USGS - science for a changing world

Environmental Health - Toxic Substances

Research Projects

Petroleum Related Contamination

Diagram of a conceptual model of how oil biodegarades in the subsurface.
Conceptual model of the subsurface contaminant plume's microbial geochemistry. The model shows the right to left progression of what electron acceptors are being used by subsurface microbial communities to degraded dissolved oil constituents in groundwater -- from the Bemidji Site

Bibliography 430 Publications

Subsurface spills of petroleum compounds (crude oil, gasoline, and gasoline additives) may be the most frequently cited cause of ground-water contamination. USGS scientists and their partners are developing information and tools essential for effective remediation and long-term management of fuel spills. A major theme of this research is the effectiveness and practical limitations of Natural Attenuation for treatment of sites with petroleum related contamination. Research has been conducted at 4 research sites:

Fate and Effects of Wastes from Unconventional Oil and Gas Development

Crude Oil Contamination in a Shallow Outwash Aquifer -- Bemidji, Minnesota

Oxygenated Gasoline -- Laurel Bay, South Carolina [Completed]

Produced Water -- Osage-Skiatook Petroleum Environmental Research Project, Oklahoma [Completed]

Gasoline -- Galloway Township, New Jersey [Completed]

Other Program Petroleum Related Research

Program Headlines on Petroleum Related Research

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Page Last Modified: Tuesday, 30-Jun-2015 14:16:58 EDT