U.S. Geological Survey Environmental Health Mission Area Bibliography

Crude Oil Contamination in a Shallow Outwash Aquifer — Bemidji, Minnesota

2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1994 | 1993 | 1992 | 1991 | 1990 | 1989 | 1988 | 1987 | 1986 | 1985 | 1984 | 1979

2019

Bekins, B.A., 2019, Natural Attenuation in Source Zone and Groundwater Plume - Bemidji Crude Oil Spill, access date 6/17/2019, 2019 (Page Version ID: 12809).

Terry, N., Day-Lewis, F.D., Lane Jr, J.W., Trost, J.J., and Bekins, B.A., 2019, Geophysical mapping of plume discharge to surface water at a crude oil spill site--Inversion versus machine learning: Geophysics, p. 1-57, doi:10.1190/geo2018-0690.1 (Just-Accepted Article).

Terry, N.C., Bekins, B.A., and Trost, J.J., 2019, Geophysical data from the unnamed lake at the National Crude Oil Spill Fate and Natural Attenuation Research Site, Bemidji, MN: U.S. Geological Survey Data Release.

Zito, P., Ghannam, R., Bekins, B.A., and Podgorski, D.C., 2019, Examining the extraction efficiency of petroleum-derived dissolved organic matter in contaminated groundwater plumes: Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation, v. 0, doi:10.1111/gwmr.12349.

2018

Baedecker, M.J., Eganhouse, R.P., Qi, H., Cozzarelli, I.M., Trost, J.J., and Bekins, B.A., 2018, Weathering of oil in a surficial aquifer: Groundwater, v. 56, no. 5, p. 797-809, doi:10.1111/gwat.12619.

Bekins, B., ed., 2018, Case Studies in Groundwater Contaminant Fate and Transport: Oxford University Press, Oxford Bibliographies

Bekins, B.A., Martinovic-Weigelt, D., McGuire, J.T., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2018, Toxicity data for groundwater contaminated by petroleum hydrocarbons near Bemidji, MN (2016): U.S. Geological Survey Data Release.

McGuire, J.T., Cozzarelli, I.M., Bekins, B.A., Link, H., and Martinović-Weigelt, D., 2018, Toxicity assessment of groundwater contaminated by petroleum hydrocarbons at a well-characterized, aged, crude oil release site: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 52, no. 21, p. 12172-12178, doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b03657.

Podgorski, D.C., Zito, P., McGuire, J.T., Martinovic-Weigelt, D., Cozzarelli, I.M., Bekins, B.A., and Spencer, R.G.M., 2018, Examining natural attenuation and acute toxicity of petroleum-derived dissolved organic matter with optical spectroscopy: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 52, no. 11, p. 6157-6166, doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b00016.

Podgorski, D.C., Zito, P., McGuire, J.T., Martinovic-Weigelt, D., Cozzarelli, I.M., Bekins, B.A., and Spencer, R.G.M., 2018, Rebuttal to comment on "Examining natural attenuation and acute toxicity of petroleum-derived dissolved organic matter with optical spectroscopy": Environmental Science and Technology, v. 52, no. 20, p. 11962-11963, doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b04976.

Trost, J.J., Christy, T.M., and Bekins, B.A., 2018, A direct-push freezing core barrel for sampling unconsolidated subsurface sediments and adjacent pore fluids: Vadose Zone Journal, v. 17, no. 1, 180037, doi:10.2136/vzj2018.02.0037.

Trost, J.J., Krall, A.L., Baedecker, M., Cozzarelli, I.M., Herkelrath, W.N., Jaeschke, J.B., and Bekins, B.A., 2018, Historical data sets including inorganic and organic chemistry of water, oil, and sediments, aquifer hydraulic conductivity, and sediment grain size distribution at the national crude oil spill fate and natural attenuation research site near Bemidji, Minnesota, USA, 1984-2010 (ver. 2.0, September 2019): U.S. Geological Survey Data Release.

Trost, J.J., Krall, A.L., Baedecker, M., Cozzarelli, I.M., Herkelrath, W.N., Jaeschke, J.B., and Bekins, B.A., 2018, Historical data sets including inorganic and organic chemistry of water, oil, and sediments, aquifer hydraulic conductivity, and sediment grain size distribution at the national crude oil spill fate and natural attenuation research site near Bemidji, Minnesota, USA, 1984-2010: U.S. Geological Survey Data Release.

Trost, J.J., Krall, A.L., Jaeschke, J.B., Berg, A.M., and Bekins, B.A., 2018, Sampling site information, well construction details, and data dictionaries for data sets associated with the National Crude Oil Spill Fate and Natural Attenuation Site near Bemidji, Minnesota (ver. 2.0, September 2019): U.S. Geological Survey Data Release.

Trost, J.J., Krall, A.L., Jaeschke, J.B., Berg, A.M., and Bekins, B.A., 2018, Sampling site information, well construction details, and data dictionaries for data sets associated with the National Crude Oil Spill Fate and Natural Attenuation Site near Bemidji, Minnesota: U.S. Geological Survey Data Release.

Trost, J.J., Perkins, K.S., Henson, W., Mirus, B.B., Nimmo, J.R., and Muñoz-Carpena, R., 2018, UZIG research--Measurement and characterization of unsaturated zone processes under wide-ranging climates and changing conditions: Vadose Zone Journal, v. 17, doi:10.2136/vzj2018.11.0198.

Warren, E., and Bekins, B.A., 2018, Relative contributions of microbial and infrastructure heat at a crude oil-contaminated site: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 211, p. 94-103, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2018.03.011.

Warren, E., and Bekins, B.A., 2018, SUTRA model simulations used to evaluate heat flow from microbial activity at a crude oil-contaminated site: U.S. Geological Survey Data Release (Water Resources National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) Node).

2017

Bekins, B.A., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2017, Nonvolatile dissolved organic carbon and diesel range organics concentrations measured in 2016 at the USGS crude oil study site near Bemidji, Minnesota, USA: U.S.Geological Survey Data Release.

Cozzarelli, I.M., and Bekins, B.A., 2017, Partial release of iron, alkalinity, and oxygen data from Bemidji crude oil site, Minnesota 1993-2016: U.S. Geological Survey Data Release.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Farag, A., and Lee, K.E., 2017, Cyclical mobilization and attenuation of naturally occurring arsenic in an underground petroleum plume: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 12/26/2017, 2017

Delin, G.N., and Herkelrath, W.N., 2017, Effects of crude oil on water and tracer movement in the unsaturated and saturated zones: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 200, p. 49-59, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2017.03.007.

Heenan, J.W., Ntarlagiannis, D., Slater, L.D., Beaver, C.L., Rossbach, S., Revil, A., Atekwana, E.A., and Bekins, B., 2017, Field-scale observations of a transient geobattery resulting from natural attenuation of a crude oil spill: Journal of Geophysical Research--Biogeosciences, v. 122, no. 4, p. 918-929, doi:10.1002/2016JG003596.

Lund, A.L., Slater, L.D., Atekwana, E.A., Ntarlagiannis, D., Cozzarelli, I., and Bekins, B.A., 2017, Evidence of coupled carbon and iron cycling at a hydrocarbon-contaminated site from time lapse magnetic susceptibility: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 51, no. 19, p. 11244-11249, doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b02155.

Morganwalp, D.W., and Lee, K.E., 2017, Program scientist receives meritorious service award: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 06/30/2017, 2017

Wozney, A., 2017, Biodegradation rates of petroleum in contaminanted aquifers--A comparison of radiocarbon correction methods for determining source zone natural attenuation: Ottawa, Canada, University of Ottawa, Masters thesis.

Ziegler, B.A., Schreiber, M.E., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2017, Chemical extraction results of aquifer sediments for concentrations of iron and arsenic in different redox zones at the crude-oil spill site near Bemidji, Minnesota: U.S. Geological Survey Data Release.

Ziegler, B.A., Schreiber, M.E., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2017, The role of alluvial aquifer sediments in attenuating a dissolved arsenic plume: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 204, p. 90-101, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2017.04.009.

Ziegler, B.A., Schreiber, M.E., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Crystal Ng, G.H., 2017, A mass balance approach to investigate arsenic cycling in a petroleum plume: Environmental Pollution, v. 231, Part 2, p. 1351-1361, doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2017.08.110.

Ziegler, B.A., Schreiber, M.E., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Ng, C.G.-H., 2017, Arsenic and iron data (2010-2015) for petroleum plume mass balance, Bemidji Mn: U.S. Geological Survey Data Release.

2016

Adams, R.H., Cerecedo-López, R.A., Alejandro-Álvarez, L.A., Domínguez-Rodríguez, V.I., and Nieber, J.L., 2016, Treatment of water-repellent petroleum-contaminated soil from Bemidji, Minnesota, by alkaline desorption: International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, v. 13, no. 9, p. 2249-2260, doi:10.1007/s13762-016-1058-4.

Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Erickson, M.L., Steenson, R.A., and Thorn, K.A., 2016, Crude oil metabolites in groundwater at two spill sites: Groundwater, v. 54, no. 5, p. 681-691, doi:10.1111/gwat.12419 (pdf).

Bekins, B.A., Lee, K.E., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2016, U.S. Geological Survey identifies crude-oil metabolites in subsurface plumes: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 09/01/2016, 2016

Cozzarelli, I.M., Schreiber, M.E., Erickson, M.L., and Ziegler, B.A., 2016, Arsenic cycling in hydrocarbon plumes--Secondary effects of natural attenuation: Groundwater, v. 54, no. 1, p. 35-45, doi:10.1111/gwat.12316.

Gordon, L.C., and Bekins, B.A., 2016, Crude oil byproducts in groundwater plumes: U.S. Geological Survey News Release, 03/31/2016.

Islam, A., Ahmed, A., Hur, M., Thorn, K., and Kim, S., 2016, Molecular-level evidence provided by ultrahigh resolution mass spectrometry for oil-derived DOC in groundwater at Bemidji, Minnesota: Journal of Hazardous Materials, v. 320, p. 123-132, doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.08.018.

Kent, D.B., Blondes, M.S., Cozzarelli, I.M., Geboy, N., LeBlanc, D.R., Ng, G.-H., Repert, D., and Smith, R.L., 2016, Sewage disposal, petroleum spills, eutrophic lakes, and wastewater from oil and gas production--Potential drivers of arsenic mobilization in the sub-surface, in Bhattacharya, P., and others, eds., Arsenic Research and Global Sustainability--Proceedings of the Sixth International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment (As2016), Stockholm, Sweden, June 19-23, 2016: London, CRC Press (Taylor and Francis Group), p. 25-26, ISBN:9781138029415.

Samuel, A.L., 2016, Investigating geophysical signatures of long term biodegradation at the oil spill site in Bemidji, Minnesota: Newark, N.J., Rutgers University, Masters thesis.

Sihota, N.J., Trost, J.J., Bekins, B.A., Berg, A., Delin, G.N., Mason, B., Warren, E., and Mayer, K.U., 2016, Seasonal variability in vadose zone biodegradation at a crude oil pipeline rupture site: Vadose Zone Journal, v. 15, no. 5, doi:10.2136/vzj2015.09.0125.

2015

Beaver, C.L., Williams, A.E., Atekwana, E.A., Mewafy, F.M., Aal, G.A., Slater, L.D., and Rossbach, S., 2015, Microbial communities associated with zones of elevated magnetic susceptibility in hydrocarbon-contaminated sediments: Geomicrobiology Journal, p. 00-00, doi:10.1080/01490451.2015.1049676.

Borden, R.C., Tillotson, J.M., Ng, G.-H.C., Bekins, B.A., Kent, D.B., and Curtis, G.P., 2015, Extent and persistence of secondary water quality impacts after enhanced reductive bioremediation: Department of Defense Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) Technical Report SERDP Project ER-2131.

Campbell, J., and Cozzarelli, I., 2015, Natural breakdown of petroleum underground can lace arsenic into groundwater: U.S. Geological Survey News Release, 01/26/2015.

Cozzarelli, I.M., and Lee, K.E., 2015, Ethanol-containing fuel spills enhanced natural trace element release from sediments in an experimental setting: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 03/25/2016, 2016

Cozzarelli, I.M., and Lee, K.E., 2015, Natural breakdown of petroleum results in arsenic mobilization in groundwater: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 2015/10/16, 2015

Essaid, H.I., Bekins, B.A., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2015, Organic contaminant transport and fate in the subsurface--Evolution of knowledge and understanding: Water Resources Research, v. 51, no. 7, p. 4861-4902, doi:10.1002/2015WR017121.

Fullhart, A., 2015, Groundwater/surface-water interactions in a shallow lake setting--Hydraulic gradient survey across a northern Minnesota lakebed and investigation of influencing factors: Bemidji State University, MS Thesis.

Lundy, D.A., 2015, An investigation of the relationship between lateral spreading and mass depletion of an LNAPL body in contact with groundwater at the Bemidji, MN crude oil release site: Athens, Ga., University of Georgia, Department of Geology, Ph.D. Thesis.

Ng, G.H.C., Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., Bennett, P.C., Amos, R.T., and Herkelrath, W.N., 2015, Reactive transport modeling of geochemical controls on secondary water quality impacts at a crude oil spill site near Bemidji, MN: Water Resources Research, v. 51, no. 6, p. 4156-4183, doi:10.1002/2015WR016964.

Sihota, N.J., and Mayer, K.U., 2015, Comparison of source zone natural attenuation rates at crude oil and ethanol-blended fuel release sites: Bioremediation Journal, v. 19, no. 3, p. 218-230, doi:10.1080/10889868.2014.995373.

Thorn, K.A., and Cox, L.G., 2015, Probing the carbonyl functionality of a petroleum resin and asphaltene through oximation and Schiff base formation in conjunction with N-15 NMR: PLoS ONE, v. 10, no. 11, e0142452, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0142452.

Warren, E., and Bekins, B.A., 2015, Relating subsurface temperature changes to microbial activity at a crude oil-contaminated site: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2015.09.007.

Ziegler, B.A., McGuire, J.T., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2015, Rates of As and trace element mobilization caused by Fe-reduction in mixed BTEX-ethanol experimental plumes: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 49, no. 22, p. 13179-13189, doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b02341.

2014

Atekwana, E.A., Mewafy, F.M., Abdel Aal, G., Werkema, D.D., Revil, A., and Slater, L.D., 2014, High-resolution magnetic susceptibility measurements for investigating magnetic mineral formation during microbial mediated iron reduction: Journal of Geophysical Research--Biogeosciences, v. 119, no. 1, p. 80-94, doi:10.1002/2013JG002414.

Cozzarelli, I.M., McKelvie, J.R., and Baehr, A.L., 2014, Volatile fuel hydrocarbons and oxygenates in the environment (Chapter 11.12), in Lollar, B.S., ed., Environmental Geochemistry, in Holland, H.D. and Turekian, Karl K., eds. Treatise on Geochemistry (2nd ed.): New York, Elsevier Science, v. 11, p. 439-480, ISBN:9780080959757.

Delin, G.N., Bekins, B.A., and Buxton, H.T., 2014, Pipeline crude oil spill still a cleanup challenge after 30 years: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/26/2015, 2015

Delin, G.N., and Herkelrath, W.N., 2014, Effects of dual-pump crude oil recovery system, Bemidji, Minnesota, USA: Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation, v. 34, no. 1, p. 57-67, doi:10.1111/gwmr.12040.

Fahrenfeld, N., Cozzarelli, I., Bailey, Z., and Pruden, A., 2014, Insights into biodegradation through depth-resolved microbial community functional and structural profiling of a crude-oil contaminant plume: Microbial Ecology, v. 68, no. 3, p. 453-462, doi:10.1007/s00248-014-0421-6.

Jones, K.L., Lindsay, M.B.J., Kipfer, R., and Mayer, K.U., 2014, Atmospheric Noble gases as tracers of biogenic gas dynamics in a shallow unconfined aquifer: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 128, p. 144-157, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2013.12.008.

Mason, B.E., 2014, Groundwater and surface water interactions down-gradient from a decades-old crude oil spill Beltrami County Minnesota: University of Minnesota, M.S. Thesis.

Ng, G.H.C., Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., Bennett, P.C., and Amos, R.T., 2014, A mass balance approach to investigating geochemical controls on secondary water quality impacts at a crude oil spill site near Bemidji, Mn: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 164, p. 1-15, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2014.04.006.

Sihota, N.J.J., 2014, Novel approaches for quantifying source zone natural attenuation of fossil and alternative fuels: Vancouver, B.C., Canada, University of British Columbia, Ph.D. Dissertation.

Warren, E., Sihota, N.J., Hostettler, F.D., and Bekins, B.A., 2014, Comparison of surficial CO2 efflux to other measures of subsurface crude oil degradation: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 164, p. 275-284, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2014.06.006.

2013

Hostettler, F.D., Lorenson, T.D., and Bekins, B.A., 2013, Petroleum fingerprinting with organic markers: Environmental Forensics, v. 14, no. 4, p. 262-277, doi:10.1080/15275922.2013.843611 (Special petroleum fingerprinting issue).

Mayer, K.U., 2013, Quantifying natural attenuation rates: International Innovation - North America, p. 34-37.

Mewafy, F.M., 2013, Role of biominerals in enhancing the geophysical response at hydrocarbon contaminated sites: Stillwater, Okla., Oklahoma State University, Boone Pickens School of Geology, PhD Dissertation.

Mewafy, F.M., Werkema Jr., D.D., Atekwana, E.A., Slater, L.D., Abdel Aal, G., Revil, A., and Ntarlagiannis, D., 2013, Evidence that bio-metallic mineral precipitation enhances the complex conductivity response at a hydrocarbon contaminated site: Journal of Applied Geophysics, v. 98, p. 113-123, doi:10.1016/j.jappgeo.2013.08.011.

Nieber, J.L., 2013, Water repellency of soil at the Bemidji Oil Spill Site: Unsaturated Zone Interest Group Newsletter, no. 14, Spring 2013, p. 4-5.

Rasa, E., Bekins, B.A., Mackay, D.M., de Sieyes, N.R., Wilson, J.T., Feris, K.P., Wood, I.A., and Scow, K.M., 2013, Impacts of an ethanol-blended fuel release on groundwater and fate of produced methane--Simulation of field observations: Water Resources Research, v. 49, no. 8, p. 4907-4926, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20382.

Rittgers, J., Revil, A., Karaoulis, M., Mooney, M., Slater, L., and Atekwana, E., 2013, Self-potential signals generated by the corrosion of buried metallic objects with application to contaminant plumes: Geophysics, v. 78, no. 5, p. EN65-EN82, doi:10.1190/geo2013-0033.1.

2012

Alexander, S.C., and Saar, M.O., 2012, Improved characterization of small “u” for Jacob pumping test analysis methods: Ground Water, v. 50, no. 2, p. 256-265, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2011.00839.x.

Amos, R.T., Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Voytek, M.A., Kirshtein, J.D., Jones, E.J.P., and Blowes, D.W., 2012, Evidence for iron-mediated anaerobic methane oxidation in a crude oil-contaminated aquifer: Geobiology, v. 10, no. 6, p. 506-517, doi:10.1111/j.1472-4669.2012.00341.x.

Sihota, N.J., and Mayer, K.U., 2012, Characterizing vadose zone hydrocarbon biodegradation using carbon dioxide effluxes, isotopes, and reactive transport modeling: Vadose Zone Journal, v. 11, no. 4, doi:10.2136/vzj2011.0204.

2011

Amos, R.T., Bekins, B.A., Delin, G.N., Cozzarelli, I.M., Blowes, D.W., and Kirshtein, J.D., 2011, Methane oxidation in a crude oil contaminated aquifer--Delineation of aerobic reactions at the plume fringes: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 125, no. 1-4, p. 13-25, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2011.04.003.

Baedecker, M.J., Eganhouse, R.P., Bekins, B.A., and Delin, G.N., 2011, Loss of volatile hydrocarbons from an LNAPL oil source: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 126, no. 3-4, p. 140-152, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2011.06.006.

Bekins, B.A., Baedecker, M.J., Eganhouse, R.P., and Herkelrath, W.N., 2011, Long-term natural attenuation of crude oil in the subsurface, in Schirmer, M., Hoehn, E., and Vogt, T., eds., GQ10--Groundwater Quality Management in a Rapidly Changing World--Procedings of the 7th International Groundwater Quality Conference, Zurich, Switzerland, June 13-18, 2010: International Association of Hydrologic Sciences Publication 342, p. 123-127, ISBN:978-1-907161-16-2.

Boland, K.A., 2011, Modeling of BTEX biodegradation and solute transfer at the Bemidji, Minnesota Crude Oil Spill Site: Bemidji, Minnesota, Bemidji State University, Center for Environmental, Economic, Earth and Space Studies, MS Thesis.

Essaid, H.I., Bekins, B.A., Herkelrath, W.N., and Delin, G.N., 2011, Crude oil at the Bemidji Site--25 years of monitoring, modeling, and understanding: Ground Water, v. 49, no. 5, p. 706-726, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2009.00654.x.

Mewafy, F.M., Atekwana, E.A., Werkema, D.D., Slater, L.D., Ntarlagiannis, D., Revil, A., Skold, M., and Delin, G.N., 2011, Magnetic susceptibility as a proxy for investigating microbial mediated iron reduction: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 38, no. 21, L21402, doi:10.1029/2011GL049271.

Sihota, N.J., Singurindy, O., and Mayer, K.U., 2011, CO2-efflux measurements for evaluating source zone natural attenuation rates in a petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated aquifer: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 45, no. 2, p. 482-488, doi:10.1021/es1032585.

Yun, J., Ueki, T., Miletto, M., and Lovley, D.R., 2011, Monitoring the metabolic status of geobacter species in contaminated groundwater by quantifying key metabolic proteins with geobacter-specific antibodies: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 77, no. 13, p. 4597-4602, doi:10.1128/aem.00114-11.

2010

Cozzarelli, I.M., Bekins, B.A., Eganhouse, R.P., Warren, E., and Essaid, H.I., 2010, In situ measurements of volatile aromatic hydrocarbon biodegradation rates in groundwater: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 111, no. 1-4, p. 48-64 doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2009.12.001.

Drennan, D.M., Bekins, B.A., Warren, E., Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., Herkelrath, W.N., and Delin, G.N., 2010, Fate and transport of petroleum hydrocarbons in the subsurface near Cass Lake, Minnesota: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010-5085, 33 p.

He, Y., 2010, Groundwater discharge and hydraulic conductivity of littoral sediment in Unnamed Lake, Pinewood crude oil spill site, North-Central Minnesota: Bemidji, Minn., Bemidji State University, M.S. Thesis.

Molins, S., Mayer, K.U., Amos, R.T., and Bekins, B.A., 2010, Vadose zone attenuation of organic compounds at a crude oil spill site--Interactions between biogeochemical reactions and multicomponent gas transport: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 112, no. 1-4, p. 15-29, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2009.09.002.

Rostad, C.E., 2010, Analysis of solvent dyes in refined petroleum products by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry: Fuel, v. 89, no. 5, p. 997-1,005, doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2009.09.011.

Zhang, T., Gannon, S.M., Nevin, K.P., Franks, A.E., and Lovley, D.R., 2010, Stimulating the anaerobic degradation of aromatic hydrocarbons in contaminated sediments by providing an electrode as the electron acceptor: Environmental Microbiology, v. 12, no. 4, p. 1011-1020, doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.02145.x.

2008

Amos, R.T., and Blowes, D.W., 2008, Versatile direct-push profiler for the investigation volatile compounds near the water table: Water Resources Research, v. 44, no. 1, p. 1-9, W00D17, doi:10.1029/2008WR006936.

Hostettler, F.D., Bekins, B.A., Rostad, C.E., and Herkelrath, W.N., 2008, Response to commentary on Observed methanogenic biodegradation rrogressions: Environmental Forensics, v. 9, no. 2-3, p. 121-126, doi:10.1080/15275920802115738.

2007

Delin, G.N., and Risser, D.W., 2007, Ground-water recharge in humid areas of the United States--A summary of Ground-Water Resources Program studies, 2003-2006: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2007-3007, 4 p.

Holmes, D.E., O'Neil, R.A., Vrionis, H.A., N'Guessan, L.A., Ortiz-Bernad, I., Larrahondo, M.J., Adams, L.A., Ward, J.A., Nicoll, J.S., Nevin, K.P., Chavan, M.A., Johnson, J.P., Long, P.E., and Lovley, D.R., 2007, Subsurface clade of Geobacteraceae that predominates in a diversity of Fe(III)-reducing subsurface environments: The ISME Journal, v. 1, no. 8, p. 663-77, doi:10.1038/ismej.2007.85.

Hostettler, F.D., Wang, Y., Huang, Y., Cao, W., Bekins, B.A., Rostad, C.E., Kulpa, C.F., and Laursen, A., 2007, Forensic fingerprinting of oil-spill hydrocarbons in a methanogenic environment-Mandan, ND and Bemidji, MN: Environmental Forensics, v. 8, no. 1, p. 139-153, doi:10.1080/15275920601180685.

Mauck, B.S., and Roberts, J.A., 2007, Mineralogic control on abundance and diversity of surface-adherent microbial communities: Geomicrobiology Journal, v. 24, no. 3-4, p. 167-177, doi:10.1080/01490450701457162.

Molins, S., and Mayer, K.U., 2007, Coupling between geochemical reactions and multicomponent gas and solute transport in unsaturated media--A reactive transport modeling study: Water Resources Research, v. 45, no. 5, W05435, doi:10.1029/2006WR005206.

Williams, R.L., Mayer, K.U., Amos, R.T., Blowes, D.W., Ptacek, C.J., and Bain, J.G., 2007, Using dissolved gas analysis to investigate the performance of an organic carbon permeable reactive barrier for the treatment of mine drainage: Applied Geochemistry, v. 22, no. 1, p. 90-108, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2006.09.007.

2006

Amos, R.T., 2006, Integrated investigation of natural attenuation in a petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated aquifer: Vancouver, BC, Canada, University of British Columbia, Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Ph.D. thesis.

Amos, R.T., and Mayer, K.U., 2006, Investigating ebullition in a sand column using dissolved gas analysis and reactive transport modeling: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 40, p. 5361-5367, doi:10.1021/es0602501.

Amos, R.T., and Mayer, K.U., 2006, Investigating the role of gas bubble formation and entrapment in contaminated aquifers--Reactive transport modeling: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 87, p. 123-154, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2006.04.008.

2005

Amos, R.T., Mayer, K.U., Bekins, B.A., Delin, G.N., and Williams, R.L., 2005, Use of dissolved and vapor-phase gases to investigate methanogenic degradation of petroleum hydrocarbon contamination in the subsurface: Water Resources Research, v. 41, no. 2, W02001, doi:10.1029/2004WR003433.

Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Curtis, G.P., 2005, A simple method for calculating growth rates of petroleum hydrocarbon plumes: Ground Water, v. 0, no. 0, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2005.00093.x.

Bekins, B.A., Hostettler, F.D., Herkelrath, W.N., Delin, G.N., Warren, E., and Essaid, H.I., 2005, Progression of methanogenic degradation of crude oil in the subsurface: Environmental Geosciences, v. 12, no. 2, p. 139-152, doi:10.1306/eg.11160404036.

Delin, G.N., and Herkelrath, W.N., 2005, Use of soil moisture probes to estimate ground water recharge at an oil spill site: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 41, no. 6, p. 1259-1277, doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.2005.tb03799.x.

Holmes, D.E., Nevin, K.P., O'Neil, R.A., Ward, J.E., Adams, L.A., Woodward, T.L., Vrionis, H.A., and Lovley, D.R., 2005, Potential for quantifying expression of the Geobacteraceae citrate synthase gene to assess the activity of Geobacteraceae in the subsurface and on current-harvesting electrodes: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 71, no. 11, p. 6870-6877, doi:10.1128/AEM.71.11.6870-6877.2005.

2004

Burton, B.L., Olhoeft, G.R., and Powers, M.H., 2004, Frequency spectral analysis of GPR data over a crude oil spill, in Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Ground Penetrating Radar, Delft, The Netherlands, June 21-24, 2004: Delft University of Technology, p. 267-270.

Eganhouse, R.P., 2004, Molecular markers and their use in environmental organic geochemistry, in Hill, R.J., and others, eds., Geochemical Investigations in Earth and Space Science--A Tribute to Isaac R. Kaplan: Amsterdam, Special Publication Series No. 9, The Geochemical Society, Elsevier, p. 143-158, ISBN:978-0-444-51647-3.

Hill, R.J., Leventhal, J., Aizenshtat, Z., Baedecker, M.J., Claypool, G., Eganhouse, R., Goldhaber, M., and Peters, K., eds., 2004, Geochemical Investigations in Earth and Space Science--A Tribute to Isaac R. Kaplan: Amsterdam, Special Publication Series No. 9, The Geochemical Society, Elsevier, ISBN:978-0-444-51647-3,

Rittmann, B.E., Kremer, F., and Bekins, B.A., 2004, Monitored natural attenuation forum--A panel discussion: Remediation Journal, v. 14, no. 2, p. 153-158, doi:10.1002/rem.20007.

Roberts, J.A., 2004, Inhibition and enhancement of microbial surface colonization--The role of silicate composition: Chemical Geology, v. 212, no. 3-4, p. 313-327, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2004.08.021.

Roberts, J.A., Bennett, P.C., Gonzalez, L.A., Macpherson, G.L., and Milliken, K.L., 2004, Microbial precipitation of dolomite in methanogenic groundwater: Geology, v. 32, no. 4, p. 277-280, doi:10.1130/G20246.2.

Rogers, J.R., and Bennett, P.C., 2004, Mineral stimulation of subsurface microorganisms--Release of limiting nutrients from silicates: Chemical Geology, v. 203, no. 1-2, p. 91-108, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2003.09.001.

Shelobolina, E.S., Anderson, R.T., Vodyanitskii, Y.N., Sivtsov, A.V., Yuretich, R., and Lovley, D.R., 2004, Importance of clay size minerals for Fe(III) respiration in a petroleum-contaminated aquifer: Geobiology, v. 2, no. 1, p. 67-76, doi:10.1111/j.1472-4677.2004.00018.x.

Zachara, J.M., Kukkadapu, R.K., Gassman, P.L., Dohnalkova, A., Fredrickson, J.K., and Anderson, T., 2004, Biogeochemical transformation of Fe minerals in a petroleum-contaminated aquifer: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 68, no. 8, p. 1791-1805, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2003.09.022.

2003

Bekins, B.A., 2003, 2004 Birdsall Dreiss Lecturer Announced: GSA Today, v. 13, no. 8, p. 26.

Cozzarelli, I.M., and Baehr, A.L., 2003, Volatile fuel hydrocarbons and MTBE in the environment (chapter 12), in Lollar, B.S., ed., Treatise on Geochemistry: Elsevier, v. 9 of 10 volumes, p. 433-474, ISBN:9780080437514.

Curtis, G.P., 2003, Comparison of approaches for simulating reactive solute transport involving organic degradation reactions by multiple terminal electron acceptors: Computers and Geosciences, v. 29, no. 3, p. 319-329, doi:10.1016/S0098-3004(03)00008-6.

Essaid, H.I., Cozzarelli, I.M., Eganhouse, R.P., Herkelrath, W.N., Bekins, B.A., and Delin, G.N., 2003, Inverse modeling of BTEX dissolution and biodegradation at the Bemidji, MN crude-oil spill site: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 67, no. 1-4, p. 269-299, doi:10.1016/S0169-7722(03)00034-2.

University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2003, Geochemical plume evolution: Underground Tank Technology Update, v. 17, no. 5, p. 2-4.

Warren, E., Bekins, B.A., Godsy, E.M., and Smith, V., 2003, Inhibition of acetoclastic methanogenesis in crude oil- and creosote-contaminated groundwater: Bioremediation Journal, v. 7, no. 3-4, p. 139-149, doi:10.1080/10889860390270757.

2002

Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Warren, E., and Godsy, E.M., 2002, Microbial ecology of a crude-oil contaminated aquifer, in Thornton, S.F., and Oswald, S.E., eds., Natural and Enhanced Restoration of Groundwater Pollution: International Association of Hydrological Sciences IAHS Red Book Series 275, p. 57-63.

Chaplin, B.P., Delin, G.N., Lahvis, M.A., and Baker, R., 2002, Long term evolution of biodegradation and volatilization rates in a crude-oil-contaminated aquifer: Bioremediation Journal, v. 6, no. 3, p. 237-255, doi:10.1080/10889860290777594.

Hostettler, F.D., and Kvenvolden, K.A., 2002, Alkylcyclohexanes in environmental geochemistry: Environmental Forensics, v. 3, no. 3-4, p. 293-301, doi:10.1006/enfo.2002.0100.

Nevin, K.P., and Lovley, D.R., 2002, Mechanisms for Fe(III) oxide reduction in sedimentary environments: Geomicrobiology Journal, v. 19, p. 141-159, doi:10.1080/01490450252864253.

Rogers, J.R., 2002, Why do bacteria colonize aquifer surfaces? Geochemical and nutrient controls of bacterial colonization of silicate surfaces, in Aiken, G., and Kuniansky, E.L., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Artificial Recharge Workshop Proceedings, Sacramento, California, April 2-4, 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-89, 51-54 p.

2001

Bekins, B., Rittmann, B.E., and MacDonald, J.A., 2001, Natural attenuation strategy for groundwater cleanup focuses on demonstrating cause and effect: Eos, v. 82, no. 5, p. 53, 57-58.

Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Godsy, E.M., Warren, E., Essaid, H.I., and Tuccillo, M.E., 2001, Progression of natural attenuation processes at a crude oil spill site--II, Controls on spatial distribution of microbial populations: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 53, no. 3-4, p. 387-406, doi:10.1016/S0169-7722(01)00175-9.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Bekins, B.A., Baedecker, M.J., Aiken, G.R., Eganhouse, R.P., and Tuccillo, M.E., 2001, Progression of natural attenuation processes at a crude-oil spill site--I, Geochemical evolution of the plume: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 53, no. 3-4, p. 369-385, doi:10.1016/S0169-7722(01)00174-7.

Dillard, L.A., Essaid, H.I., and Blunt, M.J., 2001, A functional relation for field-scale nonaqueous phase liquid dissolution developed using a pore network model: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 48, no. 1-2, p. 89-119, doi:10.1016/S0169-7722(00)00171-6.

Herkelrath, W.N., and Delin, G.N., 2001, Long-term monitoring of soil-moisture in a harsh climate using reflectometer and TDR probes, in Dowding, C.H., ed., Proceedings of the Second International Symposium and Workshop on Time Domain Reflectometry for Innovative Geotechnical Applications, Evanston, Illinois, September 5-7, 2001: Northwestern University, Infrastructure Technology Institute, p. 262-272.

Herman, J.S., Mills, A.L., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2001, Microbially mediated alteration of iron mineral phases in contaminated sedimentary aquifers, in Cidu, R., ed., Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium WRI-10, Villasimius, Italy, June 10-15, 2001: A.A. Balkema, v. 2, p. 1441-1444.

Hostettler, F.D., Rostad, C.E., Kvenvolden, K.A., Delin, G.N., Putnam, L.D., Kolak, J.J., Chaplin, B.P., and Schaap, B.D., 2001, Hydrologic setting and geochemical characterization of free-phase hydrocarbons in the alluvial aquifer at Mandan, North Dakota, November 2000: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4108, 117 p.

O'Connor, K.M., 2001, Use of TDR to monitor changes in ground water level and crude oil thickness, in Dowding, C.H., ed., Proceedings of the Second International Symposium and Workshop on Time Domain Reflectometry for Innovative Geotechnical Applications, Evanston, Illinois, September 5-7, 2001: Northwestern University, Infrastructure Technology Institute, p. 409-416.

Rogers, J.R., Bennett, P.C., and Choi, W.J., 2001, Enhanced weathering of silicates by subsurface microorganisms--a strategy to release limiting inorganic nutrients?, in Cidu, R., ed., Water-Rock Interaction, Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction WRI-10, Villasimus, Italy, July 10-15, 2001: A.A. Balkema, p. 5.

2000

Anderson, R.T., and Lovley, D.R., 2000, Hexadecane decay by methanogenesis: Nature, v. 404, p. 722-723, doi:10.1038/35008145.

Bekins, B.A., 2000, Groundwater and microbial processes theme issue - Guest editor's preface: Hydrogeology Journal, v. 8, no. 1, p. 2-3, doi:10.1007/s100400050002.

Bennett, P.C., Hiebert, F.K., and Rogers, J.R., 2000, Microbial control of mineral-water equilibria--Macroscale to microscale: Hydrogeology Journal, v. 8, no. 1, p. 47-62, doi:10.1007/s100400050007.

Chiou, C.T., and Kile, D.E., 2000, Contaminant sorption by soil and bed sediment--Is there a difference?: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 087-00, 4 p.

Dillard, L.A., and Blunt, M.J., 2000, Development of a pore network simulation model to study nonaqueous phase liquid dissolution: Water Resources Research, v. 36, no. 2, p. 439-454, 1999WR900301, doi:10.1029/1999WR900301.

Haack, S.K., and Bekins, B.A., 2000, Microbial populations in contaminant plumes: Hydrogeology Journal, v. 8, no. 1, p. 63-76, doi:10.1007/s100400050008.

Lovley, D.R., and Anderson, R.T., 2000, Influence of dissimilatory metal reduction on the fate of organic and metal contaminants in the subsurface: Hydrogeology Journal, v. 8, no. 1, p. 77-88, doi:10.1007/PL00010974.

Lucius, J.E., 2000, Detectability of crude oil in the subsurface near Bemidji, Minnesota, using ground penetrating radar, in Powers, M.H., Ibrahim, A.-B., and Cramer, L., eds., Symposium on the Applications of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems (SAGEEP 2000), Arlington, Virginia, February 20-24, 2000: Wheat Ridge, Colo., Environmental and Engineering Geophysical Society, p. 311-319.

National Research Council, 2000, Natural attenuation for groundwater remediation: Washington, D.C., National Academy Press, 274 p.

Nevin, K.P., and Lovley, D.R., 2000, Potential for nonenzymatic reduction of Fe(III) via electron shuttling in subsurface sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 34, no. 12, p. 2472-2478, doi:10.1021/es991181b.

O'Connor, K.M., Poulter, D.A., and Znidarcic, D., 2000, Tailings management using TDR technology, in Shackelford, C., ed., Tailings and Mine Waste '00, Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Tailings and Mine Waste, Fort Collins, Colorado, January 2000: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 451-460.

Rogers, J.R., 2000, Nutrient-driven colonization and weathering of silicates: University of Texas at Austin, Unpublished dissertation, 239 p.

Snoeyenbos-West, O.L., Nevin, K.P., Anderson, R.T., and Lovley, D.R., 2000, Enrichment of Geobacter species in response to stimulation of Fe(III) reduction in sandy aquifer sediments: Microbial Ecology, v. 39, no. 2, p. 153-167, doi:10.1007/s002480000018.

1999

Anderson, R.T., and Lovley, D.R., 1999, Naphthalene and benzene degradation under Fe(III)-reducing conditions in petroleum-contaminated aquifers: Bioremediation Journal, v. 3, no. 2, p. 121 - 135, doi:10.1080/10889869991219271.

Anderson, R.T., Rooney-Varga, J.N., Gaw, C.V., and Lovley, D.R., 1999, Aromatic and polyaromatic hydrocarbon degradation under Fe(III)-reducing conditions, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 177-186.

Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Godsy, E.M., Warren, E.M., Tuccillo, M.E., Essaid, H.I., and Paganelli, V.V., 1999, Chemical and physical controls on microbial populations in the Bemidji Toxics Site crude-oil plume, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 133-142.

Bekins, B.A., Godsy, E.M., and Warren, E., 1999, Distribution of microbial physiologic types in an aquifer contaminated by crude oil: Microbial Ecology, v. 37, no. 4, p. 263-275, doi:10.1007/s002489900149.

Bennett, P.C., Rogers, J.R., and Hiebert, F.K., 1999, Microbial weathering of silicates--a strategy for releasing essential nutrients from rocks, in International Symposium on Environmental Biogeochemistry.

Bennett, P.C., Rogers, J.R., Hiebert, F.K., and Choi, W.J., 1999, Mineralogy and mineral weathering--Fundamental components of subsurface microbial ecology, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 169-176.

Bisdorf, R.J., 1999, Electrical geophysics at the Bemidji Research Site, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 187-193.

Chapelle, F.H., 1999, Bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated ground water--The perspectives of history and hydrogeology: Ground Water, v. 37, no. 1, p. 122-132, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1999.tb00965.x.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., Eganhouse, R.P., Tuccillo, M.E., Bekins, B.A., Aiken, G.R., and Jaeschke, J.B., 1999, Long-term geochemical evolution of a crude-oil plume at Bemidji, Minnesota, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 123-132.

Curtis, G.P., Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., and Bekins, B.A., 1999, Coupled biogeochemical modeling of ground water contamination at the Bemidji, Minnesota, crude oil spill site, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 153-158.

Delin, G.N., and Herkelrath, W.N., 1999, Long-term monitoring of unsaturated-zone properties to estimate recharge at the Bemidji crude-oil spill site, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 143-151.

Godsy, E.M., Warren, E.M., Cozzarelli, I.M., Bekins, B.A., and Eganhouse, R.P., 1999, Determining BTEX biodegradation rates using in-situ microcosms at the Bemidji site, Minnesota--Trials and tribulations, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 159-167.

Herkelrath, W.N., 1999, Impacts of remediation at the Bemidji oil-spill site, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 195-200.

Lucius, J.E., 1999, Ground penetrating radar research at the Bemidji, Minnesota, crude-oil spill site, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 201-209.

O'Connor, K.M., and Dowding, C.H., 1999, GeoMeasurements by pulsing TDR cables and probes: Boca Raton, CRC Press, 402 p.

Rogers, J.R., Bennett, P.C., and Hiebert, F.K., 1999, Patterns of microbial colonization on silicates, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 237-242.

Ryan, J.N., Aiken, G.R., Backhus, D.A., Villholth, K.G., and Hawley, C.M., 1999, Investigating the potential for colloid- and organic matter-facilitated transport of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in crude oil-contaminated ground water, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 211-222.

Thorn, K.A., and Aiken, G.R., 1999, Polar metabolites of crude oil, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 231-235.

Tuccillo, M.E., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Herman, J.S., 1999, Iron reduction in the sediments of a hydrocarbon-contaminated aquifer: Applied Geochemistry, v. 14, no. 5, p. 655-667, doi:10.1016/S0883-2927(98)00089-4.

Warren, E.M., Bekins, B.A., and Godsy, E.M., 1999, Inhibition of acetoclastic methanogenesis by crude oil from Bemidji, Minnesota, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 223-230.

1998

Anderson, R.T., Rooney-Varga, J.N., Gaw, C.V., and Lovley, D.R., 1998, Anaerobic benzene degradation in the Fe(III) reduction zone of petroleum-contaminated aquifers: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 32, no. 9, p. 1222-1229, doi:10.1021/es9704949.

Delin, G.N., Essaid, H.I., Cozzarelli, I.M., Lahvis, M.H., and Bekins, B.A., 1998, Ground water contamination by crude oil near Bemidji, Minnesota: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-084-98, 4 p.

Dillard, L.A., 1998, Investigating the physics of dissolution of nonaqueous phase liquids--simulation from pore network to field scale: Stanford, Calif., Stanford University, Ph.D. Thesis, 178 p.

Rogers, J.R., Bennett, P.C., and Choi, W.J., 1998, Feldspars as a source of nutrients for microorganisms: American Mineralogist, v. 83, p. 1532-1540, doi:10.2138/am-1998-11-1241.

Strobel, M.L., Delin, G.N., and Munson, C.J., 1998, Spatial variation in saturated hydraulic conductivity of sediments at a crude-oil spill site near Bemidji, Minnesota: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4053, 13 p.

Strobel, M.L., Strobel, C.J., and Delin, G.N., 1998, Design for a packer/vacuum slug test system for estimating hydraulic conductivity in wells with LNAPLs, casing leaks, or water tables intersecting the screens: Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, v. 18, no. 4, p. 77-80, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6592.1998.tb00167.x.

Thorn, K.A., and Aiken, G.R., 1998, Biodegradation of crude oil into nonvolatile organic acids in a contaminated aquifer near Bemidji, Minnesota: Organic Geochemistry, v. 29, no. 4, p. 909-931, doi:10.1016/S0146-6380(98)00167-3.

1997

Dillard, L.A., Essaid, H.I., and Herkelrath, W.N., 1997, Multiphase flow modeling of a crude-oil spill site with a bimodal permeability distribution: Water Resources Research, v. 33, no. 7, p. 1617-1632, 97WR00857, doi:10.1029/97WR00857.

Furlong, E.T., Koleis, J.C., and Aiken, G.R., 1997, Transport and degradation of semivolatile hydrocarbons in a petroleum contaminated aquifer, Bemidji, MN, in Eganhouse, R., ed., Molecular Markers in Environmental Chemistry: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society ACS Symposium Series 671, p. 398-412.

1996

Aiken, G., 1996, Studies of the molecular size of dissolved organic carbon fractions downgradient from the oil body at Bemidji, Minnesota, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 641-646.

Baedecker, M.J., Cozzarelli, I.M., Bennett, P.C., Eganhouse, R.P., and Hult, M.F., 1996, Evolution of the contaminant plume in an aquifer contaminated with crude oil, Bemidji, Minnesota, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 613-620.

Bennett, P.C., and Hiebert, F.K., 1996, Investigations of microbial weathering of minerals, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 671-677.

Bennett, P.C., Hiebert, F.K., and Choi, W.J., 1996, Microbial colonization and weathering of silicates in a petroleum-contaminated groundwater: Chemical Geology, v. 132, no. 1-4, p. 45-53, doi:10.1016/S0009-2541(96)00040-X.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., Aiken, G., and Phinney, C., 1996, Small-scale chemical heterogeneities in a crude-oil-contaminated aquifer, Bemidji, Minnesota, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 647-652.

Dillard, L.A., Essaid, H.I., and Herkelrath, W.N., 1996, Multiphase-flow modeling of the Bemidji, Minnesota crude-oil-spill site with geostatistical simulation of hydraulic properties, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 679-688.

Eganhouse, R.P., Dorsey, T.F., Phinney, C.S., and Westcott, A.M., 1996, Processes affecting the fate of monoaromatic hydrocarbons in an aquifer contaminated by crude oil: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 30, no. 11, p. 3304-3312, doi:10.1021/es960073b.

Essaid, H.I., Baedecker, M.J., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1996, Use of simulation to study field-scale solute transport and biodegradation at the Bemidji, Minnesota, crude-oil spill site, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 621-629.

Landon, M.K., and Hult, M.F., 1996, Source mass balance calculated from changes in composition of spilled crude oil in the subsurface near Bemidji, Minnesota, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 631-640.

Murphy, F., and Herkelrath, W.N., 1996, A sample-freezing drive shoe for a wire line piston core sampler: Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, v. 16, no. 3, p. 86-90, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6592.1996.tb00143.x.

Murphy, F., and Herkelrath, W.N., 1996, A sample-freezing drive shoe for a wireline-piston core sampler, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 369-374.

Piatt, J.J., Eisenriech, S.J., Backhus, D.A., and Capel, P.D., 1996, Sorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to aquifer materials containing a low-organic carbon content from Bemidji, Minnesota, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 663-670.

Revesz, K., Coplen, T., Baedecker, M.J., and Hult, M., 1996, Use of carbon and hydrogen stable isotopes to investigate the production and fate of methane at a toxic waste site, Bemidji, Minnesota, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 653-662.

Revesz, K., Coplen, T.B., Baedecker, M.J., Glynn, P.D., and Hult, M., 1996, Investigation of methane production and consumption by use of stable isotopes, in Isotopes in Water Resources Management: Vienna, International Atomic Energy Agency, v. 1, p. 381-387.

1995

Essaid, H.I., Bekins, B.A., Godsy, E.M., Warren, E., Baedecker, M.J., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1995, Simulation of aerobic and anaerobic biodegradation processes at a crude oil spill site: Water Resources Research, v. 31, no. 12, p. 3309-3327, 95WR02567, doi:10.1029/95WR02567.

Revesz, K., Coplen, T.B., Baedecker, M.J., Glynn, P.D., and Hult, M.F., 1995, Methane production and consumption monitored by stable H and C isotope ratios at a crude oil spill site, Bemidji, Minnesota: Applied Geochemistry, v. 10, no. 5, p. 505-516, doi:10.1016/0883-2927(95)00021-6.

1994

Baedecker, M.J., Back, W., and Cravotta III, C.A., 1994, Consequences of energy use on water, in Carter, L.M.H., ed., Tenth V.E. McKelvey Forum, Energy and the Environment - Application of geosciences to decision making: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1108, p. 34-36.

Baedecker, M.J., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1994, Biogeochemical processes and migration of aqueous constituents in ground water contaminated with crude oil, in Dutton, A.R., ed., Toxic Substances and the Hydrologic Sciences--Proceedings of the conference, Austin, Texas, April 10-13, 1994: Minneapolis, Minn., American Institute of Hydrology, p. 69-79.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., Eganhouse, R.P., and Goerlitz, D.F., 1994, The geochemical evolution of low-molecular-weight organic acids derived from the degradation of petroleum contaminants in groundwater: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 58, no. 2, p. 863-877, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(94)90511-8.

Eganhouse, R.P., Baedecker, M.J., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1994, Biogeochemical processes in an aquifer contaminated by crude oil--An overview of studies at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site, in Symposium on Intrinsic Bioremediation of Ground Water, Denver, Colo., August 30 - September 1, 1994: Washington, D.C., Environmental Protection Agency, p. 111-120.

Essaid, H.I., Herkelrath, W.N., and Dillard, L.A., 1994, Field and modeling studies of multiphase fluid flow at the Bemidji, Minnesota crude-oil spill site, in Dutton, A.R., ed., Toxic Substances and the Hydrologic Sciences: Minneapolis, American Institute of Hydrology, p. 52-68.

Herkelrath, W.N., Essaid, H.I., and Dillard, L.A., 1994, Multiphase fluid distributions in a shallow water-table aquifer contaminated by crude oil, in Dracos, T.H., and Stauffer, F., eds., Transport and Reactive Processes in Aquifers, Proceedings of the IAHR/AIRH Symposium, Zurich, Switzerland, April 11-15, 1994: Rotterdam, Netherlands, A.A. Balkema, p. 537-542.

Mallard, G.E., Baedecker, M.J., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1994, The Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Petroleum hydrocarbon degradation in ground water: U.S. Geological Survey Yearbook, Fiscal Year 1993, 50-51 p.

1993

Baedecker, M.J., Cozzarelli, I.M., Siegel, D.I., Bennett, P.C., and Eganhouse, R.P., 1993, Crude oil in a shallow sand and gravel aquifer--III, Biogeochemical reactions and mass balance modeling in anoxic ground water: Applied Geochemistry, v. 8, no. 6, p. 569-586, doi:10.1016/0883-2927(93)90014-8.

Bennett, P.C., Siegel, D.I., Baedecker, M.J., and Hult, M.F., 1993, Crude oil in a shallow sand and gravel aquifer--I, Hydrogeology and inorganic geochemistry: Applied Geochemistry, v. 8, no. 6, p. 529-549, doi:10.1016/0883-2927(93)90012-6.

Dillard, L.A., 1993, Multiphase flow modeling of a crude-oil spill site using geostatistical simulation of soil hydraulic properties: Stanford, Calif., Stanford University, M.S. thesis, 115 p.

Eganhouse, R.P., Baedecker, M.J., Cozzarelli, I.M., Aiken, G.R., Thorn, K.A., and Dorsey, T.F., 1993, Crude oil in a shallow sand and gravel aquifer--II, Organic Geochemistry: Applied Geochemistry, v. 8, no. 6, p. 551-567, doi:10.1016/0883-2927(93)90013-7.

Eganhouse, R.P., Dorsey, T.F., Phinney, C.S., and Westcott, A.M., 1993, Determination of C6-C10 aromatic hydrocarbons in water by purge-and-trap capillary gas chromatography: Journal of Cromatography, v. 628, no. 1, p. 81-92, doi:10.1016/0021-9673(93)80334-5.

Essaid, H.I., Herkelrath, W.N., and Hess, K.M., 1993, Simulation of fluid distributions observed at a crude oil spill site incorporating hysteresis, oil entrapment, and spatial variability of hydraulic properties: Water Resources Research, v. 29, no. 6, p. 1753-1770, 93WR00370, doi:10.1029/93WR00370.

Essaid, H.I., and Hess, K.M., 1993, Monte Carlo simulations of multiphase flow incorporating spatial variability of hydraulic properties: Ground Water, v. 31, no. 1, p. 123-134, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1993.tb00836.x.

Landon, M.K., 1993, Investigation of mass loss based on evolution of composition and physical properties of spilled crude oil contaminating a shallow outwash aquifer: Minneapolis, University of Minnesota, M.S. thesis, 270 p.

Mallard, G.E., and Baedecker, M.J., 1993, Hydrocarbon transport and degradation in groundwater--U.S. Geological Survey investigations, in Proceedings of the Air Combat Command Environmental Quality T93 Symposium, Denver, Colorado, March 1-5, 1993: p. 102-108.

Mallard, G.E., Baedecker, M.J., Essaid, H.I., and Eganhouse, R.P., 1993, Hydrocarbon transport and degradation in ground water: Geotimes, December 1993, p. 18-20.

Smith, S.E., and Hult, M.F., 1993, Hydrogeologic data collected from a crude-oil spill site near Bemidji, Minnesota: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-496, 158 p.

Thorn, K.A., and Aiken, G.R., 1993, NMR investigation of the biodegradation of crude-oil into nonvolatile organic acids in a contaminated aquifer, in Preprints of Papers Presented at the 205th ACS National Meeting, Division of Environmental Chemistry, Denver, Colorado, March 28-April 3, 1993: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society, v. 33, no. 1, p. 165-166.

1992

Appenzeller, T., 1992, Deep-living microbes mount a relentless attack on rock: Science, v. 258, no. 5080, p. 222, doi:10.1126/science.258.5080.222.

Baedecker, M.J., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1992, The determination and fate of unstable constituents of contaminated groundwater, in Lesage, S., and Jackson, R.E., eds., Groundwater contamination and analysis at hazardous waste sites: New York, Marcel Dekker, Inc., p. 425-462.

Baedecker, M.J., Cozzarelli, I.M., Evans, J.R., and Hearn, P.P., 1992, Authigenic mineral formation in aquifers rich in organic material, in Kharaka, Y.K., and Maest, A.S., eds., Low temperature environments, v. 1 of Water-rock interaction--Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction--WRI-7, Park City, Utah, July 13-18, 1992: Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema, p. 257-261.

Bennett, P.C., and Hiebert, F.K., 1992, Microbial mediation of silicate diagenesis in organic-rich waters, in Kharaka, Y.K., and Maest, A.S., eds., Low temperature environments, v. 1 of Water-rock interaction--Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction--WRI--7, Park City Utah, July 13-18, 1992: Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema, p. 267-270.

Bilir, S.I., 1992, Hydrogeologic characterization of a glacial aquifer contaminated by crude oil near Bemidji, Minnesota: University of Texas at Austin, unpublished M.A thesis, 223 p.

Guo, L., 1992, Mass transfer across an aromatic hydrocarbon-water interface in a porous medium--A laboratory study in a plate model: Minneapolis, University of Minnesota, M.S. thesis, 113 p.

Hess, K.M., Herkelrath, W.N., and Essaid, H.I., 1992, Determination of subsurface fluid contents at a crude-oil spill site: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 10, p. 75-96, doi:10.1016/0169-7722(92)90044-F.

Hiebert, F.K., and Bennett, P.C., 1992, Microbial control of silicate weathering in organic-rich ground water: Science, v. 258, no. 5080, p. 278-281, doi:10.1126/science.258.5080.278.

Phinney, C.S., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1992, A comparison of analytical techniques for measurement of volatile hydrocarbons in ground water, in Proceedings of the 40th American Society of Mass Spectrometry Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, Washington, D.C., May 31-June 5, 1992: American Society of Mass Spectrometry, p. 659-660.

1991

Aiken, G.R., Capel, P.D., Furlong, E.T., Hult, M.F., and Thorn, K.A., 1991, Mechanisms controlling the transport of organic chemicals in subsurface environments, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 633-637.

Baedecker, M.J., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1991, Geochemical modeling of organic degradation reactions in an aquifer contaminated with crude oil, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 627-632.

Baedecker, M.J., and Eganhouse, R.P., 1991, Partitioning and transport of hydrocarbons from crude oil in a sand and gravel aquifer, in Preprints of Papers Presented at the 201st ACA National Meeting, Division of Environmental Chemistry, Atlanta, Georgia, April 14-19, 1991: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society, v. 31, no. 1, p. 463-466.

Baehr, A.L., and Hult, M.F., 1991, Evaluation of unsaturated zone air permeability through pneumatic tests: Water Resources Research, v. 27, no. 10, p. 2605-2617, 91WR01655, doi:10.1029/91WR01655.

Bennett, P.C., 1991, The chemistry of silica-organic complexation in a petroleum-contaminated aquifer, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 638-640.

Bennett, P.C., 1991, Quartz dissolution in organic-rich aqueous systems: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 55, no. 7, p. 1781-1797, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(91)90023-X.

Bennett, P.C., Siegel, D.I., Hill, B., and Glaser, P., 1991, The fate of silicate minerals in a peat bog: Geology, v. 19, p. 328-331, doi:10.1130/0091-7613(1991)019<0328:FOSMIA>2.3.CO;2.

Chang, F.H., Wang, H., Denzin, B., and Buller, J., 1991, Kinetics of crude-oil biodegradation by bacteria indigenous to sediment and ground water, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 646-649.

Essaid, H.I., Herkelrath, W.N., and Hess, K.M., 1991, Air, oil, and water distributions at a crude-oil spill site, Bemidji, Minnesota, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 614-620.

Herkelrath, W.N., Essaid, H.I., and Hess, K.M., 1991, Field and modeling studies of immiscible fluid flow above a contaminated water-table aquifer, in Proceedings of the International Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium 1991, Challenges for Sustainable Development, Perth, Australia, October 2-4, 1991: p. 424-428.

Hult, M.F., 1991, Overview of research on contamination of the subsurface by crude oil at the Bemidji, Minnesota, toxic substances research site, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 611-613.

Hult, M.F., Landon, M.K., and Pfannkuch, H.O., 1991, Field validation of conceptual models of mobilization and transport of volatile petroleum derivatives in the unsaturated zone near Bemidji, Minnesota, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 621-626.

Landon, M.K., and Hult, M.F., 1991, Evolution of physical properties and composition of a crude oil spill, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 641-645.

Olhoeft, G.R., 1991, Quantitative statistical description of subsurface heterogeneities with ground penetrating radar at Bemidji, Minnesota, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 650-653.

Thorn, K.A., and Aiken, G.R., 1991, Sources in crude oil of nonvolatile organic acids downgradient from an oil body at Bemidji, Minnesota, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 654-658.

White, D.L., 1991, Point dilution method determination of groundwater velocities at the Bemidji Research Site: University of Texas at Austin, M.S. thesis, 145 p.

1990

Chang, F.H., Bullert, J., and Denzin, B., 1990, Effect of environmental parameters on biodegradation of crude oil and model hydrocarbon in groundwater environment, in Flierman, C.B., and Hazen, T.C., eds., Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Microbiology of the Deep Subsurface, Orlando, Fla., January 15-18, 1990: p. 7-53-7-65.

Coontz, R.J., 1990, Simulation of groundwater flow at the Bemidji, Minnesota crude-oil spill site, and implications for advective transport of dissolved contaminants: Stanford, Calif., Stanford University, M.S. thesis, 80 p.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Eganhouse, R.P., and Baedecker, M.J., 1990, Transformation of monoaromatic hydrocarbons to organic acids in anoxic ground-water environment: Environmental Geology and Water Science, v. 16, no. 2, p. 135-141, doi:10.1007/BF01890379.

Lovley, D.R., and Lonergan, D.J., 1990, Anaerobic oxidation of toluene, phenol, and p-Cresol by the dissimilatory iron-reducing organism, GS-15: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 56, no. 6, p. 1858-1864.

1989

Aiken, G.R., and Thorn, K.A., 1989, Variability in the chemistry of nonvolatile organic acids downgradient from the oil body at Bemidji, Minnesota, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 35-40.

Baedecker, M.J., Siegel, D.I., Bennett, P.C., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1989, The fate and effects of crude oil in a shallow aquifer--I, The distribution of chemical species and geochemical facies, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 13-20.

Baehr, A.L., and Hult, M.F., 1989, Determination of the air-phase permeability tensor of an unsaturated zone at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 55-62.

Bennett, P.C., 1989, Silica mobility in a petroleum-contaminated aquifer, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 5-11.

Bennett, P.C., and Siegel, D.I., 1989, Silica-organic complexes and enhanced quartz dissolution in water by organic acids, in Miles, D.L., ed., Water-Rock Interaction--WRI-6--Proceedings of 6th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction, Malvern, England, August 3-8, 1989: Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema, p. 69-72.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Eganhouse, R.P., and Baedecker, M.J., 1989, The fate and effects of crude oil in a shallow aquifer--II, Evidence of anaerobic degradation of monoaromatic hydrocarbons, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 21-33.

Hult, M.F., 1989, Mobilization, transport, and fate of hydrocarbon vapors in the unsaturated zone, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 53.

Hult, M.F., 1989, Subsurface contamination at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 3.

Lovley, D.R., Baedecker, M.J., Lonergan, D.J., Cozzarelli, I.M., Phillips, E.J.P., and Siegel, D.I., 1989, Oxidation of aromatic contaminants coupled to microbial iron reduction: Nature, v. 339, no. 6222, p. 297-299, doi:10.1038/339297a0.

Lovley, D.R., and Phillips, E.J.P., 1989, Requirement for a microbial consortium to completely oxidize glucose in Fe(III)-reducing sediments: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 55, no. 12, p. 3234-3236.

Marley, N.A., Bennett, P.C., Janecky, D.R., and Gaffney, J.S., 1989, Spectroscopic evidence for organic diacid complexation with dissolved silica in aqueous systems--I, Oxalic Acid: Organic Geochemistry, v. 14, no. 5, p. 525-528, doi:10.1016/0146-6380(89)90032-6.

Olhoeft, G.R., Lucius, J.E., and Bochicchio, R.M., 1989, Scales of length and connectivity from ground penetrating radar, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 555.

Thorn, K.A., and Aiken, G.R., 1989, Characterization of nonvolatile organic acids resulting from the biodegradation of crude oil by nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 41-51.

1988

Bennett, P.C., Melcer, M., Siegel, D.I., and Hassett, J., 1988, The dissolution and solubility of quartz in dilute aqueous solution of organic acids at 25°C: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 52, no. 6, p. 1,521-1,530, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(88)90222-0.

Chang, F.H., Noben, N.N., Brand, D., and Hult, M.F., 1988, Microbial degradation of crude oil and some model hydrocarbons, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. C-33-C-42.

Eganhouse, R.P., Baedecker, M.J., Phinney, C.S., and Hopple, J.A., 1988, Composition and alteration of hydrocarbons in ground water, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. C-27-C-28.

Franzi, D.A., 1988, Surficial and subsurface distribution of aquifer sediments at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. C-5-C-10.

Hult, M.F., and Grabbe, R.R., 1988, Distribution of gases and hydrocarbon vapors in the unsaturated zone, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. C-17-C-20.

Miller, R.T., 1988, Hydrogeology and preliminary regional flow modeling at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. C-11-C-16.

O'Dell, C.H., 1988, A laboratory investigation of the relationship between groundwater velocity and mass transfer from a simulated aromatic hydrocarbon spill at the water table interface: Minneapolis, University of Minnesota, M.S. thesis, 233 p.

Olhoeft, G.R., 1988, Geophysical methods of contaminant detection, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. A7-A-8.

Pfannkuch, H.O., Nourse, S.N., and Hult, M.F., 1988, Mass transfer at the alkane-water interface in laboratory columns of porous media, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. C-29-C-32.

Siegel, D.I., Bennett, P.C., Baedecker, M.J., Berndt, M.P., and Franzi, D.A., 1988, Inorganic geochemistry of ground water and aquifer matrix--First-year results, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. C-17-C-20.

1987

Aiken, G.R., Thorn, K.A., and Brooks, M.H., 1987, Nonvolatile organic acids in ground water contaminated with crude oil, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-31-C-32.

Baedecker, M.J., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Hopple, J.A., 1987, The composition and fate of hydrocarbons in a shallow glacial-outwash aquifer, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-23-C-24.

Baehr, A.L., and Hult, M.F., 1987, Mathematical modeling of hydrocarbon and oxygen transport coupled with microbial degradation in the unsaturated zone, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-27-C-28.

Bennett, P.C., 1987, Solid phase studies of aquifer sediments, Bemidji, Minnesota, research site, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-21-C-22.

Bennett, P.C., and Siegel, D.I., 1987, Increased solubility of quartz in water by organic compounds: Nature, v. 326, no. 6114, p. 684-687, doi:10.1038/326684a0.

Berndt, M.P., 1987, Metal partitioning in a sand and gravel aquifer contaminated by petroleum: Syracuse, N.Y., Syracuse University, unpublished M.S. thesis, 57 p.

Berndt, M.P., 1987, Metal partitioning in aquifer sediments, Bemidji, Minnesota, research site, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-17-C-19.

Chang, F.H., Hult, M., and Noben, N.N., 1987, Quantitative studies of biodegradation of petroleum and some model hydrocarbons in ground water and sediment environments, in Fairchild, D.M., ed., National Conference on Ground-Water Quality and Agricultural Practices--Proceedings of Ground-Water Quality and Agricultural Practices, Norman Okla., May 1-2, 1986: Chelsea, Mich., Lewis Publishers, p. 295-318.

Chang, F.H., Noben, N.N., and Bullert, J.A., 1987, Microbial degradation of petroleum in subsurface environments, Bemidji, Minnesota, research site, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-35-C-39.

Eganhouse, R.P., Dorsey, T.F., and Phinney, C.S., 1987, Transport and fate of monoaromatic hydrocarbons in the subsurface, Bemidji, Minnesota, research site, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-29.

Franzi, D.A., 1987, Sedimentary and post-depositional processes related to aquifer properties at the Bemidji research site, north central Minnesota, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-7-C-8.

Hult, M.F., 1987, Microbial oxidation of petroleum vapors in the unsaturated zone, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-25-C-26.

Hult, M.F., 1987, Movement and fate of crude oil contaminants in the subsurface environment at Bemidji, Minnesota--Introduction, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Fla., March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-3-C-5.

Miller, R.T., 1987, Effects of local hydraulic discontinuities on the transport of crude-oil residuals in ground water, Bemidji, Minnesota, research site, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-9.

Pfannkuch, H.O., 1987, Bulk and distributed parameter mass-transfer models for determination of the source strength at an oil spill/ground-water interface, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-11-C-12.

Rees, T.F., and Ranville, J.F., 1987, Characterizing colloids in natural water, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-33.

Siegel, D.I., 1987, Geochemical facies and mineral dissolution, Bemidji, Minnesota, research site, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-13-C-15.

Thorn, K.A., 1987, The use of carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in the analysis of complex samples of environmental interest, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. E-13-E-17.

1986

Nourse, S.M., 1986, A laboratory investigation of mass transfer from hydrocarbons to water in porous media: Minneapolis, University of Minnesota, unpublished M.S. thesis, 112 p.

Olhoeft, G.R., 1986, Direct detection of hydrocarbon and organic chemicals with ground penetrating radar and complex resistivity, in Proceedings of the National Water Well Association/American Petroleum Institute Conference on Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Organic Chemicals in Ground Water, Houston, Tex., November 12-14, 1986: National Water Well Association, p. 284-305.

Rizk, Z.E., 1986, Oil spills weathering: Minneapolis, University of Minnesota, M.S. thesis, 84 p.

Siegel, D.I., Baedecker, M.J., and Bennett, P., 1986, The effects of petroleum degradation on inorganic water-rock reactions, in Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction, Reykjavik, Iceland, August 8-17, 1986: International Association of Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry, p. 524-527.

1985

Bennett, P.C., 1985, Solid phase studies of quartz and aluminosilicates in an aquifer contaminated by crude petroleum: Syracuse, State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, unpublished M.S. thesis, 110 p.

1984

Baedecker, M.J., Eganhouse, R.P., and Lindsay, S.S., 1984, Organic geochemistry of crude-oil contaminants--Preliminary results and project plan, in Hult, M.F., ed., Ground-water contamination by crude oil at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination Study--Papers presented at the toxic-waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4188, chap. E, p. 65-79.

Chang, F.H., and Ehrlich, G., 1984, Microbial reconnaissance at the site of a petroleum spill near Bemidji, Minnesota--Preliminary results and project plan, in Hult, M.F., ed., Ground-water contamination by crude oil at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination Study--Papers presented at the toxic-waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4188, chap. H, p. 97-107.

Grabbe, R.R., 1984, Methods for the identification and qualification of organic compounds in crude oil, in Hult, M.F., ed., Ground-water contamination by crude oil at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination Study--Papers presented at the toxic-waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4188, chap. F, p. 81-86.

Hult, M.F., 1984, Ground-water contamination by crude oil at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site--An introduction, in Hult, M.F., ed., Ground-water contamination by crude oil at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination Study--Papers presented at the toxic-waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4188, chap. A, p. 1-15.

Miller, R.T., 1984, Determination of hydraulic conductivity in three dimensions and its relation to dispersivity, in Hult, M.F., ed., Ground-Water Contamination by Crude Oil at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site, U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination Study--Papers presented at the toxic-waste technical meeting, Tucson, Ariz., March 20-24, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-4188, chap. D, p. 49-63.

Pfannkuch, H.O., 1984, Determination of the contaminant source strength from mass exchange processes at the petroleum-ground-water interface in shallow aquifer systems, in Proceedings of the National Water Well Association/American Petroleum Institute Conference on Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Organic Chemicals in Ground Water, Houston, Tex., 1984: National Water Well Association, p. 111-129.

Pfannkuch, H.O., 1984, Mass-exchange processes at the petroleum-water interface, in Hult, M.F., ed., Ground-water contamination by crude oil at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination Study--Papers presented at the toxic-waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4188, chap. C, p. 23-47.

Pollock, D.W., 1984, Use of computer for simulation for evaluating the movement of petroleum in the shallow subsurface, in Hult, M.F., ed., Ground-water contamination by crude oil at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination Study--Papers presented at the toxic-waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4188, chap. B, p. 17-21.

Siegel, D.I., and Franzi, D.A., 1984, Inorganic geochemistry of ground-water and sediments in an aquifer contaminated by crude oil--Preliminary results and project plan, in Hult, M.F., ed., Ground-water contamination by crude oil at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination Study--Papers presented at the toxic-waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4188, chap. G, p. 87-95.

1979

Pfannkuch, H.O., 1979, Interim report and recommendations on monitoring program for site M.P. 926.5 (Report prepared for Lakehead Pipe Line Company, Inc., Available for inspection at the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, St. Paul, Minnesota; U.S. Geological Survey, Mounds View, Minnesota; and University of Minnesota, Department of Geology and Geophysics, Minneapolis, Minnesota): U.S. Geological Survey Administrative Report, 12 p.


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There are 293 publications in this section of the bibliography. The above list is sorted by publication year. The USGS Environmental Health Mission Area Bibliographic Data Base was last updated on 12/31/19.

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