Petroleum Related Contamination
USGS scientist collecting an unsaturated-zone gas sample with a syringe from a vapor sampling well. The sample was used to study the natural attenuation of hydrocarbon vapors in the unsaturated zone -- from the Bemidji Site
Bibliography 430 Publications
Subsurface spills of petroleum compounds (crude oil, gasoline, and gasoline additives)
may be the most frequently cited cause of ground-water contamination. USGS scientists and
their partners are developing information and tools essential for effective remediation and
long-term management of fuel spills. A major theme of this research is the effectiveness and
practical limitations of Natural Attenuation for treatment of sites with petroleum related
contamination. Research has been conducted at 4 research sites:
Crude Oil Contamination in a
Shallow Outwash Aquifer -- Bemidji, Minnesota
Oxygenated Gasoline --
Laurel Bay, South Carolina
Produced Water -- Osage-Skiatook
Petroleum Environmental Research Project, Oklahoma
Gasoline -- Galloway Township, New
Other Program Petroleum Related Research
Program Headlines on Petroleum Related Research
- Arsenic cycling in hydrocarbon plumes--Secondary effects of natural attenuation: Cozzarelli, I.M., Schreiber, M.E., Erickson, M.L., and Ziegler, B.A., 2015, Groundwater, doi:10.1111/gwat.12316 (Advanced Web release).
- USGS investigations of water produced during hydrocarbon reservoir development: Engle, M.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., and Smith, B.D., 2014, U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2014-3104, 4 p.
- Comparison of surficial CO2 efflux to other measures of subsurface crude oil degradation: Warren, E., Sihota, N.J., Hostettler, F.D., and Bekins, B.A., 2014, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 164, p. 275-284, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2014.06.006.
- Atmospheric Noble gases as tracers of biogenic gas dynamics in a shallow unconfined aquifer: Jones, K.L., Lindsay, M.B.J., Kipfer, R., and Mayer, K.U., 2014, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 128, p. 144-157, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2013.12.008.