Environmental Health - Toxic Substances Hydrology Program

Sewage-Contaminated Groundwater — Cape Cod, Massachusetts

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A

Abrams, R.H., 1999, A compartmentalized approach to simulating redox zones in contaminated aquifers: Stanford, Calif., Stanford University, Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 182 p.

Abrams, R.H., and Loague, K., 2000, A compartmentalized solute transport model for redox zones in contaminated aquifers--1, Theory and development: Water Resources Research, v. 36, no. 8, p. 2001-2013, 2000WR900110, doi:10.1029/2000WR900110.

Abrams, R.H., and Loague, K., 2000, A compartmentalized solute transport model for redox zones in contaminated aquifers--2, Field-scale simulations: Water Resources Research, v. 36, no. 8, p. 2015--2029, 10.1029/2000WR900111, doi:10.1029/2000WR900111.

Abrams, R.H., Loague, K., and Kent, D.B., 1998, Development and testing of a compartmentalized reaction network model for redox zones in contaminated aquifers: Water Resources Research, v. 34, no. 6, p. 1531-1541, 98WR00485, doi:10.1029/98WR00485.

Abudalo, R.A., Bogatsu, Y.G., Ryan, J.N., Harvey, R.W., Metge, D.W., and Elimelech, M., 2005, The effect of ferric oxyhydroxide grain coatings on the transport of bacteriophage PRD1 and Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts in saturated porous media: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 39, no. 17, p. 6412-6419, doi:10.1021/es050159h.

Amirbahman, A., Kent, D.B., Curtis, G.P., and Davis, J.A., 2006, Kinetics of sorption and abiotic oxidation of arsenic(III) by aquifer materials: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 70, no. 3, p. 533-547, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2005.10.036.

Amirbahman, A., Kent, D.B., Curtis, G.P., and Marvin-Dipasquale, M.C., 2013, Kinetics of homogeneous and surface-catalyzed mercury(II) reduction by iron(II): Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 13, p. 7204-7213, doi:10.1021/es401459p.

Anderman, E.R., 1996, The use of advective-transport observations to improve ground-water flow parameter estimation: Golden, Colorado School of Mines, Department of Geology and Geological Engineering, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 277 p.

Anderman, E.R., and Hill, M.C., 1997, Advective-transport observation (ADV) package, a computer program for adding advective-transport observations of steady-state flow fields to the three-dimensional ground-water-flow parameter-estimation model MODFLOWP: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-14, 67 p.

Anderman, E.R., Hill, M.C., and Poeter, E.P., 1996, Two-dimensional advective transport in ground-water flow parameter estimation: Ground Water, v. 34, no. 6, p. 1001-1009, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1996.tb02165.x.

Anderman, E.R., Hill, M.C., and Poeter, E.P., 1994, Two-dimensional advective transport in nonlinear regression--Sensitivities and uncertainty of plume-front observations, in Warner, J.W., and van der Heijde, P., eds., Proceedings, 1994 Groundwater Modeling Conference, Fort Collins, Colorado, August 10-12, 1994: Fort Collins, Colo., Colorado State University, p. 55-62.

Anderson, L.C.D., Kent, D.A., and Davis, J.A., 1992, Reduction of Cr(VI) under mildly reducing conditions in a sand and gravel aquifer, in Kharaka, Y.K., and Maest, A.S., eds., Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction -- WRI-7, Park City, Utah, July 13-18, 1992: A.A. Balkema, p. 495-498.

Anderson, L.D., Kent, D.B., and Davis, J.A., 1994, Batch experiments characterizing the reduction of chromium(VI) using suboxic material from a mildly reducing sand and gravel aquifer: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 28, no. 1, p. 178-185, doi:10.1021/es00050a025.

Anderson, L.D., Kent, D.B., and Davis, J.A., 1991, Adsorption and reduction of chromium (VI) under toxic conditions in a shallow sand aquifer at Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 63-71.

Archfield, S.A., and LeBlanc, D.R., 2005, Comparison of diffusion- and pumped-sampling methods to monitor volatile organic compounds in ground water, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, July 1999-December 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5010, 53 p.

Ard, R.A., 1997, Natural and artificial colloid mobilization in a sewage-contaminated aquifer--Field and laboratory studies: Boulder, University of Colorado, Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering, unpublished M.S. thesis, 202 p.

Arnold, W.A., Longnecker, K., Kroeger, K.D., and Kujawinski, E.B., 2014, Molecular signature of organic nitrogen in septic-impacted groundwater: Environmental Science--Processes and Impacts, v. 16, no. 10, p. 2400-2407, doi:10.1039/C4EM00289J.

B

Backhus, D.A., 1990, Colloids in groundwater--Laboratory and field studies of their influence on hydrophobic organic contaminants: Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 198 p.

Backhus, D.A., and Gschwend, P.M., 1990, Fluorescent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons as probes for studying the impact of colloids on pollutant transport in groundwater: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 24, no. 8, p. 1214-1223, doi:10.1021/es00078a009.

Backhus, D.A., Ryan, J.N., Groher, D.M., MacFarlane, J.K., and Gschwend, P.M., 1993, Sampling colloids and colloid-associated contaminants in ground water: Ground Water, v. 31, no. 3, p. 466-479, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1993.tb01849.x.

Bales, R.C., Gerba, C.P., Hinkle, S., Kroeger, T., Li, S., McGuire, K., Stocking, K., and Yahya, M., 1990, Surface-chemical factors affecting transport of biocolloids in subsurface porous media: Tucson, Arizona, University of Arizona, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, 137 p.

Bales, R.C., Li, S., Maguire, K.M., Yahya, M.T., Gerba, C.P., and Harvey, R.W., 1995, Virus and bacteria transport in a sandy aquifer, Cape Cod, MA: Ground Water, v. 33, no. 4, p. 653-661, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1995.tb00321.x.

Barbaro, J.R., Masterson, J.P., and LeBlanc, D.R., 2014, Science for the stewardship of the groundwater resources of cape cod, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2014-3067, 6 p.

Barbaro, J.R., Walter, D.A., and LeBlanc, D.R., 2013, Transport of nitrogen in a treated-wastewater plume to coastal discharge areas, Ashumet Valley, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013-5061, 37 p.

Barber, L.B., 2008, Fate of consumer-product chemicals in the subsurface environment--25 years of research on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA, in Trefry, M.G., ed., Groundwater Quality 2007--Securing Groundwater Quality in Urban and Industrial Environments: International Association of Hydrological Sciences IAHS Redbook, IAHS Publ. 324, p. 126-132 (Conference Preceedings for Groundwater Quality 2007 Securing Groundwater Quality in Urban and Industrial Environments Fremantle, Western Australia, December 2-7, 2007).

Barber, L.B., 2002, Long term fate of organic micro-pollutants in the subsurface environment, Cape Cod, Massachusetts--From field studies to experimentation, in Aiken, G.R., and Kuniansky, E.L., eds., U.S. Geological Survey artificial Recharge Workshop Proceedings, Sacramento, California, April 2-4, 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-89, p. 34-37.

Barber, L.B., 1992, Hierarchical analytical approach to evaluating the transport and biogeochemical fate of organic compounds in sewage-contaminated groundwater, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Lesage, S., and Jackson, R.E., eds., Groundwater contamination and analysis at hazardous waste sites: New York, Marcel Dekker, p. 73-120.

Barber, L.B., II, 1998, Organic carbon fractionation and specific organic compounds, in Savoie, J., and LeBlanc, D.R., eds., Water-quality data and methods of analysis for samples collected near a plume of sewage-contaminated ground water, Ashumet Valley, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 1993-94: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 97-4269, p. 16-19.

Barber, L.B., II, 1994, Sorption of chlorobenzenes to Cape Cod aquifer sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 28, no. 5, p. 890-897, doi:10.1021/es00054a021.

Barber, L.B., II, 1991, Effects of particle size and mineralogy on sorption of nonionic organic solutes to glacial outwash sediments, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 111-115.

Barber, L.B., II, 1990, Geochemical heterogeneity in a glacial outwash aquifer--Effect of particle size and mineralogy on sorption of nonionic organic solutes: Boulder, University of Colorado, Department of Geological Sciences, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 238 p.

Barber, L.B., II, 1989, Influence of geochemical heterogeneity in a sand and gravel aquifer on the sorption of chlorobenzenes, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 177-182.

Barber, L.B., II, 1988, Dichlorobenzene in ground water--Evidence for long-term persistence: Ground Water, v. 26, no. 6, p. 696-702, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1988.tb00419.x.

Barber, L.B., II, 1987, Influence of geochemical heterogeneity in a sand and gravel aquifer on the transport of nonionic organic solutes--Methods of sediment characterization, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. B-45-B-51.

Barber, L.B., II, 1985, Geochemistry of organic and inorganic compounds in a sewage-contaminated aquifer, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: Boulder, University of Colorado, Department of Geological Sciences, unpublished M.S. thesis, 169 p.

Barber, L.B., II, Krueger, C., Metge, D.W., Harvey, R.W., and Field, J.A., 1995, Fate of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate in groundwater--Implications for in situ surfactant-enhanced remediation, in Sabatini, D.A., Knox, R.C., and Harwell, J.H., eds., Surfactant-enhanced subsurface remediation--emerging technologies: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society ACS Symposium Series 594, p. 95-111.

Barber, L.B., II, Thurman, E.M., Field, J.A., Leenheer, J.A., and LeBlanc, D.R., 1991, Biogeochemical fate of organic compounds in sewage-contaminated ground water, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 102-105.

Barber, L.B., II, Thurman, E.M., and Runnells, D.D., 1992, Geochemical heterogeneity in a sand and gravel aquifer--Effect of sediment mineralogy and particle size on the sorption of chlorobenzenes: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 9, no. 1, p. 35-54, doi:10.1016/0169-7722(92)90049-K.

Barber, L.B., II, Thurman, E.M., and Schroeder, M.P., 1988, Trace organic substances in sewage-contaminated ground water, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. B-19-B-20.

Barber, L.B., II, Thurman, E.M., and Schroeder, M.P., 1984, Closed-loop stripping combined with capillary gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis to define a semi-volatile organic contaminant plume, in LeBlanc, D.R., ed., Movement and fate of solutes in a plume of sewage-contaminated ground water, Cape Cod, Massachusetts--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste Ground-Water Contamination Program--Papers presented at the toxic waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-475, p. 89-114.

Barber, L.B., II, Thurman, E.M., Schroeder, M.P., and LeBlanc, D.R., 1988, Long-term fate of organic micropollutants in sewage-contaminated groundwater: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 22, no. 2, p. 205-211, doi:10.1021/es00167a012.

Barber, L.B., II, Thurman, E.M., Takahashi, Y., and Noriega, M., 1991, Purgeable organic chloride--A surrogate measurement for screening and monitoring volatile-chlorinated hydrocarbons in ground water, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 106-110.

Barber, L.B., II, Thurman, E.M., Takahashi, Y., and Noriega, M.C., 1992, Comparison of purge and trap GC/MS and purgeable organic chloride analysis for monitoring volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons: Ground Water, v. 30, no. 6, p. 836-848, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1992.tb01565.x.

Barber, L.B., and Keefe, S.H., 1999, Evolution of a ground-water sewage plume after removal of the 60-year-long source, Cape Cod, Massachusetts--Changes in the distribution of dissolved oxygen, boron, and organic carbon, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 261-270.

Barber, L.B., Keefe, S.H., LeBlanc, D.R., Bradley, P.M., Chapelle, F.H., Meyer, M.T., Loftin, K.A., Kolpin, D.W., and Rubio, F., 2009, Fate of sulfamethoxazole, 4-nonyphenol, and 17β-estradiol in groundwater contaminated by wastewater treatment plant effluent: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 13, p. 4843-4850, doi:10.1021/es803292v.

Barber, L.B., LeBlanc, D.R., and Lee, K.E., 2017, Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances from firefighting and domestic wastewater remain in groundwater for decades: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 06/30/2017, 2017

Barber, L.B., LeBlanc, D.R., and Lee, K.E., 2017, Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances from firefighting and domestic wastewater remain in groundwater for decades: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 12/20/2017, 2017

Barber, L.B., Meyer, M.T., LeBlanc, D.R., Kolpin, D.W., Bradley, P.M., Chapelle, F.H., and Rubio, F., 2008, Subsurface fate and transport of sulfamethoxazole, 4-nonylphenol, and 17Β-estradiol, in Trefry, M.G., ed., Groundwater Quality 2007--Securing Groundwater Quality in Urban and Industrial Environments: International Association of Hydrological Sciences IAHS Redbook, IAHS Publ. 324, p. 133-139 (Conference Preceedings for Groundwater Quality 2007 Securing Groundwater Quality in Urban and Industrial Environments Fremantle, Western Australia, December 2-7, 2007 -- Abstract (pdf)).

Barber, L.B., Weber, A.K., LeBlanc, D.R., Hull, R.B., Sunderland, E.M., and Vecitis, C.D., 2017, Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances in contaminated groundwater, cape cod, Massachusetts, 2014-2015 (ver. 1.1, March 2017): U.S. Geological Survey Data Release.

Barlow, P.M., 1987, The use of temperature as a ground-water tracer in glacial outwash: Tucson, University of Arizona, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, unpublished M.S. thesis, 141 p.

Barlow, P.M., and LeBlanc, D.R., 1992, A study of ground-water flow beneath the Massachusetts Military Reservation, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, Project Description, August 1992: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-143, 2 p.

Bau, M., Alexander, B., Chesley, J.T., Dulski, P., and Brantley, S.L., 2004, Mineral dissolution in the Cape Cod aquifer, Massachusetts, USA--I. Reaction stoichiometry and impact of accessory feldspar and glauconite on strontium isotopes, solute concentrations, and REY distribution: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 68, no. 6, p. 1199-1216, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2003.08.015.

Baumann, P.C., LeBlanc, D.R., Blazer, V.S., Meier, J.R., Hurley, S.T., and Kiryu, Y., 2008, Prevalence of tumors in brown bullhead from three lakes in southeastern Massachusetts, 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2008-5198.

Baumgartner, L.K., 2000, Short-term, single-well injection experiments in a sand and gravel aquifer--Applicability for the measurement of nitrate production and consumption rates in situ: Boulder, University of Colorado, Department of Environmental, Population, and Organismic Biology, Unpublished M.A. thesis, 96 p.

Bedient, P.B., Rifai, H.S., and Newell, C.J., 1999, Natural gradient tracer test, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Bedient, P.B., Rifai, H.S., and Newell, C.J., eds., Ground water contamination transport and remediation--Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, p. 193-198 (section 6.10.2).

Bitton, G., and Harvey, R.W., 1992, Transport of pathogens through soils and aquifers, in Mitchell, R., ed., Environmental Microbiology: New York, Wiley-Liss, p. 103-124.

Blanford, W.J., Brusseau, M.L., Yeh, T.C.J., Gerba, C.P., and Harvey, R.W., 2005, Influence of water chemistry and travel distance on bacteriophage PRD-1 transport in a sandy aquifer: Water Research, v. 39, no. 11, p. 2345-2357, doi:10.1016/j.watres.2005.04.009.

Böhlke, J.K., Smith, R.L., Coplen, T.B., Busenberg, E., and LeBlanc, D.R., 1999, Recharge conditions and flow velocities of contaminated and uncontaminated ground waters at Cape Cod, Massachusetts--Evaluation of 2H/1H, 18O/16O and dissolved gases, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 337-348.

Böhlke, J.K., Smith, R.L., and Miller, D.N., 2006, Ammonium transport and reaction in contaminated groundwater--Application of isotope tracers and isotope fractionation studies: Water Resources Research, v. 42, W05411, doi:10.1029/2005WR004349.

Boyd, S., 2007, Transverse vertical dispersion of chemotactic bacteria in response to a chemical gradient: Charlottesville, University of Virginia, Deptartmet of Chemical Engineering, M.S. Thesis.

Bradford, S.A., and Harvey, R.W., 2016, Future research needs involving pathogens in groundwater: Hydrogeology Journal, p. 1-8, doi:10.1007/s10040-016-1501-0 (Advanced Web release).

Briggs, M.A., Buckley, S.F., Bagtzoglou, A.C., Werkema, D.D., and Lane, J.W., Jr., 2016, Actively heated high-resolution fiber-optic-distributed temperature sensing to quantify streambed flow dynamics in zones of strong groundwater upwelling: Water Resources Research, v. 52, no. 7, p. 5179-5194, doi:10.1002/2015WR018219.

Briggs, M.A., Hare, D.K., Boutt, D.F., Davenport, G., and Lane, J.W., 2016, Thermal infrared video details multiscale groundwater discharge to surface water through macropores and peat pipes: Hydrological Processes, v. 30, no. 14, p. 2510-2511, doi:10.1002/hyp.10722.

Briggs, M.A., Lautz, L.K., Buckley, S.F., and Lane, J.W., 2014, Practical limitations on the use of diurnal temperature signals to quantify groundwater upwelling: Journal of Hydrology, v. 519, Part B, p. 1739-1751, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.09.030.

Brooks, M.H., 1991, Development and evaluation of a technique for measuring denitrification enzyme activity in nitrate-contaminated ground water: Golden, Colorado School of Mines, Department of Chemistry and Geochemistry, unpublished M.S. thesis, 94 p.

Brooks, M.H., and Smith, R.L., 1989, Total adenylate and adenylate energy charge measurements from bacterial communities in ground water, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 541-545.

Brooks, M.H., Smith, R.L., and Garabedian, S.P., 1996, Small-scale tracer tests applied to the measurement of in situ denitrification rates in a sewage-contaminated aquifer, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 243-248.

Brooks, M.H., Smith, R.L., and Macalady, D.L., 1992, Inhibition of existing denitrification enzyme activity by chloramphenicol: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 58, no. 5, p. 1746-1753.

Brusseau, M.L., and Srivastava, R., 1999, Nonideal transport of reactive solutes in heterogeneous porous media--4, Analysis of the Cape Cod natural-gradient field experiment: Water Resources Research, v. 35, no. 4, p. 1113-1125, 1998WR900019, doi:10.1029/1998WR900019.

Buckner, C.R., 2013, Metagenomics and transcriptional expression of microbial communities in a nitrogen-contaminated aquifer in Cape Cod: Wilmington, N.C., University of North Carolina Wilmington, Center for Marine Science, unpublished M.S. thesis, 60 p.

Bunn, A.L., 1992, Techniques for enumerating protozoa in saturated subsurface sediments: Durham, University of New Hampshire, Department of Civil Engineering, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 317 p.

Bunn, R.A., Magelky, R.D., Ryan, J.N., and Elimelech, M., 2002, Mobilization of natural colloids from an iron oxide-coated sand aquifer--Effect of pH and ionic strength: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 36, no. 3, p. 314-322, doi:10.1021/es0109141.

Bussey, K.W., 1998, Ferrous iron and phosphate for screened-auger samples, in Savoie, J., and LeBlanc, D.R., eds., Water-quality data and methods of analysis for samples collected near a plume of sewage-contaminated ground water, Ashumet Valley, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 1993-94: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 97-4269, p. 23.

Bussey, K.W., and Walter, D.A., 1996, Spatial and temporal distribution of specific conductance, boron, and phosphorus in a sewage-contaminated aquifer near Ashumet Pond, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-472, 44 p.

Buursink, M.L., Lane, J.W., Jr., Clement, W.P., and Knoll, M.D., 2002, Use of vertical-radar profiling to estimate porosity at two New England sites and comparison with neutron log porosity, in Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems, Proceedings, Las Vegas, Nevada, February 10-14, 2002: Environmental and Engineering Geophysical Society , CD-ROM, 12 p.

C

Campo, K.W., and Hess, K.M., 1999, Evolution of a ground-water sewage plume after removal of the 60-year-long source, Cape Cod, Massachusetts--Fate of volatile organic compounds, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 271-284.

Ceazan, M.L., 1987, Migration and transformations of ammonium and nitrate in a sewage-contaminated aquifer at Cape Cod, Massachusetts: Golden, Colorado School of Mines, Department of Chemistry and Geochemistry, unpublished M.S. thesis, 145 p.

Ceazan, M.L., Smith, R.L., and Thurman, E.M., 1989, Role of ion exchange in the transport of ammonium through a contaminated sand and gravel aquifer, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 642.

Ceazan, M.L., Smith, R.L., and Thurman, E.M., 1988, Fate of ammonium in a sewage-contaminated ground water, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. B-29-B-30.

Ceazan, M.L., Thurman, E.M., and Smith, R.L., 1989, Retardation of ammonium and potassium transport through a contaminated sand and gravel aquifer--The role of cation exchange: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 23, no. 11, p. 1402-1408, doi:10.1021/es00069a012.

Ceazan, M.L., Thurman, E.M., and Smith, R.L., 1987, The role of cation exchange in the transport of ammonium and nitrate in a sewage-contaminated aquifer, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. B-53-B-58.

Ceazan, M.L., Updegraff, D.M., and Thurman, E.M., 1984, Evidence of microbial processes in sewage-contaminated ground water, in LeBlanc, D.R., ed., Movement and fate of solutes in a plume of sewage-contaminated ground water, Cape Cod, Massachusetts--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste Ground-Water Contamination Program--Papers presented at the toxic waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-475, p. 115-138.

Chang, N.W., 2014, Nitrogen isotope dynamics of anammox and denitrification in coastal groundwater: Avery Point, Conn., University of Connecticut, Deptartment of Marine Sciences, unpublished M.S. thesis, 72 p.

Chapelle, F.H., 1999, Bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated ground water--The perspectives of history and hydrogeology: Ground Water, v. 37, no. 1, p. 122-132, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1999.tb00965.x.

Charlton, S.R., and Parkhurst, D.W., 2012, PHAST4 Windows--A 3D graphical user interface for the reactive-transport simulator PHAST: Ground Water, v. 51, no. 4, p. 623-628, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2012.00993.x (PHAST software download page).

Church, P.E., Vroblesky, D.A., Lyford, F.P., and Willey, R.E., 2002, Guidance on the use of passive-vapor-diffusion samplers to detect volatile organic compounds in ground-water-discharge areas, and example applications in New England: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4186, 79 p.

Colman, J.A., Carlson, C.S., and Robinson, C., 2015, Simulation of nitrogen attenuation in a subterranean estuary, representative of the southern coast of Cape Cod, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015-1085, 35 p.

Colman, J.A., Masterson, J.P., Pabich, W.J., and Walter, D.A., 2004, Effects of aquifer travel time on nitrogen transport to a coastal embayment: Ground Water, v. 42, no. 7, p. 1069-1078, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2004.tb02644.x.

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Springer, R.K., 1991, Application of an improved slug test analysis to the large-scale characterization of heterogeneity in a Cape Cod aquifer: Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, unpublished M.S. thesis, 162 p.

Springer, R.K., and Gelhar, L.W., 1991, Characterization of large-scale aquifer heterogeneity in glacial outwash by analysis of slug tests with oscillatory responses, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 36-40.

Stadler, S., Jann, S., Isenbeck-Schroeter, M., Nieden, V.W., Scholz, C., Tretner, A., Davis, J.A., and Kent, D.B., 2001, Tracer tests with As(III) in the oxic and suboxic groundwater zones at the USGS Cape Cod site, Mass, USA, in Cidu, R., ed., Water-Rock Interaction, Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction WRI-10, Villasimus, Italy, July 10-15, 2001: A.A. Balkema, p. 1013-1016.

Stevens, J.H., 1994, Analysis and modeling of infiltration and solute transport experiments in unsaturated sand and gravel, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: Princeton, N.J., Princeton University, Department of Civil Engineering and Operations Research, unpublished M.S. thesis, 266 p.

Stoliker, D.L., Repert, D.A., Smith, R.L., Song, B., LeBlanc, D.R., McCobb, T.D., Conaway, C.H., Hyun, S.P., Koh, D.-C., Moon, H.S., and Kent, D.B., 2016, Hydrologic controls on nitrogen cycling processes and functional gene abundance in sediments of a groundwater flow-through lake: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 50, no. 7, p. 3649-3657, doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b06155.

Stollenwerk, K.G., 1998, Molybdate transport in a chemically complex aquifer--Field measurements compared with solute-transport model predictions: Water Resources Research, v. 34, no. 10, p. 2727- 2740, 98WR02163, doi:10.1029/98WR02163.

Stollenwerk, K.G., 1996, Potential long-term effects of phosphate contamination in a sand and gravel aquifer, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 199-205.

Stollenwerk, K.G., 1996, Simulation of phosphate transport in sewage-contaminated groundwater, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: Applied Geochemistry, v. 11, no. 1-2, p. 317-324, doi:10.1016/0883-2927(95)00041-0.

Stollenwerk, K.G., 1995, Modeling the effects of variable groundwater chemistry on adsorption of molybdate: Water Resources Research, v. 31, no. 2, p. 347-357, 94WR02675, doi:10.1029/94WR02675.

Stollenwerk, K.G., 1991, Simulation of molybdate sorption with the diffuse layer surface-complexation model, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 47-52.

Stollenwerk, K.G., and Colman, J.A., 2003, Natural remediation potential of arsenic-contaminated ground water, in Welch, A.H., and Stollenwerk, K.G., eds., Arsenic in Groundwater--Geochemistry and Occurrence: Boston, Kluwer Academic Press, p. 351-379.

Stollenwerk, K.G., and Grove, D.B., 1987, Natural-gradient tracer test in sand and gravel--Non-conservative transport of molybdenum, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. B-17-B-22.

Stollenwerk, K.G., and Kipp, K.L., 1990, Simulation of molybdate transport with different rate-controlled mechanisms, in Melchior, D.C., and Bassett, R.L., eds., Chemical modeling of aqueous systems II: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society ACS Symposium Series 416, p. 243-257.

Stollenwerk, K.G., and Kipp, K.L., 1989, Simulation of the rate-controlled transport of molybdate in column experiments, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 151-161.

Stollenwerk, K.G., and Parkhurst, D.L., 1999, Modeling the evolution and natural remediation of a ground-water sewage plume, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 371-381.

Striker, L.K., 1998, Variable organic carbon loading to a contaminated aquifer and the effect on the in situ microbial community: Durham, University of New Hampshire, Department of Civil Engineering, unpublished M.S. project paper, 239 p.

T

Taylor, J.B., 2012, Assessing the role of anammox in a nitrogen contaminated aquifer: University of North Carolina Wilmington, Deptartment of Biology and Marine Biology, unpublished M.S. thesis, 76 p.

Thiem, S.M., Krumme, M.L., Smith, R.L., and Tiedje, J.M., 1994, Use of molecular techniques to evaluate the survival of a microorganism injected into an aquifer: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 60, no. 4, p. 1059-1067.

Thierrin, J., and Kitanidis, P.K., 1994, Solute dilution at the Borden and Cape Cod groundwater tracer tests: Water Resources Research, v. 30, no. 11, p. 2883-2890, 94WR01983, doi:10.1029/94WR01983.

Thompson, K.D., 1993, The stochastic characterization of glacial aquifers using geologic information: Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 309 p.

Thurman, E.M., 1987, A conceptual chemical process model for sewage contamination of a sand and gravel aquifer, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. B-37-B-42.

Thurman, E.M., and Barber, L.B., II, 1988, Movement and fate of detergent in sewage contaminated ground water, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. B-23-B-24.

Thurman, E.M., Barber, L.B., II, Ceazan, M.L., Smith, R.L., Brooks, M.G., Schroeder, M.P., Keck, A.J., Driscoll, A.J., LeBlanc, D.R., and Nichols, W.J., Jr., 1984, Sewage contaminants in ground water, in LeBlanc, D.R., ed., Movement and fate of solutes in a plume of sewage-contaminated ground water, Cape Cod, Massachusetts--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste Ground-Water Contamination Program--Papers presented at the toxic waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-475, p. 47-88.

Thurman, E.M., Barber, L.B., II, and LeBlanc, D.R., 1986, Movement and fate of detergents in ground water-A field study: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 1, no. 1, p. 143-161, doi:10.1016/0169-7722(86)90013-6.

Thurman, E.M., Brooks, M.G., and Barber, L.B., II, 1988, Sampling and analysis of volatile organic compounds in a plume of sewage-contaminated ground water, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. B-21-B-22.

Thurman, E.M., and Field, J., 1989, Separation of humic substances and anionic surfactants from ground water by selective adsorption, in Suffet, I.H., and MacCarthy, P., eds., Aquatic humic substances--Influence on fate and treatment of pollutants: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society Advances in Chemistry Series 219, p. 108-114.

Thurman, E.M., Willoughby, T., Barber, L.B., II, and Thorn, K.A., 1987, Determination of alkylbenzenesulfonate surfactants in groundwater using macroreticular resins and carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry: Analytical Chemistry, v. 59, no. 14, p. 1798-1802, doi:10.1021/ac00141a013.

Toepfer, J.A., Ford, R.M., Metge, D., and Harvey, R.W., 2012, Impact of fluorochrome stains used to study bacterial transport in shallow aquifers on motility and chemotaxis of Pseudomonas species: FEMS Microbiology Ecology, v. 81, no. 1, p. 163-171, doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2012.01355.x.

U

U.S. Geological Survey, 1998, Land and people--Finding a balance--Cape Cod: U.S. Geological Survey, access date May 31, 2013 (An online study guide for high school students and teachers).

Underwood, J.C., 2009, The effect of sulfamethoxazole on the growth, denitrifying activity, and community composition of groundwater bacteria from Cape Cod, MA: Denver, Colo., University of Colorado Denver, Deptartment of Biology, unpublished M.S. thesis, 74 p.

Underwood, J.C., Harvey, R.W., Focazio, M.J., LeBlanc, D.R., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2011, Antibiotics in groundwater affect natural bacteria: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/20/2016, 2016

Underwood, J.C., Harvey, R.W., Metge, D.W., Repert, D.A., Baumgartner, L.K., Smith, R.L., Roane, T.M., and Barber, L.B., 2011, Effects of the antimicrobial sulfamethoxazole on groundwater bacterial enrichment: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 45, no. 7, p. 3096-3101, doi:10.1021/es103605e.

V

Voss, C.I., and Knopman, D.S., 1990, Strong classical one-dimensional descriptions of field solute transport exist! Modeling the Cape Cod tracer test, in Solving Ground Water Problems with Models, Indianapolis, Indiana, February 7-9, 1989: Dublin, Ohio, National Water Well Association, p. 209-232.

W

Wahlquist, A.M., 2000, The abundance and diversity of autohydrogenotropic denitrifying bacteria in four aquifers: Boulder, University of Colorado, Department of Environmental, Population, and Organic Biology, Unpublished M.A. thesis, 72 p.

Walsh, D., Turner, P., Grunewald, E., Zhang, H., Butler, J.J., Reboulet, E., Knobbe, S., Christy, T., Lane, J.W., Johnson, C.D., Munday, T., and Fitzpatrick, A., 2013, A small-diameter NMR logging tool for groundwater investigations: Groundwater, v. 51, no. 6, p. 914-926, doi:10.1111/gwat.12024.

Walter, D.A., 2013, The simulated effects of wastewater-management actions on the hydrologic system and nitrogen-loading rates to wells and ecological receptors, Popponesset Bay watershed, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013-5060, 62 p.

Walter, D.A., and LeBlanc, D.R., 2008, Use of inverse modeling methods to improve ground-water-modeling calibration and evaluate model-prediction uncertainty, Camp Edwards, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5257.

Walter, D.A., and LeBlanc, D.R., 1997, Geochemical and hydrologic considerations in remediating phosphorus-contaminated ground water in a sewage plume near Ashumet Pond, Cape Cod Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-202, 20 p.

Walter, D.A., LeBlanc, D.R., Stollenwerk, K.G., and Campo, K.W., 1999, Phosphorus transport in sewage-contaminated ground water, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 305-315.

Walter, D.A., and Masterson, J.P., 2003, Simulation of advective flow under steady-state and transient recharge conditions, Camp Edwards, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4053, 51 p.

Walter, D.A., Masterson, J.P., and LeBlanc, D.R., 2002, Simulated pond-aquifer interactions under natural and stressed conditions near Snake Pond, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4174, 35 p.

Walter, D.A., Rea, B.A., Stollenwerk, K.G., and Savoie, J., 1996, Geochemical and hydrologic controls on phosphorus transport in a sewage-contaminated sand and gravel aquifer near Ashumet Pond, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2463, 89 p.

Walton-Day, K., Macalady, D.L., Brooks, M.H., and Tate, V.T., 1990, Field methods for measurement of ground water redox chemical parameters: Ground Water Monitoring Review, v. 10, no. 4, p. 81-89, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6592.1990.tb00024.x.

Wang, M., 2007, Bacterial chemotaxis through a sand plug in response to a consumable chemoattractant: Charlottesville, University of Virginia, Department of Chemical Engineering, M.S. Dissertation.

Wang, M., Ford, R.M., and Harvey, R.W., 2008, Coupled effect of chemotaxis and growth on microbial distributions in organic-amended aquifer sediments--Observations from laboratory and field studies: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 41, no. 10, p. 3,556-3,562, doi:10.1021/es702392h.

Watada, M., 1997, Natural denitrification in a sewage contaminant plume, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: University of Colorado at Boulder, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering unpublished project report, variously p.

Weber, A.K., Barber, L.B., LeBlanc, D.R., Sunderland, E.M., and Vecitis, C.D., 2017, Geochemical and hydrologic factors controlling subsurface transport of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: Environmental Science and Technology, doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b05573.

Wolf, S.H., 1988, Spatial variability of hydraulic conductivity in a sand and gravel aquifer: Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, unpublished M.E. thesis, 118 p.

Wolf, S.H., Celia, M.A., and Hess, K.M., 1991, Evaluation of hydraulic conductivities calculated from multi-port permeameter measurements: Ground Water, v. 29, no. 4, p. 516-525, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1991.tb00543.x.

Wood, W.W., Hearn, P.P., Jr., and Kraemer, T.F., 1989, Solute diffusion within sand of the Cape Cod, Massachusetts, aquifer, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 163-166.

Wood, W.W., Kraemer, T.F., and Hearn, P.P., Jr., 1990, Intragranular diffusion--An important mechanism influencing solute transport in clastic aquifers?: Science, v. 247, no. 4950, p. 1569-1572, doi:10.1126/science.247.4950.1569.

Woodbury, A.D., and Rubin, Y., 2000, A full-Bayesian approach to parameter inference from tracer travel time moments and investigation of scale effects at the Cape Cod experimental site: Water Resources Research, v. 36, no. 1, p. 159-171, 1999WR900273, doi:10.1029/1999WR900273.

Wright, D.L., Olhoeft, G.R., and Watts, R.D., 1984, Ground-penetrating radar studies on Cape Cod, in Conference on Surface and Borehole Methods in Ground Water Studies, San Antonio, Tex., February 7-9, 1984: Dublin, Ohio, National Water Well Association, p. 666-680.

Y

Yang, X., Meier, J., Chang, L., Rowan, M., and Baumann, P.C., 2006, DNA damage and external lesions in brown bullheads (Ameiurus nebulosus) from contaminated habitats: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 25, no. 11, p. 3035-3038, doi:10.1897/05-706r.1.

Yau, S., 1999, Dissolution kinetics of feldspar in the Cape Cod aquifer, Massachusetts--Calculation of ground water residence times: State College, The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Geosciences, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 99 p.

Z

Zapico, M.M., 1987, Easier evaluation procedures--Core acquisition and an assessment of slug tests: Waterloo, Ontario, University of Waterloo, Department of Earth Sciences, unpublished M.S. thesis, 195 p.

Zapico, M.M., Vales, S., and Cherry, J.A., 1987, A wireline piston core barrel for sampling cohesionless sand and gravel below the water table: Ground Water Monitoring Review, v. 7, no. 3, p. 74-82, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6592.1987.tb01077.x.

Zhang, H., Schwartz, F.W., Wood, W.W., Garabedian, S.P., and LeBlanc, D.R., 1998, Simulation of variable-density flow and transport of reactive and nonreactive solutes during a tracer test at Cape Cod, Massachusetts: Water Resources Research, v. 34, no. 1, p. 67-82, 97WR02918, doi:10.1029/97WR02918.

Zhang, S., 2008, TEM studies of augite (100) deformation twinning boundaries, quartz sand coatings, and manganese valence state: Baltimore, Maryland, The John Hopkins University, Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 149 p.

Zhang, S., Kent, D.B., Elbert, D.C., Shi, Z., Davis, J.A., and Veblen, D.R., 2011, Mineralogy, morphology, and textural relationships in coatings on quartz grains in sediments in a quartz-sand aquifer: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 124, no. 1-4, p. 57-67 doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2011.02.003.


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There are 494 publications in this section of the bibliography. The above list is sorted by author. The Toxics Bibliographic Data Base was last updated on 9/13/18.

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