U.S. Geological Survey Environmental Health Mission Area Bibliography

Natural Attenuation

Natural attenuation and biodegradation of contaminants

This section of the bibliography has 965 publications.

Books and Book Chapters

Baedecker, M.J., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1992, The determination and fate of unstable constituents of contaminated groundwater, in Lesage, S., and Jackson, R.E., eds., Groundwater contamination and analysis at hazardous waste sites: New York, Marcel Dekker, Inc., p. 425-462.

Barber, L.B., 1992, Hierarchical analytical approach to evaluating the transport and biogeochemical fate of organic compounds in sewage-contaminated groundwater, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Lesage, S., and Jackson, R.E., eds., Groundwater contamination and analysis at hazardous waste sites: New York, Marcel Dekker, p. 73-120.

Barnett, M.O., and Kent, D.B., eds., 2008, Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia II--Variables, Mechanisms, and Model Applications: Amsterdam, Elsevier, Developments in earth and environmental sciences, v. 7, 474 p., ISBN:978-0-444-53212-1,

Bekins, B., ed., 2018, Case Studies in Groundwater Contaminant Fate and Transport: Oxford University Press, Oxford Bibliographies

Bjerg, P.L., Albrechtsen, H.J., Kjeldsen, P., Christensen, T.H., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2014, The biogeochemistry of contaminant groundwater plumes arising from waste disposal facilities (Chapter 11.16), in Lollar, B.S., ed., Environmental Geochemistry, in Holland, H.D. and Turekian, Karl K., eds. Treatise on Geochemistry (2nd ed.): Oxford, Elsevier, v. 11, p. 573-605, ISBN:978-0-08-098300-4.

Bjerg, P.L., Albrechtsen, H.J., Kjeldsen, P., Christensen, T.H., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2003, The groundwater geochemistry of waste disposal facilities (chapter 16), in Lollar, B.S., ed., Treatise on Geochemistry: Elsevier, v. 9 of 10 volumes, p. 579-612, ISBN:9780080437514.

Bond, D.L., Davis, J.A., and Zachara, J.M., 2008, Uranium(VI) release from contaminated vadose zone sediments--Estimation of potential contributions from dissolution and desorption, in Barnett, M.O., and Kent, D.B., eds., Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia II--Variables, Mechanisms, and Model Applications: Amsterdam, Elsevier, v. 375-416, p. 474, ISBN:978-0-444-53212-1.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 2010, Biodegradation of chlorinated ethenes (Chap. 3), in Stroo, H.F., and Ward, C.H., eds., In Situ Remediation of Chlorinated Solvent Plumes: Springer New York, p. 39-67, ISBN:978-1-4419-1401-9.

Chapelle, F.H., 2003, Geochemistry of ground water (chapter 14), in Drever, J.I., ed., Treatise on Geochemistry: Elsevier, v. 5 of 10 volumes, p. 425-449, ISBN:9780080437514.

Chapelle, F.H., 2001, Ground-water microbiology and geochemistry (2nd ed.): New York, John Wiley and Sons, 477 p.

Chapelle, F.H., 1993, Ground-water microbiology and geochemistry: New York, John Wiley and Sons, 424 p.

Chin, U.P., Weber, W.J., Jr., and Chiou, C.T., 1991, A thermodynamic partition model for binding of nonionic organic compounds by organic colloids and implications for their sorption to soils and sediment, in Baker, R.A., ed., Humics and soils, v. 1 of Organic substances and sediments in water: Chelsea, Mich., Lewis Publishers, p. 251-273.

Chiou, C.T., 2002, Partition and adsorption of organic contaminants in environmental systems: New York, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 257 p., ISBN:0-471-23325-0.

Chiou, C.T., 1998, Soil sorption of organic pollutants and pesticides, in Meyers, R.A., ed., Encyclopedia of Environmental Analysis and Remediation: New York, John Wiley, p. 4517-4554.

Chiou, C.T., 1990, Roles of organic matter, minerals, and moisture in sorption of nonionic compounds and pesticides by soil, in MacCarthy, P., Clapp, C.E., Malcolm, R.L., and Bloom, P.R., eds., Humic substances in soil and crop sciences--Selected readings: Madison, Wisc., American Society of Agronomy and Soil Science Society of America, p. 111-160.

Chiou, C.T., 1989, Partition and adsorption on soil and mobility of organic pollutants and pesticides, in Gerstl, Z., Chen, Y., Mingelgrin, U., and Yaron, B., eds., Toxic organic chemicals in porous media: Berlin, Springer-Verlag, p. 163-175.

Cozzarelli, I.M., and Baehr, A.L., 2003, Volatile fuel hydrocarbons and MTBE in the environment (chapter 12), in Lollar, B.S., ed., Treatise on Geochemistry: Elsevier, v. 9 of 10 volumes, p. 433-474, ISBN:9780080437514.

Cozzarelli, I.M., McKelvie, J.R., and Baehr, A.L., 2014, Volatile fuel hydrocarbons and oxygenates in the environment (Chapter 11.12), in Lollar, B.S., ed., Environmental Geochemistry, in Holland, H.D. and Turekian, Karl K., eds. Treatise on Geochemistry (2nd ed.): New York, Elsevier Science, v. 11, p. 439-480, ISBN:9780080959757.

Cozzarelli, I.M., and Weiss, J.V., 2007, Biogeochemistry of aquifer systems, in Hurst, C.J., and others, eds., Manual of Environmental Microbiology (3rd ed.): Washington, D.C., ASM Press, v. VI, ISBN:978-1-55581-379-6.

Essaid, H.I., Herkelrath, W.N., and Dillard, L.A., 1994, Field and modeling studies of multiphase fluid flow at the Bemidji, Minnesota crude-oil spill site, in Dutton, A.R., ed., Toxic Substances and the Hydrologic Sciences: Minneapolis, American Institute of Hydrology, p. 52-68.

Godsy, E.M., Goerlitz, D.F., and Grbić-Galić, D., 1989, Transport and degradation of water-soluble creosote-derived compounds, in Allen, D.T., ed., Intermedia pollutant transport--Modeling and field measurements: New York, Plenum Publishing, p. 112-143.

Goldberg, S., Davis, J.A., and Hem, J.D., 1996, The surface chemistry of aluminum oxides and hydroxides, in Sposito, G., ed., The Environmental Chemistry of Aluminum (2nd ed.): CRC Press, p. 271-331.

Grbić-Galić, D., Henry, S.M., Godsy, E.M., Edwards, E., and Mayer, K.P., 1991, Anaerobic degradation of aromatic hydrocarbons and aerobic degradation of trichloroethylene by subsurface microorganisms, in Baker, R.A., ed., Biological, v. 3 of Organic substances and sediments in water: Boca Raton, Fla., Lewis Publishers, Inc., p. 239-266.

Harvey, R.W., 1991, Parameters involved in modeling movement of bacteria in groundwater, in Hurst, C.J., ed., Modeling the environmental fate of microorganisms: Washington, D.C., American Society for Microbiology, p. 89-114.

Harvey, R.W., Suflita, J.M., McInerney, M.J., and Mills, A.L., 2007, Overview of issues in subsurface and landfill microbiology, in Hurst, C.J., and others, eds., Manual of Environmental Microbiology (3rd ed.): Washington, D.C., ASM Press, v. VI, ISBN:978-1-55581-379-6.

Kolpin, D.W., Battaglin, W.A., Conn, K.E., Furlong, E.T., Glassmeyer, S.T., Kalkhoff, S.J., Meyer, M.T., and Schnoebelen, D.J., 2009, Occurrence of transformation products in the environment, in Boxall, A., ed., Transformation Products of Synthetic Chemicals in the Environment: Berlin, Springer Publishing, Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, v. 2, part P, p. 83-100.

Krumholz, L., Caldwell, M.E., and Suflita, J.M., 1996, Biodegradation of "BTEX" hydrocarbons under anaerobic conditions, in Crawford, R., and Crawford, D., eds., Bioremediation--Principles and applications: Cambridge, U.K., Cambridge University Press, p. 61-99.

Landkamer, L.L., Harvey, R.W., Metge, D.W., and Ryan, J.N., 2004, Modeling microbial enhancement of Zn (II) and Pb (II) transport in columns packed with geologic media, in Wanty, R., and Seal, R., eds., Water Rock Interaction: Exton, Pennsylvania, A.A. Balkema, v. 2, p. 1139-1140.

Lonergan, D.J., and Lovley, D.R., 1991, Microbial oxidation of natural and anthropogenic aromatic compounds coupled to Fe(III) reduction, in Baker, R.A., ed., Humics and soils, v. 1 of Organic substances and sediments in water: Chelsea, Mich., Lewis Publishers, p. 327-338.

Luoma, S.N., Khan, F.R., and Croteau, M.-N., 2014, Bioavailability and bioaccumulation of metal-based engineered nanomaterials in aquatic environments--Concepts and processes (Chapter 5), in Jamie, R.L., and Eugenia, V.-J., eds., Frontiers of Nanoscience: Elsevier, v. Volume 7, p. 157-193, ISBN:1876-2778.

Mathisen, P.P., 2010, Considerations regarding geochemical transformations downstream of subsurface wastewater effluent disposal facilities (Chapter 10), in Chang, N.-B., ed., The effects of urbanization on groundwater--An engineering case-based approach for sustainable development: American Society of Civil Engineers, ISBN:9780784410783.

Mendez, E., Widdowson, M., Brauner, S., Chapelle, F., and Casey, C., 2004, Natural attenuation software (NAS)--A computer program for estimating remediation times of contaminated groundwater, in Latini, G., Passerini, G., and Brebbia, C., eds., Development and Application of Computer Techniques to Environmental Studies X: WIT Press, p. 185-194, ISBN:1-85312-718-3 (Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on the Development and Application of Computer Techniques to Environmental Studies, June 2-4, 2004, Ancona, Italy).

National Research Council, 2000, Natural attenuation for groundwater remediation: Washington, D.C., National Academy Press, 274 p.

Oremland, R.S., 2013, A random biogeochemical walk into three soda Lakes of the Western USA--With an introduction to a few of their microbial denizens, in Seckbach, J., Oren, A., and Stan-Lotter, H., eds., Polyextremophiles--Life Under Multiple Forms of Stress (Book Series--Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology): New York, Springer, v. 27, p. 181-199, ISBN:9789400764880.

Oremland, R.S., 2003, Microbial degradation of atmospheric halocarbons, in Haggblom, M.M., and Bossert, I.D., eds., Dehalogenation--Microbial Processes and Environmental Applications: Netherlands, Kluwer, p. 323-345.

Oremland, R.S., 1988, The biogeochemistry of methanogenic bacteria, in Zehnder, A.J.B., ed., The Biology of Anaerobic Microorganisms: New York, J. Wiley and Sons, p. 405-447.

Oremland, R.S., and King, G.M., 1989, Methanogenesis in hypersaline environments, in Cohen, Y., and Rosenberg, E., eds., Microbial Materials--Physiological Ecology of Benthic Microbial Communities: Washington, D.C., American Society for Microbiology, p. 180-189.

Oremland, R.S., Stolz, J.F., and Saltikov, C.W., 2012, Anaerobic oxidation of arsenite by autotrophic bacteria--The view from Mono Lake, California, in Santini, J.M., and Ward, S.A., eds., The metabolism of arsenite--Arsenic in the environment (1st ed.): Leiden, CRC Press/Balkema, v. 5, p. 73-80, ISBN:9780415697194.

Pearce, C.I., Baseman, S., Blum, J.S., Fellowes, J.W., and Oremland, R.S., 2011, Nanoparticles formed from bacterial oxyanion reduction of toxic Group 15 and 16 metalloids (Chapter 16), in Stolz, J.F., and Oremland, R.S., eds., Microbial Metal and Metalloid Metabolism--Advances and Applications: Washington, D.C., ASM Press, p. 297-319, ISBN:978-1-55581-536-3.

Rathbun, R.E., and Tai, D.Y., 1984, Volatilization of chlorinated hydrocarbons from water, in Brutsaert, W., and Jirka, G.H., eds., Gas transfer at water surfaces: Dordrecht, Netherlands, D. Reidel Pub. Co., p. 27-34.

Revesz, K., Coplen, T.B., Baedecker, M.J., Glynn, P.D., and Hult, M., 1996, Investigation of methane production and consumption by use of stable isotopes, in Isotopes in Water Resources Management: Vienna, International Atomic Energy Agency, v. 1, p. 381-387.

Schäfer, H., Miller, L.G., Oremland, R.S., and Murrell, J.C., 2007, Bacterial cycling of methyl halides, in Laskin, A., Sariaslani, S., and Gadd, G., eds., Advances in Applied Microbiology: Academic Press, v. 61, p. 307-346, ISBN:978-0-12-002663-0.

Smith, K.S., Ranville, J.F., Plumlee, G.S., and Macalady, D.L., 1998, Predictive double-layer modeling of metal sorption in mine-drainage systems, in Jenne, E.A., ed., Adsorption of metals by geomedia--variables, mechanisms, and model applications: San Diego, Calif., Academic Press, p. 521-547.

Smith, R.L., 2002, Determining the terminal electron-accepting reaction in the saturated subsurface, in Hurst, C.J., and others, eds., Manual of Environmental Microbiology (2nd ed.): Washington, D.C., ASM Press, p. 743-752.

Smith, R.L., 1997, Determining the terminal electron-accepting reaction in the saturated subsurface, in Hurst, C.J., and others, eds., Manual of Environmental Microbiology: Washington, D.C., ASTM Press, p. 577-585.

Smith, R.L., and Garabedian, S.P., 1998, Using transport model interpretations of tracer tests to study microbial processes in groundwater, in Koch, A.L., Robinson, J.A., and Milliken, G.A., eds., Mathematical modeling in microbial ecology: New York, Chapman and Hall, p. 94-123.

Smith, R.L., and Steve H. Harris, J., 2007, Determining the terminal electron-accepting reaction in the saturated subsurface, in Hurst, C.J., and others, eds., Manual of Environmental Microbiology (3rd ed.): Washington, D.C., ASM Press, v. VI, ISBN:978-1-55581-379-6.

Stollenwerk, K.G., and Colman, J.A., 2003, Natural remediation potential of arsenic-contaminated ground water, in Welch, A.H., and Stollenwerk, K.G., eds., Arsenic in Groundwater--Geochemistry and Occurrence: Boston, Kluwer Academic Press, p. 351-379.

Stolz, J.F., Oremland, R.S., Paster, B.J., Dewhirst, F.E., and Vandamme, P., 2005, Genus Sulfurospirillum, in Brenner, D.J., Krieg, N.R., and Staley, J.T., eds., Gergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Part Two--The Proteobacteria, Part C--The Alpha-, Beta, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria (2nd ed.): New York, Springer, p. 1165-1168, ISBN:978-0-387-95040-2.

Stolz, J.F., and Oremland, R.S., eds., 2011, Microbial metal and metalloid metabolism--Advances and applications: Washington, D.C., ASM Press, 420 p., ISBN:978-1-55581-536-3,

Suflita, J.M., Londry, K.L., and Ulrich, G.A., 1996, The determination of anaerobic biodegradation activity, in Hurst, C.J., and others, eds., Manual of Environmental Microbiology: Washington, D.C., American Society for Microbiology, p. 790-801.

Suflita, J.M., and Townsend, G.T., 1995, The microbiol ecology and physiology of aryl dehalogenation reactions and implications for bioremediation, in Young, L.Y., and Cerniglia, C., eds., Microbial transformation and degradation of toxic organic chemicals: New York, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., p. 237-262.

Visscher, P.T., Guidetti, J.R., Culbertson, C.W., and Oremland, R.S., 1996, Dimethylsulfoniopropionate as a potential methanogenic substrate in Mono Lake sediments, in Kiene, R.P., Visscher, P.T., Keller, M.D., and Kirst, G.O., eds., Biological and Environmental Chemistry of DMSP and Related Sulfonium Compounds: New York, Plenum Press, p. 361-368.

Welch, A.H., Stollenwerk, K.G., Breit, G.N., Foster, A.L., Yount, J.C., Whitney, J.W., Uddin, M.N., Alam, M.M., and Islam, M.S., 2006, Attention of arsenic in Bangledesh sediments--Implications for ground-water development, in Naidu, R., and others, eds., Managing arsenic in the environment--From soil to human health: Collingwood, Australia, CSIRO Publishing, p. 363-377, ISBN:0643068686.

Welch, A.H., and Stollenwerk, K.G., eds., 2003, Arsenic in ground water--Geochemistry and occurrence: Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 475 p., ISBN:978-1-4020-7317-5,

Wershaw, R.L., and Kennedy, K.R., 1998, Use of 13C NMR and FTIR for elucidation of degradation pathways during natural litter decomposition and compositing. IV. Characterization of humic and fulvic acids extracted from senescent leaves, in Davies, G., and Ghabbour, E.A., eds., Humic substances structures, properties and uses: Cambridge, England, Royal Society of Chemistry, p. 61-68.

Wershaw, R.L., Kennedy, K.R., and Henrich, J.E., 1998, Use of 13C NMR and FTIR for elucidation of degradation pathways during natural litter decomposition and compositing. II. Changes in leaf composition after senescence, in Davies, G., and Ghabbour, E.A., eds., Humic substances structures, properties, and uses: Cambridge, England, Royal Society of Chemistry, p. 29-46.

Wershaw, R.L., Leenheer, J.A., and Kennedy, K.R., 1998, Use of 13C NMR and FTIR for elucidation of degradation pathways during natural litter decomposition and compositing. III. Characterization of leachate from different types of leaves, in Davies, G., and Ghabbour, E.A., eds., Humic substances structures, properties, and uses: Cambridge, England, Royal Society of Chemistry, p. 47-60.

Zogorski, J.S., Morduchowitz, A., Baehr, A.L., Bauman, B.J., Conrad, D.L., Drew, R.T., Korte, N.E., Lapham, W.W., Pankow, J.F., and Washington, E.R., 1996, Fuel oxygenates and water quality--A summary of current understanding of sources, occurrence in natural waters, environmental behavior, fate, and significanceNational Science and Technology Council-Committe on Environment and Natural Resources, 37 p.

Conference Proceedings Papers

Aiken, G.R., Capel, P.D., Furlong, E.T., Hult, M.F., and Thorn, K.A., 1991, Mechanisms controlling the transport of organic chemicals in subsurface environments, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 633-637.

Anderson, L.C.D., Kent, D.A., and Davis, J.A., 1992, Reduction of Cr(VI) under mildly reducing conditions in a sand and gravel aquifer, in Kharaka, Y.K., and Maest, A.S., eds., Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction -- WRI-7, Park City, Utah, July 13-18, 1992: A.A. Balkema, p. 495-498.

Anderson, L.D., Kent, D.B., and Davis, J.A., 1991, Adsorption and reduction of chromium (VI) under toxic conditions in a shallow sand aquifer at Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 63-71.

Anderson, R.T., Rooney-Varga, J.N., Gaw, C.V., and Lovley, D.R., 1999, Aromatic and polyaromatic hydrocarbon degradation under Fe(III)-reducing conditions, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 177-186.

Arvin, E., Godsy, E.M., Grbić-Galić, D., and Jensen, B., 1988, Microbial degradation of oil- and creosote-related aromatic compounds under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, in Wu, Y.C., ed., Proceedings of the International Conference on Physiochemical and Biological Detoxification of Hazardous Wastes, Atlantic City, New Jersey, May 3-5, 1988: Lancaster, Penn., Technomic Publishing, p. 829-847.

Baedecker, M.J., 1994, Field and laboratory results--getting the whole picture, in Symposium on Intrinsic Bioremediation of Ground Water, Denver, Colorado, August 30-September 1, 1994: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, p. 41-46.

Baedecker, M.J., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1994, Biogeochemical processes and migration of aqueous constituents in ground water contaminated with crude oil, in Dutton, A.R., ed., Toxic Substances and the Hydrologic Sciences--Proceedings of the conference, Austin, Texas, April 10-13, 1994: Minneapolis, Minn., American Institute of Hydrology, p. 69-79.

Baedecker, M.J., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1991, Geochemical modeling of organic degradation reactions in an aquifer contaminated with crude oil, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 627-632.

Baedecker, M.J., Cozzarelli, I.M., Bennett, P.C., Eganhouse, R.P., and Hult, M.F., 1996, Evolution of the contaminant plume in an aquifer contaminated with crude oil, Bemidji, Minnesota, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 613-620.

Baedecker, M.J., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Hopple, J.A., 1987, The composition and fate of hydrocarbons in a shallow glacial-outwash aquifer, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-23-C-24.

Baedecker, M.J., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Phinney, C.S., 1991, Distribution of organic and inorganic constituents in ground water at Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 287-293.

Baedecker, M.J., and Eganhouse, R.P., 1991, Partitioning and transport of hydrocarbons from crude oil in a sand and gravel aquifer, in Preprints of Papers Presented at the 201st ACA National Meeting, Division of Environmental Chemistry, Atlanta, Georgia, April 14-19, 1991: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society, v. 31, no. 1, p. 463-466.

Baedecker, M.J., Eganhouse, R.P., and Lindsay, S.S., 1984, Organic geochemistry of crude-oil contaminants--Preliminary results and project plan, in Hult, M.F., ed., Ground-water contamination by crude oil at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination Study--Papers presented at the toxic-waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4188, chap. E, p. 65-79.

Baedecker, M.J., Franks, B.J., Goerlitz, D.F., and Hopple, J.A., 1988, Geochemistry of a shallow aquifer contaminated with creosote products, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. A-17-A-20.

Baedecker, M.J., Siegel, D.I., Bennett, P.C., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1989, The fate and effects of crude oil in a shallow aquifer--I, The distribution of chemical species and geochemical facies, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 13-20.

Baehr, A.L., and Fischer, J.M., 1996, Overview of research on the transport, microbial degradation, and remediation of hydrocarbons at a subsurface gasoline-spill site in Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 1-6.

Baehr, A.L., Fischer, J.M., Lahvis, M.A., Baker, R.J., and Smith, N.P., 1991, Method for estimating rates of microbial degradation of hydrocarbons based on gas transport in the unsaturated zone at a gasoline-spill site in Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 250-255.

Baehr, A.L., and Hult, M.F., 1987, Mathematical modeling of hydrocarbon and oxygen transport coupled with microbial degradation in the unsaturated zone, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-27-C-28.

Baker, R.J., and Baehr, A.L., 1996, Use of column studies and a reactive transport model to measure biodegradation rates of hydrocarbons, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 43-47.

Balistrieri, L.S., and Chao, T.T., 1987, Adsorption of selenium by iron and manganese oxides--Environmental implications, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. E-19-E-20.

Barber, L.B., II, 1991, Effects of particle size and mineralogy on sorption of nonionic organic solutes to glacial outwash sediments, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 111-115.

Barber, L.B., II, 1989, Influence of geochemical heterogeneity in a sand and gravel aquifer on the sorption of chlorobenzenes, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 177-182.

Barber, L.B., II, Krueger, C., Metge, D.W., Harvey, R.W., and Field, J.A., 1995, Fate of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate in groundwater--Implications for in situ surfactant-enhanced remediation, in Sabatini, D.A., Knox, R.C., and Harwell, J.H., eds., Surfactant-enhanced subsurface remediation--emerging technologies: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society ACS Symposium Series 594, p. 95-111.

Barber, L.B., II, Thurman, E.M., Field, J.A., Leenheer, J.A., and LeBlanc, D.R., 1991, Biogeochemical fate of organic compounds in sewage-contaminated ground water, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 102-105.

Barber, L.B., and Keefe, S.H., 1999, Evolution of a ground-water sewage plume after removal of the 60-year-long source, Cape Cod, Massachusetts--Changes in the distribution of dissolved oxygen, boron, and organic carbon, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 261-270.

Barber, L.B., Meyer, M.T., LeBlanc, D.R., Kolpin, D.W., Bradley, P.M., Chapelle, F.H., and Rubio, F., 2008, Subsurface fate and transport of sulfamethoxazole, 4-nonylphenol, and 17Β-estradiol, in Trefry, M.G., ed., Groundwater Quality 2007--Securing Groundwater Quality in Urban and Industrial Environments: International Association of Hydrological Sciences IAHS Redbook, IAHS Publ. 324, p. 133-139 (Conference Preceedings for Groundwater Quality 2007 Securing Groundwater Quality in Urban and Industrial Environments Fremantle, Western Australia, December 2-7, 2007 -- Abstract (pdf)).

Bekins, B.A., Baedecker, M.J., Eganhouse, R.P., and Herkelrath, W.N., 2011, Long-term natural attenuation of crude oil in the subsurface, in Schirmer, M., Hoehn, E., and Vogt, T., eds., GQ10--Groundwater Quality Management in a Rapidly Changing World--Procedings of the 7th International Groundwater Quality Conference, Zurich, Switzerland, June 13-18, 2010: International Association of Hydrologic Sciences Publication 342, p. 123-127, ISBN:978-1-907161-16-2.

Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Godsy, E.M., Warren, E.M., Tuccillo, M.E., Essaid, H.I., and Paganelli, V.V., 1999, Chemical and physical controls on microbial populations in the Bemidji Toxics Site crude-oil plume, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 133-142.

Bekins, B.A., Godsy, E.M., and Goerlitz, D.F., 1996, Modeling steady-state methanogenic degradation of phenols in ground water at Pensacola, Florida, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 843-849.

Bekins, B.A., Godsy, E.M., and Goerlitz, D.F., 1994, Modeling steady-state methanogenic degradation of phenols in groundwater at Pensacola, Florida, in Symposium on bioremediation of hazardous wastes--Research, development, and field evaluations: Washington, D.C., Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Research Brief EPA/600/R-94/075, p. 158-163.

Bekins, B.A., Godsy, E.M., and Warren, E., 1995, Toxicity effects on methanogenic degradation of phenol in ground water, in Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes--Research, Development, and Field Evaluations: Washington, D.C., Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Research Brief EPA/600/R-95/076, p. 18-19.

Bekins, B.A., Godsy, E.M., and Warren, E., 1995, Toxicity effects on methanogenic degradation of phenol in ground water, in Eighth annual symposium on Bioremediation of hazardous wastes--Research, development, and field evaluations, Rye Brook, N.Y., United States, August 8-10, 1995: p. 20-21.

Bekins, B.A., Warren, E., and Godsy, E.M., 1997, Comparing zero and first order approximations to the Monod Model, in Alleman, B.C., and Leeson, A., eds., In Situ and On Site Bioremediation--Procedings of the Fourth International Symposium on In Situ And On-Site Bioremediation, New Orleans, La., April 28-May 1, 1997: Columbus, Ohio, Battelle Press, v. 5, p. 547-552 (Contact The Conference Group Inc. for information on the availability of the proceedings.).

Bennett, P.C., Rogers, J.R., and Hiebert, F.K., 1999, Microbial weathering of silicates--a strategy for releasing essential nutrients from rocks, in International Symposium on Environmental Biogeochemistry.

Blum, J.S., Culbertson, C.W., and Oremland, R.S., 1996, Anaerobic growth of bacterial strain SES3 with selenate as the electron acceptor, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 911-915.

Bradley, P.M., 2009, Potential for biodegradation of contaminants of emerging concern in stream systems, in Proceedings of the 2009 South Carolina Environmental Conference, Myrtle Beach, S.C., March 21-25, 2009: (pdf).

Bradley, P.M., 2008, Potential for biodegradation of contaminants of emerging concern in streams systems, in Proceedings of the 2008 South Carolina Water Resources Conference, Charleston, S.C., October 14-15, 2008: (Presentation).

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 2000, Redox conditions and the efficiency of chlorinated ethene biodegradation--Laboratory studies, in Preprints of Extended Abstracts Presented at the 220th ACS National Meeting, Division of Environmental Chemistry, Washington, D.C., August 20-24, 2000: American Chemical Society, v. 40, no. 2, p. 345-347, ISBN:, Fall 2000, Washington, D.C.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 1999, Methane as a product of chloroethene biodegradation under methanogenic conditions, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 601-606.

Bradley, P.M., Chapelle, F.H., Barber, L.B., McMahon, P.B., Gray, J.L., and Kolpin, D.W., 2009, Biodegradation of 17β-estradiol, estrone, and testosterone in stream sediments, in Wickramanayake, G.B., and Rectanus, H.V., eds., In Situ and On-Site Bioremediation-2009--Proceedings of the 10th International In Situ and On-Site Bioremediation Symposium, Baltimore, MD, May 5-8, 2009: Columbus, Ohio, Battelle Memorial Institute, ISBN:9780981973012.

Bradley, P.M., Chapelle, F.H., and Vroblesky, D.A., 1996, Effects of Pb and terminal-electron-accepting processes on organic acid concentrations in contaminated aquifer sediments, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 865-871.

Bradley, P.M., Dinicola, R.S., and Landmeyer, J.E., 2000, Natural attenuation of 1,2-Dichloroethane by aquifer microorganisms under Mn(IV) reducing conditions, in Wichramanayake, G.B., Gavaskar, A.R., and Kelley, M.E., eds., Natural Attenuation Considerations and Case Studies--Second International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, Monterey, Calif., May 22-25, 2000: Columbus, Ohio, Battelle Press, p. 169, ISBN:978-1574770988 (Contact The Conference Group Inc. for information on the availability of the proceedings.).

Bradley, P.M., Landmeyer, J.E., and Chapelle, F.H., 1999, Aerobic mineralization of MTBE and t-butanol by stream-bed-sediment microorganisms, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 87-92.

Brauner, J.S., and Widdowson, M.A., 1997, Sequential electron acceptor model for evaluation of in situ bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon contaminants in groundwater, in Engineering Foundation Conference on Bioremediation, Palm Coast, Florida, January 21-26, 1996: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, v. 829, p. 399-419.

Buxton, H.T., Landmeyer, J.E., Baehr, A.L., Church, C.D., and Tratnyek, P.G., 1997, Interdisciplinary investigation of subsurface contaminant transport and fate at point-source releases of gasoline containing MTBE, in 1997 Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Organic Chemicals in Ground Water: Prevention, Detection, and Remediation Conference, Proceedings, Houston, Tex., November 11-14, 1997: Westerville, Ohio, Ground Water Publishing Company, p. 2-16.

Campo, K.W., and Hess, K.M., 1999, Evolution of a ground-water sewage plume after removal of the 60-year-long source, Cape Cod, Massachusetts--Fate of volatile organic compounds, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 271-284.

Ceazan, M.L., Smith, R.L., and Thurman, E.M., 1988, Fate of ammonium in a sewage-contaminated ground water, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. B-29-B-30.

Ceazan, M.L., Updegraff, D.M., and Thurman, E.M., 1984, Evidence of microbial processes in sewage-contaminated ground water, in LeBlanc, D.R., ed., Movement and fate of solutes in a plume of sewage-contaminated ground water, Cape Cod, Massachusetts--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste Ground-Water Contamination Program--Papers presented at the toxic waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-475, p. 115-138.

Chang, F.H., Bullert, J., and Denzin, B., 1990, Effect of environmental parameters on biodegradation of crude oil and model hydrocarbon in groundwater environment, in Flierman, C.B., and Hazen, T.C., eds., Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Microbiology of the Deep Subsurface, Orlando, Fla., January 15-18, 1990: p. 7-53-7-65.

Chang, F.H., and Ehrlich, G., 1984, Microbial reconnaissance at the site of a petroleum spill near Bemidji, Minnesota--Preliminary results and project plan, in Hult, M.F., ed., Ground-water contamination by crude oil at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination Study--Papers presented at the toxic-waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4188, chap. H, p. 97-107.

Chang, F.H., Hult, M., and Noben, N.N., 1987, Quantitative studies of biodegradation of petroleum and some model hydrocarbons in ground water and sediment environments, in Fairchild, D.M., ed., National Conference on Ground-Water Quality and Agricultural Practices--Proceedings of Ground-Water Quality and Agricultural Practices, Norman Okla., May 1-2, 1986: Chelsea, Mich., Lewis Publishers, p. 295-318.

Chang, F.H., Noben, N.N., Brand, D., and Hult, M.F., 1988, Microbial degradation of crude oil and some model hydrocarbons, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. C-33-C-42.

Chang, F.H., Noben, N.N., and Bullert, J.A., 1987, Microbial degradation of petroleum in subsurface environments, Bemidji, Minnesota, research site, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-35-C-39.

Chang, F.H., Wang, H., Denzin, B., and Buller, J., 1991, Kinetics of crude-oil biodegradation by bacteria indigenous to sediment and ground water, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 646-649.

Chapelle, F.H., 2004, A mass balance approach to monitored natural attenuation, in Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, Monterey, Calif., May 24-28, 2004: Columbus, Ohio, Battelle Press, (Contact The Conference Group Inc. for information on the availability of the proceedings.).

Chapelle, F.H., 1987, The role of geochemical processes in hazardous-waste studies, in Ragone, S.E., and Sulam, D., eds., Program overview and selected papers from the Toxic-Waste Program technical meeting--Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-324, p. 9-19.

Chapelle, F.H., and Bradley, P.M., 2000, Redox conditions and the efficiency of chlorinated ethene biodegradation--Field studies, in Preprints of Extended Abstracts Presented at the 220th ACS National Meeting, Division of Environmental Chemistry, Washington, D.C., August 20-24, 2000: American Chemical Society, v. 40, no. 2, p. 343-345.

Chapelle, F.H., and Bradley, P.M., 1999, Selecting remediation goals by assessing the natural attenuation capacity of ground-water systems, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 7-19.

Chapelle, F.H., and Bradley, P.M., 1996, Microbial degradation of nitrotoluenes in surface soils and aquifer sediments, Weldon Spring, Missouri, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 889-894.

Chapelle, F.H., Campbell, B.G., Looney, B.B., Wiedemeier, T.H., and Sink, C.H., 2005, Empirical and deterministic methods for assessing monitored natural attenuation, in Proceedings of the In Situ and On-Site Bioremediation Eighth International Symposium, Baltimore, Maryland, June 6-9, 2005: Columbus, Ohio, Battelle Press, (Contact The Conference Group Inc. for information on the availability of the proceedings.).

Chapelle, F.H., Landmeyer, J.E., and Bradley, P.M., 2002, Identifying the distribution of terminal electron-accepting processes (TEAPS) in ground-water systems, in Workshop on Monitoring Oxidation-Reduction Processes for Ground-Water Restoration, Workshop Summary, Dallas, Texas, April 25-27, 2000: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPA/600/R-02/002, p. 5-18 (Alternate document URL).

Chiou, C.T., 1987, Capacities and mechanisms of sorption of organic compounds by water-saturated and unsaturated soils, in Ragone, S.E., and Sulam, D.J., eds., Program overview and selected papers from the Toxic-Waste Program technical meeting--Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-324, p. 65-74.

Chiou, C.T., and Rutherford, D.W., 1996, Determination of surface area of soil components by sorption of nitrogen and ethylene glycol monoethyl ether vapors and evaluation of adsorption, partition and cation solvation processes, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 375-380.

Cho, H.J., Jaffe, P.R., and Smith, J.A., 1991, Design of a field experiment to study the dynamics of trichloroethylene vapors in the unsaturated zone during an infiltration event, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 721-725.

Cho, H.J., Smith, J.A., and Jaffé, P.R., 1996, Simulation of trichloroethylene volatilization in the unsaturated zone during a field infiltration experiment at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 315-320.

Choi, J.Y., Harvey, J.W., and Conklin, M.H., 1999, Use of multi-parameter sensitivity analysis to determine relative importance of factors influencing natural attenuation of mining contaminants, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 185-191.

Church, C.D., Isabelle, L.M., Pankow, J.F., Tratnyek, P.G., and Rose, D.L., 1997, Assessing the in situ degradation of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) byproduct identification at the sub-ppb level using direct aqueous injection GC/MS, in 213th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Proceedings, San Francisco, Calif., April 13-17, 1997: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society, p. 411-413.

Church, C.D., and Tratnyek, P.G., 2000, Process level investigations of the in situ degradation of MTBE, in MTBE Biodegradation Workshop, Cincinatti, Ohio, February 1-3, 2000: Washington, D.C., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Church, C.D., Tratnyek, P.G., Pankow, J.F., Landmeyer, J.E., Baehr, A.L., Thomas, M.A., and Schirmer, M., 1999, Effects of environmental conditions on MTBE degradation in model column aquifers, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 93-101.

Coston, J.A., Fuller, C.C., and Davis, J.A., 1992, The search for a geochemical indication of lead and zinc sorption in a sand and gravel aquifer, Falmouth, Massachusetts, in Kharaka, Y.K., and Maest, A.S., eds., Low temperature environments, v. 1 of Water-rock interaction--Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction--WRI-7, Park City, Utah, July 13-18, 1992: Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema, p. 41-49.

Cozzarelli, I.M., 2002, Impact of organic contaminants on the evolution of aquifer geochemistry, in Aiken, G.R., and Kuniansky, E.L., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Artificial Recharge Workshop Proceedings, Sacramento, California, April 2-4, 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-89, p. 31-33.

Cozzarelli, I.M., 2001, Sustainability of natural attenuation in contaminated aquifers depends on the availability of electron acceptors, in Eleventh Annual V.M. Goldschmidt Conference, Hot Springs, Virginia, May 20-24, 2001: Lunar and Planetary Institute, v. CD-ROM.

Cozzarelli, I.M., and Baedecker, M.J., 1996, Biogeochemical fate of organic acid metabolites produced during the microbial degradation of hydrocarbons in ground water, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 17-25.

Cozzarelli, I.M., and Baedecker, M.J., 1992, Oxidation of hydrocarbons coupled to reduction of inorganic species in groundwater, in Kharaka, Y.K., and Maest, A.S., eds., Low temperature environments, v. 1 of Water-rock interaction--Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction--WRI-7, Park City Utah, July 13-18, 1992: Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema, p. 275-278.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., Aiken, G., and Phinney, C., 1996, Small-scale chemical heterogeneities in a crude-oil-contaminated aquifer, Bemidji, Minnesota, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 647-652.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., Eganhouse, R.P., Tuccillo, M.E., Bekins, B.A., Aiken, G.R., and Jaeschke, J.B., 1999, Long-term geochemical evolution of a crude-oil plume at Bemidji, Minnesota, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 123-132.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., Fischer, J., and Phinney, C.S., 1994, Ground-water contamination by petroleum hydrocarbons--Natural biodegradation in a dynamic hydrologic and geochemical system, in Proceedings of the 208th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Washington, D.C., August 21-26, 1994: American Chemical Society, v. 34, p. 588-592.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., and Hopple, J.A., 1991, Geochemical gradients in shallow ground water caused by the microbial degradation of hydrocarbons at Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 256-262.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., and Hopple, J.A., 1987, Effects of creosote products on the aqueous geochemistry of unstable constituents in a surficial aquifer, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. A-15-A-16.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Eganhouse, R.P., and Baedecker, M.J., 1989, The fate and effects of crude oil in a shallow aquifer--II, Evidence of anaerobic degradation of monoaromatic hydrocarbons, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 21-33.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Suflita, J.M., Ulrich, G.A., Harris, S.H., Scholl, M.A., Schlottman Norvell, J.L., and Jaeschke, J.B., 1999, Biogeochemical processess in a contaminant plume downgradient from a landfill, Norman, Oklahoma, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 521-530.

Curtis, G.P., Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., and Bekins, B.A., 1999, Coupled biogeochemical modeling of ground water contamination at the Bemidji, Minnesota, crude oil spill site, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 153-158.

Curtis, G.P., and Davis, J.A., 2004, Simulation of U(VI) transport in groundwater with variable geochemical conditions, in Wanty, R.B., and Seal II, R.R., eds., Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction, Saratoga Springs, New York, July 2004: Balkema, v. 2, p. 927-933.

Davis, J.A., and Fuller, C.C., 1987, The role of complexation and adsorption processes in toxic metal transport, in Ragone, S.E., and Sulam, D.J., eds., Program overview and selected papers from the Toxic-Waste Program technical meeting--Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-324, p. 107-116.

Davis, J.A., Waite, T.D., Kent, D.B., and Anderson, L.D., 1991, Reduction and transport of chromium(VI) under mildly reducing conditions in a sand and gravel aquifer, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 72-77.

De Flaun, M.F., Drew, S., Dale, J., Lacombe, P., and Schauble, P., 2006, Application of bioaugmentation for TCE DNAPL in fractured bedrock, in Sass, B.M., ed., Fifth International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, Monterey, California, May 22-25, 2006: Columbus, Ohio, Battelle Press, (CD ROM).

Dillard, L.A., Essaid, H.I., and Herkelrath, W.N., 1996, Multiphase-flow modeling of the Bemidji, Minnesota crude-oil-spill site with geostatistical simulation of hydraulic properties, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 679-688.

Eganhouse, R.P., Baedecker, M.J., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1994, Biogeochemical processes in an aquifer contaminated by crude oil--An overview of studies at the Bemidji, Minnesota, research site, in Symposium on Intrinsic Bioremediation of Ground Water, Denver, Colo., August 30 - September 1, 1994: Washington, D.C., Environmental Protection Agency, p. 111-120.

Eganhouse, R.P., Baedecker, M.J., Phinney, C.S., and Hopple, J.A., 1988, Composition and alteration of hydrocarbons in ground water, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. C-27-C-28.

Eganhouse, R.P., Dorsey, T.F., and Phinney, C.S., 1987, Transport and fate of monoaromatic hydrocarbons in the subsurface, Bemidji, Minnesota, research site, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-29.

Eganhouse, R.P., Matthews, L.L., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Scholl, M.A., 1999, Evidence for natural attenuation of volatile organic compounds in the leachate plume of a municipal landfill near Norman, Oklahoma, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 531-539.

Ehlke, T.A., 1989, Microbiological transformation of trichloroethylene in soil at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 371-376.

Ehlke, T.A., and Imbrigiotta, T.E., 1996, Cometabolic biotransformation of trichloroethylene and cis-1,2-dichloroethylene in unsaturated-zone soil at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 321-327.

Ehlke, T.A., and Imbrigiotta, T.E., 1993, Cometabolic biotransformation of trichloroethylene and cis-1,2-dichloroethylene in unsaturated-zone soil at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, in Special Symposium on Emerging Technologies in Hazardous Waste Management V, American Chemical Society, Atlanta, Ga., September 27-29, 1993: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society, p. 522-525.

Ehlke, T.A., Imbrigiotta, T.E., Wilson, B.H., and Wilson, J.T., 1991, Biotransformation of cis-1,2-dichloroethylene in aquifer material from Picatinny Arsenal, Morris County, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 689-697.

Ehlke, T.A., Wilson, B.H., Wilson, J.T., and Imbrigiotta, T.E., 1996, In situ biotransformation of trichloroethylene and cis-1,2-dichloroethylene at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 347-354.

Ehrlich, G.G., Schroeder, R.A., and Martin, P., 1987, Microbial populations and nutrient concentrations in a jet-fuel-contaminated shallow aquifer at Tustin, Calif., in Ragone, S.E., and Sulam, D.J., eds., Program overview and selected papers from the Toxic-Waste Program technical meeting--Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-324, p. 83-96.

Essaid, H.I., Baedecker, M.J., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1996, Use of simulation to study field-scale solute transport and biodegradation at the Bemidji, Minnesota, crude-oil spill site, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 621-629.

Essaid, H.I., Herkelrath, W.N., and Hess, K.M., 1991, Air, oil, and water distributions at a crude-oil spill site, Bemidji, Minnesota, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 614-620.

Fischer, J.M., Baehr, A., and Smith, N.P., 1991, An investigation of the transport and microbial degradation of hydrocarbons in the subsurface at a gasoline-spill site in Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 243-249.

Fischer, J.M., Smith, N.P., and Baehr, A.L., 1996, Hydrogeology, contaminant distribution, and biodegradation processes at a gasoline-spill research site in Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 7-16.

Fuller, C.C., Coston, J.A., Davis, J.A., and Dixon, E., 1996, Evaluation of geochemical indicators of metal adsorption in a sand and gravel aquifer, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 227-234.

Furlong, E.T., Koleis, J.C., and Aiken, G.R., 1997, Transport and degradation of semivolatile hydrocarbons in a petroleum contaminated aquifer, Bemidji, MN, in Eganhouse, R., ed., Molecular Markers in Environmental Chemistry: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society ACS Symposium Series 671, p. 398-412.

Fusillo, T.V., Ehlke, T.A., Martin, M., and Sargent, B.P., 1987, Movement and fate of chlorinated solvents in ground water--Preliminary results and future research plans, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. D-5-D-12.

Garabedian, S.P., and LeBlanc, D.R., 1991, Overview of research at the Cape Cod site--Field and laboratory studies of hydrologic, chemical, and microbiological processes affecting transport in a sewage-contaminated sand and gravel aquifer, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 1-9.

Glassmeyer, S.T., Ferrer, I., Furlong, E.T., Cahill, J.D., Zaugg, S.D., Kolpin, D.W., and Kryak, D.D., 2003, Transport of chemical and microbial contaminants from known wastewater discharges, in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Pharmaceuticals and Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals in Water, Minneapolis, Minnesota, March 19-21, 2003: National Ground Water Association, p. 267-269, CD-ROM.

Godsy, E.M., 1994, Geochemical and microbiological degradation processes, in Proceedings of the U.S Environmental Protection Agency Symposium on Intrinsic Bioremediation of Ground Water, Denver, Colorado, August 30-31, 1994: Washington, D.C., Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Research Brief EPA/540/R-94/515, p. 35-40.

Godsy, E.M., and Goerlitz, D.F., 1988, Determination of the rates of anaerobic degradation of the water-soluble fraction of creosote, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. A-27-A-32.

Godsy, E.M., Goerlitz, D.F., and Dunja, G.-G., 1994, Methanogenic biodegradation of creosote derived compounds in an aquifer at Pensacola, Florida, in Dutton, A.R., ed., Toxic Substances and the Hydrologic Sciences--Proceedings of the conference, Austin, Texas, April 10-13, 1994: Minneapolis, Minnesota, American Institute of Hydrology, p. 1-18.

Godsy, E.M., Goerlitz, D.F., and Ehrlich, G.G., 1987, Effects of pentachlorophenol on the methanogenic fermentation of phenol, in Ragone, S.E., and Sulam, D., eds., Program overview and selected papers from the Toxic-Waste Program technical meeting--Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-324, p. 101-106.

Godsy, E.M., Goerlitz, D.F., and Grbić-Galić, D., 1996, Pathways of methanogenic biodegradation of creosote-derived aromatic compounds, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 835-841.

Godsy, E.M., Goerlitz, D.F., and Grbić-Galić, D., 1993, Methanogenic degradation kinetics of nitrogen and sulfur containing heterocyclic aromatic compounds in aquifer-derived microcosms, in Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes--Research, Development, and Field Evaluations: Washington, D.C., Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Research Brief EPA/600/R-93/054, p. 123-128.

Godsy, E.M., Goerlitz, D.F., and Grbić-Galić, D., 1992, Methanogenic degradation of heterocyclic aromatic compounds by aquifer-derived microcosms, in Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes--EPA's Biosystems Technology Development Program, Chicago, Illinois, 1992: p. 120-125.

Godsy, E.M., Goerlitz, D.F., and Grbić-Galić, D., 1991, Methanogenic degradation kinetics of phenolic compounds, in Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes--EPA's Biosystems Technology Development Program, Falls Church, Virginia, 1991: p. 67-69.

Godsy, E.M., Goerlitz, D.F., and Grbić-Galić, D., 1990, Anaerobic biodegradation of creosote contaminants in natural and simulated ground water ecosystems, in Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes--EPA's Biosystems Technology Development Program, Falls Church, Virginia, 1990: p. 39-42.

Godsy, E.M., Goerlitz, D.F., and Grbić-Galić, D., 1987, Anaerobic biodegradation of creosote contaminants in natural and simulated ground-water ecosystems, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. A-17-A-19.

Godsy, E.M., and Grbić-Galić, D., 1989, Biodegradation pathways for benzothiophene in methanogenic microcosms, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 559-564.

Godsy, E.M., Hostettler, F.D., Warren, E., Paganelli, V.V., and Kharaka, Y.K., 2003, Environmental impacts of petroleum production--The fate of petroleum and other organics associated with produced water from the Osage-Skiatook petroleum environmental research sites, Osage County, Oklahoma, in Sublette, K., ed., 9th Annual International Petroleum Environmental Conference, Albuquerque, New Mexico, October 22-25, 2002: IPEC, p. 20 pages.

Godsy, E.M., Troutman, D.E., and Ehrlich, G.G., 1983, Effect of pentachlorophenol on methanogenic fermentation of phenolic compounds in ground water, in Preprints of Papers Presented at the 186th ACS National Meeting, Division of Environmental Chemistry, Washington, D.C., Aug 28-Sept 2, 1983: American Chemical Society, v. 23, no. 2, p. 288-289.

Godsy, E.M., Warren, E., and Bekins, B.A., 1995, Monod degradation kinetics of quinoline in natural and microbially enriched methanogenic microcosms, in Eighth annual symposium on Bioremediation of hazardous wastes--Research, development, and field evaluations, Rye Brook, NY, United States, August 8-10, 1995: Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA/540/R-95/532, p. 87-88.

Godsy, E.M., Warren, E., Bekins, B.A., and Goerlitz, D.F., 1995, Monod degradation kinetics of quinoline in natural and microbial enriched microcosms, in Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes--Research, Development, and Field Evaluations: Washington, D.C., Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Research Brief EPA/600/R-95/076, p. 77-78.

Godsy, E.M., Warren, E.M., Cozzarelli, I.M., Bekins, B.A., and Eganhouse, R.P., 1999, Determining BTEX biodegradation rates using in-situ microcosms at the Bemidji site, Minnesota--Trials and tribulations, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 159-167.

Haack, S.K., and Reynolds, L.A., 1999, Using molecular approaches to describe microbial populations at contaminated sites, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 593-599.

Harris, S.H., Ulrich, G.A., and Suflita, J.M., 1999, Dominant terminal electron accepting processes occuring at a landfill leachate-impacted site as indicated by field and laboratory measures, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 541-548.

Harvey, R.W., 2005, Predicting bacterial transport--What column- and field-scale tracer tests can tell us and what they cannot, in Proceedings of the Technical Workshop, M.-W.a.A., ed., Sede Boqer, Israel, September 20-21, 2005: p. 39-43.

Harvey, R.W., Smith, R.L., and George, L., 1984, Microbial distribution and heterotrophic uptake in a sewage plume, in LeBlanc, D.R., ed., Movement and fate of solutes in a plume of sewage-contaminated ground water, Cape Cod, Massachusetts--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste Ground-Water Contamination Program--Papers presented at the toxic waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-475, p. 139-152.

Herkelrath, W.N., 1999, Impacts of remediation at the Bemidji oil-spill site, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 195-200.

Herkelrath, W.N., Essaid, H.I., and Dillard, L.A., 1994, Multiphase fluid distributions in a shallow water-table aquifer contaminated by crude oil, in Dracos, T.H., and Stauffer, F., eds., Transport and Reactive Processes in Aquifers, Proceedings of the IAHR/AIRH Symposium, Zurich, Switzerland, April 11-15, 1994: Rotterdam, Netherlands, A.A. Balkema, p. 537-542.

Herkelrath, W.N., Essaid, H.I., and Hess, K.M., 1991, Field and modeling studies of immiscible fluid flow above a contaminated water-table aquifer, in Proceedings of the International Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium 1991, Challenges for Sustainable Development, Perth, Australia, October 2-4, 1991: p. 424-428.

Herkelrath, W.N., and Kharaka, Y.K., 2003, Hydrologic controls on the subsurface transport of oil-field brine at the Osage-Skiatook Petroleum Environmental Research (OSPER) B Site, Oklahoma, in Sublette, K., ed., 9th International Petroleum Environmental Conference Special Session--Fate and Transport of Brine and Hydrocarbon Releases in Soils and Water, Northeast Oklahoma, Albuquerque, New Mexico, October 22-25, 2002: IPEC, p. 16 pages.

Herman, J.S., Mills, A.L., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2002, Alteration of reactive mineral surfaces by ground water, in Wilkin, R.T., Ludwig, R.D., and Ford, R.G., eds., Proceedings of the Workshop on Monitoring Oxidation-Reduction Processes for Ground-water Restoration, Dallas, Texas, April 25-27, 2000: Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPA/600/R-02/002, p. 39-42.

Herman, J.S., Mills, A.L., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2001, Microbially mediated alteration of iron mineral phases in contaminated sedimentary aquifers, in Cidu, R., ed., Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium WRI-10, Villasimius, Italy, June 10-15, 2001: A.A. Balkema, v. 2, p. 1441-1444.

Hess, K.M., Davis, J.A., Coston, J.A., and Kent, D.B., 1999, Multispecies reactive transport in an aquifer with spatially variable chemical conditions--Dispersion of bromide and nickel tracers, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 393-404.

Hess, K.M., Davis, J.A., Fuller, C.C., and Coston, J.A., 1996, Spatial variability of metal-ion adsorption and hydraulic conductivity in a sand and gravel aquifer, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 235-242.

Hess, K.M., LeBlanc, D.R., Kent, D.B., and Smith, R.L., 1996, Natural restoration of a sewage-contaminated aquifer, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Hydrology and Hydrogeology of Urban and Urbanizing Areas--Proceedings of the conference, Boston, Mass., April 21-24, 1996: Minneapolis, Minn., American Institute of Hydrology, p. WQE13-WQE25.

Hong, J., and Sewell, G.W., 1999, In situ bioremediation of Cr(VI) contaminated sites with the addition of organic electron donors for microbial reduction, in Natural attenuation of chlorinated solvents, petroleum hydrocarbons, and other organic compounds--Proceeding of the Fifth International In-Situ and On-site Bioremediation Symposium, San Diego, Calif., April 19-22, 1999: Columbus, Ohio, v. 5, p. 135-140, ISBN:1574770748 (Contact The Conference Group Inc. for information on the availability of the proceedings.).

Hostettler, F.D., Kharaka, Y.K., and Godsy, E.M., 2002, Environmental impacts of petroleum production--The fate of petroleum and other organics associated with produced water from the Osage-Skiatook Petroleum Environmental Research sites, Osage County, OK, in 9th International Petroleum Environmental Conference Special Session--Fate and Transport of Brine and Hydrocarbon Releases in Soils and Water, Northeast Oklahoma, Albuquerque, New Mexico, October 22-25, 2002: p. 20.

Hubble, D.W., and Gillham, R.W., 1999, Installation of deep reactive walls at MMR using a granular iron-guar slurry, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 431-438.

Hult, M.F., 1989, Mobilization, transport, and fate of hydrocarbon vapors in the unsaturated zone, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 53.

Hult, M.F., 1987, Microbial oxidation of petroleum vapors in the unsaturated zone, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-25-C-26.

Hult, M.F., 1987, Movement and fate of crude oil contaminants in the subsurface environment at Bemidji, Minnesota--Introduction, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Fla., March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. C-3-C-5.

Imbrigiotta, T.E., and Ehlke, T.A., 1999, Relative importance of natural attenuation processes in a trichloroethene plume and comparison to pump-and-treat remediation at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 615-624.

Imbrigiotta, T.E., Ehlke, T.A., and Martin, M., 1991, Chemical evidence of processes affecting the fate and transport of chlorinated solvents in ground water at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 681-688.

Imbrigiotta, T.E., Ehlke, T.A., Wilson, B.H., and Wilson, J.T., 1996, Case study--Natural attenuation of a trichloroethene plume at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Natural Attenuation of Chlorinated Organics in Ground Water, Dallas, Texas, September 11-13, 1996: Washington, D.C., Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Research Brief EPA/540/R-96/509, p. 83-89.

Imbrigiotta, T.E., and Martin, M., 1996, Overview of research activities on the transport and fate of chlorinated solvents in ground water at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, 1991-93, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 297-305.

Imbrigiotta, T.E., and Martin, M., 1991, Overview of research activities on the movement and fate of chlorinated solvents in ground water at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 673-680.

Imbrigiotta, T.E., and Martin, M., 1989, Site description and summary of research activities on the movement and fate of chlorinated solvents in ground water at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 343-350.

Karapanagioti, H.K., and Sabatini, D.A., 1999, Heterogeneous organic matter in a landfill aquifer material and its impact on contaminant sorption, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 549-556.

Kent, D.B., Abrams, R.H., Davis, J.A., and Coston, J.A., 1999, Modeling the influence of adsorption on the fate and transport of metals in shallow ground water--Zinc contamination in the sewage plume on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 361-369.

Kent, D.B., Davis, J.A., Anderson, L.D., and Rea, B.A., 1992, Ligand-enhanced transport of strongly adsorbing metal ions in the ground-water environment, in Kharaka, Y.K., and Maest, A.S., eds., Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction--WRI-7, Park City, Utah, July 13-18, 1992: A.A. Balkema, p. 805-808.

Kent, D.B., and Maeder, V., 1999, Evolution of a ground-water sewage plume after removal of the 60-year-long source, Cape Cod, Massachusetts--pH and the fate of phosphate and metals, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 293-304.

Kharaka, Y.K., Thordsen, J.J., Kakouros, E., and Abbott, M.M., 2003, Environmental impacts of petroleum production--1- The fate of inorganic and organic chemicals in produced water from the Osage-Skiatook Petroleum Environmental Research B site, Osage County, OK, in Sublette, K., ed., 9th International Petroleum Environmental Conference Special Session--Fate and Transport of Brine and Hydrocarbon Releases in Soils and Water, Northeast Oklahoma, Albuquerque, New Mexico, October 22-25, 2002: p. 30 pages.

Koller, D., Imbrigiotta, T.E., Baehr, A.L., and Smith, J.A., 1996, Desorption of trichloroethylene from aquifer sediments at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 329-337.

Krumme, M.L., Smith, R.L., and Dwyer, D.F., 1991, Survival of a model pollutant-degrading microorganism in a sand and gravel aquifer and in microcosms, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 144-147.

Krumme, M.L., Smith, R.L., and Dwyer, D.F., 1991, Development of microcosms designed to evaluate the effects of adding microorganisms to aquifers as bioremediation agents, in Fliermans, C.B., and Hazen, T.C., eds., Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Microbiology of the Deep Subsurface, Orlando, Florida, January 15-19, 1990: Aiken, S.C., Westinghouse Savannah River Company, p. 7-117 to 7-128.

Lahvis, M.A., and Baehr, A.L., 1999, Transport of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and hydrocarbons to ground water from gasoline spills in the unsaturated zone, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 113-120.

Lahvis, M.A., Baehr, A.L., and Fischer, J.M., 1996, Method for estimating the rate of microbial degradation of hydrocarbons associated with bioventing at a gasoline-spill site in Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 27-34.

Lahvis, M.A., Baker, R.J., and Baehr, A.L., 1999, Mass transport of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) across the water table and significance for natural-attenuation remediation at a gasoline spill site in Beaufort, South Carolina, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 75-85.

Landmeyer, J.E., Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 1999, Fate of MTBE relative to benzene in a gasoline-contaminated aquifer (1993-98), in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 59-74.

Landmeyer, J.E., Pankow, J.F., and Church, C.D., 1997, Occurrence of MTBE and tert-butyl alcohol in a gasoline-contaminated aquifer, in 213th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Proceedings, San Francisco, Calif., April 13-17, 1997: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society, p. 413-415.

Landmeyer, J.E., Vroblesky, D.A., and Bradley, P.M., 2000, MTBE and BTEX in trees above gasoline-contaminated ground water, in Wichramanayake, G.B., Gavaskar, A.R., Gibbs, J.T., and Means, J.L., eds., Case Studies in the Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds--Second International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, Monterey, Calif., May 22-25, 2000: Columbus, Ohio, Battelle Press, p. 17-24 (Contact The Conference Group Inc. for information on the availability of the proceedings.).

LeBlanc, D.R., 1996, Overview of research at the Cape Cod site--Field and laboratory studies of physical, chemical, and microbiological processes affecting transport in a sewage-contaminated aquifer, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 179-189.

LeBlanc, D.R., 1987, Fate and transport of contaminants in sewage-contaminated ground water on Cape Cod, Massachusetts--Introduction, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-17, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. B3-B7.

LeBlanc, D.R., Hess, K.M., Kent, D.B., Smith, R.L., Barber, L.B., Stollenwerk, K.G., and Campo, K.W., 1999, Natural restoration of a sewage plume in a sand and gravel aquifer, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 245-259.

Leiker, T.J., 1991, Migration of organic compounds through bed sediments near an industrial outfall in the Calcasieu River Estuary, Louisiana, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 588-590.

Lorah, M.M., Voytek, M.A., and Kirshtein, J., 2000, Biotic and abiotic degradation of 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane in wetland sediments, in Proceedings of the Geochemical and Microbial Community Analyses: American Chemical Society, v. 40, p. 332-334.

Lorah-Devereux, M.M., and Olsen, L.D., 1999, Natural attenuation of chlorinated volatile organic compounds in a freshwater tidal wetland, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 653-666.

Lovley, D.R., 1996, Bioremediation of petroleum and metal contamination with dissimilatory metal reduction, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 859-863.

Lovley, D.R., Phillips, E.J.P., Gorby, Y.A., and Landa, E.R., 1991, Microbial reduction of uranium, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 548-551.

Martin, M., 1996, Simulation of transport, desorption, volatilization, and microbial degradation of trichloroethylene in ground water at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 307-313.

Martin, M., 1989, Preliminary results of a study to simulate trichloroethylene movement in ground water at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 377-383.

Martin, M., and Imbrigiotta, T.E., 1994, Contamination of ground water with trichloroethylene at the Building 24 site at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Intrinsic Bioremediation of Ground Water, Denver, Colorado, August 30-September 1, 1994: Washington, D.C., Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Research Brief EPA/540/R-94/515, p. 143-153.

McGuire, J.T., Smith, E.W., Long, D.T., Hyndman, D.W., Haack, S.K., Kolak, J.J., Klug, M.J., Velbel, M.A., and Forney, L.J., 1999, Temporal variations in biogeochemical processes that influence ground water redox zonation, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 641-651.

Mills, A.L., and Randall, S.E., 1991, Abundance and distribution of microbial guilds in a subsurface plume of gasoline contamination at Galloway Township, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 263-267.

Nolan, J.G., Baker, R.J., and Baehr, A.L., 1996, Method for monitoring biodegradation of hydrocarbons in unsaturated porous media, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 49-54.

Obenhuber, D.C., 1989, Microbial mineralization of atrazine in surface soil and aquifer material during alternating aerobic and anaerobic incubation, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 641.

Oremland, R.S., 2012, Arsenic and life--Bacterial redox reactions associated with arsenic oxyanions, in Drelich, R., ed., Water in Mineral Processing--Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium, Seattle, Wash., February 19-22, 2012: Englewood, Colo., Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, p. 17-27, ISBN:9780873353496.

Oremland, R.S., 1995, Mercury and arsenic biotransformation, in Eighth annual symposium on Bioremediation of hazardous wastes--research, development, and field evaluations, Rye Brook, NY, United States, Aug. 8-10, 1995: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development, EPA/540/R-95/532, p. 86.

Piatt, J.J., Eisenriech, S.J., Backhus, D.A., and Capel, P.D., 1996, Sorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to aquifer materials containing a low-organic carbon content from Bemidji, Minnesota, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 663-670.

Plumlee, G.S., Smith, K.S., Mosier, E.L., Ficklin, W.H., Montour, M., Briggs, P., and Meier, A., 1995, Geochemical processes controlling acid-drainage generation and cyanide degradation at Summitville, in Posey, H.H., Pendleton, J.A., and Van Zyl, D., eds., Proceedings: Summitville Forum '95: Colorado Geological Survey Special Publication 38, p. 23-34.

Revesz, K., Coplen, T., Baedecker, M.J., and Hult, M., 1996, Use of carbon and hydrogen stable isotopes to investigate the production and fate of methane at a toxic waste site, Bemidji, Minnesota, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 653-662.

Reynolds, L.A., and Haack, S.K., 1999, Evaluation of RNA hybridization to assess bacterial population dynamics at natural attenuation sites, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 635-639.

Robbins, E.I., Corley, T.L., and Conklin, M.H., 1999, Manganese removal by the epilithic microbial consortium at Pinal Creek near Globe, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 247-258.

Rostad, C., 2002, Fate of disinfection by-products in the subsurface, in Aiken, G.R., and Kuniansky, E.L., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Artificial Recharge Workshop Proceedings, Sacramento, California, April 2-4, 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-89, p. 27-30.

Scholl, M.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Christenson, S.C., Breit, G.N., and Schlottman Norvell, J.L., 1999, Aquifer heterogeneity at the Norman, Oklahoma, landfill and its effect on observations of biodegradation processes, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 557-567.

Scholl, M.A., and Harvey, R.W., 1991, Laboratory studies of bacterial sorption to aquifer sediments from the Cape Cod toxic-substances hydrology research site, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 152-153.

Schroeder, R.A., Martin, P., and Böhlke, J.K., 1996, Chemical, isotopic, and microbiological evidence for denitrification during transport of domestic wastewater through a thick unsaturated zone in the Mojave Desert, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 917-926.

Siegel, D.I., Baedecker, M.J., and Bennett, P., 1986, The effects of petroleum degradation on inorganic water-rock reactions, in Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction, Reykjavik, Iceland, August 8-17, 1986: International Association of Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry, p. 524-527.

Siegel, D.I., Bennett, P.C., Baedecker, M.J., Berndt, M.P., and Franzi, D.A., 1988, Inorganic geochemistry of ground water and aquifer matrix--First-year results, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. C-17-C-20.

Slater, L., Ntarlagiannis, D., Atekwana, E., Mewafy, F., Revil, A., Skold, M., Gorby, Y., Day-Lewis, F.D., Lane, J.W., Jr., W., D., Trost, J., Delin, G., and Herkelrath, W., 2011, Assessing field-scale biogeophysical signatures of bioremediation over a mature crude oil spill, in International Symposium on Bioremediaiton and Sustainable Environmental Technologies, Reno, Nevada, June 27-30, 2011: Columbus, Ohio, Battelle Memorial Institute, p. 9.

Smith, J.A., Katchmark, W., Choi, J.-W., and Tillman, F.D., Jr, 1999, Unsaturated-zone air flow at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey--Implications for natural remediation of the trichloroethylene-contaminated aquifer, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 625-633.

Smith, R.L., Böhlke, J.K., Revesz, K.M., Yoshinari, T.D., Hatzinger, P.B., Penarrieta, C.T., and Repert, D.A., 1999, In situ assessment of the transport and microbial consumption of oxygen in ground water, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 317-322.

Smith, R.L., Brooks, M.H., and Ceazan, M.L., 1992, The use of natural gradient tracer tests to identify and quantify microbial processes occurring in groundwater, in Stanford, J.A., and Simons, J.J., eds., Proceedings of the First International Conference on Ground Water Ecology, Tampa, Florida, April 26-29, 1992: Bethesda, Md., American Water Resources Association, p. 59-65.

Smith, R.L., and Ceazan, M.R., 1991, Isolation and characterization of autotrophic, hydrogen-oxidizing, denitrifying bacteria from ground water as potential agents for bioremediation of nitrate contamination, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 123-127.

Smith, R.L., and Duff, J.H., 1984, Preliminary study of denitrification in a plume of sewage-contaminated ground water, in LeBlanc, D.R., ed., Movement and fate of solutes in a plume of sewage-contaminated ground water, Cape Cod, Massachusetts--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste Ground-Water Contamination Program--Papers presented at the toxic waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-475, p. 153-173.

Smith, R.L., Duff, J.H., and Howes, B.L., 1987, Development of techniques to measure in situ rates of microbial processes in a contaminated aquifer, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. B-25-B-27.

Smith, R.L., and Harvey, R.W., 1991, Development of sampling techniques to measure in situ rates of microbial processes in a contaminated sand and gravel aquifer, in Fliermans, C.B., and Hazen, T.C., eds., Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Microbiology of the Deep Subsurface, Orlando, Fla., January 15-19, 1990: Aiken, S.C., Westinghouse Savannah River Company, p. 2-19 to 2-33.

Smith, R.L., Harvey, R.W., Duff, J.H., and LeBlanc, D.R., 1987, Importance of close-interval vertical sampling in delineating chemical and microbiological gradents in ground-water studies, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. B-33-B-35.

Smith, R.L., Rea Kumler, B.A., Peacock, T.R., and Miller, D.N., 1999, Evolution of a ground-water sewage plume after removal of the 60-year-long source, Cape Cod, Massachusetts--Inorganic nitrogen species, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 285-291.

Stollenwerk, K.G., 1991, Simulation of copper, cobalt, and nickel sorption in an alluvial aquifer near Globe, Arizona, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 502-506.

Stollenwerk, K.G., 1991, Simulation of molybdate sorption with the diffuse layer surface-complexation model, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 47-52.

Stollenwerk, K.G., 1987, Adsorption and desorption of hexavalent chromium in an alluvial aquifer near Telluride, Colorado, in Ragone, S.E., and Sulam, D.J., eds., Program overview and selected papers from the Toxic-Waste Program technical meeting--Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-324, p. 97-100.

Stollenwerk, K.G., and Parkhurst, D.L., 1999, Modeling the evolution and natural remediation of a ground-water sewage plume, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 371-381.

Thordsen, J.J., Kharaka, Y.K., and Ambats, G., 2002, Environmental impacts of petroleum production--2 - The fate of inorganic and organic chemicals in produced water from the Osage-Skiatook Petroleum Environmental Research site A, Osage County, Oklahoma, in 9th Annual International Petroleum Environmental Conference, Albuquerque, New Mexico, October 22-25, 2002.

Thorn, K.A., 1997, Covalent binding of the reductive degradation products of TNT to humic substances investigated by N-15 NMR, in Preprints of Papers Presented at the 213th ACS National Meeting, Division of Environmental Chemistry, San Francisco, California, April 13-17, 1997: American Chemical Society, v. 37, no. 1, p. 305-306.

Thorn, K.A., and Aiken, G.R., 1993, NMR investigation of the biodegradation of crude-oil into nonvolatile organic acids in a contaminated aquifer, in Preprints of Papers Presented at the 205th ACS National Meeting, Division of Environmental Chemistry, Denver, Colorado, March 28-April 3, 1993: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society, v. 33, no. 1, p. 165-166.

Thorn, K.A., and Aiken, G.R., 1989, Characterization of nonvolatile organic acids resulting from the biodegradation of crude oil by nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 41-51.

Thurman, E.M., and Barber, L.B., II, 1988, Movement and fate of detergent in sewage contaminated ground water, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. B-23-B-24.

Thurman, E.M., Barber, L.B., II, Ceazan, M.L., Smith, R.L., Brooks, M.G., Schroeder, M.P., Keck, A.J., Driscoll, A.J., LeBlanc, D.R., and Nichols, W.J., Jr., 1984, Sewage contaminants in ground water, in LeBlanc, D.R., ed., Movement and fate of solutes in a plume of sewage-contaminated ground water, Cape Cod, Massachusetts--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste Ground-Water Contamination Program--Papers presented at the toxic waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-475, p. 47-88.

Van Denburgh, A.S., Goerlitz, D.F., and Godsy, E.M., 1996, Depletion of nitrogen-bearing explosives wastes in a shallow ground-water plume near Hawthorne, Nevada, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 895-904.

van Riper, C., III, and Lester, M.B., 2016, Changing levels of heavy metal accumulation in birds at Tumacacori National Historical Park along the Upper Santa Cruz River watershed in southern Arizona (Chapter 20), in Weber, S., ed., Engagement, Education, and Expectations--The Future of Parks and Protected Areas--Proceedings of the 2015 George Wright Society Conference on Parks, Protected Areas, and Cultural Sites, Oakland, California, March 29-April 3, 2015: Hancock, Michigan, George Wright Society, p. 123-128.

Vroblesky, D.A., Bradley, P.M., Lane, J.W., Jr, and Robertson, J.F., 1999, Microbial processes and down-hole mesocosms in two anaerobic fractured-rock aquifers, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 695-703.

Vroblesky, D.A., and Chapelle, F.H., 1996, Shifting of terminal-electron-accepting processes in a petroleum-hydrocarbon-contaminated aquifer, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 873-879.

Vroblesky, D.A., Nietch, C.T., and Morris, J.T., 1999, Chlorinated ethenes from ground water in tree trunks, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 607-614.

Warren, E., and Godsy, E.M., 1996, Modeling breakthrough of nitrogen heterocyclic compounds in laboratory columns containing creosote-contaminated aquifer material, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 851-858.

Warren, E., and Godsy, E.M., 1994, Comparison of sulfur and nitrogen heterocyclic compound transport in creosote contaminated aquifer material, in Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes--Research, Development, and Field Evaluations: Washington, D.C., Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Research Brief EPA/600/R-94/075, p. 153-157.

Warren, E.M., Bekins, B.A., and Godsy, E.M., 1999, Inhibition of acetoclastic methanogenesis by crude oil from Bemidji, Minnesota, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 223-230.

Webster, J.G., Nordstrom, D.K., and Smith, K.S., 1994, Transport and natural attenuation of Cu, Zn, As, and Fe in the acid mine drainage of Leviathan and Bryant Creeks, in Alpers, C.N., and Blowes, D.W., eds., Environmental geochemistry of sulfide oxidation: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society ACS Symposium Series 550, p. 244-260.

White, K.D., 1989, Biodegradation of methanol and tertiary butyl alcohol in subsurface systems, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 647.

Widdowson, M.A., El-Sayed, A., and Landmeyer, J.E., 2008, Numerical model for the uptake of groundwater contaminants by phreatophytes, in Rico, D.P., Brebbia, C.A., and Esteve, Y.V., eds., Water Pollution IX--WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment (papers presented at the Ninth International Conference on Water Pollution: Modelling, Monitoring and Management), Alicante, Spain, June 9-11, 2008: v. 111, p. 371-379, ISBN:9781845641153, doi:10.2495/WP080361.

Wilson, B.H., 1989, Biotransformation of chlorinated hydrocarbons and alkylbenzenes in aquifer material from the Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 389-394.

Wilson, B.H., Ehlke, T.A., Imbrigiotta, T.E., and Wilson, J.T., 1991, Reductive dechlorination of trichloroethylene in anoxic aquifer material from Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 704-707.

Wilson, J.T., Kampbell, D.H., Weaver, J.W., Wilson, B.H., Imbrigiotta, T.E., and Ehlke, T.A., 1995, A review of intrinsic bioremediation of TCE in ground water at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey and St. Joseph, Michigan, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes--Research, Development, and Field Evaluations, Rye Brook, New York, August 8-10, 1995, Washington, D.C.: Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, p. 13-16, ISBN:EPA/540/R-95/532.

Fact Sheets

Chapelle, F.H., 1995, Bioremediation--Nature's way to a cleaner environment: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-O54-95, 2 p.

Chiou, C.T., and Kile, D.E., 2000, Contaminant sorption by soil and bed sediment--Is there a difference?: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 087-00, 4 p.

Christenson, S.C., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2003, The Norman Landfill Environmental Research Site--What happens to the waste in landfills?: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 040-03, 4 p.

Delin, G.N., Essaid, H.I., Cozzarelli, I.M., Lahvis, M.H., and Bekins, B.A., 1998, Ground water contamination by crude oil near Bemidji, Minnesota: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-084-98, 4 p.

Essaid, H.L., and Bekins, B.A., 1998, Modeling solute-transport and biodegradation with BIOMOC: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 095-98, 4 p.

Goode, D.J., 1999, Simulating contaminant attenuation, double-porosity exchange, and water age in aquifers using MOC3D: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 086-99, 4 p.

LeBlanc, D.R., 2006, Cape Cod Toxic Substances Hydrology research site--Physical, chemical, and biological processes that control the fate of contaminants in ground water: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2006-3096, 2 p.

Stollenwerk, K.G., and Colman, J.A., 2004, Natural remediation of arsenic contaminated ground water associated with landfill leachate: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2004-3057, 4 p.

Journal Articles

Ackerman, J.T., Kraus, T.E.C., Fleck, J.A., Krabbenhoft, D.P., Horwath, W.R., Bachand, S.M., Herzog, M.P., Hartman, C.A., and Bachand, P.A.M., 2015, Experimental dosing of wetlands with coagulants removes mercury from surface water and decreases mercury bioaccumulation in fish: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 49, no. 10, p. 6304-6311, doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b00655.

Adrian, N.R., Robinson, J.A., and Suflita, J.M., 1994, Spatial variability in biodegradation rates as evidenced by methane production from an aquifer: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 60, no. 10, p. 3632-3639.

Adrian, N.R., and Suflita, J.M., 1994, Anaerobic biodegradation of halogenated and nonhalogenated N-, S- and O-heterocylic compounds in aquifer slurries: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 13, p. 1551-1557, doi:10.1002/etc.5620131002.

Afkar, E., Lisak, J., Saltikov, C., Basu, P., Oremland, R.S., and Stolz, J.F., 2003, The respiratory arsenate reductace from Bacillus selenitireducens strain MLS10.: FEMS Microbiology Letters, v. 226, p. 107-112, doi:10.1016/S0378-1097(03)00609-8.

Aiken, G.R., Hsu-Kim, H., and Ryan, J.N., 2011, Influence of dissolved organic matter on the environmental fate of metals, nanoparticles, and colloids: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 45, no. 8, p. 3196-3201, doi:10.1021/es103992s.

Akob, D.M., Sutton, J.M., Fierst, J.L., Haase, K.B., Baesman, S., Luther, I.I.I.G.W., Miller, L.G., and Oremland, R.S., 2018, Acetylenotrophy--A hidden but ubiquitous microbial metabolism?: FEMS Microbiology Ecology, v. 94, no. 8, fiy103, doi:10.1093/femsec/fiy103.

Amirbahman, A., Kent, D.B., Curtis, G.P., and Davis, J.A., 2006, Kinetics of sorption and abiotic oxidation of arsenic(III) by aquifer materials: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 70, no. 3, p. 533-547, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2005.10.036.

Amirbahman, A., Kent, D.B., Curtis, G.P., and Marvin-Dipasquale, M.C., 2013, Kinetics of homogeneous and surface-catalyzed mercury(II) reduction by iron(II): Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 13, p. 7204-7213, doi:10.1021/es401459p.

Amos, R.T., Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Voytek, M.A., Kirshtein, J.D., Jones, E.J.P., and Blowes, D.W., 2012, Evidence for iron-mediated anaerobic methane oxidation in a crude oil-contaminated aquifer: Geobiology, v. 10, no. 6, p. 506-517, doi:10.1111/j.1472-4669.2012.00341.x.

Amos, R.T., Bekins, B.A., Delin, G.N., Cozzarelli, I.M., Blowes, D.W., and Kirshtein, J.D., 2011, Methane oxidation in a crude oil contaminated aquifer--Delineation of aerobic reactions at the plume fringes: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 125, no. 1-4, p. 13-25, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2011.04.003.

Amos, R.T., and Mayer, K.U., 2006, Investigating ebullition in a sand column using dissolved gas analysis and reactive transport modeling: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 40, p. 5361-5367, doi:10.1021/es0602501.

Amos, R.T., and Mayer, K.U., 2006, Investigating the role of gas bubble formation and entrapment in contaminated aquifers--Reactive transport modeling: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 87, p. 123-154, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2006.04.008.

Amos, R.T., Mayer, K.U., Bekins, B.A., Delin, G.N., and Williams, R.L., 2005, Use of dissolved and vapor-phase gases to investigate methanogenic degradation of petroleum hydrocarbon contamination in the subsurface: Water Resources Research, v. 41, no. 2, W02001, doi:10.1029/2004WR003433.

Anderson, R.T., and Lovley, D.R., 2000, Hexadecane decay by methanogenesis: Nature, v. 404, p. 722-723, doi:10.1038/35008145.

Anderson, R.T., and Lovley, D.R., 1999, Naphthalene and benzene degradation under Fe(III)-reducing conditions in petroleum-contaminated aquifers: Bioremediation Journal, v. 3, no. 2, p. 121 - 135, doi:10.1080/10889869991219271.

Anderson, R.T., Rooney-Varga, J.N., Gaw, C.V., and Lovley, D.R., 1998, Anaerobic benzene degradation in the Fe(III) reduction zone of petroleum-contaminated aquifers: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 32, no. 9, p. 1222-1229, doi:10.1021/es9704949.

Arai, Y., McBeath, M., Bargar, J.R., Joye, J., and Davis, J.A., 2006, Uranyl adsorption and surface speciation at the imogolite-water interface--Self-consistent spectroscopic and surface complexation models: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 70, no. 10, p. 2492-2509, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2006.02.013.

Arai, Y., Sparks, D.L., and Davis, J.A., 2005, Arsenate adsorption mechanisms at the allophane-water interface: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 39, p. 2537-2544, doi:10.1021/es0486770.

Arai, Y., Sparks, D.L., and Davis, J.A., 2004, Effects of dissolved carbonate on arsenate adsorption and surface speciation at the hematite-water interface: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 38, p. 817-824, doi:10.1021/es034800w.

Ariyarathna, T., Ballentine, M., Vlahos, P., Smith, R.W., Cooper, C., Böhlke, J.K., Fallis, S., Groshens, T.J., and Tobias, C., 2019, Tracing the cycling and fate of the munition, hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine in a simulated sandy coastal marine habitat with a stable isotopic tracer, 15N-[RDX]: Science of the Total Environment, v. 647, p. 369-378, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.404.

Arora, B., Mohanty, B.P., McGuire, J.T., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2013, Temporal dynamics of biogeochemical processes at the Norman Landfill Site: Water Resources Research, v. 49, no. 10, p. 6909-6926, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20484.

Atekwana, E.A., Mewafy, F.M., Abdel Aal, G., Werkema, D.D., Revil, A., and Slater, L.D., 2014, High-resolution magnetic susceptibility measurements for investigating magnetic mineral formation during microbial mediated iron reduction: Journal of Geophysical Research--Biogeosciences, v. 119, no. 1, p. 80-94, doi:10.1002/2013JG002414.

Back, W., and Baedecker, M.J., 1989, Chemical hydrogeology in natural and contaminated environments: Journal of Hydrology, v. 106, p. 1-28, doi:10.1016/0022-1694(89)90164-9.

Baedecker, M.J., Cozzarelli, I.M., Siegel, D.I., Bennett, P.C., and Eganhouse, R.P., 1993, Crude oil in a shallow sand and gravel aquifer--III, Biogeochemical reactions and mass balance modeling in anoxic ground water: Applied Geochemistry, v. 8, no. 6, p. 569-586, doi:10.1016/0883-2927(93)90014-8.

Baedecker, M.J., Eganhouse, R.P., Bekins, B.A., and Delin, G.N., 2011, Loss of volatile hydrocarbons from an LNAPL oil source: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 126, no. 3-4, p. 140-152, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2011.06.006.

Baedecker, M.J., Eganhouse, R.P., Qi, H., Cozzarelli, I.M., Trost, J.J., and Bekins, B.A., 2018, Weathering of oil in a surficial aquifer: Groundwater, v. 56, no. 5, p. 797-809, doi:10.1111/gwat.12619.

Baehr, A.L., 1987, Selective transport of hydrocarbons in the unsaturated zone due to aqueous and vapor phase partitioning: Water Resources Research, v. 23, no. 10, p. 1,926-1,938, doi:10.1029/WR023i010p01926.

Baehr, A.L., and Baker, R.J., 1995, Use of a reactive gas transport model to determine rates of hydrocarbon biodegradation in unsaturated porous media: Water Resources Research, v. 31, no. 11, p. 2877-2882, 95WR02077, doi:10.1029/95WR02077.

Baehr, A.L., Charles, E.G., and Baker, R.J., 2001, Methyl tert-butyl ether degradation in the unsaturated zone and the relation between MTBE in the atmosphere and shallow groundwater: Water Resources Research, v. 37, no. 2, p. 223-233, 2000WR900292, doi:10.1029/2000WR900292.

Baesman, S., Stolz, J., Kulp, T., and Oremland, R., 2009, Enrichment and isolation of Bacillus beveridgei sp. nov., a facultative anaerobic haloalkaliphile from Mono Lake, California, that respires oxyanions of tellurium, selenium, and arsenic: Extremophiles, v. 13, no. 4, p. 695-705, doi:10.1007/s00792-009-0257-z.

Baesman, S.M., Bullen, T.D., Dewald, J., Zhang, D., Curran, S., Islam, F.S., Beveridge, T.J., and Oremland, R.S., 2007, Formation of tellurium nanocrystals during anaerobic growth of bacteria that use Te oxyanions as respiratory electron acceptors: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 73, no. 7, p. 2135-2143, doi:10.1128/AEM.02558-06.

Baesman, S.M., and Miller, L.G., 2005, Laboratory determination of the carbon kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) for reactions of methyl halides with various nucleophiles in solution: Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, v. 52, p. 203-219, doi:10.1007/s10874-005-1904-0.

Báez-Cazull, S., McGuire, J.T., Cozzarelli, I.M., Raymond, A., and Welsh, L., 2007, Centimeter-scale characterization of biogeochemical gradients at a wetland-aquifer interface using capillary electrophoresis: Applied Geochemistry, v. 22, no. 12, p. 2664-2683, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2007.06.003 (Special Issue--Biogeochemical Gradients--Microbes, Measurements, and Modeling, Biogeochemical Gradients: Microbes, Measurements, and Modeling).

Báez-Cazull, S.E., McGuire, J.T., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Voytek, M.A., 2008, Determination of dominant biogeochemical processes in a contaminated aquifer-wetland system using multivariate statistical analysis: Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 37, no. 1, p. 30-46, doi:10.2134/jeq2007.0169.

Bahr, J.M., and Rubin, J., 1987, Direct comparison of kinetic and local equilibrium formulations for solute transport affected by surface reactions: Water Resources Research, v. 23, no. 3, p. 438-452, 6W4566, doi:10.1029/WR023i003p00438.

Baker, R.J., Baehr, A.L., and Lahvis, M.A., 2000, Estimation of hydrocarbon biodegradation rates in gasoline-contaminated sediment from measured respiration rates: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 41, no. 1-2, p. 175-192, doi:10.1016/S0169-7722(99)00063-7.

Barber, L.B., II, 1994, Sorption of chlorobenzenes to Cape Cod aquifer sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 28, no. 5, p. 890-897, doi:10.1021/es00054a021.

Barber, L.B., II, Thurman, E.M., and Runnells, D.D., 1992, Geochemical heterogeneity in a sand and gravel aquifer--Effect of sediment mineralogy and particle size on the sorption of chlorobenzenes: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 9, no. 1, p. 35-54, doi:10.1016/0169-7722(92)90049-K.

Barber, L.B., II, Thurman, E.M., Schroeder, M.P., and LeBlanc, D.R., 1988, Long-term fate of organic micropollutants in sewage-contaminated groundwater: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 22, no. 2, p. 205-211, doi:10.1021/es00167a012.

Barber, L.B., Keefe, S.H., Brown, G.K., Furlong, E.T., Gray, J.L., Kolpin, D.W., Meyer, M.T., Sandstrom, M.W., and Zaugg, S.D., 2013, Persistence and potential effects of complex organic contaminant mixtures in wastewater-impacted streams: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 5, p. 2177-2188, doi:10.1021/es303720g.

Barber, L.B., Keefe, S.H., LeBlanc, D.R., Bradley, P.M., Chapelle, F.H., Meyer, M.T., Loftin, K.A., Kolpin, D.W., and Rubio, F., 2009, Fate of sulfamethoxazole, 4-nonyphenol, and 17β-estradiol in groundwater contaminated by wastewater treatment plant effluent: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 13, p. 4843-4850, doi:10.1021/es803292v.

Barber, L.B., Leenheer, J.A., Noyes, T.I., and Stiles, E.A., 2001, Nature and transformation of dissolved organic matter in treatment wetlands: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 35, no. 24, p. 4805-4816, doi:10.1021/es010518i.

Bargar, J.R., Fuller, C.C., Marcus, M.A., Brearley, A.J., Perez De la Rosa, M., Webb, S.M., and Caldwell, W.A., 2009, Structural characterization of terrestrial bacteriogenic Mn oxides from Pinal Creek, AZ: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 73, no. 4, p. 889-910, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2008.10.036.

Bargar, J.R., Kubicki, J.D., Reitmeyer, R., and Davis, D.A., 2005, ATR-FTIR characterization of inner-sphere and outer-sphere carbonate surface complexes on hematite: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 69, p. 1527-1542, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2004.08.002.

Beaver, C.L., Williams, A.E., Atekwana, E.A., Mewafy, F.M., Aal, G.A., Slater, L.D., and Rossbach, S., 2015, Microbial communities associated with zones of elevated magnetic susceptibility in hydrocarbon-contaminated sediments: Geomicrobiology Journal, p. 00-00, doi:10.1080/01490451.2015.1049676.

Bekins, B.A., 2000, Groundwater and microbial processes theme issue - Guest editor's preface: Hydrogeology Journal, v. 8, no. 1, p. 2-3, doi:10.1007/s100400050002.

Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Curtis, G.P., 2005, A simple method for calculating growth rates of petroleum hydrocarbon plumes: Ground Water, v. 0, no. 0, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2005.00093.x.

Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Erickson, M.L., Steenson, R.A., and Thorn, K.A., 2016, Crude oil metabolites in groundwater at two spill sites: Groundwater, v. 54, no. 5, p. 681-691, doi:10.1111/gwat.12419 (pdf).

Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Godsy, E.M., Warren, E., Essaid, H.I., and Tuccillo, M.E., 2001, Progression of natural attenuation processes at a crude oil spill site--II, Controls on spatial distribution of microbial populations: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 53, no. 3-4, p. 387-406, doi:10.1016/S0169-7722(01)00175-9.

Bekins, B.A., E.M., G., and Goerlitz, D.F., 1993, Modeling steady-state methanogenic degradation of phenols in groundwater: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 14, no. 3-4, p. 279-294, doi:10.1016/0169-7722(93)90029-R.

Bekins, B.A., Godsy, E.M., and Warren, E., 1999, Distribution of microbial physiologic types in an aquifer contaminated by crude oil: Microbial Ecology, v. 37, no. 4, p. 263-275, doi:10.1007/s002489900149.

Bekins, B.A., Hostettler, F.D., Herkelrath, W.N., Delin, G.N., Warren, E., and Essaid, H.I., 2005, Progression of methanogenic degradation of crude oil in the subsurface: Environmental Geosciences, v. 12, no. 2, p. 139-152, doi:10.1306/eg.11160404036.

Bekins, B.A., Warren, E., and Godsy, E.M., 1998, A comparison of zero-order, first-order, and Monod biotransformation models: Ground Water, v. 36, no. 2, p. 261-268, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1998.tb01091.x.

Bennett, P.C., Hiebert, F.K., and Rogers, J.R., 2000, Microbial control of mineral-water equilibria--Macroscale to microscale: Hydrogeology Journal, v. 8, no. 1, p. 47-62, doi:10.1007/s100400050007.

Bennett, P.C., Siegel, D.I., Baedecker, M.J., and Hult, M.F., 1993, Crude oil in a shallow sand and gravel aquifer--I, Hydrogeology and inorganic geochemistry: Applied Geochemistry, v. 8, no. 6, p. 529-549, doi:10.1016/0883-2927(93)90012-6.

Blum, J., Kulp, T., Han, S., Lanoil, B., Saltikov, C., Stolz, J., Miller, L., and Oremland, R., 2012, Desulfohalophilus alkaliarsenatis gen. nov., sp. nov., an extremely halophilic sulfate- and arsenate-respiring bacterium from Searles Lake, California: Extremophiles, v. 16, no. 5, p. 727-742, doi:10.1007/s00792-012-0468-6.

Blum, J.S., Han, S., Lanoil, B., Saltikov, C., Witte, B., Tabita, F.R., Langley, S., Beveridge, T.J., Jahnke, L., and Oremland, R.S., 2009, Ecophysiology of "Halarsenatibacter silvermanii" strain SLAS-1T, gen. nov., sp. nov., a facultative chemoautotrophic arsenate respirer from Salt-Saturated Searles Lake, California: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 75, no. 7, p. 1,950-1,960, doi:10.1128/AEM.02614-08.

Blum, J.S., Han, S., Lanoil, B., Saltikov, C., Witte, B., Tabita, F.R., Langley, S., Beveridge, T.J., Jahnke, L., and Oremland, R.S., 2009, Author's Correction of "Ecophysiology of "Halarsenatibacter silvermanii" strain SLAS-1T, gen. nov., sp. nov., a facultative chemoautotrophic arsenate respirer from salt-saturated Searles Lake, California (Applied and Environmental Microbiology 75, 7, (1950-1960))": Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 75, no. 16, p. 5437, doi:10.1128/AEM.01433-09.

Böhlke, J.K., Hatzinger, P.B., Sturchio, N.C., Gu, B., Abbene, I., and Mroczkowski, S.J., 2009, Atacama perchlorate as an agricultural contaminant in groundwater: Isotopic and chronologic evidence from Long Island, New York: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 15, p. 5619-5625, doi:10.1021/es9006433.

Böhlke, J.K., Smith, R.L., and Miller, D.N., 2006, Ammonium transport and reaction in contaminated groundwater--Application of isotope tracers and isotope fractionation studies: Water Resources Research, v. 42, W05411, doi:10.1029/2005WR004349.

Boxall, A.B.A., Sinclair, C.J., Fenner, K., Kolpin, D., and Maund, S.J., 2004, When synthetic chemicals degrade in the environment--What are the absolute fate, effects, and potential risks to humans and the ecosystem?: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 38, no. 19, p. 368A-375A, doi:10.1021/es040624v.

Boyd, S.A., Mortland, M.M., and Chiou, C.T., 1988, Sorption characteristics of organic compounds on hexadecyltrimethylammonium-smectite: Soil Science Society of America Journal, v. 52, no. 3, p. 652-657, doi:10.2136/sssaj1988.03615995005200030010x.

Bradley, P.M., 2012, Perils of categorical thinking--“Oxic/anoxic” conceptual model in environmental remediation: Remediation Journal, v. 22, no. 3, p. 9-18, doi:10.1002/rem.21317.

Bradley, P.M., 2011, Reinterpreting the importance of oxygen-based biodegradation in chloroethene-contaminated groundwater: Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, v. 31, no. 4, p. 50-55, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6592.2011.01344.x.

Bradley, P.M., 2003, History and ecology of chloroethene biodegradation--A review: Bioremediation Journal, v. 7, no. 2, p. 81-109, doi:10.1080/10889860390246141.

Bradley, P.M., 2000, Microbial degradation of chloroethenes in groundwater systems: Hydrogeology Journal, v. 8, no. 1, p. 104-111, doi:10.1007/s100400050011.

Bradley, P.M., Barber, L.B., Chapelle, F.H., Gray, J.L., Kolpin, D.W., and McMahon, P.B., 2009, Biodegradation of 17β-estradiol, estrone and testosterone in stream sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 6, p. 1902-1910, doi:10.1021/es802797j.

Bradley, P.M., Barber, L.B., Kolpin, D.W., McMahon, P.B., and Chapelle, F.H., 2008, Potential for 4-n-nonylphenol biodegradation in stream sediments: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 27, no. 2, p. 260-265, doi:10.1897/07-333R.1.

Bradley, P.M., Barber, L.B., Kolpin, D.W., McMahon, P.B., and Chapelle, F.H., 2007, Biotransformation of caffeine, cotinine, and nicotine in stream sediments--Implications for use as wastewater indicators: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 26, no. 6, p. 1116-1121, doi:10.1897/06-483R.1.

Bradley, P.M., Battaglin, W.A., Clark, J.M., Henning, F., Hladik, M.L., Iwanowicz, L.R., Journey, C.A., Riley, J.W., and Romanok, K.M., 2017, Widespread occurrence and potential for biodegradation of bioactive contaminants in Congaree National Park, USA: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 36, no. 11, p. 3045-3056, doi:10.1002/etc.3873.

Bradley, P.M., Battaglin, W.A., Iwanowicz, L.R., Clark, J.M., and Journey, C.A., 2016, Aerobic biodegradation potential of endocrine-disrupting chemicals in surface-water sediment at Rocky Mountain National Park, USA: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 35, no. 5, p. 1087-1096, doi:10.1002/etc.3266.

Bradley, P.M., Carr, S.A., Baird, R.B., and Chapelle, F.H., 2005, Biodegradation of N-nitrosodimethylamine in soil from a water reclamation facility: Bioremediation Journal, v. 9, no. 2, p. 115-120, doi:10.1080/10889860500276607.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 2011, Microbial mineralization of dichloroethene and vinyl chloride under hypoxic conditions: Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation, v. 31, no. 4, p. 39-49, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6592.2011.01339.x.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 2007, Accumulation of dechlorination daughter products--A valid metric of chloroethene biodegradation: Remediation Journal, v. 17, no. 4, p. 7-22, doi:10.1002/rem.20140.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 2002, Microbial mineralization of ethene under sulfate-reducing conditions: Bioremediation Journal, v. 6, no. 1, p. 1-8, doi:10.1080/10889860290777431.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 2000, Aerobic microbial mineralization of dichloroethene as sole carbon substrate: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 34, no. 1, p. 221-223, doi:10.1021/es990785c.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 2000, Acetogenic microbial degradation of vinyl chloride: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 34, no. 13, p. 2761-2763, doi:10.1021/es991371m.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 1999, Role for acetoptrophic methanogens in methanogenic biodegradation of vinyl chloride: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 33, no. 19, p. 3473-3476, doi:10.1021/es990395q.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 1999, Response to comment on "Methane as a product of chloroethene biodegradation under methanogenic conditions": Environmental Science and Technology, v. 33, no. 13, p. 2304, doi:10.1021/es9920112.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 1999, Methane as a product of chloroethene biodegradation under methanogenic conditions: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 33, no. 4, p. 653-656, doi:10.1021/es981027+.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 1998, Effect of contaminant concentration on aerobic microbial mineralization of DCE and VC in stream-bed sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 32, no. 5, p. 553-557, doi:10.1021/es970498d.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 1998, Microbial mineralization of VC and DCE under different terminal electron accepting conditions: Anaerobe, v. 4, no. 2, p. 81-87, doi:10.1006/anae.1998.0150.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 1997, Kinetics of DCE and VC mineralization under methanogenic and Fe(III)-reducing conditions: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 31, no. 9, p. 2692-2696, doi:10.1021/es970110e.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 1996, Anaerobic mineralization of vinyl chloride in Fe(III)-reducing, aquifer sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 30, no. 6, p. 2084-2086, doi:10.1021/es950926k.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 1995, Rapid toluene mineralization by aquifer microorganisms at Adak, Alaska--Implications for intrinsic bioremediation in cold environments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 29, no. 11, p. 2778-2781, doi:10.1021/es00011a012.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 1993, Arsenate inhibition of denitrification in nitrate contaminated sediments: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, v. 25, no. 10, p. 1459-1462, doi:10.1016/0038-0717(93)90062-G.

Bradley, P.M., Chapelle, F.H., and Landmeyer, J.E., 2006, Effect of H2 and redox condition on biotic and abiotic MTBE transformation: Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, v. 26, no. 4, p. 74-81, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6592.2006.00119.x.

Bradley, P.M., Chapelle, F.H., and Landmeyer, J.E., 2001, Methyl t-butyl ether mineralization in surface-water sediment microcosms under denitrifying conditions: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 67, no. 4, p. 1975-1978, doi:10.1128/AEM.67.4.1975-1978.2001.

Bradley, P.M., Chapelle, F.H., Landmeyer, J.E., and Schumacher, J.G., 1997, Potential for intrinsic bioremediation of a DNT-contaminated aquifer: Ground Water, v. 35, no. 1, p. 12-17, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1997.tb00054.x.

Bradley, P.M., Chapelle, F.H., Landmeyer, J.E., and Schumacher, J.G., 1994, Microbial transformation of nitroaromatics in surface soils and aquifer materials: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 60, no. 6, p. 2170-2175.

Bradley, P.M., Chapelle, F.H., and Löffler, F.E., 2008, Anoxic mineralization--Environmental reality or experimental artifact?: Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, v. 28, no. 1, p. 47-49, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6592.2007.00186.x.

Bradley, P.M., Chapelle, F.H., and Lovley, D.R., 1998, Humic acids as electron acceptors for anaerobic microbial oxidation of vinyl chloride and dichloroethene: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 64, no. 8, p. 3102-3105.

Bradley, P.M., and Dinicola, R.S., 2005, RDX (hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine) biodegradation in aquifer sediments under manganese-reducing conditions: Bioremediation Journal, v. 9, no. 1, p. 1-8, doi:10.1080/10889860590929574.

Bradley, P.M., Journey, C.A., Kirshtein, J.D., Voytek, M.A., Lacombe, P.J., Imbrigiotta, T.E., Chapelle, F.H., Tiedeman, C.J., and Goode, D.J., 2012, Enhanced dichloroethene biodegradation in fractured rock under biostimulated and bioaugmented conditions: Remediation, v. 22, no. 2, p. 21-32, doi:10.1002/rem.21308.

Bradley, P.M., Lacombe, P.J., Imbrigiotta, T.E., Chapelle, F.H., and Goode, D.J., 2009, Flowpath independent monitoring of reductive dechlorination potential in a fractured rock aquifer: Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, v. 29, no. 4, p. 46-55, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6592.2009.01255.x.

Bradley, P.M., and Landmeyer, J.E., 2006, Low-temperature MTBE biodegradation in aquifer sediments with a history of low, seasonal ground water temperatures: Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, v. 26, no. 1, p. 101-105, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6592.2006.00075.x.

Bradley, P.M., Landmeyer, J.E., and Chapelle, F.H., 2002, TBA biodegradation in surface-water sediments under aerobic and anaerobic conditions: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 36, no. 19, p. 4087-4090, doi:10.1021/es011480c.

Bradley, P.M., Landmeyer, J.E., and Chapelle, F.H., 2001, Widespread potential for microbial MTBE degradation in surface-water sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 35, no. 4, p. 658-662, doi:10.1021/es0015489.

Bradley, P.M., Landmeyer, J.E., and Chapelle, F.H., 1999, Aerobic mineralization of MTBE and tert-butyl alcohol by stream-bed sediment microorganisms: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 33, no. 11, p. 1877-1879, doi:10.1021/es990062t.

Bradley, P.M., Landmeyer, J.E., and Dinicola, R.S., 1998, Anaerobic oxidation of [1,2-14C]Dichloroethene under Mn(IV)-reducing conditions: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 64, no. 4, p. 1560-1562.

Bradley, P.M., Richmond, S., and Chapelle, F.H., 2005, Chloroethene biodegradation in sediments at 4°C: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 71, no. 10, p. 6414-6417, doi:10.1128/AEM.71.10.6414-6417.2005.

Bradley, P.M., Singletary, M.A., and Chapelle, F.H., 2007, Chloroethene dechlorination in acidic groundwater--Implications for combining Fenton's treatment with natural attenuation: Remediation Journal, v. 18, no. 1, p. 7-19, doi:10.1002/rem.20149.

Bradley, P.M., and Writer, J.H., 2014, Effect of light on biodegradation of estrone, 17β-estradiol, and 17α-ethinylestradiol in stream sediment: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 50, no. 2, p. 334-342, doi:10.1111/jawr.12157.

Briggs, M.A., Day-Lewis, F.D., Zarnetske, J.P., and Harvey, J.W., 2015, A physical explanation for the development of redox microzones in hyporheic flow: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 42, no. 11, p. 4402-4410, doi:10.1002/2015GL064200.

Buckman, K.L., Marvin-DiPasquale, M., Taylor, V.F., Chalmers, A., Broadley, H.J., Agee, J., Jackson, B.P., and Chen, C.Y., 2015, Influence of a chlor-alkali Superfund site on mercury bioaccumulation in periphyton and low-trophic level fauna: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 34, no. 7, p. 1649-1658, doi:10.1002/etc.2964.

Byl, T.D., Metge, D.W., Agyman, D.T., Bradley, M., Hileman, G., and Harvey, R.W., 2013, Adaptations of indigenous bacteria to fuel contamination in karst aquifers in south-central Kentucky: Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, v. 76, no. 2, p. 104-113, doi:10.4311/2012MB0270.

Cain, D.J., Buchwalter, D.B., and Luoma, S.N., 2006, Influence of metal exposure history on the bioaccumulation and subcellular distribution of aqueous cadmium in the insect Hydropsyche californica: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 25, no. 4, p. 1042-1049, doi:10.1897/05-255R.1.

Cain, D.J., Croteau, M.-N., and Fuller, C.C., 2013, Dietary bioavailability of Cu adsorbed to colloidal hydrous ferric oxide: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 6, p. 2869-2876, doi:10.1021/es3044856.

Campbell, K.M., Davis, J.A., Bargar, J., Giammar, D., Bernier-Latmani, R., Kukkadapu, R., Williams, K.H., Veramani, H., Ulrich, K.U., Stubbs, J., Yabusaki, S., Figueroa, L., Lesher, E., Wilkins, M.J., Peacock, A., and Long, P.E., 2011, Composition, stability, and measurement of reduced uranium phases for groundwater bioremediation at Old Rifle, CO: Applied Geochemistry, v. 26, Supplement, p. S167-S169, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.03.094.

Campbell, K.M., Gallegos, T.J., and Landa, E.R., 2014, Biogeochemical aspects of uranium mineralization, mining, milling, and remediation: Applied Geochemistry, v. 57, p. 206-235, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2014.07.022.

Chapelle, F.H., 2000, The significance of microbial processes in hydrogeology and geochemistry: Hydrogeology Journal, v. 8, no. 1, p. 41-46, doi:10.1007/PL00010973.

Chapelle, F.H., 1999, Bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated ground water--The perspectives of history and hydrogeology: Ground Water, v. 37, no. 1, p. 122-132, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1999.tb00965.x.

Chapelle, F.H., and Bradley, P.M., 2007, Hydrologic significance of carbon monoxide concentrations in ground water: Ground Water, v. 45, no. 3, p. 272-280, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2007.00284.x.

Chapelle, F.H., and Bradley, P.M., 1998, Selecting remediation goals by assessing the natural attenuation capacity of ground-water systems: Bioremediation Journal, v. 2, no. 3-4, p. 227-238.

Chapelle, F.H., Bradley, P.M., and Casey, C.C., 2005, Behavior of a chlorinated ethene plume following source-area treatment with Fenton's Reagent: Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, v. 25, no. 2, p. 1-12, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6592.2005.0020.x.

Chapelle, F.H., Bradley, P.M., Goode, D.J., Tiedeman, C., Lacombe, P.J., Kaiser, K., and Benner, R., 2009, Biochemical indicators for the bioavailability of organic carbon in ground water: Ground Water, v. 47, no. 1, p. 108-121, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2008.00493.x.

Chapelle, F.H., Bradley, P.M., Journey, C.A., and McMahon, P.B., 2013, Assessing the relative bioavailability of DOC in regional groundwater systems: Ground Water, v. 51, no. 3, p. 363-372, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2012.00987.x.

Chapelle, F.H., Bradley, P.M., Lovley, D.R., O'Neill, K., and Landmeyer, J.E., 2002, Rapid evolution of redox processes in a petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated aquifer: Ground Water, v. 40, no. 4, p. 353-360, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2002.tb02513.x.

Chapelle, F.H., Bradley, P.M., McMahon, P.B., Kaiser, K., and Benner, R., 2012, Dissolved oxygen as an indicator of bioavailable dissolved organic carbon in groundwater: Ground Water, v. 50, no. 2, p. 230-241, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2011.00835.x.

Chapelle, F.H., Bradley, P.M., Thomas, M.A., and McMahon, P.B., 2009, Distinguishing iron-reducing from sulfate-reducing conditions: Ground Water, v. 47, no. 2, p. 300-305, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2008.00536.x.

Chapelle, F.H., Ellis, D.E., Nyer, E.K., Lovelace, K.A., and Rittmann, B.E., 2003, Monitored natural attenuation forum--A panel discussion: Remediation Journal, v. 13, no. 3, p. 113-121, doi:10.1002/rem.10079.

Chapelle, F.H., Haack, S.K., Adriaens, P., Henry, M.A., and Bradley, P.M., 1996, Comparison of Eh and H2 measurements for delineating redox zones in a contaminated aquifer: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 30, no. 12, p. 3565-3569, doi:10.1021/es960249+.

Chapelle, F.H., Kauffman, L.J., and Widdowson, M.A., 2014, Modeling the effects of naturally occurring organic carbon on chlorinated ethene transport to a public supply well: Groundwater, v. 52, no. S1, p. 76-89, doi:10.1111/gwat.12152.

Chapelle, F.H., Lacombe, P.J., and Bradley, P.M., 2012, Estimated trichloroethene transformation rates due to naturally occurring biodegradation in a fractured rock aquifer: Remediation, v. 22, no. 2, p. 7-20, doi:10.1002/rem.21307.

Chapelle, F.H., and Lovley, D.R., 1990, Rates of microbial metabolism in deep coastal plain aquifers: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 56, no. 6, p. 1865-1874.

Chapelle, F.H., and McMahon, P.B., 1991, Geochemistry of dissolved inorganic carbon in a coastal plain aquifer--1, Sulfate from confining beds as an oxidant in microbial CO2 production: Journal of Hydrology, v. 127, no. 1-4, p. 85-108, doi:10.1016/0022-1694(91)90110-4.

Chapelle, F.H., McMahon, P.B., Dubrovsky, N.M., Fujii, R.F., Oaksford, E.T., and Vroblesky, D.A., 1995, Deducing the distribution of terminal electron-accepting processes in hydrologically diverse groundwater systems: Water Resources Research, v. 31, no. 2, p. 359-371, 94WR02525, doi:10.1029/94WR02525.

Chapelle, F.H., O'Neill, K., Bradley, P.M., Methe, B.A., Ciufo, S.A., Knobel, L.L., and Lovley, D.R., 2002, A hydrogen-based subsurface microbial community dominated by methanogens: Nature, v. 415, no. 6869, p. 312-315, doi:10.1038/415312a.

Chapelle, F.H., Shen, Y., Strom, E.W., and Benner, R., 2016, The removal kinetics of dissolved organic matter and the optical clarity of groundwater: Hydrogeology Journal, v. 24, no. 6, p. 1413-1422, doi:10.1007/s10040-016-1406-y (Associated USGS Data Release).

Chapelle, F.H., Thomas, L.K., Bradley, P.M., Rectanus, H.V., and Widdowson, M.A., 2012, Threshold amounts of organic carbon needed to initiate reductive dechlorination in groundwater systems: Remediation Journal, v. 22, no. 3, p. 19-28, doi:10.1002/rem.21318.

Chapelle, F.H., Vroblesky, D.A., Woodward, J.C., and Lovley, D.R., 1997, Practical considerations for measuring hydrogen concentrations in groundwater: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 31, no. 10, p. 2873-2877, doi:10.1021/es970085c.

Chaplin, B.P., Delin, G.N., Lahvis, M.A., and Baker, R., 2002, Long term evolution of biodegradation and volatilization rates in a crude-oil-contaminated aquifer: Bioremediation Journal, v. 6, no. 3, p. 237-255, doi:10.1080/10889860290777594.

Chasar, L.C., Scudder, B.C., Stewart, A.R., Bell, A.H., and Aiken, G.R., 2009, Mercury cycling in stream ecosystems--3. Trophic dynamics and methylmercury bioaccumulation: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 8, p. 2,733-2,739, doi:10.1021/es8027567.

Chattopadhyay, S., and Puls, R.W., 1999, Adsorption of bacteriophages on clay minerals: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 33, no. 20, p. 3609-3614, doi:10.1021/es9811492.

Chen, L., Nanny, M.A., Knappe, D.R.U., Wagner, T.B., and Ratasuk, N., 2004, Chemical characterization and sorption capacity measurements of degraded newsprint from a landfill: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 38, no. 13, p. 3542-3550, doi:10.1021/es0305914.

Chin, Y., Aiken, G., and Danielson, K., 1997, Binding of pyrene to aquatic and commercial humic substances--The role of molecular weight and aromaticity: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 31, no. 6, p. 1630-1635, doi:10.1021/es960404k.

Chiou, C.T., 1985, Partition coefficients of organic compounds in lipid water systems and correlations with fish bioconcentration factors: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 19, no. 1, p. 57-62, doi:10.1021/es00131a005.

Chiou, C.T., and Kile, D.E., 1998, Deviations from sorption linearity on soils of polar and nonpolar organic compounds at low relative concentrations: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 32, no. 3, p. 338-343, doi:10.1021/es970608g.

Chiou, C.T., and Kile, D.E., 1994, Effects of polar and nonpolar groups on the solubility of organic compounds in soil organic matter: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 28, no. 6, p. 1139-1144, doi:10.1021/es00055a026.

Chiou, C.T., Kile, D.E., Brinton, T.I., Malcolm, R.L., Leenheer, L.A., and MacCarthy, P., 1987, A comparison of water solubility enhancements of organic solutes by aquatic humic materials and commercial humic acids: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 21, no. 12, p. 1231-1234, doi:10.1021/es00165a012.

Chiou, C.T., Kile, D.E., and Malcolm, R.L., 1988, Sorption of vapors of some organic liquids by soil humic acid and its relation of partitioning of organic compounds in soil organic matter: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 22, no. 3, p. 298-303, doi:10.1021/es00168a010.

Chiou, C.T., Kile, D.E., and Rutherford, D.W., 1991, The neutral oil in commercial linear alkylbenzene-sulfonate and its impact on organic solute solubility in water: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 25, no. 4, p. 660-665, doi:10.1021/es00016a008.

Chiou, C.T., Kile, D.E., Rutherford, D.W., Sheng, G., and Boyd, S.A., 2000, Sorption of selected organic compounds from water to a peat soil and its humic-acid and humin fractions: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 34, no. 7, p. 1254-1258, doi:10.1021/es990261c.

Chiou, C.T., Lee, J.F., and Boyd, S.A., 1992, Reply to comment on "The surface area of soil organic matter": Environmental Science and Technology, v. 26, no. 2, p. 404-406, doi:10.1021/es00026a028.

Chiou, C.T., and Manes, M., 1990, Comment on "Temperature dependence of the aqueous solubilities of highly chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins": Environmental Science and Technology, v. 24, no. 11, p. 1755-1756, doi:10.1021/es00081a022.

Chiou, C.T., Porter, P.E., and Schmedding, D.W., 1983, Partition equilibria of nonionic organic compounds between soil organic matter and water: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 17, no. 4, p. 227-231, doi:10.1021/es00110a009.

Chiou, C.T., Porter, P.E., and Shoup, T.D., 1984, Reply to, MacIntyer, W.G., and Smith, C.L., Comment on "Partition equilibria of nonionic organic compounds between soil organic matter and water": Environmental Science and Technology, v. 18, no. 4, p. 295-297, doi:10.1021/es00122a018.

Chiou, C.T., Rutherford, D., and Manes, M., 1993, Sorption of nitrogen and ethylene glycol monoethyl ether (EGME) vapors on some soils, clays, and mineral oxides and determination of sample surface areas by use of sorption data: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 27, no. 8, p. 1587-1594, doi:10.1021/es00045a014.

Chiou, C.T., and Rutherford, D.W., 1997, Effects of exchanged cation and layer charge on the sorption of water and EGME vapors on montmorillonite clays: Clays and Clay Minerals, v. 45, p. 867-880, doi:10.1346/CCMN.1997.0450611.

Chiou, C.T., Schmedding, D.W., and Manes, M., 2005, Improved prediction of octanol--water partition coefficients from liquid-solute water solubilities and molar volumes: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 39, no. 22, p. 8840-8846, doi:10.1021/es050729d.

Chiou, C.T., and Shoup, T.D., 1985, Soil sorption of organic vapors and effects of humidity on sorptive mechanism and capacity: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 19, no. 12, p. 1196-1200, doi:10.1021/es00142a010.

Chiou, C.T., Shoup, T.D., and Porter, P.E., 1985, Mechanistic roles of soil humus and minerals in the sorption of nonionic organic compounds from aqueous and organic solutions: Organic Geochemistry, v. 8, p. 9-14, doi:10.1016/0146-6380(85)90045-2.

Cho, H.J., Jaffé, P.R., and Smith, J.A., 1993, Simulating the volatilization of solvents in unsaturated soils during laboratory and field infiltration experiments: Water Resources Research, v. 29, no. 10, p. 3329-3342, 93WR01414, doi:10.1029/93WR01414.

Church, C.D., Isabelle, L.M., Pankow, J.F., Rose, D.L., and Tratnyek, P.G., 1997, Method for determination of methyl tert-butyl ether and its degradation products in water: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 31, no. 12, p. 3723-3726, doi:10.1021/es9705452.

Church, C.K., Pankow, J.F., and Tratnyek, P.G., 1999, Hydrolosis of tert-butyl formate--Kinetics, products, and implications for the environmental impact of methyl tert-butyl ether: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 18, no. 12, p. 2789-2796, doi:10.1897/1551-5028(1999)018<2789:HOTBFK>2.3.CO;2.

Cornelissen, G., Rutherford, D.W., Arp, H.P.H., Dörsch, P., Kelly, C.N., and Rostad, C.E., 2013, Sorption of pure N2O to biochars and other organic and inorganic materials under anhydrous conditions: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 14, p. 7704-7712, doi:10.1021/es400676q.

Coston, J.A., Fuller, C.C., and Davis, J.A., 1995, Pb2+ and Zn2+ adsorption by a natural aluminum- and iron-bearing surface coating on an aquifer sand: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 59, no. 17, p. 3535-3547, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(95)00231-N.

Councell, T.B., Landa, E.R., and Lovley, D.R., 1997, Microbial reduction of iodate: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 100, p. 99-106, doi:10.1023/A:1018370423790.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Akob, D.M., Baedecker, M.J., Spencer, T., Jaeschke, J., Dunlap, D.S., Mumford, A.C., Poret-Peterson, A.T., and Chambers, D.B., 2017, Degradation of crude 4-MCHM (4-methylcyclohexanemethanol) in sediments from Elk River, West Virginia: Environmental Science and Technology, doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b03142.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., Eganhouse, R.P., and Goerlitz, D.F., 1994, The geochemical evolution of low-molecular-weight organic acids derived from the degradation of petroleum contaminants in groundwater: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 58, no. 2, p. 863-877, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(94)90511-8.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Bekins, B.A., Baedecker, M.J., Aiken, G.R., Eganhouse, R.P., and Tuccillo, M.E., 2001, Progression of natural attenuation processes at a crude-oil spill site--I, Geochemical evolution of the plume: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 53, no. 3-4, p. 369-385, doi:10.1016/S0169-7722(01)00174-7.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Bekins, B.A., Eganhouse, R.P., Warren, E., and Essaid, H.I., 2010, In situ measurements of volatile aromatic hydrocarbon biodegradation rates in groundwater: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 111, no. 1-4, p. 48-64 doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2009.12.001.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Böhlke, J.K., Masoner, J., Breit, G.N., Lorah, M.M., Tuttle, M.L.W., and Jaeschke, J.B., 2011, Biogeochemical evolution of a landfill leachate plume, Norman, Oklahoma: Ground Water, v. 49, no. 5, p. 663-687, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2010.00792.x.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Eganhouse, R.P., and Baedecker, M.J., 1990, Transformation of monoaromatic hydrocarbons to organic acids in anoxic ground-water environment: Environmental Geology and Water Science, v. 16, no. 2, p. 135-141, doi:10.1007/BF01890379.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Herman, J.S., and Baedecker, M.J., 1995, Fate of microbial metabolites of hydrocarbons in a coastal plain aquifer--The role of electron acceptors: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 29, no. 2, p. 458-469, doi:10.1021/es00002a023.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Herman, J.S., Baedecker, M.J., and Fischer, J.M., 1999, Geochemical heterogeneity of a gasoline-contaminated aquifer: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 40, no. 3, p. 261-284, doi:10.1016/S0169-7722(99)00050-9.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Schreiber, M.E., Erickson, M.L., and Ziegler, B.A., 2016, Arsenic cycling in hydrocarbon plumes--Secondary effects of natural attenuation: Groundwater, v. 54, no. 1, p. 35-45, doi:10.1111/gwat.12316.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Suflita, J.M., Ulrich, G.A., Harris, S.H., Scholl, M.A., Schlottmann, J.L., and Christenson, S., 2000, Geochemical and microbiological methods for evaluating anaerobic processes in an aquifer contaminated by landfill leachate: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 34, no. 18, p. 4025-4033, doi:10.1021/es991342b.

Croteau, M.-N., Cain, D.J., and Fuller, C.C., 2017, Assessing the dietary bioavailability of metals associated with natural particles--Extending the use of the reverse labeling approach to zinc: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 51, no. 5, p. 2803-2810, doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b06253.

Croteau, M.-N., Fuller, C.C., Cain, D.J., Campbell, K.M., and Aiken, G., 2016, Biogeochemical controls of uranium bioavailability from the dissolved phase in natural freshwaters: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 50, no. 15, p. 8120-8127, doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b02406.

Croteau, M.-N., Misra, S.K., Luoma, S.N., and Valsami-Jones, E., 2014, Bioaccumulation and toxicity of CuO nanoparticles by a freshwater invertebrate after waterborne and dietborne exposures: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 48, no. 18, p. 10929-10937, doi:10.1021/es5018703.

Croué, J.-P., Benedetti, M.F., Violleau, D., and Leenheer, J.A., 2003, Characterization and copper binding of humic and nonhumic organic matter isolated from the South Platte River--Evidence for the presence of nitrogenous binding site: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 37, no. 2, p. 328-336, doi:10.1021/es020676p.

Curtis, G.P., 2003, Comparison of approaches for simulating reactive solute transport involving organic degradation reactions by multiple terminal electron acceptors: Computers and Geosciences, v. 29, no. 3, p. 319-329, doi:10.1016/S0098-3004(03)00008-6.

Curtis, G.P., Fox, P., Kohler, M., and Davis, J.A., 2004, Comparison of in situ uranium K D values with a laboratory determined surface complexation model: Applied Geochemistry, v. 19, p. 1643-1653, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2004.03.004.

Curtis, G.P., Kohler, M., and Davis, J.A., 2009, Comparing approaches for simulating the reactive transport of U(VI) in ground water: Mine Water and the Environment, v. 28, no. 2, p. 84-93, doi:authid:9333137300.

Davis, J.A., 1982, Adsorption of natural dissolved organic matter at the oxide/water interface: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 46, no. 11, p. 2,381-2,393, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(82)90209-5.

Davis, J.A., Curtis, G.P., Wilkins, M.J., Kohler, M., Fox, P.M., Naftz, D.L., and Lloyd, J.R., 2006, Processes affecting transport of uranium in a suboxic aquifer: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, v. 31, p. 548-555, doi:10.1016/j.pce.2006.04.005.

Davis, J.A., Fuller, C.C., and Cook, A.D., 1987, A model for trace metal sorption processes at the calcite surface--Adsorption of Cd and subsequent solid solution formation: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 51, no. 6, p. 1,477-1,490, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(87)90330-9.

Davis, J.A., Meece, D.E., Kohler, M., and Curtis, G.P., 2004, Approaches to surface complexation modeling of uranium(VI) adsorption on aquifer sediments: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 68, p. 3621-3641, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2004.03.003.

Davis, J.A., Yabusaki, S.B., Steefel, C.I., Zachara, J.M., Curtis, G.P., Redden, G.P., Criscenti, L.J., and Honeyman, B.D., 2004, Assessing conceptual models for subsurface reactive transport of inorganic contaminants: Eos, v. 85, no. 44, p. 449-455, doi:10.1029/2004EO440002.

Deonarine, A., Lau, B.L.T., Aiken, G.R., Ryan, J.N., and Hsu-Kim, H., 2011, Effects of humic substances on precipitation and aggregation of zinc sulfide nanoparticles: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 45, no. 8, p. 3217-3223, doi:10.1021/es1029798.

Dillard, L.A., Essaid, H.I., and Blunt, M.J., 2001, A functional relation for field-scale nonaqueous phase liquid dissolution developed using a pore network model: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 48, no. 1-2, p. 89-119, doi:10.1016/S0169-7722(00)00171-6.

Dillard, L.A., Essaid, H.I., and Herkelrath, W.N., 1997, Multiphase flow modeling of a crude-oil spill site with a bimodal permeability distribution: Water Resources Research, v. 33, no. 7, p. 1617-1632, 97WR00857, doi:10.1029/97WR00857.

Dojka, M.J., Hugenholtz, P., Haack, S.K., and Pace, N.R., 1998, Microbial diversity in a hydrocarbon- and chlorinated-solvent-contaminated aquifer undergoing intrinsic bioremediation: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 64, no. 10, p. 3869-3877.

Dong, Y., Liang, X., Krumholz, L.R., Philp, R.P., and Butler, E.C., 2009, The relative contributions of abiotic and microbial processes to the transformation of tetrachloroethylene and trichloroethylene in anaerobic microcosms: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 3, p. 690-697, doi:10.1021/es801917p.

Eganhouse, R.P., Baedecker, M.J., Cozzarelli, I.M., Aiken, G.R., Thorn, K.A., and Dorsey, T.F., 1993, Crude oil in a shallow sand and gravel aquifer--II, Organic Geochemistry: Applied Geochemistry, v. 8, no. 6, p. 551-567, doi:10.1016/0883-2927(93)90013-7.

Eganhouse, R.P., Cozzarelli, I.M., Scholl, M.A., and Matthews, L.L., 2001, Natural attenuation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the leachate plume of a municipal landfill--Using alkylbenzenes as process probes: Ground Water, v. 39, no. 2, p. 192-202, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2001.tb02300.x.

Eganhouse, R.P., Dorsey, T.F., Phinney, C.S., and Westcott, A.M., 1996, Processes affecting the fate of monoaromatic hydrocarbons in an aquifer contaminated by crude oil: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 30, no. 11, p. 3304-3312, doi:10.1021/es960073b.

Eganhouse, R.P., Pontolillo, J., Gaines, R.B., Frysinger, G.S., Gabriel, F.L.P., Kohler, H.-P.E., Giger, W., and Barber, L.B., 2009, Isomer-specific determination of 4-nonylphenols using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 24, p. 9306-9313, doi:10.1021/es902622r.

Ehrlich, G.C., Goerlitz, D.F., Godsy, E.M., and Hult, M.F., 1982, Degradation of phenolic compounds in ground water anaerobic bacteria--St. Louis Park, Minnesota: Ground Water, v. 21, no. 6, p. 703-710, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1982.tb01390.x.

Ehrlich, G.G., Godsy, E.M., Goerlitz, D.F., and Hult, M.F., 1983, Microbial ecology of a creosote-contaminated aquifer at St. Louis Park, Minnesota: Development in Industrial Microbiology, v. 24, p. 235-245.

El Hayek, E., Torres, C., Rodriguez-Freire, L., Blake, J.M., De Vore, C.L., Brearley, A.J., Spilde, M.N., Cabaniss, S., Ali, A.-M.S., and Cerrato, J.M., 2018, Effect of Calcium on the bioavailability of dissolved uranium(VI) in plant roots under circumneutral pH: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 52, no. 22, p. 13089-13098, doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b02724.

Elias, D.A., Krumholz, L.R., Tanner, R.S., and Suflita, J.M., 1999, Estimation of methanogen biomass via quantitation of coenzyme M: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 65, no. 12, p. 5541-5545.

Elias, D.A., Senko, J.M., and Krumholz, L.R., 2003, A procedure for quantitation of total oxidized uranium for bioremediation studies: Journal of Microbiological Methods, v. 53, no. 3, p. 343-353, doi:10.1016/S0167-7012(02)00252-X.

Ellis, A.S., Johnson, T.M., and Bullen, T.D., 2002, Chromium isotopes and the fate of hexavalent chromium in the environment: Science, v. 295, no. 5562, p. 2060-2062, doi:10.1126/science.1068368.

Essaid, H.I., Bekins, B.A., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2015, Organic contaminant transport and fate in the subsurface--Evolution of knowledge and understanding: Water Resources Research, v. 51, no. 7, p. 4861-4902, doi:10.1002/2015WR017121.

Essaid, H.I., Bekins, B.A., Godsy, E.M., Warren, E., Baedecker, M.J., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1995, Simulation of aerobic and anaerobic biodegradation processes at a crude oil spill site: Water Resources Research, v. 31, no. 12, p. 3309-3327, 95WR02567, doi:10.1029/95WR02567.

Essaid, H.I., Bekins, B.A., Herkelrath, W.N., and Delin, G.N., 2011, Crude oil at the Bemidji Site--25 years of monitoring, modeling, and understanding: Ground Water, v. 49, no. 5, p. 706-726, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2009.00654.x.

Essaid, H.I., Cozzarelli, I.M., Eganhouse, R.P., Herkelrath, W.N., Bekins, B.A., and Delin, G.N., 2003, Inverse modeling of BTEX dissolution and biodegradation at the Bemidji, MN crude-oil spill site: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 67, no. 1-4, p. 269-299, doi:10.1016/S0169-7722(03)00034-2.

Essaid, H.I., Herkelrath, W.N., and Hess, K.M., 1993, Simulation of fluid distributions observed at a crude oil spill site incorporating hysteresis, oil entrapment, and spatial variability of hydraulic properties: Water Resources Research, v. 29, no. 6, p. 1753-1770, 93WR00370, doi:10.1029/93WR00370.

Essaid, H.I., and Hess, K.M., 1993, Monte Carlo simulations of multiphase flow incorporating spatial variability of hydraulic properties: Ground Water, v. 31, no. 1, p. 123-134, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1993.tb00836.x.

Fahrenfeld, N., Cozzarelli, I., Bailey, Z., and Pruden, A., 2014, Insights into biodegradation through depth-resolved microbial community functional and structural profiling of a crude-oil contaminant plume: Microbial Ecology, v. 68, no. 3, p. 453-462, doi:10.1007/s00248-014-0421-6.

Fan, Z., Neff, J.C., and Wickland, K.P., 2010, Modeling the production, decomposition, and transport of dissolved organic carbon in boreal soils: Soil Science, v. 175, no. 5, p. 223-232, doi:10.1097/SS.0b013e3181e0559a.

Field, J.A., Barber, L.B., II, Thurman, E.M., Moore, B.L., Lawrence, D.L., and Peake, D.A., 1992, Fate of alkylbenzenesulfonates and dialkyltetralinsulfonates in sewage contaminated ground water: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 26, no. 5, p. 1140-1148, doi:10.1021/es50002a600.

Ford, R.M., and Harvey, R.W., 2007, Role of chemotaxis in the transport of bacteria through saturated porous media: Advances in Water Resources, v. 30, no. 6-7, p. 1608-1617, doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2006.05.019.

Fox, P.M., Davis, J.A., and Zachara, J.M., 2006, The effect of calcium on aqueous uranium(VI) speciation and adsorption to ferrihydrite and quartz: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 70, no. 6, p. 1379-1387, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2005.11.027.

Fox, P.M., Kent, D.B., and Davis, J.A., 2010, Redox transformations and transport of cesium and iodine (-1, 0, +5) in oxidizing and reducing zones of a sand and gravel aquifer: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 44, no. 6, p. 1940-1946, doi:10.1021/es902865s.

Fuller, C.C., and Bargar, J.R., 2014, Processes of zinc attenuation by biogenic manganese oxides forming in the hyporheic zone of pinal creek, Arizona: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 48, no. 4, p. 2165-2172, doi:10.1021/es402576f.

Fuller, C.C., and Davis, J.A., 1987, Processes and kinetics of Cd2+ sorption by a calcareous aquifer sand: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 51, no. 6, p. 1,491-1,502, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(87)90331-0.

Fuller, C.C., Davis, J.A., Coston, J.A., and Dixon, E., 1996, Characterization of metal adsorption variability in a sand and gravel aquifer, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, U.S.A.: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 22, no. 3-4, p. 165-187, doi:10.1016/0169-7722(95)00090-9.

Fuller, C.C., Davis, J.A., and Waychunas, G.A., 1993, Surface chemistry of ferrihydrite--2. Kinetics of arsenate adsorption and coprecipitation: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 57, no. 10, p. 2271-2282, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(93)90568-H.

Fuller, M.E., Heraty, L., Condee, C.W., Vainberg, S., Sturchio, N.C., Böhlke, J.K., and Hatzinger, P.B., 2016, Relating carbon and nitrogen isotope effects to reaction mechanisms during aerobic or anaerobic degradation of RDX (hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine) by pure bacterial cultures: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 82, no. 11, p. 3297-3309, doi:10.1128/aem.00073-16.

Gallegos, T.J., Fuller, C.C., Webb, S.M., and Betterton, W., 2013, Uranium(VI) interactions with mackinawite in the presence and absence of bicarbonate and oxygen: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 13, p. 7357-7364, doi:10.1021/es400450z.

García-Alonso, J., Rodriguez-Sanchez, N., Misra, S.K., Valsami-Jones, E., Croteau, M.-N., Luoma, S.N., and Rainbow, P.S., 2014, Toxicity and accumulation of silver nanoparticles during development of the marine polychaete Platynereis dumerilii: Science of the Total Environment, v. 476-477, p. 688-695, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.01.039.

Garges, J.A., and Baehr, A.L., 1998, Type curves to determine the relative importance of advection and dispersion for solute and vapor transport: Ground Water, v. 36, no. 6, p. 959-965, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1998.tb02102.x.

Gibs, J., Heckathorn, H.A., Meyer, M.T., Klapinski, F.R., Alebus, M., and Lippincott, R.L., 2013, Occurrence and partitioning of antibiotic compounds found in the water column and bottom sediments from a stream receiving two wastewater treatment plant effluents in northern New Jersey, 2008: Science of the Total Environment, v. 458-460, p. 107-16, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.03.076.

Glynn, P.D., 2003, Modeling Np and Pu transport with a surface complexation model and spatially variant sorption capacities--implications for reactive transport modeling and performance assessments of nuclear waste disposal sites: Computers and Geosciences, v. 29, no. 3, p. 331-349, doi:10.1016/S0098-3004(03)00009-8.

Glynn, P.D., and Plummer, L.N., 2005, Geochemistry and the understanding of ground-water systems: Hydrogeology Journal, v. 13, no. 1, p. 263-287, doi:10.1007/s10040-004-0429-y.

Godsy, E.M., Goerlitz, D.F., and Ehrlich, G.G., 1986, Effects of pentachlorophenol on methanogenic fermentation of phenol: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, v. 36, no. 1, p. 271-277, doi:10.1007/BF01623507.

Godsy, E.M., Goerlitz, D.F., and Ehrlich, G.G., 1983, Methamogenesis of phenolic compounds by a bacterial consortium from a contaminated aquifer at St. Louis Park, Minnesota: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, v. 30, no. 3, p. 271-277, doi:10.1007/BF01610131.

Godsy, E.M., Goerlitz, D.F., and Grbić-Galić, D., 1992, Methanogenic biodegradation of creosote contaminants in natural and simulated ground water ecosystems: Ground Water, v. 30, no. 2, p. 232-242, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1992.tb01795.x.

Godsy, E.M., Goerlitz, D.F., and Grbić-Galić, D., 1991, Methanogenic degradation kinetics of phenolic compounds in aquifer-derived microcosms: Biodegradation, v. 2, no. 4, p. 211-221, doi:10.1007/BF00114553.

Godsy, E.M., Warren, E., and Paganelli, V.V., 2003, The role of microbial reductive dechlorination of TCE at the phytoremediation site at the Naval Air Station, Forth Worth, Texas: International Journal of Phytoremediation, v. 5, no. 1, p. 73-87, doi:10.1080/16226510390856484.

Goerlitz, D.F., 1984, A column technique for determining sorption of organic solutes on the lithological structure of aquifers: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, v. 32, no. 3, p. 261-268, doi:10.1007/BF01607462.

Goerlitz, D.F., Troutman, D.E., Godsy, E.M., and Franks, B.J., 1985, Migration of wood-preserving chemicals in contaminated ground water in a sand aquifer at Pensacola, Florida: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 19, no. 10, p. 955-961, doi:10.1021/es00140a012.

Goldberg, M.C., Cunningham, K.M., Aiken, G.R., and Weiner, E.R., 1992, The aqueous photolysis of a-pinene in solution with humic acid: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 9, p. 79-89, doi:10.1016/0169-7722(92)90051-F.

Goldberg, M.C., Weiner, E.R., and Boymel, P.M., 1984, Adsorption of geothite onto quartz and kaolinite: Journal of the Chemical Society, v. 80, no. 6, p. 1491-1498, doi:10.1039/F19848001491 (Faraday Transactions 1--Physical Chemistry in Condensed Phases).

Goode, D.J., Imbrigiotta, T.E., and Lacombe, P.J., 2014, High-resolution delineation of chlorinated volatile organic compounds in a dipping, fractured mudstone--Depth- and strata-dependent spatial variability from rock-core sampling: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 171, p. 1-11, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2014.10.005.

Goodwin, K.D., Varner, R.K., Crill, P.M., and Oremland, R.S., 2001, Consumption of troposheric levels of methyl bromide by C1-compound-utilizing bacteria and comparison to saturation kinetics: Applied Environmental Microbiology, v. 67, no. 12, p. 5437-5443, doi:10.1128/AEM.67.12.5437-5443.2001.

Grabert, V.K., Kaback, D.S., Parker, B.L., Chapman, S.W., Cherry, J.A., Chapelle, F.H., Singletary, M.A., Einarson, M.D., Mackay, D.M., and Bennett, P.J., 2010, News and views (see Combining source-area treatment with MNA--A tale of two sites, by Francis H. Chapelle and Michael A. Singletary): Ground Water, v. 48, no. 6, p. 799-808, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2010.00755.x.

Gray, J.L., Kanagy, L.K., Furlong, E.T., Kanagy, C.J., McCoy, J.W., Mason, A., and Lauenstein, G., 2014, Presence of the Corexit component dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate in Gulf of Mexico waters after the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill: Chemosphere, v. 95, p. 124-130, doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.08.049.

Greskowiak, J., Hay, M.B., Prommer, H., Liu, C., Post, V.E.A., Ma, R., Davis, J.A., Zheng, C., and Zachara, J.M., 2011, Simulating adsorption of U(VI) under transient groundwater flow and hydrochemistry--Physical versus chemical nonequilibrium model: Water Resources Research, v. 47, no. 8, p. W08501, doi:10.1029/2010wr010118.

Groh, J.L., Luo, Q., Ballard, J.D., and Krumholz, L.R., 2005, A method adapting microarray technology for signature tagged mutagenesis of Dusulfovibrio dusulfuricans G20 and Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 in anaerobic sediment survival experiments: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 71, no. 11, p. 7064-7074, doi:10.1128/AEM.71.11.7064-7074.2005.

Grossman, E.L., Cifuentes, L.A., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2002, Anaerobic methane oxidation in a landfill-leachate plume: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 36, no. 11, p. 2436-2442, doi:10.1021/es015695y.

Grove, D.B., and Stollenwerk, K.G., 1985, Modeling the rate-controlled sorption of hexavalent chromium: Water Resources Research, v. 21, no. 11, p. 1703-1709, 5W4095, doi:10.1029/WR021i011p01703.

Gruebel, K.A., Davis, J.A., and Leckie, J.O., 1995, Kinetics of oxidation of selenite to selenate in the presence of oxygen, titania and light: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 29, no. 3, p. 586-594, doi:10.1021/es00003a005.

Gschwend, P.M., and Reynolds, M.D., 1987, Monodisperse ferrous phosphate colloids in an anoxic groundwater plume: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 1, no. 3, p. 309-327, doi:10.1016/0169-7722(87)90011-8.

Haack, S.K., and Bekins, B.A., 2000, Microbial populations in contaminant plumes: Hydrogeology Journal, v. 8, no. 1, p. 63-76, doi:10.1007/s100400050008.

Haack, S.K., Fogarty, L.R., West, T.G., Alm, E.W., McGuire, J.T., Long, D.T., Hyndman, D.W., and Forney, L.J., 2004, Spatial and temporal changes in microbial community structure associated with recharge-influenced chemical gradients in a contaminated aquifer: Environmental Microbiology, v. 6, no. 5, p. 438-448, doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2003.00563.x.

Harris, S.H., Jr., Istok, J.D., and Suflita, J.M., 2006, Changes in organic matter biodegradatility influencing sulfate reduction in an aquifer contaminated by landfill leachate: Microbial Ecology, v. 51, no. 4, p. 535-542, doi:10.1007/s00248-006-9043-y.

Harris, S.H., and Smith, R.L., 2009, In situ measurements of microbially-catalyzed nitrification and nitrate reduction rates in an ephemeral drainage channel receiving water from coalbed natural gas discharge, Powder River Basin, Wyoming, USA: Chemical Geology, v. 267, no. 1-2, p. 77-84, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2009.01.028.

Harris, S.H., Smith, R.L., and Suflita, J.M., 2007, In situ hydrogen consumption kinetics as an indicator of subsurface microbial activity: FEMS Microbiology Ecology, v. 60, no. 2, p. 220-228, doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2007.00286.x.

Harvey, R.W., Smith, R.L., and George, L., 1984, Effect of organic contamination upon microbial distributions and heterotrophic uptake in a Cape Cod, Massachusetts, aquifer: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 48, no. 6, p. 1197-1202.

Hatzinger, P., Böhlke, J.K., Sturchio, N.C., Gu, B., Heraty, L.J., and Borden, R.C., 2009, Fractionation of stable isotopes in perchlorate and nitrate during in situ biodegradation in a sandy aquifer: Environmental Chemistry, v. 6, no. 1, p. 44-52, doi:10.1071/EN09008.

Hatzinger, P.B., Böhlke, J.K., and Sturchio, N.C., 2013, Application of stable isotope ratio analysis for biodegradation monitoring in groundwater: Current Opinion in Biotechnology, v. 24, no. 3, p. 542-549, doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2012.11.010.

Hay, M.B., Stoliker, D.L., Davis, J.A., and Zachara, J.M., 2011, Characterization of the intragranular water regime within subsurface sediments--Pore volume, surface area, and mass transfer limitations: Water Resources Research, v. 47, no. 10, p. W10531, doi:10.1029/2010wr010303.

Heenan, J.W., Ntarlagiannis, D., Slater, L.D., Beaver, C.L., Rossbach, S., Revil, A., Atekwana, E.A., and Bekins, B., 2017, Field-scale observations of a transient geobattery resulting from natural attenuation of a crude oil spill: Journal of Geophysical Research--Biogeosciences, v. 122, no. 4, p. 918-929, doi:10.1002/2016JG003596.

Herbel, M.J., Blum, J.S., Oremland, R.S., and Borglin, S., 2003, Reduction of elemental selenium to selenide--Experiments with anoxic sediments and bacteria that respire Se-oxyanions: Geomicrobiology Journal, v. 20, no. 6, p. 587-602, doi:10.1080/713851163.

Hess, K.M., Herkelrath, W.N., and Essaid, H.I., 1992, Determination of subsurface fluid contents at a crude-oil spill site: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 10, p. 75-96, doi:10.1016/0169-7722(92)90044-F.

Hoeft, S.E., Blum, J.S., Stolz, J.F., Tabita, F.R., Witte, B., King, G.M., Santini, J.M., and Oremland, R.S., 2007, Alkalilimnicola ehrlichii sp. nov., a novel, arseniteoxidizing haloalkaliphilic gammaproteobacterium capable of chemoautotrophic or heterotrophic growth with nitrate or oxygen as the electron acceptor: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, v. 57, no. 3, p. 504-512, doi:10.1099/ijs.0.64576-0.

Hoeft, S.E., Kulp, T.R., Han, S., Lanoil, B., and Oremland, R.S., 2011, Author's correction -- Coupled arsenotrophy in a hot spring photosynthetic biofilm at Mono Lake, California: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 77, no. 15, p. 5570, doi:10.1128/aem.05558-11.

Hoeft, S.E., Kulp, T.R., Han, S., Lanoil, B., and Oremland, R.S., 2010, Coupled arsenotrophy in a hot spring photosynthetic biofilm at Mono Lake, California: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 76, no. 14, p. 4633-4639, doi:10.1128/aem.00545-10.

Hoeft, S.E., Kulp, T.R., Stolz, J.F., Hollibaugh, J.T., and Oremland, R.S., 2004, Dissimilatory arsenate reduction with sulfide as the electron donor--Experiments with Mono Lake water and isolation of strain MLMS-1, a chemoautotrophic arsenate-respirer: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 70, no. 5, p. 2741-2747, doi:10.1128/AEM.70.5.2741-2747.2004.

Höhn, R., Isenbeck-Schröter, M., Kent, D.B., Davis, J.A., Jakobsen, R., Jann, S., Niedan, V., Scholz, C., Stadler, S., and Tretner, A., 2006, Tracer test with As(V) under variable redox conditions controlling arsenic transport in the presence of elevated ferrous concentrations: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 88, no. 1-2, p. 36-54, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2006.06.001.

Holmes, D.E., Nevin, K.P., and Lovley, D.R., 2004, In situ expression of nifD in Geobacteraceae in subsurface sediments: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 70, no. 12, p. 7251-7259, doi:10.1128/AEM.70.12.7251-7259.2004.

Holmes, D.E., Nevin, K.P., O'Neil, R.A., Ward, J.E., Adams, L.A., Woodward, T.L., Vrionis, H.A., and Lovley, D.R., 2005, Potential for quantifying expression of the Geobacteraceae citrate synthase gene to assess the activity of Geobacteraceae in the subsurface and on current-harvesting electrodes: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 71, no. 11, p. 6870-6877, doi:10.1128/AEM.71.11.6870-6877.2005.

Holmes, D.E., O'Neil, R.A., Vrionis, H.A., N'Guessan, L.A., Ortiz-Bernad, I., Larrahondo, M.J., Adams, L.A., Ward, J.A., Nicoll, J.S., Nevin, K.P., Chavan, M.A., Johnson, J.P., Long, P.E., and Lovley, D.R., 2007, Subsurface clade of Geobacteraceae that predominates in a diversity of Fe(III)-reducing subsurface environments: The ISME Journal, v. 1, no. 8, p. 663-77, doi:10.1038/ismej.2007.85.

Hostettler, F.D., Bekins, B.A., Rostad, C.E., and Herkelrath, W.N., 2008, Response to commentary on Observed methanogenic biodegradation rrogressions: Environmental Forensics, v. 9, no. 2-3, p. 121-126, doi:10.1080/15275920802115738.

Hostettler, F.D., Wang, Y., Huang, Y., Cao, W., Bekins, B.A., Rostad, C.E., Kulpa, C.F., and Laursen, A., 2007, Forensic fingerprinting of oil-spill hydrocarbons in a methanogenic environment-Mandan, ND and Bemidji, MN: Environmental Forensics, v. 8, no. 1, p. 139-153, doi:10.1080/15275920601180685.

Imbrigiotta, T.E., Ehlke, T.A., Martin, M., Koller, D., and Smith, J.A., 1995, Chemical and biological processes affecting the fate and transport of trichloroethylene in the subsurface at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey: Hydrological Science and Technology, v. 11, no. 1-4, p. 26-50.

Jaisi, D.P., 2013, Stable isotope fractionations during reactive transport of phosphate in packed-bed sediment columns: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 154, p. 10-19, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2013.08.003.

Janssen, E.M.L., Croteau, M.-N., Luoma, S.N., and Luthy, R.G., 2010, Measurement and modeling of polychlorinated biphenyl bioaccumulation from sediment for the marine polychaete Neanthes arenaceodentata and response to sorbent amendment: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 44, no. 8, p. 2857-2863, doi:10.1021/es901632e.

Jiang, C., Aiken, G.R., and Hsu-Kim, H., 2015, Effects of natural organic matter properties on the dissolution kinetics of zinc oxide nanoparticles: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 49, no. 19, p. 11476-11484, doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b02406.

Jones, E.J.P., Nadeau, T., Voytek, M.A., and Landa, E.R., 2006, Role of microbial iron reduction in the dissolution of iron hydroxysulfate minerals: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 111, G01012, doi:10.1029/2005JG000089.

Jones, E.J.P., Voytek, M.A., Corum, M.D., and Orem, W.H., 2010, Stimulation of methane generation from nonproductive coal by addition of nutrients or a microbial consortium: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 76, no. 21, p. 7013-7022, doi:10.1128/aem.00728-10.

Jones, E.J.P., Voytek, M.A., and Lorah, M.M., 2004, Effect of Fe(III) on 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane degradation and vinyl chloride accumulation in wetland sediments of the Aberdeen Proving Ground: Bioremediation Journal, v. 8, p. 31-45, doi:10.1080/10889860490453159.

Jones, E.J.P., Voytek, M.A., Lorah, M.M., and Kirshtein, J.D., 2006, Characterization of a microbial consortium capable of rapid and simultaneous dechlorination of 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane and chlorinated ethane and ethene intermediates: Bioremediation Journal, v. 10, no. 4, p. 153-168, doi:10.1080/10889860601021399.

Jurisson, S., Gawenis, J., and Landa, E.R., 2004, Sorption of 99mTc radiopharmaceutical compounds by soils: Health Physics, v. 87, no. 4, p. 423-428, doi:10.1097/01.HP.0000128583.33124.7d.

Karapanagioti, H., Gossard, C.M., Strevett, K.A., Kolar, R.L., and Sabatini, D.A., 2001, Model coupling intraparticle diffusion/sorption, nonlinear sorption, and biodegradation processes: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 48, no. 1-2, p. 1-21, doi:10.1016/S0169-7722(00)00179-0.

Karapanagioti, H.K., Childs, J., and Sabatini, D.A., 2001, Impacts of heterogeneous organic matter on phenanthrene sorption--Different soil and sediment samples: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 35, no. 23, p. 4684-4690, doi:10.1021/es010654n.

Karapanagioti, H.K., Kleinedam, S., Sabatini, D.A., Grathwohl, P., and Ligouis, B., 2000, Impacts of heterogeneous organic matter on phenanthrene sorption--Equilibrium and kinetic studies with aquifer material: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 34, no. 3, p. 406-414, doi:10.1021/es9902219.

Karapanagioti, H.K., and Sabatini, D.A., 2000, Impacts of heterogeneous organic matter on phenanthrene sorption--Different aquifer depths: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 34, no. 12, p. 2453-2460, doi:10.1021/es990938w.

Karapanagioti, H.K., Sabatini, D.A., Kleineidam, S., Grathwohl, P., and Ligouis, B., 1999, Phenanthrene sorption with heterogeneous organic matter in a landfill aquifer material: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, v. 24, no. 6, p. 535-541, doi:10.1016/S1464-1909(99)00041-6.

Kazumi, J., Caldwell, M.E., Suflita, J.M., Lovley, D.R., and Young, L.Y., 1997, Anaerobic degradation of benzene in diverse anoxic environments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 31, no. 3, p. 813-818, doi:10.1021/es960506a.

Kelly, C.N., Peltz, C.D., Stanton, M., Rutherford, D.W., and Rostad, C.E., 2014, Biochar application to hardrock mine tailings--Soil quality, microbial activity, and toxic element sorption: Applied Geochemistry, v. 43, p. 35-48, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2014.02.003.

Kent, D.B., Davis, J.A., Anderson, L.C.D., and Rea, B.A., 1995, Transport of chromium and selenium in a pristine sand and gravel aquifer--Role of adsorption processes: Water Resources Research, v. 31, no. 4, p. 1041-1050, 94WR02981, doi:10.1029/94WR02981.

Kent, D.B., Davis, J.A., Anderson, L.C.D., Rea, B.A., and Waite, T.D., 1994, Transport of chromium and selenium in the suboxic zone of a shallow aquifer--Influence of redox and adsorption reactions: Water Resources Research, v. 30, no. 4, p. 1099-1114, 93WR03244, doi:10.1029/93WR03244.

Kent, D.B., Davis, J.A., Joye, J., and Curtis, G.P., 2008, Influence of variable chemical conditions on EDTA-enhanced transport of metal ions in mildly acidic groundwater: Environmental Pollution, v. 153, no. 1, p. 44-52, doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2007.11.022.

Kent, D.B., Wilkie, J.A., and Davis, J.A., 2007, Modeling the movement of a pH perturbation and its impact on adsorbed zinc and phosphate in a wastewater-contaminated aquifer: Water Resources Research, v. 43, no. 7, W07440, doi:10.1029/2005WR004841.

Kiene, R.P., Oremland, R.S., Catena, A., Miller, L., and Capone, O.G., 1986, Metabolism of reduced, methylated sulfur compounds by anaerobic sediments and by a pure culture of an estuarine methanogen: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 52, no. 5, p. 1037-1045.

Kile, D.E., Chiou, C.T., and Helburn, R.S., 1990, Effect of some petroleum sulfonate surfactants on the apparent water solubility of organic compounds: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 23, no. 2, p. 205-208, doi:10.1021/es00072a008.

Kile, D.E., Chiou, C.T., Zhou, H., Li, H., and Xu, O., 1995, Partition of nonpolar organic pollutants from water to soil and sediment organic matters: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 29, no. 5, p. 1401-1406, doi:10.1021/es00005a037.

Kile, D.E., Wershaw, R.L., and Chiou, C.T., 1999, Correlation of soil and sediment organic matter polarity to aqueous sorption of nonionic compounds: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 33, no. 12, p. 2053-2056, doi:10.1021/es980816o.

Kinney, C.A., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., Burkhardt, M.R., Zaugg, S.D., Werner, S.L., Bossio, J.P., and Benotti, M.J., 2009, Response to "Comment on 'Bioaccumulation of Pharmaceuticals and Other Anthropogenic Waste Indicators in Earthworms from Agricultural Soil Amended with Biosolid or Swine Manure'": Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 2, p. 545-547, doi:10.1021/es802721d.

Kinney, C.A., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., Burkhardt, M.R., Zaugg, S.D., Werner, S.L., Bossio, J.P., and Benotti, M.J., 2008, Bioaccumulation of pharmaceuticals and other anthropogenic waste indicators in earthworms from agricultural soil amended with biosolid or swine manure: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 42, no. 6, p. 1863-1870, doi:10.1021/es702304c.

Kneeshaw, T.A., McGuire, J.T., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Smith, E.W., 2011, In situ rates of sulfate reduction in response to geochemical perturbations: Ground Water, v. 49, no. 6, p. 903-913, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2010.00782.x.

Kneeshaw, T.A., McGuire, J.T., Smith, E.W., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2007, Evaluation of sulfate reduction at experimentally induced mixing interfaces using small-scale push-pull tests in an aquifer-wetland system: Applied Geochemistry, v. 22, no. 12, p. 2618-2629, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2007.06.006.

Kohler, M., Curtis, G.P., Kent, D.B., and Davis, J.A., 1996, Experimental investigation and modeling of uranium (VI) transport under variable chemical conditions: Water Resources Research, v. 32, no. 12, p. 3539-3551, 96WR02815, doi:10.1029/95WR02815.

Kohler, M., Curtis, G.P., Meece, D.E., and Davis, J.A., 2004, Methods for estimating adsorbed uranium(VI) and distribution coefficients of contaminated sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 38, p. 240-247, doi:10.1021/es0341236.

Krueger, C.J., Barber, L.B., II, Metge, D.W., and Field, J.A., 1998, Fate and transport of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate in a sewage-contaminated aquifer--A comparison of natural-gradient pulsed tracer test: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 32, no. 8, p. 1134-1142, doi:10.1021/es970717v.

Krueger, C.J., Radakovich, K.M., Sawyer, T.E., Barber, L.B., Smith, R.L., and Field, J.A., 1998, Biodegradation of the surfactant linear alkylbenzenesulfonate in sewage-contaminated groundwater--A comparison of column experiments and field tracer tests: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 32, no. 24, p. 3954-3961, doi:10.1021/es9803456.

Krumholz, L.R., Elias, D.A., and Suflita, J.M., 2003, Immobilization of cobalt by sulfate-reducing bacteria in subsurface sediments: Geomicrobiology Journal, v. 20, no. 1, p. 61-72, doi:10.1080/01490450303892.

Krumholz, L.R., Li, J., Clarkson, W.W., Wilber, G.G., and Suflita, J.M., 1997, Transformation of TNT and related aminotoluenes in groundwater aquifer slurries under different electron accepting conditions: Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, v. 18, no. 2/3, p. 161-169, doi:10.1038/sj.jim.2900317.

Krumholz, L.R., and Suflita, J.M., 1997, Anaerobic aquifer transformations of 2,4-Dinitrophenol under different terminal electron accepting conditions: Anaerobe, v. 3, no. 6, p. 399-403, doi:10.1006/anae.1997.0116.

Krumme, M.L., Smith, R.L., Egestorff, J., Thiem, S.M., Tiedje, J.M., Timmis, K.N., and Dwyer, D., 1994, Behavior of pollutant-degrading microorganisms in aquifers--Predictions for geneticaly engineered organisms: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 28, no. 6, p. 1134-1138, doi:10.1021/es00055a025.

Krumme, M.L., Timmis, K.N., and Dwyer, D.F., 1993, Degradation of trichloroethylene by Pseudomonas cepacia G4 and the constitutive mutant strain G4 5223 PR1 in aquifer microcosms: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 59, no. 8, p. 2746-2749.

Kulp, T.R., Han, S., Saltikov, C.W., Lanoil, B.D., Zargar, K., and Oremland, R.S., 2007, Effects of imposed salinity gradients on dissimilatory arsenate-reduction, sulfate-reduction, and other microbial processes in sediments from two California soda lakes: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 73, no. 16, p. 5130-5137, doi:10.1128/AEM.00771-07.

Kulp, T.R., Hoeft, S.E., Asao, M., Madigan, M.T., Hollibaugh, J.T., Fisher, J.C., Stolz, J.F., Culbertson, C.W., Miller, L.G., and Oremland, R.S., 2008, Arsenic(III) fuels anoxygenic photosynthesis in hot spring biofilms from Mono Lake, California: Science, v. 321, no. 5891, p. 967-970, doi:10.1126/science.1160799.

Kulp, T.R., Hoeft, S.E., Miller, L.G., Saltikov, C., Murphy, J.N., Han, S., Lanoil, B., and Oremland, R.S., 2006, Dissimilatory arsenate and sulfate reduction in sediments of two hypersaline, arsenic-rich soda lakes--Mono and Searles Lakes, California: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 72, no. 10, p. 6,514-6,526, doi:10.1128/AEM.01066-06.

Kulp, T.R., Hoeft, S.E., and Oremland, R.S., 2004, Redox transformations of arsenic oxyanions in periphyton communities: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 70, no. 11, p. 6428-6434, doi:10.1128/AEM.70.11.6428-6434.2004.

Lahvis, M.A., and Baehr, A.L., 1996, Estimation of rates of aerobic hydrocarbon biodegradation by simulation of gas transport in the unsaturated zone: Water Resources Research, v. 32, no. 7, p. 2231-2249, 96WR00805, doi:10.1029/96WR00805.

Lahvis, M.A., Baehr, A.L., and Baker, R.J., 2004, Evaluation of volatilization as a natural attenuation pathway for MTBE: Ground Water, v. 42, no. 2, p. 258-267, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2004.tb02672.x.

Lahvis, M.A., Baehr, A.L., and Baker, R.J., 1999, Quantification of aerobic biodegradation and volatilization rates of gasoline hydrocarbons near the water table under natural attenuation conditions: Water Resources Research, v. 35, no. 3, p. 753-765, 1998WR900087, doi:10.1029/1998WR900087.

Lamborg, C.H., Kent, D.B., Swarr, G.J., Munson, K.M., Kading, T., O'Connor, A.E., Fairchild, G.M., Leblanc, D.R., and Wiatrowski, H.A., 2013, Mercury speciation and mobilization in a wastewater-contaminated groundwater plume: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 23, p. 13239-13249, doi:10.1021/es402441d.

Landa, E.R., 2005, Microbial biogeochemistry of uranium mill tailings: Advances in Applied Microbiology, v. 57, p. 113-130, doi:10.1016/S0065-2164(05)57004-7.

Landa, E.R., 2003, Mobilization of radionuclides from uranium mill tailings and related waste materials in anaerobic environments: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, v. 255, no. 3, p. 559-563, doi:10.1023/A:1022501003604.

Landa, E.R., Le, A.H., Luck, R.L., and Yeich, P.J., 1995, Sorption and coprecipitation of trace concentrations of thorium and various minerals under conditions simulating an acid uranium mill effluent environment: Inorganica Chimica Acta, v. 229, p. 247-252, doi:10.1016/0020-1693(94)04251-P.

Landa, E.R., Phillips, E.J.P., and Lovley, D.R., 1991, Release of 226 Ra from uranium mill tailings by microbial Fe(III) reduction: Applied Geochemistry, v. 6, p. 647-652, doi:10.1016/0883-2927(91)90075-Z.

Landkamer, L.L., Harvey, R.W., Scheibe, T.D., and Ryan, J.N., 2013, Colloid transport in saturated porous media--Elimination of attachment efficiency in a new colloid transport model: Water Resources Research, v. 49, no. 5, p. 2952-2965, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20195.

Landmeyer, J.E., and Bradley, P.M., 2003, Effect of hydrologic and geochemical conditions on oxygen-enhanced bioremediation in a gasoline-contaminated aquifer: Bioremediation Journal, v. 7, no. 3-4, p. 165-177, doi:10.1080/10889860390270801.

Landmeyer, J.E., Bradley, P.M., and Bullen, T.D., 2003, Stable lead isotopes reveal a natural source of high lead concentrations to gasoline-contaminated groundwater: Environmental Geology, v. 45, no. 1, p. 12-22, doi:10.1007/s00254-003-0863-5.

Landmeyer, J.E., Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 1993, Influence of Pb on microbial activity in Pb-contaminated soils: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, v. 25, no. 10, p. 1,465-1,466, doi:10.1016/0038-0717(93)90064-I.

Landmeyer, J.E., Bradley, P.M., and Thomas, J.M., 2000, Biodegradation of disinfection byproducts as a potential removal process during aquifer storage recovery: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 36, p. 861-867, doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.2000.tb04312.x.

Landmeyer, J.E., Bradley, P.M., Trego, D.A., Hale, K.G., and II, J.E.H., 2010, MTBE, TBA, and TAME attenuation in diverse hyporheic zones: Ground Water, v. 48, no. 1, p. 30-41, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2009.00608.x.

Landmeyer, J.E., Chapelle, F.H., and Bradley, P.M., 2000, Microbial H2 cycling does not affect δ2H values of ground water: Ground Water, v. 38, no. 3, p. 376-380, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2000.tb00223.x.

Landmeyer, J.E., Chapelle, F.H., Bradley, P.M., Pankow, J.F., Church, C.D., and Tratnyek, P.G., 1998, Fate of MTBE relative to benzene in a gasoline-contaminated aquifer (1993-98): Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, v. 18, no. 4, p. 93-102, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6592.1998.tb00168.x.

Landmeyer, J.E., Chapelle, F.H., Herlong, H.H., and Bradley, P.M., 2001, Methyl tert-butyl ether biodegradation by indigenous aquifer microorganisms under natural and artificial oxic conditions: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 35, no. 6, p. 1118-1126, doi:10.1021/es0013879.

Landmeyer, J.E., Tanner, T.L., and Watt, B.E., 2004, Biotransformation of tributyltin to tin in freshwater river-bed sediments contaminated by an organotin release: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 38, no. 15, p. 4106-4112, doi:10.1021/es030697z.

Lee, B., Kullman, S.W., Yost, E., Meyer, M.T., Worley-Davis, L., and Rechhow, K.H., 2014, A Bayesian network model for assessing natural estrogen fate and transport in a swine waste lagoon: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, v. 10, no. 4, p. 511-521, doi:10.1002/ieam.1538.

Lee, J.F., Mortland, M.M., Boyd, S.A., and Chiou, C.T., 1989, Shape-selective adsorption of aromatic molecules by tetramethylammonium-smectite: Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions I, v. 85, p. 2953-2962.

Lee, J.F., Mortland, M.M., Chiou, C.T., Kile, D.E., and Boyd, S.A., 1990, Adsorption of benzene, toluene and xylene by two tetramethylammonium-smectites having different charge densities: Clays and Clay Minerals, v. 38, no. 2, p. 113-120.

Lee, R.W., and Bennett, P.C., 1998, Reductive dissolution and reactive solute transport in a sewage-contaminated glacial outwash aquifer: Ground Water, v. 36, no. 4, p. 583-595, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1998.tb02832.x.

Leenheer, J.A., Hsu, J., and Barber, L.B., 2001, Transport and fate of organic wastes in groundwater at the Stringfellow hazardous waste disposal site, southern California: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 51, no. 3-4, p. 163-178, doi:10.1016/S0169-7722(01)00133-4.

Lenhart, J.J., Bargar, J.R., and Davis, J.A., 2001, Spectroscopic evidence for ternary surface complexes in the lead(II)-malonic acid-hematite system: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, v. 234, p. 448-452, doi:10.1006/jcis.2000.7345.

Lewis, F., Voss, C.I., and Rubin, J., 1987, Solute transport with equilibrium aqueous complexation and either sorption or ion exchange--Simulation methodology and applications: Journal of Hydrology, v. 90, p. 81-115, doi:10.1016/0022-1694(87)90174-0.

Li, J., Haffner, G.D., Paterson, G., Walters, D.M., Burtnyk, M.D., and Drouillard, K.G., 2018, Importance of growth rate on mercury and polychlorinated biphenyl bioaccumulation in fish: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 37, no. 6, p. 1655-1667, doi:10.1002/etc.4114.

Liu, S., and Suflita, J.M., 1994, Anaerobic biodegradation of methyl esters by Acetobacterium woodii and Eubacterium limosum: Journal of Industrial Microbiology, v. 13, p. 321-327, doi:10.1007/BF01569735.

Lloyd, J.R., and Oremland, R.S., 2006, Microbial transformations or arsenic in the environment--From soda lakes to aquifers: Elements, v. 2, p. 85-90, doi:10.2113/gselements.2.2.85.

Loftin, K.A., Adams, C.D., and Meyer, M.T., 2008, Effects of ionic strength, temperature, and pH on degradation of selected antibiotics: Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 37, no. 2, p. 378-386, doi:10.2134/jeq2007.0230.

Long, D.T., Kolak, J.J., Hyndman, D.W., Velbel, M.A., Klug, M.J., Haack, S.K., and Forney, L.J., 1998, Preliminary observations of hydrogeological, microbiological and geochemical processes that influence groundwater redox zonation: Mineralogical Magazine, v. 62A, p. 899-900.

Lorah, M.M., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Böhlke, J.K., 2009, Biogeochemistry at a wetland sediment-alluvial aquifer interface in a landfill leachate plume: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 105, no. 3-4, p. 99-117, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2008.11.008.

Lorah, M.M., and Voytek, M.A., 2004, Degradation of 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane and accumulation of vinyl chloride in wetland sediment microcosms and in situ porewater--Biogeochemical controls and associations with microbial communities: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 70, no. 1-2, p. 117-145, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2003.08.010.

Lovley, D.R., and Anderson, R.T., 2000, Influence of dissimilatory metal reduction on the fate of organic and metal contaminants in the subsurface: Hydrogeology Journal, v. 8, no. 1, p. 77-88, doi:10.1007/PL00010974.

Lovley, D.R., Baedecker, M.J., Lonergan, D.J., Cozzarelli, I.M., Phillips, E.J.P., and Siegel, D.I., 1989, Oxidation of aromatic contaminants coupled to microbial iron reduction: Nature, v. 339, no. 6222, p. 297-299, doi:10.1038/339297a0.

Lovley, D.R., Chapelle, F.H., and Phillips, E.J.P., 1990, FE(III)-reducing bacteria in deeply buried sediments of the Atlantic Coastal Plain: Geology, v. 18, p. 954-957, doi:10.1130/0091-7613(1990)018<0954:FIRBID>2.3.CO;2.

Lovley, D.R., Fraga, J.L., Blunt-Harris, E.L., Hayes, L.A., Phillips, E.J.P., and Coates, J.D., 1998, Humic substances as a mediator for microbially catalyzed metal reduction: Acta Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica, v. 26, no. 3, p. 152-157, doi:10.1002/(SICI)1521-401X(199805)26:3<152::AID-AHEH152>3.0.CO;2-D.

Lovley, D.R., and Goodwin, S., 1988, Hydrogen concentrations as an indicator of the predominant terminal electron-accepting reactions in aquatic sediments: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 52, no. 12, p. 2,993-3,003, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(88)90163-9.

Lovley, D.R., and Lonergan, D.J., 1990, Anaerobic oxidation of toluene, phenol, and p-Cresol by the dissimilatory iron-reducing organism, GS-15: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 56, no. 6, p. 1858-1864.

Lovley, D.R., and Phillips, E.J.P., 1992, Bioremediation of uranium contamination with enzymatic uranium reduction: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 26, no. 11, p. 2228-2234, doi:10.1021/es00035a023.

Lovley, D.R., and Phillips, E.J.P., 1989, Requirement for a microbial consortium to completely oxidize glucose in Fe(III)-reducing sediments: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 55, no. 12, p. 3234-3236.

Lovley, D.R., Phillips, E.J.P., Gorby, U.A., and Landa, E.R., 1991, Microbial reduction of uranium: Nature, v. 350, no. 6317, p. 413-416, doi:10.1038/350413a0.

Lovley, D.R., and Woodward, J.C., 1992, Consumption of freons CFC-11 and CFC-12 by anaerobic sediments and soils: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 26, no. 5, p. 925-929, doi:10.1021/es00029a009.

Lu, Z., He, Z., Parisi, V.A., Kang, S., Deng, Y., Van Nostrand, J.D., Masoner, J.R., Cozzarelli, I.M., Suflita, J.M., and Zhou, J., 2012, Geochip-based analysis of microbial functional gene diversity in a landfill leachate-contaminated aquifer: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 46, no. 11, p. 5824-5833, doi:10.1021/es300478j.

Lund, A.L., Slater, L.D., Atekwana, E.A., Ntarlagiannis, D., Cozzarelli, I., and Bekins, B.A., 2017, Evidence of coupled carbon and iron cycling at a hydrocarbon-contaminated site from time lapse magnetic susceptibility: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 51, no. 19, p. 11244-11249, doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b02155.

Luthy, R.G., Aiken, G.R., Brusseau, M.L., Cunningham, S.D., Gschwend, P.M., Pignatello, J.J., Reinhard, M., Traina, S.J., Weber, W.J., and Westall, J.C., 1997, Sequestration of hydrophobic organic contaminants by geosorbents: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 31, no. 12, p. 3341-3347, doi:10.1021/es970512m.

Mao, X., Oremland, R.S., Liu, T., Gushgari, S., Landers, A.A., Baesman, S.M., and Alvarez-Cohen, L., 2017, Acetylene fuels TCE reductive dechlorination by defined Dehalococcoides/Pelobacter consortia: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 51, no. 4, p. 2366-2372, doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b05770.

Mauck, B.S., and Roberts, J.A., 2007, Mineralogic control on abundance and diversity of surface-adherent microbial communities: Geomicrobiology Journal, v. 24, no. 3-4, p. 167-177, doi:10.1080/01490450701457162.

Mayer, K.U., 2013, Quantifying natural attenuation rates: International Innovation - North America, p. 34-37.

McDonald, I.R., Kämpfer, P., Topp, E., Warner, K.L., Cox, M.J., Connell Hancock, T.L., Miller, L.G., Larkin, M.J., Ducrocq, V., Coulter, C., Harper, D.B., J.C., M., and Oremland, R.S., 2005, Aminobacter ciceronei sp. nov. and Aminobacter lissarensis sp. nov., isolated from various terrestrial environments: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, v. 55, no. 5, p. 1827-1832, doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63716-0.

McDonald, I.R., Warner, K.L., McAnulla, C., Woodall, C.A., Oremland, R.S., and Murrell, J.C., 2002, A review of bacterial methyl halide degradation--Biochemistry genetics and molecular ecology: Environmental Microbiology, v. 4, no. 4, p. 193-203, doi:10.1046/j.1462-2920.2002.00290.x.

McGuire, J.T., Long, D.T., Klug, M.J., Haack, S.K., and Hyndman, D.W., 2002, Evaluating behavior of oxygen, nitrate, and sulfate during recharge and quantifying reduction rates in a contaminated aquifer: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 36, no. 12, p. 2693-2700, doi:10.1021/es015615q.

McGuire, J.T., Smith, E.W., Long, D.T., Hyndman, D.W., Haack, S.K., Klug, M.J., and Velbel, M.A., 2000, Temporal variations in parameters reflecting terminal-electron-accepting processes in an aquifer contaminated with waste fuel and chlorinated solvents: Chemical Geology, v. 169, no. 3-4, p. 471-485, doi:10.1016/S0009-2541(00)00223-0.

McKnight, D.M., Bencala, K.E., Zellweger, G.W., Aiken, G.R., Feder, G.L., and Thorn, K.A., 1992, Sorption of dissolved organic material by hydrous aluminum and iron oxides occurring at the confluence of Deer Creek with the Snake River, Summit County, Colorado: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 26, no. 7, p. 1388-1396, doi:10.1021/es00031a017.

McKnight, D.M., Hornberger, G.M., Bencala, K.E., and Boyer, E.W., 2002, In-stream sorption of fulvic acid in an acidic stream--A stream-scale transport experiment: Water Resources Research, v. 38, no. 1, p. 6-1 - 6-12, doi:10.1029/2001WR000269.

McKnight, D.M., Wershaw, R.L., Bencala, K.E., Zellweger, G.W., and Feder, G.L., 1992, Humic substances and trace metals associated with Fe and Al oxides deposited in an acidic mountain stream: The Science of the Total Environment, v. 117/118, p. 485-498, doi:10.1016/0048-9697(92)90113-7.

McMahon, P.B., and Chapelle, F.H., 2008, Redox processes and water quality of selected principal aquifer systems: Ground Water, v. 46, no. 2, p. 259-271, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2007.00385.x.

McMahon, P.B., and Chapelle, F.H., 1991, Geochemistry of dissolved inorganic carbon in a coastal plain aquifer--2, Modeling carbon sources, sinks, and ∂C evolution: Journal of Hydrology, v. 127, no. 1-4, p. 109-135, doi:10.1016/0022-1694(91)90111-T.

McMahon, P.B., Chapelle, F.H., and Jagucki, M.L., 1992, Atrazine mineralization potential of alluvial aquifer sediments under aerobic conditions: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 26, no. 8, p. 1556-1559, doi:10.1021/es00032a010.

Mewafy, F.M., Atekwana, E.A., Werkema, D.D., Slater, L.D., Ntarlagiannis, D., Revil, A., Skold, M., and Delin, G.N., 2011, Magnetic susceptibility as a proxy for investigating microbial mediated iron reduction: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 38, no. 21, L21402, doi:10.1029/2011GL049271.

Miller, D.N., and Smith, R.L., 2009, Microbial characterization of nitrification in a shallow, nitrogen-contaminated aquifer, Cape Cod, Massachusetts and detection of a novel cluster associated with nitrifying Betaproteobacteria: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 103, no. 3-4, p. 182-193, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2008.10.011.

Miller, L.G., Baesman, S.E., and Oremland, R.S., 2003, Bioreactors for removing methyl bromide following constrained fumigations: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 37, no. 8, p. 1698-1704, doi:10.1021/es026155j.

Miller, L.G., Baesman, S.M., Kirshtein, J., Voytek, M.A., and Oremland, R.S., 2013, A biogeochemical and genetic survey of acetylene fermentation by environmental samples and bacterial isolates: Geomicrobiology Journal, v. 30, no. 6, p. 501-516, doi:10.1080/01490451.2012.732662.

Miller, L.G., Baesman, S.M., and Oremland, R.S., 2015, Stable carbon isotope fractionation during bacterial acetylene fermentation--Potential for life detection in hydrocarbon-rich volatiles of icy planet(oid)s: Astrobiology, v. 15, no. 11, p. 977-986, doi:10.1089/ast.2015.1355.

Miller, L.G., Kalin, R.M., McCauley, S.E., Hamilton, J.T.G., Harper, D.B., Millet, D.B., Oremland, R.S., and Goldstein, A.H., 2001, Large carbon isotope fractionation associated with oxidation of methyl halides by methylotrophic bacteria: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, v. 98, no. 10, p. 5833-5837, doi:10.1073/pnas.101129798.

Miller, L.G., and Oremland, R.S., 2008, Electricity generation by anaerobic bacteria and anoxic sediments from hypersaline soda lakes: Extremophiles, v. 12, no. 6, p. 837-848, doi:10.1007/s00792-008-0191-5.

Miller, L.G., Sasson, C., and Oremland, R.S., 1998, Difluoromethane, a new and improved inhibitor of methanotrophy: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 64, no. 11, p. 4357-4362.

Miller, L.G., Warner, K.L., Baesman, S.M., Oremland, R.S., McDonald, I.R., Radajewski, S., and Murrell, J.C., 2004, Degradation of methyl bromide and methyl chloride in soil microcosms--Use of stable C isotope fractionation and stable isotope probing to identify reactions and the responsible microorganisms: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 68, no. 15, p. 3271-3283, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2003.11.028.

Miller, M.P., McKnight, D.M., Cory, R.M., Williams, M.W., and Runkel, R.L., 2006, Hyporheic exchange and fulvic acid redox reactions in an alpine stream/wetland ecosystem, Colorado Front Range: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 40, no. 19, p. 5943-5949, doi:10.1021/es060635j.

Misra, S.K., Dybowska, A., Berhanu, D., Croteau, M.N., Luoma, S.N., Boccaccini, A.R., and Valsami-Jones, E., 2012, Isotopically modified nanoparticles for enhanced detection in bioaccumulation studies: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 46, no. 2, p. 1216-1222, doi:10.1021/es2039757.

Molins, S., Mayer, K.U., Amos, R.T., and Bekins, B.A., 2010, Vadose zone attenuation of organic compounds at a crude oil spill site--Interactions between biogeochemical reactions and multicomponent gas transport: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 112, no. 1-4, p. 15-29, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2009.09.002.

Mormile, M.R., Liu, S., and Suflita, J.M., 1994, Anaerobic biodegradation of gasoline oxygenates--Extrapolation of information to multiple sites and redox conditions: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 28, no. 9, p. 1727-1732, doi:10.1021/es00058a026.

Mormile, M.R., and Suflita, J.M., 1996, The toxicity of selected gasoline components to glucose methanogenesis by aquifer microorganisms: Anaerobe, v. 2, no. 5, p. 299-303, doi:10.1006/anae.1996.0038.

Mumford, A.C., Akob, D.M., Klinges, J.G., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2018, Common hydraulic fracturing fluid additives alter the structure and function of anaerobic microbial communities: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 84, no. 8, e02729-17, doi:10.1128/AEM.02729-17.

Nevin, K.P., Holmes, D.E., Woodard, T.L., Hinlein, E.S., Ostendorf, D.W., and Lovley, D.R., 2005, Geobacter bemidjiensis sp. nov. and Geobacter psychrophilus sp. nov., two novel Fe(III)-reducing subsurface isolates: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, v. 55, no. 4, p. 1667-1674, doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63417-0.

Nevin, K.P., and Lovley, D.R., 2002, Mechanisms for Fe(III) oxide reduction in sedimentary environments: Geomicrobiology Journal, v. 19, p. 141-159, doi:10.1080/01490450252864253.

Nevin, K.P., and Lovley, D.R., 2000, Potential for nonenzymatic reduction of Fe(III) via electron shuttling in subsurface sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 34, no. 12, p. 2472-2478, doi:10.1021/es991181b.

Ng, G.H.C., Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., Bennett, P.C., Amos, R.T., and Herkelrath, W.N., 2015, Reactive transport modeling of geochemical controls on secondary water quality impacts at a crude oil spill site near Bemidji, MN: Water Resources Research, v. 51, no. 6, p. 4156-4183, doi:10.1002/2015WR016964.

Oliver, D., 2000, TAMU, USGS scientists, study whether methane is present beneath landfills, how it may naturally decay: New Waves, v. 13, no. 3, p. 19.

Orem, W.H., Voytek, M.A., Jones, E.J., Lerch, H.E., Bates, A.L., Corum, M.D., Warwick, P.D., and Clark, A.C., 2010, Organic intermediates in the anaerobic biodegradation of coal to methane under laboratory conditions: Organic Geochemistry, v. 41, no. 9, p. 997-1000, doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2010.03.005.

Oremland, R.S., 2010, Biogeochemistry--NO connection with methane: Nature, v. 464, no. 7288, p. 500-501, doi:10.1038/464500a.

Oremland, R.S., 1989, Present-day biogeochemical activities of anaerobic bacteria and their relevance to future exobiological investigations: Advances in Space Research, v. 9, no. 6, p. 127-136, doi:10.1016/0273-1177(89)90218-4.

Oremland, R.S., Capone, D.G., Stolz, J.F., and Fuhrman, J., 2005, Whither or wither--Geomicrobiology in the era of 'community metagenomics': Nature Reviews Microbiology, v. 3, p. 572-578, doi:10.1038/nrmicro1182.

Oremland, R.S., and Culbertson, C.W., 1992, Evaluation of methyl fluoride and dimethyl ether as inhibitors of aerobic methane oxidation: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 58, no. 9, p. 2983-2992.

Oremland, R.S., and Culbertson, C.W., 1992, Importance of methane oxidizing bacteria in the methane budget as revealed by the use of a specific inhibitor: Nature, v. 356, no. 6368, p. 421-423, doi:10.1038/356421a0.

Oremland, R.S., Herbel, M.J., Blum, J.S., Langley, S., Beveridge, T.J., Ajayan, P.M., Sutto, T., Ellis, A.V., and Curran, S., 2004, Structural and spectral features of selenium nanospheres produced by Se-respiring bacteria: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 70, no. 1, p. 52-60, doi:10.1128/AEM.70.1.52-60.2004.

Oremland, R.S., Hoeft, S.E., Bano, N., Hollibaugh, R.A., and Hollibaugh, J.T., 2002, Anaerobic oxidation of arsenite in Mono Lake water and by a faculative, arsenite-oxidizing chemoautrotroph, strain MLHE-1: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 68, p. 4795-4802, doi:10.1128/AEM.68.10.4795-4802.2002.

Oremland, R.S., Hollibaugh, J.T., Maest, A.S., Presser, T.S., Miller, L.G., and Culberton, C.W., 1989, Selenate reduction to elemental selenium by aerobic bacteria in sediments and culture--Biogeochemical significance of a novel sulfate-independent respiration: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 55, no. 9, p. 2333-2343.

Oremland, R.S., Kiene, R.P., Mathrani, I., Whiticar, M., and Boone, D., 1989, Description of an estuarine methylotrophic methanogen which grows on dimethyl sulfide: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 55, no. 4, p. 994-1002.

Oremland, R.S., Kulp, T.R., Blum, J.S., Hoeft, S.E., Baesman, S., Miller, L.G., and Stoltz, J.F., 2005, A microbial arsenic cycle in a salt-saturated, extreme environment: Science, v. 308, no. 5726, p. 1305-1308, doi:10.1126/science.1110832.

Oremland, R.S., Lonnergan, D.J., Culbertson, C.W., and Lovley, D.R., 1996, Microbial degradation of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (CHCI2F and CHCI2CFS) in soils and sediments: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 62, no. 5, p. 1818-1821.

Oremland, R.S., Saltikov, C.W., Wolfe-Simon, F., and Stolz, J.F., 2009, Arsenic in the evolution of earth and extraterrestrial ecosystems: Geomicrobiology Journal, v. 26, no. 7, p. 522-536, doi:10.1080/01490450903102525.

Oremland, R.S., and Stolz, J.F., 2005, Arsenic, microbes, and contaminated aquifers: Trends in Microbiology, v. 13, no. 2, p. 45-49, doi:10.1016/j.tim.2004.12.002.

Oremland, R.S., Stolz, J.F., and Hollibaugh, J.T., 2004, The microbial arsenic cycle in Mono Lake, California: FEMS Microbiology Ecology, v. 48, no. 1, p. 15-27, doi:10.1016/j.femsec.2003.12.016.

Oremland, R.S., Stolz, J.F., Madigan, M., Hollibaugh, J.T., Kulp, T.R., Hoeft, S.E., Fisher, J., Miller, L.G., Culbertson, C.W., and Asao, M., 2009, Response to comment on "Arsenic(III) fuels anoxygenic photosynthesis in hot spring biofilms from Mono Lake, California": Science, v. 323, p. 5914, doi:10.1126/science.1166435.

Oremland, R.S., and Zehr, J.P., 1986, Formation of methane and carbon dioxide from dimethyl-selenide in anoxic sediments and by a pure culture of an estuarine methanogen: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 52, p. 1031-1036.

Osborne, T., Jamieson, H., Hudson-Edwards, K., Nordstrom, D.K., Walker, S., Ward, S., and Santini, J., 2010, Microbial oxidation of arsenite in a subarctic environment--Diversity of arsenite oxidase genes and identification of a psychrotolerant arsenite oxidiser: BMC Microbiology, v. 10, no. 1, p. 205, doi:10.1186/1471-2180-10-205.

Parker, S.R., Gammons, C.H., Jones, C.A., and Nimick, D.A., 2007, Role of hydrous iron oxide formation in attenuation and diel cycling of dissolved trace metals in a stream affected by acid rock drainage: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 181, no. 1-4, p. 247-263, doi:10.1007/s11270-006-9297-5.

Payne, T.E., Davis, J.A., Ochs, M., Olin, M., and Tweed, C.J., 2004, Uranium adsorption on weathered schist--Intercomparison of modeling approaches: Radiochimica Acta, v. 92, p. 651-661, doi:10.1524/ract.92.9.651.54992.

Payne, T.E., Davis, J.A., and Waite, T.D., 1996, Uranium adsorption on ferrihydrite--Effects of phosphate and humic acid: Radiochimica Acta, v. 74, p. 239-243.

Payne, T.E., Davis, J.A., and Waite, T.D., 1994, Uranium retention by weathered schists--The role of iron minerals: Radiochimica Acta, v. 66/67, p. 297-303.

Payne, T.e., Davis, J.A., Lumpkin, G.R., Chisari, R., and Waite, T.D., 2004, Surface complexation model of uranyl sorption on Georgia kaolinite: Applied Clay Science, v. 26, p. 151-162, doi:10.1016/j.clay.2003.08.013.

Pearce, C.I., Pattrick, R.A.D., Law, N., Charnock, J.M., Coker, V.S., Fellowes, J.W., Oremland, R.S., and Lloyd, J.R., 2009, Investigating different mechanisms for biogenic selenite transformations--Geobacter sulfurreducens, Shewanella oneidensis and Veillonella atypica: Environmental Technology, v. 30, no. 12, p. 1313-1326, doi:10.1080/09593330902984751.

Pereira, W.E., Hostettler, F.D., and Rapp, J.B., 1996, Distributions and fate of chlorinated pesticides, biomarkers and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sediments along a contamination gradient from a point-source in San Francisco Bay, California: Marine Environmental Research, v. 41, no. 3, p. 299-314, doi:10.1016/0141-1136(95)00021-6.

Pereira, W.E., Hostettler, F.D., and Rapp, J.B., 1996, Distributions and fate of chlorinated pesticides, biomarkers and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sediments along a contamination gradient from a point-source in San Francisco Bay, California: Marine Environmental Research, v. 41, no. 3, p. 299-314, doi:10.1016/0141-1136(95)00021-6.

Pereira, W.E., Rostad, C.E., and Sisak, M.E., 1985, Geochemical investigations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins in the subsurface environment at an abandoned wood-treatment facility: Journal of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 4, p. 624-639, doi:10.1002/etc.5620040507.

Pereira, W.E., Rostad, C.E., Updegraff, D.M., and Bennett, J.L., 1987, Fate and movement of azaarenes and their anaerobic biotransformation products in an aquifer contaminated by wood‐treatment chemicals: Journal of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 6, no. 3, p. 163-176, doi:10.1002/etc.5620060302.

Phanikumar, M.S., and McGuire, J.T., 2010, A multi-species reactive transport model to estimate biogeochemical rates based on single-well push-pull test data: Computers and Geosciences, v. 36, no. 8, p. 997-1004, doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2010.04.001.

Podgorski, D.C., Zito, P., McGuire, J.T., Martinovic-Weigelt, D., Cozzarelli, I.M., Bekins, B.A., and Spencer, R.G.M., 2018, Examining natural attenuation and acute toxicity of petroleum-derived dissolved organic matter with optical spectroscopy: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 52, no. 11, p. 6157-6166, doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b00016.

Podgorski, D.C., Zito, P., McGuire, J.T., Martinovic-Weigelt, D., Cozzarelli, I.M., Bekins, B.A., and Spencer, R.G.M., 2018, Rebuttal to comment on "Examining natural attenuation and acute toxicity of petroleum-derived dissolved organic matter with optical spectroscopy": Environmental Science and Technology, v. 52, no. 20, p. 11962-11963, doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b04976.

Power, L.E., Arai, Y., and Sparks, D.L., 2005, Zinc adsorption effects on arsenite oxidation kinetics at the birnessite-water interface: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 39, p. 181-187, doi:10.1021/es049922i.

Puckett, L.J., Zamora, C., Essaid, H., Wilson, J.T., Johnson, H.M., Brayton, M.J., and Vogel, J.R., 2008, Transport and fate of nitrate at the ground-water/surface-water interface: Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 37, no. 3, p. 1,034-1,050, doi:10.2134/jeq2006.0550.

Pycke, B.F.G., Roll, I.B., Brownawell, B.J., Kinney, C.A., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., and Halden, R.U., 2014, Transformation products and human metabolites of triclocarban and triclosan in sewage sludge across the United States: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 48, no. 14, p. 7881-7890, doi:10.1021/es5006362.

Rainbow, P.S., Kriefman, S., Smith, B.D., and Luoma, S.N., 2011, Have the bioavailabilities of trace metals to a suite of biomonitors changed over three decades in SW England estuaries historically affected by mining?: Science of the Total Environment, v. 409, no. 8, p. 1589-1602, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.01.012.

Rainbow, P.S., and Luoma, S.N., 2010, The legacy lies in the sediments: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, v. 6, no. 3, p. 505-506, doi:10.1002/ieam.91.

Rasa, E., Bekins, B.A., Mackay, D.M., de Sieyes, N.R., Wilson, J.T., Feris, K.P., Wood, I.A., and Scow, K.M., 2013, Impacts of an ethanol-blended fuel release on groundwater and fate of produced methane--Simulation of field observations: Water Resources Research, v. 49, no. 8, p. 4907-4926, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20382.

Rasa, E., Chapman, S.W., Bekins, B.A., Fogg, G.E., Scow, K.M., and Mackay, D.M., 2011, Role of back diffusion and biodegradation reactions in sustaining an MTBE/TBA plume in alluvial media: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 126, no. 3-4, p. 235-247, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2011.08.006.

Rathbun, R.E., Stephens, D.W., and Tai, D.Y., 1991, Fate of acetone in an outdoor model stream with a nitrate supplement, southern Mississippi: Journal of Hydrology, v. 123, p. 225-242, doi:10.1016/0022-1694(91)90092-V.

Rathbun, R.E., and Tai, D.Y., 1987, Discussion of "Volatilization rates of organic chemicals of public health concern": American Society of Civil Engineers Journal of Environmental Engineering, v. 113, no. 5, p. 1171-1173.

Rathbun, R.E., and Tai, D.Y., 1987, Volatilization of ethylene dibromide from water: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 21, no. 3, p. 248-252, doi:10.1021/es00157a004.

Rathbun, R.E., and Tai, D.Y., 1986, Gas-film coefficients for the volatilization of ethylene dibromide from water: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 20, no. 9, p. 949-952, doi:10.1021/es00151a016.

Rathbun, R.E., and Tai, D.Y., 1984, Comparison of log transformation and nonlinear least squares procedures for calculating volatilization coefficients: Chemosphere, v. 13, no. 7, p. 715-730, doi:10.1016/0045-6535(84)90175-9.

Rathbun, R.E., and Tai, D.Y., 1984, Comment on "Environmental fate and effects of ethylene oxide": Environmental Science and Technology, v. 18, no. 2, p. 133, doi:10.1021/es00120a020.

Rathbun, R.E., and Tai, D.Y., 1984, Volatilization of ketones: Chemosphere, v. 13, no. 9, p. 1009-1023, doi:10.1016/0045-6535(84)90060-2.

Rathbun, R.E., and Tai, D.Y., 1982, Volatilization of organic compounds from streams: American Society of Civil Engineers Journal of Environmental Engineering Division, v. 108, p. 973-989, EE5.

Rathbun, R.E., and Tai, D.Y., 1982, Volatilization of ketones from water: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 17, no. 3, p. 281-293, doi:10.1007/BF00283158.

Rea, B.A., Davis, J.A., and Waychunas, G.A., 1994, Studies of the reactivity of the ferrihydrite surface by iron isotopic exchange and Mossbauer spectroscopy: Clays and Clay Minerals, v. 42, p. 23-34, doi:10.1346/CCMN.1994.0420104.

Rectanus, H.V., Widdowson, M.A., Chapelle, F.H., Kelly, C.A., and Novak, J.T., 2007, Investigation of reductive dechlorination supported by natural organic carbon: Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, v. 27, no. 4, p. 53-62, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6592.2007.00173.x.

Repert, D.A., Barber, L.B., Hess, K.M., Keefe, S.H., Kent, D.B., LeBlanc, D.R., and Smith, R.L., 2006, Long-term natural attenuation of carbon and nitrogen within a groundwater plume after removal of the treated wastewater source: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 40, no. 4, p. 1154-1162, doi:10.1021/es051442j.

Revesz, K., Coplen, T.B., Baedecker, M.J., Glynn, P.D., and Hult, M.F., 1995, Methane production and consumption monitored by stable H and C isotope ratios at a crude oil spill site, Bemidji, Minnesota: Applied Geochemistry, v. 10, no. 5, p. 505-516, doi:10.1016/0883-2927(95)00021-6.

Révész, K.M., Sherwood Lollar, B., Kirshtein, J.D., Tiedeman, C.R., Imbrigiotta, T.E., Goode, D.J., Shapiro, A.M., Voytek, M.A., Lacombe, P.J., and Busenberg, E., 2014, Integration of stable carbon isotope, microbial community, dissolved hydrogen gas, and 2HH2O tracer data to assess bioaugmentation for chlorinated ethene degradation in fractured rocks: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 156, p. 62-77, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2013.10.004.

Reysenbach, A.-L., Hamamura, N., Podar, M., Griffiths, E., Ferreira, S., Hochstein, R., Heidelberg, J., Johnson, J., Mead, D., Pohorille, A., Sarmiento, M., Schweighofer, K., Seshadri, R., and Voytek, M.A., 2009, Complete and draft genome sequences of six members of the aquificales: Journal of Bacteriology, v. 191, no. 6, p. 1992-1993, doi:10.1128/jb.01645-08.

Richey, C., Chovanec, P., Hoeft, S.E., Oremland, R.S., Basu, P., and Stolz, J.F., 2009, Respiratory arsenate reductase as a bidirectional enzyme: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, v. 382, no. 2, p. 298-302, doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.03.045.

Ringelberg, D.B., Townsend, G.T., DeWeerd, K.A., Suflita, J.M., and White, D.C., 1994, Detection of the anaerobic dechlorinating bacterium, Desulfomonile tiedjei, in environmental matrices by its signature lipopolysaccharide branched long-chain hydroxy fatty acids: FEMS Microbiology Ecology, v. 14, p. 9-18, doi:10.1016/0168-6496(94)90076-0.

Rittmann, B.E., Kremer, F., and Bekins, B.A., 2004, Monitored natural attenuation forum--A panel discussion: Remediation Journal, v. 14, no. 2, p. 153-158, doi:10.1002/rem.20007.

Riva-Murray, K., Chasar, L.C., Bradley, P.M., Burns, D.A., Brigham, M.E., Smith, M.J., and Abrahamsen, T.A., 2011, Spatial patterns of mercury in macroinvertebrates and fishes from streams of two contrasting forested landscapes in the eastern United States: Ecotoxicology, v. 20, no. 7, p. 1530-1542, doi:10.1007/s10646-011-0719-9.

Roberts, A.L., and Gschwend, P.M., 1994, Interaction of abiotic and microbial processes in hexachloroethane reduction in groundwater: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 16, p. 157-174, doi:10.1016/0169-7722(94)90050-7.

Roberts, J.A., 2004, Inhibition and enhancement of microbial surface colonization--The role of silicate composition: Chemical Geology, v. 212, no. 3-4, p. 313-327, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2004.08.021.

Roberts, J.A., Bennett, P.C., Gonzalez, L.A., Macpherson, G.L., and Milliken, K.L., 2004, Microbial precipitation of dolomite in methanogenic groundwater: Geology, v. 32, no. 4, p. 277-280, doi:10.1130/G20246.2.

Rogers, J.R., and Bennett, P.C., 2004, Mineral stimulation of subsurface microorganisms--Release of limiting nutrients from silicates: Chemical Geology, v. 203, no. 1-2, p. 91-108, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2003.09.001.

Rostad, C.E., and Hostettler, F.D., 2007, Profiling refined hydrocarbon fuels using polar components: Environmental Forensics, v. 8, no. 1, p. 129-137, doi:10.1080/15275920601180677.

Rutherford, D.W., and Chiou, C.T., 1992, Effect of water saturation in soil organic matter on the partition of organic compounds: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 26, no. 5, p. 965-970, doi:10.1021/es00029a015.

Rutherford, D.W., Chiou, C.T., and Kile, D.E., 1992, Influence of soil organic matter composition on the partition of organic compounds: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 26, no. 2, p. 336-340, doi:10.1021/es00026a014.

Scanlon, B.R., Nicot, J.P., Reedy, R.C., Kurtzman, D., Mukherjee, A., and Nordstrom, D.K., 2009, Elevated naturally occurring arsenic in a semiarid oxidizing system, Southern High Plains aquifer, Texas, USA: Applied Geochemistry, v. 24, no. 11, p. 2061-2071, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2009.08.004.

Schaefer, C.E., Towne, R.M., Lazouskaya, V., Bishop, M.E., and Dong, H., 2012, Diffusive flux and pore anisotropy in sedimentary rocks: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 131, no. 1-4, p. 1-8, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2012.01.005.

Schaefer, C.E., Towne, R.M., Lippincott, D.R., Lacombe, P.J., Bishop, M.E., and Dong, H., 2015, Abiotic dechlorination in rock matrices impacted by long-term exposure to TCE: Chemosphere, v. 119, p. 744-749, doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.08.005.

Schaefer, C.E., Towne, R.M., Lippincott, D.R., Lazouskaya, V., Fischer, T.B., Bishop, M.E., and Dong, H., 2013, Coupled diffusion and abiotic reaction of trichlorethene in minimally disturbed rock matrices: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 9, p. 4291-4298, doi:10.1021/es400457s.

Schaefer, J.E., Goodwin, K.D., MacDonald, I., Murrell, J.C., and Oremland, R.S., 2002, Leisingera methylohalidivorans, gen. nov., sp. nov., a marine methylotroph that grows on methyl bromide: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, v. 52, p. 851-859, doi:10.1099/ijs.0.01960-0.

Scholl, M.A., 2000, Effects of heterogeneity in aquifer permeability and biomass on biodegradation rate calculations--Results from numerical simulations: Ground Water, v. 38, no. 5, p. 702-712, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2000.tb02706.x.

Scholl, M.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Christenson, S.C., 2006, Recharge processes drive sulfate reduction in an alluvial aquifer contaminated with landfill leachate: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 86, no. 3-4, p. 239-261, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2006.03.005.

Scudder-Eikenberry, B.C., Riva-Murray, K., Knightes, C.D., Journey, C.A., Chasar, L.C., Brigham, M.E., and Bradley, P.M., 2015, Optimizing fish sampling for fish-mercury bioaccumulation factors: Chemosphere, v. 135, p. 467-473, doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.12.068.

Sebol, L.A., Robertson, W.D., Busenberg, E., Plummer, L.N., Ryan, M.C., and Schiff, S.L., 2007, Evidence of CFC degradation in groundwater under pyrite-oxidizing conditions: Journal of Hydrology, v. 347, no. 1-2, p. 1-12, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2007.08.009.

Selck, H., Drouillard, K., Eisenreich, K., Koelmans, A.A., Palmqvist, A., Ruus, A., Salvito, D., Schultz, I., Stewart, R., Weisbrod, A., van den Brink, N.W., and van den Heuvel-Greve, M., 2011, Explaining differences between bioaccumulation measurements in laboratory and field data through use of a probabilistic modeling approach: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, v. 8, no. 1, p. 42-63, doi:10.1002/ieam.217.

Senko, J.M., Dewers, T.A., and Krumholz, L.R., 2005, Effect of the oxidation rate and Fe(II) state on microbial nitrate-dependent Fe(III) mineral formation: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 71, no. 11, p. 7172-7177, doi:10.1128/AEM.71.11.7172-7177.2005.

Senko, J.M., Istok, J.D., Suflita, J.M., and Krumholz, L.R., 2002, In-situ evidence for uranium immobilization and remobilization: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 36, no. 7, p. 1491-1496, doi:10.1021/es011240x.

Senko, J.M., Mohamed, Y., Dewers, T.A., and Krumholz, L.R., 2005, Role for Fe(III) minerals in nitrate-dependent microbial U(IV) oxidation: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 39, no. 8, p. 2529-2536, doi:10.1021/es048906i.

Senko, J.M., Suflita, J.M., and Krumholz, L.R., 2005, Geochemical controls on microbial nitrate-dependent U(IV) oxidation: Geomicrobiology Journal, v. 22, p. 371-378, doi:10.1080/01490450500248911.

Shao, H., and Butler, E.C., 2009, The relative importance of abiotic and biotic transformation of carbon tetrachloride in anaerobic soils and sediments: Soil and Sediment Contamination--An International Journal, v. 18, no. 4, p. 455-469, doi:10.1080/15320380902962346.

Shao, H., and Butler, E.C., 2009, The influence of soil minerals on the rates and products of abiotic transformation of carbon tetrachloride in anaerobic soils and sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 6, p. 1,896-1,901, doi:10.1021/es8026727.

Shapiro, A.M., Tiedeman, C.R., Imbrigiotta, T.E., Goode, D.J., Hsieh, P.A., Lacombe, P.J., DeFlaun, M.F., Drew, S.R., and Curtis, G.P., 2018, Bioremediation in fractured rock--2. mobilization of chloroethene compounds from the rock matrix: Groundwater, v. 56, no. 2, p. 317-336, doi:10.1111/gwat.12586.

Shelobolina, E.S., Anderson, R.T., Vodyanitskii, Y.N., Sivtsov, A.V., Yuretich, R., and Lovley, D.R., 2004, Importance of clay size minerals for Fe(III) respiration in a petroleum-contaminated aquifer: Geobiology, v. 2, no. 1, p. 67-76, doi:10.1111/j.1472-4677.2004.00018.x.

Shen, Y., Chapelle, F.H., Strom, E.W., and Benner, R., 2015, Origins and bioavailability of dissolved organic matter in groundwater: Biogeochemistry, v. 122, no. 1, p. 61-78, doi:10.1007/s10533-014-0029-4.

Shi, Y., Zwolinski, M.D., Schreiber, M.E., Bahr, J.M., Sewell, G.W., and Hickey, W.J., 1999, Molecular analysis of microbial community structures in pristine and contaminated aquifers--Field and laboratory microcosm experiments: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 65, no. 5, p. 2143-2150.

Sihota, N.J., and Mayer, K.U., 2015, Comparison of source zone natural attenuation rates at crude oil and ethanol-blended fuel release sites: Bioremediation Journal, v. 19, no. 3, p. 218-230, doi:10.1080/10889868.2014.995373.

Sihota, N.J., and Mayer, K.U., 2012, Characterizing vadose zone hydrocarbon biodegradation using carbon dioxide effluxes, isotopes, and reactive transport modeling: Vadose Zone Journal, v. 11, no. 4, doi:10.2136/vzj2011.0204.

Sihota, N.J., Trost, J.J., Bekins, B.A., Berg, A., Delin, G.N., Mason, B., Warren, E., and Mayer, K.U., 2016, Seasonal variability in vadose zone biodegradation at a crude oil pipeline rupture site: Vadose Zone Journal, v. 15, no. 5, doi:10.2136/vzj2015.09.0125.

Silliman, S.E., Konikow, L.F., and Voss, C.I., 1987, Laboratory investigation of longitudinal dispersion in anisotropic media: Water Resources Research, v. 23, no. 11, p. 2,145-2,151, 7W4922, doi:10.1029/WR023i011p02145.

Slater, L., Day-Lewis, F.D., Ntarlagiannis, D., O'Brien, M., and Yee, N., 2009, Geoelectrical measurement and modeling of biogeochemical breakthrough behavior during microbial activity: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 36, no. 14, L14402, doi:10.1029/2009GL038695.

Smalling, K.L., Hladik, M.L., Sanders, C.J., and Kuivila, K.M., 2018, Leaching and sorption of neonicotinoid insecticides and fungicides from seed coatings: Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B, v. 53, no. 3, p. 176-183, doi:10.1080/03601234.2017.1405619.

Smith, J.A., Chiou, C.T., Kammer, J.A., and Kile, D.E., 1990, Effect of soil moisture on the sorption of trichloroethylene vapor to vadose-zone soil at Picattiny Arsenal, New Jersey: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 24, no. 5, p. 676-683, doi:10.1021/es00075a010.

Smith, J.A., Jaffe, P.R., and Chiou, C.T., 1990, Effect of ten quaternary ammonium cations on tetra-chloromethane sorption to clay from water: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 24, no. 8, p. 1167-1172, doi:10.1021/es00078a003.

Smith, R.L., Ceazan, M.L., and Brooks, M.H., 1994, Autotrophic, hydrogen-oxidizing, denitrifying bacteria in groundwater--Potential agents for bioremediation of nitrate contamination: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 60, no. 6, p. 1949-1955.

Smith, R.L., Harvey, R.W., and LeBlanc, D.R., 1991, Importance of closely spaced vertical sampling in delineating chemical and microbiological gradients in groundwater studies: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 7, no. 3, p. 285-300, doi:10.1016/0169-7722(91)90032-V.

Smith, R.L., Miller, D.N., Brooks, M.H., Widdowson, M.A., and Killingstad, M.W., 2001, In situ stimulation of groundwater denitrification with formate to remediate nitrate contamination: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 35, no. 1, p. 196-203, doi:10.1021/es001360p.

Smith, R.L., Strohmaier, R.S., and Oremland, R.S., 1985, Isolation of anaerobic oxalate degrading bacteria from freshwater lake sediments: Archives of Microbiology, v. 14, p. 8-13, doi:10.1007/BF00446732.

Smith, R.W., Vlahos, P., Böhlke, J.K., Ariyarathna, T., Ballentine, M., Cooper, C., Fallis, S., Groshens, T.J., and Tobias, C., 2015, Tracing the cycling and fate of the explosive 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene in coastal marine systems with a stable isotopic tracer, 15N-[TNT]: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 49, no. 20, p. 12223-12231, doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b02907.

Snoeyenbos-West, O.L., Nevin, K.P., Anderson, R.T., and Lovley, D.R., 2000, Enrichment of Geobacter species in response to stimulation of Fe(III) reduction in sandy aquifer sediments: Microbial Ecology, v. 39, no. 2, p. 153-167, doi:10.1007/s002480000018.

Stamps, B.W., Lyles, C.N., Suflita, J.M., Masoner, J.R., Cozzarelli, I.M., Kolpin, D.W., and Stevenson, B.S., 2016, Municipal solid waste landfills harbor distinct microbiomes: Frontiers in Microbiology, v. 7, 534, doi:10.3389/fmicb.2016.00534.

Stewart, A.R., Luoma, S.N., Elrick, K.A., Carter, J.L., and van der Wegen, M., 2013, Influence of estuarine processes on spatiotemporal variation of bioavailable selenium: Marine Ecological Progress Series, v. 492, p. 41-56, doi:10.3354/meps10503.

Stoiber, T., Croteau, M.N., Römer, I., Tejamaya, M., Lead, J.R., and Luoma, S.N., 2015, Influence of hardness on the bioavailability of silver to a freshwater snail after waterborne exposure to silver nitrate and silver nanoparticles: Nanotoxicology, v. 9, no. 7, p. 918-927, doi:10.3109/17435390.2014.991772.

Stoliker, D.L., Kent, D.B., and Zachara, J.M., 2011, Quantifying differences in the impact of variable chemistry on equilibrium uranium(VI) adsorption properties of aquifer sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 45, no. 20, p. 8733-8740, doi:10.1021/es202677v.

Stoliker, D.L., Liu, C., Kent, D.B., and Zachara, J.M., 2013, Characterizing particle-scale equilibrium adsorption and kinetics of uranium(VI) desorption from U-contaminated sediments: Water Resources Research, v. 49, no. 2, p. 1163-1177, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20104.

Stollenwerk, K.G., 1995, Modeling the effects of variable groundwater chemistry on adsorption of molybdate: Water Resources Research, v. 31, no. 2, p. 347-357, 94WR02675, doi:10.1029/94WR02675.

Stollenwerk, K.G., Breit, G.N., Welch, A.H., Yount, J.C., Whitney, J.W., Foster, A.L., Uddin, M.N., Majumder, R.K., and Ahmed, N., 2008, Erratum to "Arsenic attention by oxidized aquifer sediments in Bangladesh" [Science of the Total Environment 379 (2007) 133-150]: Science of the Total Environment, v. 389, no. 2-3, p. 567-568, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.08.018.

Stollenwerk, K.G., Breit, G.N., Welch, A.H., Yount, J.C., Whitney, J.W., Foster, A.L., Uddin, M.N., Majumder, R.K., and Ahmed, N., 2007, Arsenic attenuation by oxidized aquifer sediments in Bangladesh: Science of the Total Environment, v. 379, no. 2-3, p. 133-150, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.11.029 (Arsenic in the Environment, Biology and Chemistry--Arsenic in the Environment Special Issue, Bhattacharya, P., Welch, A.H., Stollenwerk, K.G., McLaughlin, M.J., Bundschuh, J., and Panaullah, G., eds.).

Stollenwerk, K.G., and Grove, D.B., 1985, Adsorption and desorption of hexavalent chromium in an alluvial aquifer near Telluride, Colorado: Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 14, no. 1, p. 150-155, doi:10.2134/jeq1985.00472425001400010030x.

Stolz, J.F., Basu, P., and Oremland, R.S., 2010, Microbial arsenic metabolism--New twists on an old poison: Microbe, v. 5, no. 2, p. 53-59.

Stolz, J.F., Basu, P., and Oremland, R.S., 2002, Microbial transformation of elements--The case of arsenic and selenium: International Microbiology, v. 5, p. 210-205, doi:10.1007/s10123-002-0091-y.

Stolz, J.F., Basu, P., Santini, J.M., and Oremland, R.S., 2006, Arsenic and selenium in microbial metabolish: Annual Review of Microbiology, v. 60, p. 107-130, doi:10.1146/annurev.micro.60.080805.142053.

Sturchio, N.C., Böhlke, J.K., Beloso, A.D., Streger, S.H., Heraty, L.J., and Hatzinger, P.B., 2007, Oxygen and chlorine isotopic fractionation during perchlorate biodegradation--Laboratory results and implications for forensics and natural attenuation studies: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 41, no. 8, p. 2,796-2,802, doi:10.1021/es0621849.

Su, Y.-H., Zhu, Y.-G., Sheng, G., and Chiou, C.T., 2006, Linear adsorption of nonionic organic compounds from water onto hydrophilic minerals--Silica and alumina: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 40, no. 22, p. 6949-6954, doi:10.1021/es0609809.

Suflita, J.M., and Concannon, F., 1995, Screening tests for assessing the anaerobic biodegradation of pollutant chemicals in subsurface environments: Journal of Microbiological Methods, v. 21, p. 267-281, doi:10.1016/0167-7012(94)00054-B.

Sun, W., Sierra-Alvarez, R., Milner, L., Oremland, R., and Field, J.A., 2009, Arsenite and ferrous iron oxidation linked to chemolithotrophic denitrification for the immobilization of arsenic in anoxic environments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 17, p. 6585-6591, doi:10.1021/es900978h.

Sunderland, E.M., Dalziel, J., Heyes, A., Branfireun, B.A., Krabbenhoft, D.P., and Gobas, F.A.P.C., 2010, Response of a macrotidal estuary to changes in anthropogenic mercury loading between 1850 and 2000: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 44, no. 5, p. 1,698-1,704, doi:10.1021/es9032524.

Sutton, J.M., Baesman, S.M., Fierst, J.L., Poret-Peterson, A.T., Oremland, R.S., Dunlap, D.S., and Akob, D.M., 2017, Complete genome sequences of two acetylene-fermenting Pelobacter acetylenicus strains: Genome Announcements, v. 5, no. 6, doi:10.1128/genomeA.01572-16.

Thierrin, J., and Kitanidis, P.K., 1994, Solute dilution at the Borden and Cape Cod groundwater tracer tests: Water Resources Research, v. 30, no. 11, p. 2883-2890, 94WR01983, doi:10.1029/94WR01983.

Thomas, J.M., McKay, W.A., Cole, E., Landmeyer, J.E., and Bradley, P.M., 2000, The fate of haloacetic acids and trihalomethanes in an aquifer storage and recovery program, Las Vegas, Nevada: Ground Water, v. 38, no. 4, p. 605-614, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2000.tb00252.x.

Thomas, L.K., Widdowson, M.A., Chapelle, F.H., Novak, J.T., Boncal, J.E., and Lebrón, C.A., 2013, Distribution of potentially bioavailable natural organic carbon in aquifer sediments at a chloroethene-contaminated site: Journal of Environmental Engineering, v. 139, no. 1, p. 54-60, doi:10.1061/(asce)ee.1943-7870.0000597.

Thomas, L.K., Widdowson, M.A., Novak, J.T., Chapelle, F.H., Benner, R., and Kaiser, K., 2012, Potentially bioavailable natural organic carbon and hydrolyzable amino acids in aquifer sediments: Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation, v. 32, no. 4, p. 92-95, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6592.2012.01406.x.

Thorn, K.A., 2019, 13C and 15N NMR identification of product compound classes from aqueous and solid phase photodegradation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene: PLoS ONE, v. 14, no. 10, p. e0224112, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0224112.

Thorn, K.A., and Aiken, G.R., 1998, Biodegradation of crude oil into nonvolatile organic acids in a contaminated aquifer near Bemidji, Minnesota: Organic Geochemistry, v. 29, no. 4, p. 909-931, doi:10.1016/S0146-6380(98)00167-3.

Thorn, K.A., and Cox, L.G., 2015, Probing the carbonyl functionality of a petroleum resin and asphaltene through oximation and Schiff base formation in conjunction with N-15 NMR: PLoS ONE, v. 10, no. 11, e0142452, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0142452.

Thorn, K.A., and Kennedy, K.R., 2002, 15N NMR investigation of the covalent binding of reduced TNT amines to soil humic acid, model compounds, and lignocellulose: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 36, no. 17, p. 3787-3796, doi:10.1021/es011382r.

Thorn, K.A., Pennington, J.C., and Hayes, C.A., 2002, 15N NMR investigation of the reduction and binding of TNT in an aerobic bench scale reactor simulating windrow compositing: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 36, no. 17, p. 3797-3805, doi:10.1021/es011382r.

Thorn, K.A., Pennington, J.C., Kennedy, K.R., Cox, L.G., Hayes, C.A., and Porter, B.E., 2008, N-15 NMR study of the immobilization of 2,4- and 2,6-dinitrotoluene in aerobic compost: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 42, no. 7, p. 2,542-2,550, doi:10.1021/es0720659.

Thurman, E.M., Barber, L.B., II, and LeBlanc, D.R., 1986, Movement and fate of detergents in ground water-A field study: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 1, no. 1, p. 143-161, doi:10.1016/0169-7722(86)90013-6.

Tindall, J.A., Friedel, M.J., Szmajter, R.J., and Cuffin, S.M., 2005, Part 1--Vadose-zone column studies of toluene (enhanced bioremediation) in a shallow unconfined aquifer: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 168, no. 1-4, p. 325-357, doi:10.1007/s11270-005-1486-0.

Tindall, J.A., Weeks, E.P., Friedel, M.J., and Nutt, A., 2005, Part 2--A field study of enhanced remediation of toluene in the vadose zone using a nutrient solution: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 168, no. 1-4, p. 359-389, doi:10.1007/s11270-005-3584-4.

Townsend, G.T., Ranamand, K., and Suflita, J.M., 1997, Reductive dehalogenation and mineralization of 3-chlorobenzoate in the presence of sulfate by microorganisms from a methanogenic aquifer: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 63, no. 7, p. 2785-2791.

Tuccillo, M.E., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Herman, J.S., 1999, Iron reduction in the sediments of a hydrocarbon-contaminated aquifer: Applied Geochemistry, v. 14, no. 5, p. 655-667, doi:10.1016/S0883-2927(98)00089-4.

Tush, D., and Meyer, M.T., 2016, Polyoxyethylene tallow amine, a glyphosate formulation adjuvant--Soil adsorption characteristics, degradation profile, and occurrence on selected soils from agricultural fields in Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Mississippi, and Missouri: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 50, no. 11, p. 5781-5789, doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b00965.

Uhle, M.E., Chin, Y., Aiken, G.R., and McKnight, D.M., 1999, Binding of polychlorinated biphenyls to aquatic humic substances--The role of substrate and sorbate properties on partitioning: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 33, no. 16, p. 2715-2718, doi:10.1021/es9808447.

Ulrich, E.M., Foreman, W.T., Van Metre, P.C., Wilson, J.T., and Rounds, S.A., 2009, Enantiomer fractions of chlordane components in sediment from U.S. Geological Survey sites in lakes and rivers: Science of the Total Environment, v. 407, no. 22, p. 5884-5893, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.08.023.

Ulrich, G.A., Breit, G.N., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Suflita, J.M., 2003, Sources of sulfate supporting anaerobic metabolism in a contaminated aquifer: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 37, no. 6, p. 1093-1099, doi:10.1021/es011288a.

Underwood, J.C., Harvey, R.W., Metge, D.W., Repert, D.A., Baumgartner, L.K., Smith, R.L., Roane, T.M., and Barber, L.B., 2011, Effects of the antimicrobial sulfamethoxazole on groundwater bacterial enrichment: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 45, no. 7, p. 3096-3101, doi:10.1021/es103605e.

Vangelas, K.M., Looney, B.B., Early, T.O., Gilmore, T., Chapelle, F.H., Adams, K.M., and Sink, C.H., 2006, Monitored natural attenuation of chlorinated solvents--Moving beyond reductive dechlorination: Remediation Journal, v. 16, no. 3, p. 5-23, doi:10.1002/rem.20088.

Villinski, J.E., O'Day, P.A., Corley, T.L., and Conklin, M.H., 2001, In situ spectroscopic and solution analyses of the reductive dissolution of Mn02 by Fe(II): Environmental Science and Technology, v. 35, no. 6, p. 1157-1163, doi:10.1021/es001356d.

Visscher, P.T., Culbertson, C.W., and Oremland, R.S., 1994, Degradation of trifluoroacetate in oxic and anoxic sediments: Nature, v. 369, no. 6483, p. 729-731, doi:10.1038/369729a0.

Vroblesky, D.A., Clinton, B.D., Vose, J.M., Casey, C.C., Harvey, G.J., and Bradley, P.M., 2004, Ground water chlorinated ethenes in tree trunks--Case studies, influence of recharge, and potential degradation mechanism: Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, v. 24, no. 3, p. 124-138.

Waite, T.D., Davis, J.A., Payne, T.E., Waychunas, G.A., and Xu, N., 1994, Uranium(VI) adsorption to ferrihydrite--Application of a surface complexation model: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 58, no. 24, p. 5465-5478, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(94)90243-7.

Walters, D.M., Jardine, T.D., Cade, B.S., Kidd, K.A., Muir, D.C.G., and Leipzig-Scott, P., 2016, Trophic magnification of organic chemicals--A global synthesis: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 50, no. 9, p. 4650-4658, doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b00201.

Wang, M., Ford, R.M., and Harvey, R.W., 2008, Coupled effect of chemotaxis and growth on microbial distributions in organic-amended aquifer sediments--Observations from laboratory and field studies: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 41, no. 10, p. 3,556-3,562, doi:10.1021/es702392h.

Ward, B.B., Voytek, M.A., and Witzel, K.-P., 1997, Population diversity of ammonium oxidizers investigated by specific PCR amplification: Microbial Ecology, v. 33, p. 87-96, doi:10.1007/s002489900011.

Warren, E., and Bekins, B.A., 2018, Relative contributions of microbial and infrastructure heat at a crude oil-contaminated site: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 211, p. 94-103, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2018.03.011.

Warren, E., and Bekins, B.A., 2015, Relating subsurface temperature changes to microbial activity at a crude oil-contaminated site: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2015.09.007.

Warren, E., Bekins, B.A., Godsy, E.M., and Smith, V., 2003, Inhibition of acetoclastic methanogenesis in crude oil- and creosote-contaminated groundwater: Bioremediation Journal, v. 7, no. 3-4, p. 139-149, doi:10.1080/10889860390270757.

Warren, E., Sihota, N.J., Hostettler, F.D., and Bekins, B.A., 2014, Comparison of surficial CO2 efflux to other measures of subsurface crude oil degradation: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 164, p. 275-284, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2014.06.006.

Waychunas, G.A., Davis, J.A., and Reitmeyer, R., 1999, GIXAFS study of Fe(III) sorption and precipitation on natural quartz surfaces: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, v. 6, p. 615-617, doi:10.1107/S0909049599001764.

Waychunas, G.A., Davis, J.S., and Fuller, C.C., 1995, Geometry of sorbed arsenate on ferrihydrite and crystalline FeOOH--Re-evaluation of EXAFS results and topological factors in predicting sorbate geometry and evidence for monodentate complexes: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 59, p. 3655-3661, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(95)00276-6.

Waychunas, G.A., Fuller, C.C., and Davis, J.A., 2002, Surface complexation and precipitate geometry of aqueous Zn(II) sorption on ferrihydrite--I. X-ray absorption extended fine structure spectroscopy analysis: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 66, p. 1119-1137, doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(01)00853-5.

Waychunas, G.A., Fuller, C.C., Rea, B.A., and Davis, J.A., 1996, Wide angle X-ray scattering (WQXS) study of "two-line" ferrihydrite structure--Effect of arsenate sorption and counterion variation and comparison with EXAFS results: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 60, p. 1765-1782, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(96)89830-9.

Waychunas, G.A., Rea, B.A., Fuller, C.C., and Davis, J.A., 1993, Surface chemistry of ferrihydrite--I. EXAFS studies of the geometry of coprecipitated and adsorbed arsenate: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 57, no. 10, p. 2251-2269, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(93)90567-G.

Waychunas, G.A., Xu, N., Fuller, C.C., Davis, J.A., and Bigham, J.M., 1995, XAS study of arsenate and selenate substituted schwertmannite: Physica B, v. 208, p. 481-483.

Weiss, J.V., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2008, Biodegradation in contaminated aquifers--Incorporating microbial/molecular methods: Ground Water, v. 46, no. 2, p. 305-322, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2007.00409.x.

Wershaw, R.L., Leenheer, J.A., Kennedy, K.R., and Noyes, T.I., 1996, Use of 13C NMR and FTIR for elucidation of degradation pathways during natural litter decomposition and composting I.--Early stage leaf degradation: Soil Science, v. 161, p. 667-679, doi:10.1097/00010694-199610000-00004.

Wershaw, R.L., Llaguno, E.C., and Leenheer, J.A., 1996, Mechanism of formation of humus coatings on mineral surfaces 3. Composition of adsorbed organic acids from compost leachate on alumina by solid-state 13C NMR: Colloids and Surfaces A--Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, v. 108, p. 213-223, doi:10.1016/0927-7757(95)03401-3.

Wershaw, R.L., Llaguno, E.C., Leenheer, J.A., Sperline, R.P., and Song, Y., 1996, Mechanism of formation of humus coatings on mineral surfaces 2. Attenuated total reflectance spectra of hydrophobic and hydrophillic fractions of organic acids from compost leachate on alumina: Colloids and Surfaces A--Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, v. 108, p. 199-211, doi:10.1016/0927-7757(95)03401-3.

Wickland, K., and Neff, J., 2008, Decomposition of soil organic matter from boreal black spruce forest: environmental and chemical controls: Biogeochemistry, v. 87, no. 1, p. 29-47, doi:10.1007/s10533-007-9166-3.

Wickland, K.P., Neff, J.C., and Aiken, G.R., 2007, Dissolved organic carbon in Alaskan boreal forest--Sources, chemical characteristics, and biodegradability: Ecosystems, v. 10, no. 8, p. 1323-1340, doi:10.1007/s10021-007-9101-4.

Widdowson, M.A., Mendez, E., and Chapelle, F.H., 2007, Estimating cleanup times for groundwater contamination remediation strategies: Journal of the American Water Works Association, v. 99, no. 3, p. 40-42, 44, 46.

Willacker, J.J., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Kowalski, B.M., Danehy, R.J., Jackson, A.K., Adams, E.M., Evers, D.C., Eckley, C.S., Tate, M.T., and Krabbenhoft, D.P., 2019, Timber harvest alters mercury bioaccumulation and food web structure in headwater streams: Environmental Pollution, doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2019.07.025 (In Press, Accepted Manuscript).

Wong, D., Sulfita, J.M., McKinley, J.P., and Krumholz, L.R., 2004, Impact of clay minerals on sulfate-reducing activity in aquifers: Microbial Ecology, v. 47, no. 1, p. 80-86, doi:10.1007/s00248-003-1021-z.

Woodall, C.A., Warner, K., Oremland, R.S., Murrell, J.C., and McDonald, I.R., 2001, Identification of methyl halide-utilizing genes in strain IMB-1, a methyl bromide-utilizing bacterium suggests a high degree of conservation of methyl halide-specific genes in gram-negative bacteria: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 67, no. 4, p. 1,959-1,963, doi:10.1128/AEM.67.4.1959-1963.2001.

Writer, J.H., Barber, L.B., Ryan, J.N., and Bradley, P.M., 2011, Biodegradation and attenuation of steroidal hormones and alkylphenols by stream biofilms and sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 45, no. 10, p. 4370-4376, doi:10.1021/es2000134.

Writer, J.H., Ryan, J.N., Keefe, S.H., and Barber, L.B., 2012, Fate of 4-nonylphenol and 17β-estradiol in the Redwood River of Minnesota: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 46, no. 2, p. 860-868, doi:10.1021/es2031664.

Yun, J., Ueki, T., Miletto, M., and Lovley, D.R., 2011, Monitoring the metabolic status of geobacter species in contaminated groundwater by quantifying key metabolic proteins with geobacter-specific antibodies: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 77, no. 13, p. 4597-4602, doi:10.1128/aem.00114-11.

Zachara, J.M., Kukkadapu, R.K., Gassman, P.L., Dohnalkova, A., Fredrickson, J.K., and Anderson, T., 2004, Biogeochemical transformation of Fe minerals in a petroleum-contaminated aquifer: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 68, no. 8, p. 1791-1805, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2003.09.022.

Zargar, K., Conrad, A., Bernick, D.L., Lowe, T.M., Stolc, V., Hoeft, S., Oremland, R.S., Stolz, J., and Saltikov, C.W., 2012, ArxA, a new clade of arsenite oxidase within the DMSO reductase family of molybdenum oxidoreductases: Environmental Microbiology, v. 14, no. 7, p. 1635-1645, doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2012.02722.x.

Zargar, K., Hoeft, S., Oremland, R., and Saltikov, C.W., 2010, Identification of a novel arsenite oxidase gene, arxA, in the haloalkaliphilic, arsenite-oxidizing bacterium Alkalilimnicola ehrlichii strain MLHE-1: Journal of Bacteriology, v. 192, no. 14, p. 3,755-3,762, doi:10.1128/JB.00244-10.

Zehr, J., and Voytek, M.A., 1999, Molecular ecology of aquatic communities--Reflections and future directions: Hydrobiologia, v. 401, p. 1-8, doi:10.1023/A:1003763117784.

Zehr, J.P., and Oremland, R.S., 1987, Reduction of selenate to selenide by sulfate-respiring bacteria--Experiments with cell suspensions and estuarine sediments: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 53, p. 1365-1369.

Zhang, T., Gannon, S.M., Nevin, K.P., Franks, A.E., and Lovley, D.R., 2010, Stimulating the anaerobic degradation of aromatic hydrocarbons in contaminated sediments by providing an electrode as the electron acceptor: Environmental Microbiology, v. 12, no. 4, p. 1011-1020, doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.02145.x.

Zhu, W., and Reinfelder, J.R., 2012, The microbial community of a black shale pyrite biofilm and its implications for pyrite weathering: Geomicrobiology Journal, v. 29, no. 2, p. 186-193, doi:10.1080/01490451.2010.539663.

Ziegler, B.A., McGuire, J.T., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2015, Rates of As and trace element mobilization caused by Fe-reduction in mixed BTEX-ethanol experimental plumes: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 49, no. 22, p. 13179-13189, doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b02341.

Ziegler, B.A., Schreiber, M.E., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2017, The role of alluvial aquifer sediments in attenuating a dissolved arsenic plume: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 204, p. 90-101, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2017.04.009.

Zobrist, J., Dowdle, P.R., Davis, J.A., and Oremland, R.S., 2000, Mobilization of arsenite by dissimilatory reduction of absorbed arsenate: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 34, p. 4747-4753, doi:10.1021/es001068h.

Newsletter and Magazine Articles

Bekins, B., Rittmann, B.E., and MacDonald, J.A., 2001, Natural attenuation strategy for groundwater cleanup focuses on demonstrating cause and effect: Eos, v. 82, no. 5, p. 53, 57-58.

Bekins, B.A., 2003, 2004 Birdsall Dreiss Lecturer Announced: GSA Today, v. 13, no. 8, p. 26.

Bullen, T.D., and McMahon, P.M., 1998, Using stable Fe isotopes to assess microbially-mediated Fe3+ reduction in a jet-fuel contaminated aquifer: Mineral Magazine, v. 62A, p. 255-256.

Eganhouse, R.P., and Pontolillo, J., 2003, Reply to commentary on "Assessing the reliability of physico-chemical property data (Kow, Sw) for hydrophobic organic compounds--DDT and DDE as a case study: SETAC Globe (Learned Discourses), January-February.

Eganhouse, R.P., and Pontolillo, J., 2002, Assessing the reliability of physico-chemical property data (Kow, Sw) for hydrophobic organic compounds--DDT and DDE as a case study: SETAC Globe (Learned Discourses), v. 3, no. 4 (July-August), p. 34-35.

Mallard, G.E., Baedecker, M.J., Essaid, H.I., and Eganhouse, R.P., 1993, Hydrocarbon transport and degradation in ground water: Geotimes, December 1993, p. 18-20.

University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2003, Geochemical plume evolution: Underground Tank Technology Update, v. 17, no. 5, p. 2-4.

Program Overview Papers

Bekins, B.A., Baehr, A.L., Cozzarelli, I.M., Essaid, H.I., Haack, S.K., Harvey, R.W., Shapiro, A.M., Smith, J.A., and Smith, R.L., 1999, Capabilities and challenges of natural attenuation in the subsurface--Lessons from the U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 37-56.

LeBlanc, D.R., ed., 1984, Movement and fate of solutes in a plume of sewage-contaminated ground water, Cape Cod, Massachusetts--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste Ground-Water Contamination Program--Papers presented at the toxic waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-475, 175 p.

Mallard, G.E., and Baedecker, M.J., 1993, Hydrocarbon transport and degradation in groundwater--U.S. Geological Survey investigations, in Proceedings of the Air Combat Command Environmental Quality T93 Symposium, Denver, Colorado, March 1-5, 1993: p. 102-108.

Mattraw, H.C., Jr., and Franks, B.J., eds., 1986, Movement and fate of creosote waste in ground water, Pensacola, Florida--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination Program: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2285, 63 p.

Patents

Oremland, R.S., Connell, T.L., and Miller, L.G., 2000, Method for enhancing oxidation of methyl bromide with strain IMB-1 (ATCC200197) during agricultural fumigations: U.S. Patent No. 6,013,254.

News Releases

Campbell, J., and Cozzarelli, I., 2015, Natural breakdown of petroleum underground can lace arsenic into groundwater: U.S. Geological Survey News Release, 01/26/2015.

Gordon, L.C., 2016, Living organisms take up uranium from their environment: U.S. Geological Survey News Release, 08/04/2016.

Gordon, L.C., and Bekins, B.A., 2016, Crude oil byproducts in groundwater plumes: U.S. Geological Survey News Release, 03/31/2016.

Reports (non-USGS)

Baker, R.J., 1995, In situ and on-site biodegradation of refined and fuel oils--A review of technical literature 1988-1991: American Petroleum Institute publication number 4627, 146 p.

Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Warren, E., and Godsy, E.M., 2002, Microbial ecology of a crude-oil contaminated aquifer, in Thornton, S.F., and Oswald, S.E., eds., Natural and Enhanced Restoration of Groundwater Pollution: International Association of Hydrological Sciences IAHS Red Book Series 275, p. 57-63.

Borden, R.C., Tillotson, J.M., Ng, G.-H.C., Bekins, B.A., Kent, D.B., and Curtis, G.P., 2015, Extent and persistence of secondary water quality impacts after enhanced reductive bioremediation: Department of Defense Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) Technical Report SERDP Project ER-2131.

Chapelle, F.H., and Widdowson, M.A., 2011, Modeling the rate and transport of polyaromatic hydrocarbons in the saturated zone, Grand Isle, Louisiana--Annex D: SEAM-3D Model--Summary report for fate and effects of remnant oil remaining in the beach environment--Prepared for: United States Coast Guard, Operational Science Advisory Team-2, 14 p.

Davis, J.A., and Curtis, G.P., 2003, Application of surface complexation modeling to describe uranium (VI) adsorption and retardation at the uranium mill tailings site at Naturita, Colorado: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Report NUREG CR-6820.

Fuller, C.C., Johnson, K.J., Akstin, K.C., Singer, D.M., Yabusaki, S.B., Fang, Y., and Fuhrmann, M., 2014, Uranium sequestration during biostimulated reduction and in response to the return of oxic conditions in shallow aquifers: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission NUREG/CR-7178.

Godsy, E.M., Warren, E., and Westjohn, D.B., 2001, Methanogenic biodegradation of charcoal production wastes in groundwater at Kingsford, Michigan, USA: International Association of Hydrologic Sciences Publication No. 269, 303-309 p.

Looney, B.B., Early, T.O., Gilmore, T., Chapelle, F.H., Cutshall, N.H., Ross, J., Ankeny, M., Heitkamp, M., Major, D., Newell, C.J., Waugh, W.J., Wein, G., Vangelas, K.M., Adams, K.M., and Sink, C.H., 2006, Advancing the science of natural and enhanced attenuation for chlorinated solvents--Final technical document for the monitored natural attenuation and enhanced attenuation for chlorinated solvents project: Washington Savannah River Company WSRC-STI-2006-00377, 79 p.

Michel, R.L., Silva, S.R., Bemis, B., Godsy, E.M., and Westjohn, D.B., 2001, Compound-specific carbon isotope analysis of a contaminant plume in Kingsford, Michigan, USA: International Association of Hydrologic Sciences Publication No. 269, 311-316 p.

Pennington, J.C., Thorn, K.A., Cox, L.G., MacMillan, D.K., Yost, S., and Laubscher, R.D., 2007, Photochemical degradation of composition B and its components: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Research and Development Center ERDC/EL TR-07-16.

Thorn, K.A., 1998, 15N NMR studies on the covalent binding of the reductive degradative products of TNT to humic substances, model compounds, and peat, in Pennington, J.C., and others, eds., Explosives conjugation products in remediation matrices, Interim Report 2, Chapter 2: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Technical Report SERDP-98-12, p. 7-37.

Waddill, D.W., and Widdowson, M.A., 1997, SEAM3D--A numerical model for three-dimensional solute transport and sequential electron acceptor-based bioremediation in groundwater: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Final Technical Report, prepared for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 336-344 p.

Wiedemeier, T.H., Swanson, M.A., Moutoux, D.E., Gordon, E.K., Wilson, J.T., Wilson, B.H., Kampbell, D.H., Haas, P.E., Miller, R.N., Hansen, J.E., and Chapelle, F.H., 1998, Technical protocol for evaluating natural attenuation of chlorinated solvents in ground water: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development: EPA/600/R-98/128.

Student Theses/Dissertations

Amos, R.T., 2006, Integrated investigation of natural attenuation in a petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated aquifer: Vancouver, BC, Canada, University of British Columbia, Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Ph.D. thesis.

Baker, R.J., 1993, A laboratory method for quantifying the rate of microbial degradation of hydrocarbons in unsaturated porous media: Philadelphia, Pa., Drexel University, Environmental Studies Institute, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, 235 p.

Barber, L.B., II, 1990, Geochemical heterogeneity in a glacial outwash aquifer--Effect of particle size and mineralogy on sorption of nonionic organic solutes: Boulder, University of Colorado, Department of Geological Sciences, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 238 p.

Boland, K.A., 2011, Modeling of BTEX biodegradation and solute transfer at the Bemidji, Minnesota Crude Oil Spill Site: Bemidji, Minnesota, Bemidji State University, Center for Environmental, Economic, Earth and Space Studies, MS Thesis.

Buckner, C.R., 2013, Metagenomics and transcriptional expression of microbial communities in a nitrogen-contaminated aquifer in Cape Cod: Wilmington, N.C., University of North Carolina Wilmington, Center for Marine Science, unpublished M.S. thesis, 60 p.

Ceazan, M.L., 1987, Migration and transformations of ammonium and nitrate in a sewage-contaminated aquifer at Cape Cod, Massachusetts: Golden, Colorado School of Mines, Department of Chemistry and Geochemistry, unpublished M.S. thesis, 145 p.

Cozzarelli, I.M., 1993, The biogeochemical fate of organic acids in a shallow aquifer contaminated with gasoline: Charlottesville, University of Virginia, Ph.D. dissertation, 240 p.

Field, J.A., 1990, Fate and transformation of surfactants in sewage-contaminated groundwater: Golden, Colorado School of Mines, Department of Chemistry and Geochemistry, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 207 p.

Foster-Reid, G.H., 1994, Variability of hydraulic conductivity and sorption in a heterogeneous aquifer: Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, unpublished M.S. thesis, 150 p.

Garges, J.A., 1996, The relative importance between advection and dispersion for solutes in the saturated zone and vapors in the unsaturated zone: Philadelphia, Pa., Drexel University, Department of Civil Engineering, unpublished M.S. thesis, 65 p.

Johnson, W.P., 1993, Facilitated transport and enhanced desorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by natural organic matter in aquifer sediments: Boulder, University of Colorado, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 196 p.

Koller, D., 1992, Desorption of trichloroethylene from contaminated sediment at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey: Boulder, University of Colorado, M.S thesis, Department of Geological Sciences, 61 p.

Krueger, C.J., 1997, Fate and transport of the surfactant linear alkylbenzenesulfonate in a sewage-contaminated aquifer: Corvalis, Oregon State University, Department of Chemistry, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 100 p.

Krumme, M.L., 1993, Development of aquifer microcosms and in situ methods to test the fate and function of pollutant-degrading microorganisms: Braunschweig, Germany, National Center for Biotechnology, Department of Microbiology, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 127 p.

Lundy, D.A., 2015, An investigation of the relationship between lateral spreading and mass depletion of an LNAPL body in contact with groundwater at the Bemidji, MN crude oil release site: Athens, Ga., University of Georgia, Department of Geology, Ph.D. Thesis.

Miralles-Wilhelm, F., 1993, Stochastic analysis of sorption and biodegradation in three-dimensionally heterogeneous aquifers: Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 269 p.

Moriera, N.F., 2000, Biogeochemical degradation of phosphate in a contaminted sand and gravel aquifer, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: Amherst, Mass., Amherst College, Department of Geology, unpublished senior thesis, 98 p.

Nolan, J.G., 1994, A method to determine the stoichiometry between carbon dioxide, oxygen and hydrocarbons for microbial reactions in porous media: Philadelphia, Pa., Drexel University, Department of Civil Engineering, unpublished M.S. thesis, 101 p.

Penarrieta, C.T., 1998, Assessment of microbial oxygen consumption in a aquifer using a natural-gradient tracer test and core incubations: Boulder, University of Colorado, Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering, unpublished M.S. thesis, 124 p.

Roberts, A.L., 1991, Dehalogenation reactions of polyhalogenated alkanes in aquatic environments: Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 274 p.

Rogers, J.R., 2000, Nutrient-driven colonization and weathering of silicates: University of Texas at Austin, Unpublished dissertation, 239 p.

Samuel, A.L., 2016, Investigating geophysical signatures of long term biodegradation at the oil spill site in Bemidji, Minnesota: Newark, N.J., Rutgers University, Masters thesis.

Sihota, N.J.J., 2014, Novel approaches for quantifying source zone natural attenuation of fossil and alternative fuels: Vancouver, B.C., Canada, University of British Columbia, Ph.D. Dissertation.

Striker, L.K., 1998, Variable organic carbon loading to a contaminated aquifer and the effect on the in situ microbial community: Durham, University of New Hampshire, Department of Civil Engineering, unpublished M.S. project paper, 239 p.

Waddill, D.W., 1998, Three-dimensional modeling of solute transport with in situ bioremediation based on sequential electron acceptors: Blacksburg, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, 190 p.

Wozney, A., 2017, Biodegradation rates of petroleum in contaminanted aquifers--A comparison of radiocarbon correction methods for determining source zone natural attenuation: Ottawa, Canada, University of Ottawa, Masters thesis.

Reports (USGS)

Baedecker, M.J., and Lindsay, S.S., 1984, Distribution of unstable constituents in ground water near a creosote works, Pensacola, Florida, in Mattraw, H.C., Jr., and Franks, B.J., eds., Movement and fate of creosote waste in ground water, Pensacola, Florida--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination Program: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2285, chap. B, p. 9-17.

Baesman, S.M., Akob, D.M., and Oremland, R.S., 2019, Growth characteristics of pelobacter acetylenovorans, strain SFB93, sp. nov., a diazotrophic, acetylene fermenting anaerobe isolated from San Francisco Bay intertidal sediments: U.S. Geological Survey Data Release.

Barber, L.B., and Rostad, C.E., 2003, Specific organic contaminants, in Schroeder, R.A., ed., Water-quality changes and organic-carbon characterization during recharge with recycled water at a research basin in Montebello Forebay, Los Angeles, California, 1991-1996 (Chapter 12): U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4146, p. 116-122.

Beaulieu, K.M., Button, D.T., Eikenberry, B.C.S., Riva-Murray, K., Chasar, L.C., Bradley, P.M., and Burns, D.A., 2012, Mercury bioaccumulation studies in the National Water-Quality Assessment Program--biological data from New York and South Carolina, 2005-2009: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 705, vi, 13 p.; maps (col.); XLS Downloads of Appendices 1-13 p.

Bennett, J.L., Updegraff, D.M., Pereira, W.E., and Rostad, C.E., 1986, Microbial transformations of quinoline in soil at a hazardous-waste site near Pensacola, Florida, in Mattraw, H.C., Jr., and Franks, B.J., eds., Movement and fate of creosote waste in groundwater, Pensacola, Florida--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination Program: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2285, chap. D, p. 27-31.

Bradley, P.M., 2012, Microbial mineralization of cis-dichloroethene and vinyl chloride as a component of natural attenuation of chloroethene contaminants under conditions identified in the field as anoxic: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2012-5032, 30 p.

Bradley, P.M., 2009, Potential for microbial degradation of cis-dichloroethene and vinyl chloride in streambed sediment at the U.S. Department of Energy, Kansas City Plant, Missouri, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 2009-5137, 12 p.

Bradley, P.M., 2007, Dichloroethene and vinyl chloride degradation potential in wetland sediments at Twin Lakes and Pen Branch, Savannah River National Laboratory, South Carolina: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1028, 15 p.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 2004, Chloroethene biodegradation potential, ADOT/PF Peger Road Maintenance Facility, Fairbanks, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-1428.

Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 2004, Chloroethene biodegradation potential in the "lower" contaminant plume, River Terrace RV Park, Soldotna, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-1427.

Bradley, P.M., Romanok, K.M., and Journey, C.A., 2017, Concentrations of bioactive organic contaminants in water and sediment and rates of contaminant biodegradation in sediment at Congaree National Park, USA 2013-15: U.S. Geological Survey Data Release.

Breit, G.N., Tuttle, M.L.W., Cozzarelli, I.M., Christenson, S.C., Jaeschke, J.B., Fey, D.L., and Berry, C.J., 2005, Results of chemical and isotopic analyses of sediment and water from alluvium of the Canadian River near a closed municipal landfill, Norman, Oklahoma: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005-1091, 43 p.

Chapelle, F.H., and Bradley, P.M., 2016, Water quality and optical absorbance data for groundwater samples collected during 2010 to 2012 from select Principal Aquifers of the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Data Release (Data release for Chapelle and others, 2016).

Chapelle, F.H., Novak, J.T., Parker, J.C., Campbell, B.G., and Widdowson, M.A., 2007, A framework for assessing the sustainability of monitored natural attenuation: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1303, 46 p.

Chapelle, F.H., Robertson, J.F., Landmeyer, J.E., and Bradley, P.M., 2000, Methodology for applying monitored natural attenuation to petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated ground-water systems with examples from South Carolina: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 00-4161, 47 p (A 3 1/2" disk is included).

Chapelle, F.H., Widdowson, M.A., Brauner, J.S., Mendez, E., and Casey, C.C., 2003, Methodology for estimating times of remediation associated with monitored natural attenuation: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4057, 51 p.

Cozzarelli, I.M., Akob, D.M., Baedecker, M.J., Spencer, T.A., Jaeschke, J.B., Dunlap, P.D., Mumford, A.C., and Poret-Peterson, A.T., 2017, MCHM degradation data release: U.S. Geological Survey Data Release.

Dinicola, R.S., Cox, S.E., Landmeyer, J.E., and Bradley, P.M., 2002, Natural attenuation of chlorinated volatile organic compounds in ground water at operable unit 1, Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Division Keyport, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4119, 115 p.

Drennan, D.M., Bekins, B.A., Warren, E., Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., Herkelrath, W.N., and Delin, G.N., 2010, Fate and transport of petroleum hydrocarbons in the subsurface near Cass Lake, Minnesota: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010-5085, 33 p.

Elder, J.F., and Dresler, P.V., 1986, Creosote discharge to the nearshore estuarine environment in Pensacola Bay, Florida--Preliminary assessment of effects, in Mattraw, H.C., Jr., and Franks, B.J., eds., Movement and fate of creosote waste in ground water, Pensacola, Florida--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination Program: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2285, chap. I, p. 59-63.

Fusillo, T.V., Ehlke, T.A., and Martin, M., 1987, Movement and fate of chlorinated solvents in ground water--Research activities at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-395, 16 p.

Glover, K.C., 1986, Leachate migration from an in situ oil-shale retort near Rock Springs, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 85-575, 68 p.

Godsy, E.M., and Goerlitz, D.F., 1986, Anaerobic microbial transformations of phenolic and other selected compounds in contaminated ground water at a creosote works, Pensacola, Florida, in Mattraw, H.C., Jr., and Franks, B.J., eds., Movement and fate of creosote waste in ground water, Pensacola, Florida--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste-Ground Water Contamination Program: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2285, chap. H, p. 55-58.

Godsy, E.M., and Goerlitz, D.F., 1984, Anaerobic microbial transformations of phenolic and other selected compounds in contaminated ground-water at American Creosote Works, Pensacola, Florida: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-466, 77-84 p.

Godsy, E.M., Hostettler, F.D., Warren, E., Paganelli, V.V., and Kharaka, Y.K., 2003, The fate of petroleum and other organics associated with produced water from the Osage-Skiatook petroleum environmental research sites, Osage County, Oklahoma, in Kharaka, Y.K., and Otton, J.K., eds., Environmental impacts of petroleum production--Initial results from the Osage-Skiatook petroleum environmental research (OSPER) sites, Osage County, Oklahoma: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4260, p. 85-103.

Goode, D.J., and Konikow, L.F., 1989, Modification of a method-of-characteristics solute-transport model to incorporate decay and equilibrium-controlled sorption or ion exchange: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 89-4030, 65 p.

Grove, D.B., and Stollenwerk, K.G., 1984, Computer model of one-dimensional equilibrium controlled sorption processes: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4059, 37 p.

Hostettler, F.D., Rostad, C.E., Kvenvolden, K.A., Delin, G.N., Putnam, L.D., Kolak, J.J., Chaplin, B.P., and Schaap, B.D., 2001, Hydrologic setting and geochemical characterization of free-phase hydrocarbons in the alluvial aquifer at Mandan, North Dakota, November 2000: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4108, 117 p.

Huffman, R.L., Wagner, R.J., Toft, J., Cordell, J., DeWild, J.F., Dinicola, R.S., Aiken, G.R., Krabbenhoft, D.P., Marvin-DiPasquale, M., Stewart, A.R., Moran, P.W., and Paulson, A.J., 2012, Mercury species and other selected constituent concentrations in water, sediment, and biota of Sinclair Inlet, Kitsap County, Washington, 2007-10: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 658, 50 p.

James, I.C., II, and LeBlanc, D.R., 1985, Movement and fate of contaminants from treated sewage infiltrated to ground water, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in U.S. Geological Survey Yearbook, Fiscal Year 1984, p. 99-102.

Kharaka, Y.K., Thordsen, J.J., Kakouros, E., and Abbott, J.M., 2003, The fate of inorganic and organic chemicals in produced water from the Osage-Skiatook petroleum environmental research sites, Osage County, Oklahoma, in Kharaka, Y.K., and Otton, J.K., eds., Environmental impacts of petroleum production--Initial results from the Osage -Skiatook petroleum environmental research (OSPER) sites, Osage County, Oklahoma: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4260, p. 57-84.

Landmeyer, J.E., Chapelle, F.H., and Bradley, P.M., 1996, Assessment of intrinsic bioremediation of gasoline contamination in the shallow aquifer, Laurel Bay Exchange, Marine Corps Air Station Beaufort, South Carolina: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 96-4026, 50 p.

Landmeyer, J.E., Harrelson, L.G., Ratcliff, W.H., and Wellborn, J.B., 2010, Assessment of soil-gas, surface-water, and soil contamination at the installation railhead, Fort Gordon, Georgia, 2008-2009: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1054, vi, 22 p.

Lewis, F., Voss, C.I., and Rubin, J., 1986, Numerical simulation of advective-dispersive multisolute transport with sorption, ion exchange and equilibrium chemistry: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 86-4022, 165 p.

Lewis-Brown, J.C., Carleton, G.B., and Imbrigiotta, T.E., 2006, Hydraulic and solute-transport properties and simulated advective transport of contaminated ground water in a fractured-rock aquifer at the Naval Air Warfare Center, West Trenton, New Jersey, 2003: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5049, 32 p.

Lorah, M.M., Majcher, E.H., Jones, E.J., and Voytek, M.A., 2008, Microbial consortia development and microcosm and column experiments for enhanced bioremediation of chlorinated volatile organic compounds, West Branch Canal Creek wetland area, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5165, 79 p.

Lorah, M.M., Voytek, M.A., Kirshtein, J.D., and Jones, E.J., 2003, Anaerobic degradation of 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane and association with microbial communities in a freshwater tidal wetland, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland--Laboratory experiments and comparisons to field data: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4157.

Lorah, M.M., Voytek, M.A., and Spencer, T.A., 2003, Preliminary assessment of microbial communities and biodegradation of chlorinated volatile organic compounds in wetlands at Cluster 13, Lauderick Creek area, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4119, 19 p.

Mallard, G.E., Baedecker, M.J., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 1994, The Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Petroleum hydrocarbon degradation in ground water: U.S. Geological Survey Yearbook, Fiscal Year 1993, 50-51 p.

Pereira, W.E., and Rostad, C.E., 1986, Geochemical investigations of organic contaminants in the subsurface at a creosote works, Pensacola, Florida, in Mattraw, H.C., Jr., and Franks, B.J., eds., Movement and fate of creosote waste in ground water, Pensacola, Florida--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination Program: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2285, chap. E, p. 33-40.

Plumlee, G.S., Ficklin, W.H., Montour, M., Smith, K.S., Meier, A.L., and Briggs, P.H., 1994, The geochemistry and environmental degradation of cyanide at the Summitville Mine, Colorado, in Carter, L.M.H., Toth, M.I., and Day, W.C., eds., USGS research on mineral resources--1994: Part A--Program and abstracts, Ninth V.E. McKelvey Forum on Mineral and Energy Resources, Tucson, Arizona, February 22-25, 1994: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1103-A, p. 77-78.

Pontolillo, J., and Eganhouse, R.P., 2001, The search for reliable aqueous solubility (Sw) and octanol-water partition coefficient (Kow) data for hydrophobic organic compounds--DDT and DDE as a case study: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4201, 51 p.

Rathbun, R.E., and Tai, D.Y., 1988, Volatilization of benzene and eight alkyl-substituted benzene compounds from water: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2342, 24 p.

Rathbun, R.E., and Tai, D.Y., 1988, Application of the two-film model to the volatilization of acetone and t-butyl alcohol from water as a function of temperature: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2318, 41 p.

Rathbun, R.E., and Tai, D.Y., 1986, Gas-film coefficients for the volatilization of ketones from water: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2286, 36 p.

Reilly, T.J., and Baehr, A.L., 2006, Methodology to evaluate the effect of sorption in the unsaturated zone on the storage of nitrate and other ions and their transport across the water table, southern New Jersey: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5074, 39 p.

Rogers, J.R., 2002, Why do bacteria colonize aquifer surfaces? Geochemical and nutrient controls of bacterial colonization of silicate surfaces, in Aiken, G., and Kuniansky, E.L., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Artificial Recharge Workshop Proceedings, Sacramento, California, April 2-4, 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-89, 51-54 p.

Updegraff, D.M., 1989, Microbial content of water and bottom material in the lower Calcasieu River, Louisiana, in Demas, C.R., ed., Reconnaissance study of water and bottom material quality in the lower Calcasieu River, Southwestern Louisiana, May 29-30, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4089, chap. B, p. 19-22.

Warren, E., Prudic, D.E., and Godsy, E.M., 2006, Changes in microbial activity, in Green, J.M., ed., The effectiveness of Cattlemans detention basin, South Lake Tahoe, California: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5259, p. 37-48.

Ziegler, B.A., Schreiber, M.E., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Ng, C.G.-H., 2017, Arsenic and iron data (2010-2015) for petroleum plume mass balance, Bemidji Mn: U.S. Geological Survey Data Release.

Web Pages

Akob, D.M., and Lee, K.E., 2017, Examining shifts in stream microbial communities exposed to oil and gas wastewaters: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 03/02/2017, 2017

Bekins, B.A., 2019, Natural Attenuation in Source Zone and Groundwater Plume - Bemidji Crude Oil Spill, access date 6/17/2019, 2019 (Page Version ID: 12809).

Bekins, B.A., Lee, K.E., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2016, U.S. Geological Survey identifies crude-oil metabolites in subsurface plumes: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 09/01/2016, 2016

Bradley, P.M., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2013, Rethinking the limits of oxygen-based biodegradation--More oxygen than we think: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/20/2016, 2016

Cain, D.J., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2013, Mineral particles are a source of dietary metal in streams: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/20/2016, 2016

Campbell, K.M., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2013, Improving subsurface uranium cleanup methods: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/20/2016, 2016

Chapelle, F.H., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2013, Natural attenuation accelerates pump-and-treat cleanup of TCE in fractured rock: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/20/2016, 2016

Cozzarelli, I.M., and Lee, K.E., 2015, Natural breakdown of petroleum results in arsenic mobilization in groundwater: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 2015/10/16, 2015

Cozzarelli, I.M., and Lee, K.E., 2015, Ethanol-containing fuel spills enhanced natural trace element release from sediments in an experimental setting: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 03/25/2016, 2016

Cozzarelli, I.M., Masoner, J.R., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2011, Do natural processes mitigate contamination from landfill leachate?: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/20/2016, 2016

Croteau, M.-N., Fuller, C.C., and Lee, K.E., 2016, Study reveals processes that control uranium bioavailability in a freshwater snail--Relevance to aquatic biota in the Grand Canyon area: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 09/01/2016, 2016

Landmeyer, J.E., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2013, New phytoremediation textbook: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/19/2016, 2016

LeBlanc, D.R., Kent, D.B., and Lee, K.E., 2014, Land disposal of wastewater can result in elevated mercury in groundwater: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 2015/10/16, 2015

Morganwalp, D.W., and Lee, K.E., 2017, Program scientist receives meritorious service award: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 06/30/2017, 2017

Smith, R.L., LeBlanc, D.R., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2013, Organic contaminants stored on sediments can slow down groundwater restoration: U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/20/2016, 2016

Thompson, J.K., and Morganwalp, D.W., 2012, Sometimes the question is "Who isn't living there?": U.S. Geological Survey, access date 10/20/2016, 2016


There are 965 publications in this section of the bibliography. The above list is sorted by publication type. There are 59 Books and Book Chapters, 223 Conference Proceedings Papers, 8 Fact Sheets, 555 Journal Articles, 7 Newsletter and Magazine Articles, 4 Program Overview Papers, 1 Patents, 3 News Releases, 13 Reports (non-USGS)s, 26 Student Theses/Dissertations, 50 Reports (USGS)s, and 16 Web Pages in this section of the bibliography. The USGS Environmental Health Mission Area Bibliographic Data Base was last updated on 12/31/19.

More Information

 

Get Acrobat

The page either contains links to .pdf files or links to non-USGS pages that might have links to .pdf files. .pdf files can be viewed with Adobe Reader®.
You can download Adobe Reader® for free.

This page contains links to Microsoft Office© files (.doc, .docx, .ppt, .pptx, .xls, or xlsx). For users that do not have Microsoft Office© installed on their computer system, free viewers and converters are available for Windows© systems that allows users to open, view, and print these files. Third party viewers are also available for other operating systems (Mac OSX, UNIX, ...). The use of trade, product, or firm names here is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government or the U.S. Geological Survey.