In order to minimize ecological effects, it is essential to understand how a contaminant moves and is altered in the environment.
Research provides a basic understanding of the biologic, chemical, and hydrologic processes that affect partitioning into various environmental media (e.g. water, sediment and tissue) and chemical and microbial transformation. These processes can have a significant effect on the potential toxicity of a contaminant.
Emerging Chemical Contaminants
Emerging Microbial Contaminants
Related Science Features
- Contamination with bacterial zoonotic pathogen genes in U.S. streams influenced by varying types of animal agriculture: Haack, S.K., Duris, J.W., Kolpin, D.W., Focazio, M.J., Meyer, M.T., Johnson, H.E., Oster, R.J., and Foreman, W.T., 2016, Science of the Total Environment, v. 563–564, p. 340-350, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.04.087.
- Municipal solid waste landfills harbor distinct microbiomes: Stamps, B.W., Lyles, C.N., Suflita, J.M., Masoner, J.R., Cozzarelli, I.M., Kolpin, D.W., and Stevenson, B.S., 2016, Frontiers in Microbiology, v. 7, 534, doi:10.3389/fmicb.2016.00534.
- Concentrations of hormones, pharmaceuticals and other micropollutants in groundwater affected by septic systems in New England and New York: Phillips, P.J., Schubert, C., Argue, D., Fisher, I., Furlong, E.T., Foreman, W., Gray, J., and Chalmers, A., 2015, Science of the Total Environment, v. 512-513, p. 43-54, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.12.067.
- Suburbanization, estrogen contamination, and sex ratio in wild amphibian populations: Lambert, M.R., Giller, G.S.J., Barber, L.B., Fitzgerald, K.C., and Skelly, D.K., 2015, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v. 112, no. 38, p. 11881-11886, doi:10.1073/pnas.1501065112.
- Impact of wastewater infrastructure upgrades on the urban water cycle--Reduction in halogenated reaction byproducts following conversion from chlorine gas to ultraviolet light disinfection: Barber, L.B., Hladik, M.L., Vajda, A.M., Fitzgerald, K.C., and Douville, C., 2015, Science of the Total Environment, v. 529, p. 264-274, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.04.112.
- Genes indicative of zoonotic and swine pathogens are persistent in stream water and sediment following a swine manure spill: Haack, S.K., Duris, J.W., Kolpin, D.W., Fogarty, L.R., Johnson, H.E., Gibson, K.E., Focazio, M., Schwab, K.J., Hubbard, L.E., and Foreman, W.T., 2015, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 81, no. 10, p. 3430-3441, doi:10.1128/aem.04195-14.