Petroleum Related Contamination
Highly degraded and weathered oil residues from leaks and spills from pipelines and tank batteries are present at Site A, Skiatook Lake, Okla. Microbial action, volatilization, and water washing are most likely responsible for the transformation of spilled oil to the asphaltic and weathered oil observed at the site -- from the Osage-Skiatook Petroleum Environmental Research Project
Bibliography 428 Publications
Subsurface spills of petroleum compounds (crude oil, gasoline, and gasoline additives)
may be the most frequently cited cause of ground-water contamination. USGS scientists and
their partners are developing information and tools essential for effective remediation and
long-term management of fuel spills. A major theme of this research is the effectiveness and
practical limitations of Natural Attenuation for treatment of sites with petroleum related
contamination. Research has been conducted at 4 research sites:
Crude Oil Contamination in a
Shallow Outwash Aquifer -- Bemidji, Minnesota
Oxygenated Gasoline --
Laurel Bay, South Carolina
Produced Water -- Osage-Skiatook
Petroleum Environmental Research Project, Oklahoma
Gasoline -- Galloway Township, New
Other Program Petroleum Related Research
Program Headlines on Petroleum Related Research
- Comparison of surficial CO2 efflux to other measures of subsurface crude oil degradation: Warren, E., Sihota, N., Hostettler, F.D., and Bekins, B.A., Journal of Contaminant Hydrology (IN PRESS).
- Adaptations of indigenous bacteria to karst aquifers in south-Central Kentucky contaminated with fuel: Byl, T.D., Metge, D.W., Agyman, D.T., Bradley, M., Hileman, G., and Harvey, R.W., Journal of Cave and Karst Studies (IN PRESS).
- High-resolution magnetic susceptibility measurements for investigating magnetic mineral formation during microbial mediated iron reduction: Atekwana, E.A., Mewafy, F.M., Abdel Aal, G., Werkema, D.D., Revil, A., and Slater, L.D., 2014, Journal of Geophysical Research--Biogeosciences, v. 119, no. 1, p. 80-94, doi:10.1002/2013JG002414.
- A mass balance approach to investigating geochemical controls on secondary water quality impacts at a crude oil spill site near Bemidji, Mn: Ng, G.H.C., Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., Bennett, P.C., and Amos, R.T., 2014, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 164, p. 1-15, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2014.04.006.
- Effects of dual-pump crude oil recovery system, Bemidji, Minnesota, USA: Delin, G.N., and Herkelrath, W.N., 2014, Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, v. 34, no. 1, p. 57-67, doi:10.1111/gwmr.12040.
- Insights into biodegradation through depth-resolved microbial community functional and structural profiling of a crude-oil contaminant plume: Fahrenfeld, N., Cozzarelli, I., Bailey, Z., and Pruden, A., 2014, Microbial Ecology, p. 1-10, doi:10.1007/s00248-014-0421-6.
- Phytoremediation of a petroleum-hydrocarbon contaminated shallow aquifer in Elizabeth City, North Carolina, USA: Nichols, E.G., Cook, R.L., Landmeyer, J.E., Atkinson, B., Malone, D.R., Shaw, G., and Woods, L., 2014, Remediation Journal, v. 24, no. 2, p. 29-46, doi:10.1002/rem.21382.