, C., Norris, D.O., and Writer, J.H., 2012, Fish endocrine disruption responses to a major wastewater treatment facility upgrade: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 46, no. 4, p. 2121-2131, doi:10.1021/es202880e.

Battaglin, W., 2014, New findings on contaminants of emerging concern featured in JAWRA: U.S. Geological Survey Technical Announcement, 04/28/2014.

Bistodeau, T.J., Barber, L.B., Bartell, S.E., Cediel, R.A., Grove, K.J., Klaustermeier, J., Woodard, J.C., Lee, K.E., and Schoenfuss, H.L., 2006, Larval exposure to environmentally relevant mixtures of alkylphenolethoxylates reduces reproductive competence in male fathead minnows: Aquatic Toxicology, v. 79, no. 3, p. 268-277, doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2006.06.015.

Blazer, V., Iwanowicz, L., Henderson, H., Mazik, P., Jenkins, J., Alvarez, D., and Young, J., 2012, Reproductive endocrine disruption in smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) in the Potomac River Basin--Spatial and temporal comparisons of biological effects: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, v. 184, no. 7, p. 4309-4334, doi:10.1007/s10661-011-2266-5.

Blazer, V.S., Iwanowicz, D.D., Walsh, H.L., Sperry, A.J., Iwanowicz, L.R., Alvarez, D.A., Brightbill, R.A., Smith, G., Foreman, W.T., and Manning, R., 2014, Reproductive health indicators of fishes from Pennsylvania watersheds--Association with chemicals of emerging concern: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, v. 186, no. 10, p. 6471-6491, doi:10.1007/s10661-014-3868-5.

Blazer, V.S., Iwanowicz, L.R., Iwanowicz, D.D., Smith, D.R., Young, J.A., Hedrick, J.D., Foster, S.W., and Reeser, S.J., 2007, Intersex (testicular oocytes) in smallmouth bass from the Potomac River and selected nearby drainages: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, v. 19, no. 4, p. 242-253, doi:10.1577/H07-031.1.

Blazer, V.S., Iwanowicz, L.R., Starliper, C.E., Iwanowicz, D.D., Barbash, P., Hedrick, J.D., Reeser, S.J., Mullican, J.E., Zaugg, S.D., Burkhardt, M.R., and Kelble, J., 2010, Mortality of centrarchid fishes in the Potomac drainage--Survey results and overview of potential contributing factors: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, v. 22, no. 3, p. 190-218, doi:10.1577/H10-002.1.

Blazer, V.S., Pinkney, A.E., Jenkins, J.A., Iwanowicz, L.R., Minkkinen, S., Draugelis-Dale, R.O., and Uphoff, J.H., 2013, Reproductive health of yellow perch Perca flavescens in selected tributaries of the Chesapeake Bay: Science of the Total Environment, v. 447, p. 198-209, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.12.088.

Borchardt, M.A., Spencer, S.K., Hubbard, L.E., Firnstahl, A.D., Stokdyk, J.P., and Kolpin, D.W., 2017, Avian influenza virus RNA in groundwater wells supplying poultry farms affected by the 2015 influenza outbreak: Environmental Science and Technology Letters, v. 4, no. 7, p. 268-272, doi:10.1021/acs.estlett.7b00128.

Boxall, A.B.A., Kolpin, D.W., Halling-Sorensen, B., and Tolls, J., 2003, Are veterinary medicines causing environmental risks?: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 37, no. 15, p. 286A-294A, doi:10.1021/es032519b.

Boxall, A.B.A., Sinclair, C.J., Fenner, K., Kolpin, D., and Maund, S.J., 2004, When synthetic chemicals degrade in the environment--What are the absolute fate, effects, and potential risks to humans and the ecosystem?: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 38, no. 19, p. 368A-375A, doi:10.1021/es040624v.

Bradley, P.M., and Kolpin, D.W., 2013, Managing the effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals in wastewater-impacted streams (Chapter 1), in Bradley, P.M., ed., Current Perspectives in Contaminant Hydrology and Water Resources Sustainability: New York, InTech, ISBN:9789535110460.

Bradley, P.M., ed., 2013, Current perspectives in contaminant hydrology and water resources sustainability: New York, InTech, 333 p., ISBN:9789535110460,

Burkholder, J., Libra, B., Weyer, P., Heathcote, S., Kolpin, D.W., Thorne, P.S., and Wichman, M., 2006, Impacts of waste from concentrated animal feeding operations on water quality: Environmental Health Perspectives, v. 115, no. 2, p. 308-312, doi:10.1289/ehp.8839.

Burns, E.E., Thomas-Oates, J., Kolpin, D.W., Furlong, E.T., and Boxall, A.B.A., 2017, Are exposure predictions, used for the prioritisation of pharmaceuticals in the environment, fit for purpose?: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 36, no. 10, p. 2823-2832, doi:10.1002/etc.3842.

Buxton, H.T., Reilly, T.J., Kuivila, K.M., Kolpin, D.W., Bradley, P.M., Villeneuve, D.L., and Mills, M.A., 2015, Chemical mixtures and environmental effects--A pilot study to assess ecological exposure and effects in streams: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015-1113.


Cavallin, J.E., Durhan, E.J., Evans, N., Jensen, K.M., Kahl, M.D., Kolpin, D.W., Kolodziej, E.P., Foreman, W.T., Lalone, C.A., Makynen, E.A., Seidl, S.M., Thomas, L.M., Villeneuve, D.L., Weberg, M.A., Wilson, V.S., and Ankley, G.T., 2014, Integrated assessment of runoff from livestock farming operations--Analytical chemistry, in vitro bioassays, and in vivo fish exposures: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 33, no. 8, p. 1849-1857, doi:10.1002/etc.2627.

Chen, J., Pycke, B.F.G., Brownawell, B.J., Kinney, C.A., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., and Halden, R.U., 2017, Occurrence, temporal variation, and estrogenic burden of five parabens in sewage sludge collected across the United States: Science of the Total Environment, v. 593-594, p. 368-374, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.03.162.

Chernoff, N., Hill, D.J., Diggs, D.L., Faison, B.D., Francis, B.M., Lang, J.R., Larue, M.M., Le, T.-T., Loftin, K.A., Lugo, J.N., Schmid, J.E., and Winnik, W.M., 2017, A critical review of the postulated role of the non-essential amino acid, β-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) in neurodegenerative disease in humans: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health--Part B (Critical Reviews), v. 20, no. 4, p. 1-47, doi:10.1080/10937404.2017.1297592 (Advanced Web release).

Clark, J.M., Schaeffer, B.A., Darling, J.A., Urquhart, E.A., Johnston, J.M., Ignatius, A.R., Myer, M.H., Loftin, K.A., Werdell, P.J., and Stumpf, R.P., 2017, Satellite monitoring of cyanobacterial harmful algal bloom frequency in recreational waters and drinking water sources: Ecological Indicators, v. 80, p. 84-95, doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.04.046.

Conley, J.M., Evans, N., Mash, H., Rosenblum, L., Schenck, K., Glassmeyer, S., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., and Wilson, V.S., 2017, Comparison of in vitro estrogenic activity and estrogen concentrations in source and treated waters from 25 U.S. drinking water treatment plants: Science of the Total Environment, v. 579, p. 1610-1617, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.02.093.

Costanzo, S.D., Watkinson, A.J., Murby, E.J., Kolpin, D.W., and Sandstrom, M.W., 2007, Is there a risk associated with the insect repellent DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide) commonly found inaquatic environments?: Science of the Total Environment, v. 384, no. 1-3, p. 214-220, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.05.036.

Croteau, M.-N., Dybowska, A.D., Luoma, S.N., and Valsami-Jones, E., 2010, A novel approach reveals that zinc oxide nanoparticles are bioavailable and toxic after dietary exposures: Nanotoxicology, v. 5, no. 1, p. 79-90, doi:10.3109/17435390.2010.501914.


de la Cruz, A.A., Hiskia, A., Kaloudis, T., Chernoff, N., Hill, D., Antoniou, M.G., He, X., Loftin, K., O'Shea, K., Zhao, C., Pelaez, M., Han, C., Lynch, T.J., and Dionysiou, D.D., 2013, A review on cylindrospermopsin--The global occurrence, detection, toxicity and degradation of a potent cyanotoxin: Environmental Science--Processes and Impacts, v. 15, no. 11, p. 1979-2003, doi:10.1039/C3EM00353A.


Frankel, T.E., Meyer, M.T., Kolpin, D.W., Gillis, A.B., Alvarez, D.A., and Orlando, E.F., 2016, Exposure to the contraceptive progestin, gestodene, alters reproductive behavior, arrests egg deposition, and masculinizes development in the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas): Environmental Science and Technology, v. 50, no. 11, p. 5991-5999, doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b00799.

Frankel, T.E., Meyer, M.T., and Orlando, E.F., 2016, Aqueous exposure to the progestin, levonorgestrel, alters anal fin development and reproductive behavior in the eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki): General and Comparative Endocrinology, v. 234, p. 161-169, doi:10.1016/j.ygcen.2016.01.007.

Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2012, Hormones in land-applied biosolids could affect aquatic organisms: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/20/2016, 2016

Furlong, E.T., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2010, Antidepressants in Stream Waters! Are They in the Fish Too?: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 8/17/2017, 2017


Givens, C.E., Kolpin, D.W., and Lee, K.E., 2016, Swine manure application as a source of hepatitis E virus and other livestock-related pathogens: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 09/01/2016, 2016

Good, C., Davidson, J., Iwanowicz, L., Meyer, M., Dietze, J., Kolpin, D.W., Marancik, D., Birkett, J., Williams, C., and Summerfelt, S., 2017, Investigating the influence of nitrate nitrogen on post-smolt Atlantic salmon Salmo salar reproductive physiology in freshwater recirculation aquaculture systems: Aquacultural Engineering, v. 78, Part A, p. 2-8, doi:10.1016/j.aquaeng.2016.09.003.

Gorelick, D.A., Iwanowicz, L.R., Hung, A.L., Blazer, V.S., and Halpern, M.E., 2014, Transgenic zebrafish reveal tissue-specific differences in estrogen signaling in response to environmental water samples: Environmental Health Perspectives, v. 122, no. 4, p. 356-362, doi:10.1289/ehp.1307329.

Graham, J.L., Loftin, K.A., and Kamman, N., 2009, Algal toxins--Monitoring recreation freshwaters: LakeLine, v. 29, p. 16-22 (pdf).


Haack, S.K., Duris, J.W., Kolpin, D.W., Fogarty, L.R., Johnson, H.E., Gibson, K.E., Focazio, M., Schwab, K.J., Hubbard, L.E., and Foreman, W.T., 2015, Genes indicative of zoonotic and swine pathogens are persistent in stream water and sediment following a swine manure spill: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 81, no. 10, p. 3430-3441, doi:10.1128/aem.04195-14.

Haack, S.K., Kolpin, D.W., Meteyer, C.U., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2015, Potential exposure to bacteria and viruses weeks after swine manure spill: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 2015/10/23, 2015

Haack, S.K., LeBlanc, D.R., Kolpin, D.W., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2012, Antibiotics in groundwater change bacterial ecology: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/20/2016, 2016

Haack, S.K., Metge, D.W., Fogarty, L.R., Meyer, M.T., Barber, L.B., Harvey, R.W., LeBlanc, D.R., and Kolpin, D.W., 2012, Effects on groundwater microbial communities of an engineered 30-day in situ exposure to the antibiotic sulfamethoxazole: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 46, no. 14, p. 7478-7486, doi:10.1021/es3009776.

Hinck, J., Blazer, V., Denslow, N., Echols, K., Gale, R., Wieser, C., May, T., Ellersieck, M., Coyle, J., and Tillitt, D., 2008, Chemical contaminants, health indicators, and reproductive biomarker responses in fish from rivers in the Southeastern United States: Science of the Total Environment, v. 390, no. 2-3, p. 538-557, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.10.026.

Hubbard, L.E., Kolpin, D.W., Fields, C.L., Hladik, M.L., and Iwanowicz, L.R., 2017, Highlighting the complexities of a groundwater pilot study during an avian influenza outbreak--Methods, lessons Learned, and select contaminant results: Environmental Research, v. 158, p. 212-224, doi:10.1016/j.envres.2017.06.010.


Iko, W.M., Berven, J., Baeten, L.A., Rostad, C.E., Rutherford, D.W., Otten, C.J., and Winter, P., 2010, Adverse effects to Northern Shovelers from exposure to treated wastewater from Central Front Range, Colorado, wastewater treatment plants: U.S. Geological Survey Administrative Report, 37 p.

Iwanowicz, L.R., Blazer, V.S., Guy, C.P., Pinkney, A.E., Mullican, J., and A., A.D., 2009, Reproductive health of bass in the Potomac, USA, drainage--Part 1. Exploring the effects of proximity to wastewater treatment plant discharge: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 28, no. 5, p. 1072-1083, doi:10.1897/08-433.1.

Iwanowicz, L.R., Blazer, V.S., McCormick, S.D., VanVeld, P.A., and Ottinger, C.A., 2009, Aroclor 1248 exposure leads to immunomodulation, decreased disease resistance and endocrine disruption in the brown bullhead, Ameiurus nebulosus: Aquatic Toxicology, v. 93, no. 1, p. 70-82, doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2009.03.008.

Iwanowicz, L.R., and Meteyer, C.U., 2015, Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) white blood cells are functionally modulated by estrogens: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 2015/10/16, 2015

Iwanowicz, L.R., Stafford, J.L., Patiño, R., Bengten, E., Miller, N.W., and Blazer, V.S., 2014, Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) leukocytes express estrogen receptor isoforms ERα and ERβ2 and are functionally modulated by estrogens: Fish and Shellfish Immunology, v. 40, no. 1, p. 109-119, doi:10.1016/j.fsi.2014.06.021.


Kinney, C.A., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., Burkhardt, M.R., Zaugg, S.D., Werner, S.L., Bossio, J.P., and Benotti, M.J., 2009, Response to "Comment on 'Bioaccumulation of Pharmaceuticals and Other Anthropogenic Waste Indicators in Earthworms from Agricultural Soil Amended with Biosolid or Swine Manure'": Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 2, p. 545-547, doi:10.1021/es802721d.

Kinney, C.A., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., Burkhardt, M.R., Zaugg, S.D., Werner, S.L., Bossio, J.P., and Benotti, M.J., 2008, Bioaccumulation of pharmaceuticals and other anthropogenic waste indicators in earthworms from agricultural soil amended with biosolid or swine manure: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 42, no. 6, p. 1863-1870, doi:10.1021/es702304c.

Kolpin, D.W., Blazer, V.S., Gray, J.L., Focazio, M.J., Young, J.A., Alvarez, D.A., Iwanowicz, L.R., Foreman, W.T., Furlong, E.T., Speiran, G.K., Zaugg, S.D., Hubbard, L.E., Meyer, M.T., Sandstrom, M.W., and Barber, L.B., 2013, Chemical contaminants in water and sediment near fish nesting sites in the Potomac River Basin--Determining potential exposures to smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu): Science of the Total Environment, v. 443, p. 700-716, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.09.063.

Kolpin, D.W., Focazio, M.J., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2013, Chemical combo and intersex fish found at smallmouth bass nesting sites: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/20/2016, 2016

Koontz, H., 2012, Denver meeting focuses on contaminants in water: U.S. Geological Survey Media Advisory, 06/22/2012.

Koontz, H., 2005, USGS presents science about a changing world at AAG 2005: U.S. Geological Survey News Release, 04/05/2005.

Kostich, M.S., Flick, R.W., Batt, A.L., Mash, H.E., Boone, J.S., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., and Glassmeyer, S.T., 2017, Aquatic concentrations of chemical analytes compared to ecotoxicity estimates: Science of the Total Environment, v. 579, p. 1649-1657, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.06.234.

Krapac, I.G., Koike, S., Meyer, M.T., Snow, D.D., Chou, S.F.J., Mackie, R.I., Roy, W.R., and Chee-Sanford, J.C., 2004, Long term monitoring of the occurrence of antibiotics residues and antibiotic resistance genes in groundwater near swine confinement facilities, in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Pharmaceuticals and Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals in Water, Minneapolis, Minnesota, October 13-15, 2004: National Ground Water Association, p. 158-174, CD-ROM.

Kumar, A., Williams, M., Woods, M., Kookana, R., Barber, L., Vajda, A., Doan, H., Gregg, A., Gonzago, D., and Bain, P., 2012, Treated effluent in the aquatic environment--Impact assessment of endocrine disrupting chemicals: CSIRO Water for a Healthy Country National Research Flagship Report Series ISSN:1835-095X, 286 p.


LaVista, J., 2010, Endocrine disruptors and intersex fish identified in Minnesota lakes: U.S. Geological Survey News Release, 11/01/2010.

Lambert, M.R., Giller, G.S.J., Barber, L.B., Fitzgerald, K.C., and Skelly, D.K., 2015, Suburbanization, estrogen contamination, and sex ratio in wild amphibian populations: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v. 112, no. 38, p. 11881-11886, doi:10.1073/pnas.1501065112.

Larson, J.H., Evans, M.A., Kennedy, R.J., Bailey, S.W., Loftin, K.A., Laughrey, Z.R., Femmer, R.A., Schaeffer, J.S., Richardson, W.B., Wynne, T.T., Nelson, J.C., and Duris, J.W., 2018, Associations between cyanobacteria and indices of secondary production in the western basin of Lake Erie: Limnology and Oceanography, v. 63, no. S1, doi:10.1002/lno.10733.

Larson, J.H., Loftin, K.A., Graham, J.L., and Lee, K.E., 2017, Understanding associations between mussel productivity and cyanotoxins in Lake Erie: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/23/2018, 2018

Lee, B., Kullman, S.W., Yost, E.E., Meyer, M.T., Worley-Davis, L., Williams, C.M., and Reckhow, K.H., 2015, Predicting characteristics of rainfall driven estrogen runoff and transport from swine AFO spray fields: Science of the Total Environment, v. 532, p. 571-580, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.06.051 (See correction).

Lee, K.E., Barber, L.B., and Schoenfuss, H.L., 2014, Spatial and temporal patterns of endocrine active chemicals in small streams indicate differential exposure to aquatic organisms: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 50, no. 2, p. 401-419, doi:10.1111/jawr.12162.

Lee, K.E., Schoenfuss, H.L., Barber, L.B., Writer, J.H., Blazer, V.B., Kiesling, R.L., and Ferrey, M.L., 2010, Endocrine active chemicals and endocrine disruption in Minnesota streams and lakes--Implications for aquatic resources, 1994-2008: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 1994-2008, 47 p (with Appendixes).

Lee, K.E., Schoenfuss, H.L., Jahns, N.D., Brown, G.K., and Barber, L.B., 2008, Alkylphenols, other endocrine-active chemicals, and fish responses in three streams in Minnesota--Study design and data, February-September 2007: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 405, 44 p (plus appendixes).

Lee, K.E., Yaeger, C.S., Jahns, N.D., and Schoenfuss, H.L., 2008, Occurrence of endocrine active compounds and biological responses in the Mississippi River--Study design and data, June through August 2006: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 368, 27 p (plus appendix).

Loftin, K., A., Graham, J.L., Hiborn, E.D., Lehmann, S.C., Meyer, M.T., Dietze, J.E., and Griffith, C.B., 2016, Cyanotoxins of inland lakes of the United States--Occurrence and potential recreational health risks in the EPA National Lakes Assessment 2007: Harmful Algae, v. 56, p. 77-90, doi:10.1016/j.hal.2016.04.001.

Loftin, K.A., Henny, C., Adams, C.D., Surampali, R., and Mormile, M.R., 2005, Inhibition of microbial metabolism in anaerobic lagoons by selected sulfonamides, tetracyclines, lincomycin, and tylosin tartrate: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 24, no. 4, p. 782-788, doi:10.1897/04-093R.1.

Loftin, K.A., and Lee, K.E., 2017, Evaluating linkages between algal toxins and human health: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 06/30/2017, 2017

Lozano, N., Rice, C.P., Pagano, J., Zintek, L., Barber, L.B., Murphy, E.W., Nettesheim, T., Minarik, T., and Schoenfuss, H.L., 2012, Concentration of organic contaminants in fish and their biological effects in a wastewater-dominated urban stream: Science of the Total Environment, v. 420, p. 191-201, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.12.059.

Luoma, S.N., 1999, Emerging contaminant issues from an ecological perspective, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 2 of 3--Contamination of Hydrologic Systems and Related Ecosystems: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018B, p. 3-8.


Martinović-Weigelt, D., Mehinto, A.C., Ankley, G.T., Denslow, N.D., Barber, L.B., Lee, K.E., King, R.J., Schoenfuss, H.L., Schroeder, A.L., and Villeneuve, D.L., 2014, Transcriptomic effects-based monitoring for endocrine active chemicals--Assessing relative contribution of treated wastewater to downstream pollution: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 48, no. 4, p. 2385-2394, doi:10.1021/es404027n.

Maruya, K.A., Dodder, N.G., Schaffner, R.A., Weisberg, S.B., Gregorio, D., Klosterhaus, S., Alvarez, D.A., Furlong, E.T., Kimbrough, K.L., Lauenstein, G.G., and Christensen, J.D., 2014, Refocusing mussel watch on contaminants of emerging concern (CECs)--The California pilot study (2009-10): Marine Pollution Bulletin, v. 81, no. 2, p. 334-339, doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.04.027.

Maruya, K.A., Dodder, N.G., Weisberg, S.B., Gregorio, D., Bishop, J.S., Klosterhaus, S., Alvarez, D.A., Furlong, E.T., Bricker, S., Kimbrough, K.L., and Lauenstein, G.G., 2014, The Mussel Watch California pilot study on contaminants of emerging concern (CECs)--Synthesis and next steps: Marine Pollution Bulletin, v. 81, no. 2, p. Pages 355-363, doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.04.023.

McGee, M.R., Julius, M.L., Vajda, A.M., Norris, D.O., Barber, L.B., and Schoenfuss, H.L., 2009, Predator avoidance performance of larval fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) following short-term exposure to estrogen mixtures: Aquatic Toxicology, v. 91, no. 4, p. 355-361, doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2008.12.002.

Meyer, M.T., and Lee, K.E., 2016, Human contraceptive gestodene affects fish reproductive behavior: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/25/2016, 2016

Meyer, M.T., and Lee, K.E., 2016, Synthetic progestin in environmental waters can affect fish reproductive development and behavior: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 09/01/2016, 2016

Minor, M.O., 2013, Effluent impacted systems--Effects on wildlife diversity, behavior, and morphology: Minn., St. Cloud University, Masters thesis.

Morganwalp, D.W., 2011, Evidence of endocrine disruption unexpectedly found in Minnesota lakes: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 08/17/2017, 2017

Morrison, K., Underwood, J., Metge, D., Eberl, D., and Williams, L., 2014, Mineralogical variables that control the antibacterial effectiveness of a natural clay deposit: Environmental Geochemistry and Health, v. 36, no. 4, p. 613-631, doi:10.1007/s10653-013-9585-0.


Napier, M.D., Poole, C., Stewart, J.R., Weber, D.J., Glassmeyer, S.T., Kolpin, D.W., Furlong, E.T., Dufour, A.P., and Wade, T.J., 2018, Exposure to human-associated chemical markers of fecal contamination and self-reported illness among swimmers at recreational beaches: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 52, no. 13, p. 7513-7523, doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b00639.

Nilsen, E., Smalling, K.L., Ahrens, L., Gros, M., Miglioranza, K.S.B., Pico, Y., and Schoenfuss, H.L., 2019, Grand challenges in assessing the adverse effects of contaminants of emerging concern on aquatic food webs: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 38, no. 1, p. 46-60, doi:10.1002/etc.4290 (Accepted Article).

Novak, P., Arnold, W., Blazer, V., Halden, R., Klaper, R., Kolpin, D., Kriebel, D., Love, N., Martinović-Weige..., D., Patisaul, H., Snyder, S., Vom Saal, F., Weisbrod, A., and Swackhamer, D., 2011, On the need for a National (U.S.) research program to elucidate the potential risks to human health and the environment posed by contaminants of emerging concern: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 45, no. 9, p. 3,829-3,830, doi:10.1021/es200744f.

Novak, P.J., Arnold, W.A., Blazer, V.S., Halden, R.U., Klaper, R.D., Kolpin, D.W., Kriebel, D., Love, N.G., Martinovic-Weigelt, D., Patisaul, H.B., Snyder, S.A., vom Saal, F.S., Weisbrod, A.V., and Swackhamer, D.L., 2011, Unite to assess contaminant risk: Nature, v. 471, no. 7340, p. 578, doi:10.1038/471578a.


Painter, M.M., Buerkley, M.A., Julius, M.L., Vajda, A.M., Norris, D.O., Barber, L.B., Furlong, E.T., Schultz, M.M., and Schoenfuss, H.L., 2009, Antidepressants at environmentally relevant concentrations affect predator avoidance behavior of larval fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas): Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 28, no. 12, p. 2677-2684, doi:10.1897/08-556.1.

Place, B., Anderson, B., Mekebri, A., Furlong, E.T., Gray, J.L., Tjeerdema, R., and Field, J., 2010, A role for analytical chemistry in advancing our understanding of the occurrence, fate, and effects of corexit oil dispersants: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 44, no. 16, p. 6016-6018, doi:10.1021/es102319w.


Ripley, J., Iwanowicz, L., Blazer, V., and Foran, C., 2008, Utilization of protein expression profiles as indicators of environmental impairment of smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) from the Shenandoah River, Virginia, USA: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 27, no. 8, p. 1756-1767, doi:10.1897/07-588.1.

Ripley, J.L., Iwanowicz, L.R., Blazer, V.S., and Foran, C.M., 2009, Author's response to "If poultry's to blame, Where's the proof?": Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 28, no. 5, p. 908-909, doi:10.1897/08-558.1.

Rosen, B.H., Loftin, K.A., Graham, J.L., Stahlhut, K.N., Riley, J.M., Johnston, B.D., and Senegal, S., 2018, Understanding the effect of salinity tolerance on cyanobacteria associated with a harmful algal bloom in Lake Okeechobee, Florida: U. S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018-5092, 32 p.


Sarmah, A.K., Meyer, M.T., and Boxall, A.B.A., 2006, A global perspective on the use, sales, exposure pathways, occurrence, fate and effects of veterinary antibiotics (VAs) in the environment: Chemosphere, v. 65, p. 725-759, doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.03.026.

Schoenfuss, H.L., Bartell, S.E., Bistodeau, T.B., Cediel, R.A., Grove, K.J., Zintek, L., Lee, K.E., and Barber, L.B., 2008, Impairment of the reproductive potential of male fathead minnows by environmentally relevant exposures to 4-nonylphenol: Aquatic Toxicology, v. 86, no. 1, p. 91-98, doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2007.10.004.

Schoenfuss, H.L., Furlong, E.T., Phillips, P.J., Scott, T.-M., Kolpin, D.W., Cetkovic-Cvrlje, M., Lesteberg, K.E., and Rearick, D.C., 2016, Complex mixtures, complex responses--Assessing pharmaceutical mixtures using field and laboratory approaches: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 35, no. 4, p. 953-965, doi:10.1002/etc.3147.

Schoenfuss, H.L., Kolpin, D.W., and Lee, K.E., 2015, Complex mixtures, complex responses--Using comprehensive approaches to assess pharmaceutical effects on fish: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 09/12/2016, 2016

Schultz, M.M., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., Werner, S.L., Schoenfuss, H.L., Barber, L.B., Blazer, V.S., Norris, D.O., and Vajda, A.M., 2010, Antidepressant pharmaceuticals in two U.S. effluent-impacted streams--Occurrence and fate in water and sediment, and selective uptake in fish neural tissue: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 44, no. 6, p. 1,918-1,925, doi:10.1021/es9022706.

Schultz, M.M., Painter, M.M., Bartell, S.E., Logue, A., Furlong, E.T., Werner, S.L., and Schoenfuss, H.L., 2011, Selective uptake and biological consequences of environmentally relevant antidepressant pharmaceutical exposures on male fathead minnows: Aquatic Toxicology, v. 104, no. 1-2, p. 38-47, doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2011.03.011.

Scudder-Eikenberry, B.C., Riva-Murray, K., Knightes, C.D., Journey, C.A., Chasar, L.C., Brigham, M.E., and Bradley, P.M., 2015, Optimizing fish sampling for fish-mercury bioaccumulation factors: Chemosphere, v. 135, p. 467-473, doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.12.068.

Smalling, K.L., and Lee, K.E., 2018, Unique methods used to understand frog exposure to pesticides in agricultural settings: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/23/2018, 2018

Su, H.-C., Ying, G.-G., Tao, R., Zhang, R.-Q., Fogarty, L.R., and Kolpin, D.W., 2011, Occurrence of antibiotic resistance and characterization of resistance genes and integrons in Enterobacteriaceae isolated from integrated fish farms in south China: Journal of Environmental Monitoring, v. 13, no. 11, p. 3229-3236, doi:10.1039/C1EM10634A.


Tillitt, D.E., and Buxton, H.T., 2012, Agricultural sources of contaminants of emerging concern and adverse health effects on freshwater fish, in Ragaini, R., ed., International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies--44th Session--The Role of Science in the Third Millennium, Erice, Sicily, August 19-24, 2011: Singapore, World Scientific Publishing Co., p. 337-348, ISBN:9789814415002


U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Geological Survey, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2012, Toxic contaminants in the Chesapeake Bay and its watershed--Extent and severity of occurrence and potential biological effects--Technical Report--December, 2012: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Chesapeake Bay Program Office, 175 p.

Underwood, J.C., Harvey, R.W., Focazio, M.J., LeBlanc, D.R., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2011, Antibiotics in groundwater affect natural bacteria: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/20/2016, 2016

Underwood, J.C., Harvey, R.W., Metge, D.W., Repert, D.A., Baumgartner, L.K., Smith, R.L., Roane, T.M., and Barber, L.B., 2011, Effects of the antimicrobial sulfamethoxazole on groundwater bacterial enrichment: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 45, no. 7, p. 3096-3101, doi:10.1021/es103605e.


Vajda, A.M., Barber, L.B., Gray, J.L., Lopez, E.M., Bolden, A.M., Schoenfuss, H.L., and Norris, D.O., 2011, Demasculinization of male fish by wastewater treatment plant effluent: Aquatic Toxicology, v. 103, no. 3-4, p. 213-221, doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2011.02.007.

Vajda, A.M., Barber, L.B., Gray, J.L., Lopez, E.M., Woodling, J.D., and Norris, D.O., 2008, Reproductive disruption in fish downstream from an estrogenic wastewater effluent: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 42, no. 9, p. 3,407-3,414, doi:10.1021/es0720661.

Vajda, A.M., Kumar, A., Woods, M., Williams, M., Doan, H., Tolsher, P., Kookana, R.S., and Barber, L.B., 2015, Integrated assessment of wastewater treatment plant effluent estrogenicity in the upper Murray River, Australia, using the native Murray rainbowfish (Melanotaenia fluviatilis): Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 34, no. 5, p. 1078-1087, doi:10.1002/etc.2895.

Verplanck, P.L., Murphy, S.F., Birkeland, P.W., Pitlick, J., Barber, L.B., and Schmidt, T.S., 2007, Boulder Creek--A stream ecosystem in an urban landscape--Geological Society of America, 2007 National Meeting Field Trip Guide: Boulder, Colo., Geological Society of America, p.


Walker, D.B., Paretti, N.V., Cordy, G., Gross, T.S., Zaugg, S.D., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., Matter, W.J., Gwinn, J., and McIntosh, D., 2009, Changes in reproductive biomarkers in an endangered fish species (bonytail chub, Gila elegans) exposed to low levels of organic wastewater compounds in a controlled experiment: Aquatic Toxicology, v. 95, no. 2, p. 133-143, doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2009.08.008.

Williams, L.B., Metge, D.W., Eberl, D.D., Harvey, R.W., Turner, A.G., Prapaipong, P., and Poret-Peterson, A.T., 2011, What makes a natural clay antibacterial?: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 45, no. 8, p. 3768-3773, doi:10.1021/es1040688.

Writer, J.H., Barber, L.B., Brown, G.K., Taylor, H.E., Kiesling, R.L., Ferrey, M.L., Jahns, N.D., Bartell, S.E., and Schoenfuss, H.L., 2010, Anthropogenic tracers, endocrine disrupting chemicals, and endocrine disruption in Minnesota lakes: Science of the Total Environment, v. 409, no. 1, p. 100-111, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.07.018.

Writer, J.H., Barber, L.B., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2011, Endocrine disrupting chemicals in the slick scum that covers stones in streams: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/20/2016, 2016


Yager, T.J.B., Crock, J.G., Smith, D.B., Furlong, E.T., Hageman, P.L., Foreman, W.T., Gray, J.L., and ReVello, R.C., 2013, Effects of surface applications of biosolids on groundwater quality and trace-element concentrations in crops near Deer Trail, Colorado, 2004-2010: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013-5065, vi, 119 p. p.

Yost, E.E., Meyer, M.T., Dietze, J.E., Meissner, B.M., Worley-Davis, L., Williams, C.M., Lee, B., and Kullman, S.W., 2013, Comprehensive assessment of hormones, phytoestrogens, and estrogenic activity in an anaerobic swine waste lagoon: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 23, p. 13781-13790, doi:10.1021/es4026408.

Yost, E.E., Meyer, M.T., Dietze, J.E., Williams, C.M., Worley-Davis, L., Lee, B., and Kullman, S.W., 2014, Transport of steroid hormones, phytoestrogens, and estrogenic activity across a swine lagoon/sprayfield system: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 48, no. 19, p. 11600-11609, doi:10.1021/es5025806.


Zhao, J.-L., Furlong, E.T., Schoenfuss, H.L., Kolpin, D.W., Bird, K.L., Feifarek, D.J., Schwab, E.A., and Ying, G.-G., 2017, Uptake and disposition of select pharmaceuticals by bluegill exposed at constant concentrations in a flow-through aquatic exposure system: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 51, no. 8, p. 4434-4444, doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b00604.

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There are 119 publications in this section of the bibliography. The above list is sorted by author. The Toxics Bibliographic Data Base was last updated on 10/9/19.

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