Petroleum Related Contamination
Subsurface spills of petroleum compounds (crude oil, gasoline, and gasoline additives)
may be the most frequently cited cause of ground-water contamination. USGS scientists and
their partners are developing information and tools essential for effective remediation and
long-term management of fuel spills. A major theme of this research is the effectiveness and
practical limitations of Natural Attenuation for treatment of sites with petroleum related
contamination. Research has been conducted at 4 research sites:
Fate and Effects of Wastes from Unconventional Oil and Gas Development
Crude Oil Contamination in a
Shallow Outwash Aquifer -- Bemidji, Minnesota
Oxygenated Gasoline --
Laurel Bay, South Carolina [Completed]
Produced Water -- Osage-Skiatook
Petroleum Environmental Research Project, Oklahoma [Completed]
Gasoline -- Galloway Township, New
Other Program Petroleum Related Research
Program Science Feature Articles on Petroleum Related Research
- Wastewater disposal from unconventional oil and gas development degrades stream quality at a West Virginia injection facility: Akob, D.M., Mumford, A.C., Orem, W.H., Engle, M.A., Klinges, J.G., Kent, D.B., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2016, Environmental Science and Technology, doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b00428 (Advanced Web release).
- Endocrine disrupting activities of surface water associated with a West Virginia oil and gas Industry wastewater disposal site: Kassotis, C.D., Iwanowicz, L.R., Akob, D.M., Cozzarelli, I.M., Mumford, A.C., Orem, W.H., and Nagel, S.C., 2016, Science of the Total Environment, v. 557–558, p. 901-910, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.03.113.
- Crude oil metabolites in groundwater at two spill sites: Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Erickson, M.L., Steenson, R.A., and Thorn, K.A., 2016, Groundwater, doi:10.1111/gwat.12419 (Advanced Web release).
- Rates of As and trace element mobilization caused by Fe-reduction in mixed BTEX-ethanol experimental plumes: Ziegler, B.A., McGuire, J.T., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2015, Environmental Science and Technology, v. 49, no. 22, p. 13179-13189, doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b02341.
- Comparison of source zone natural attenuation rates at crude oil and ethanol-blended fuel release sites: Sihota, N.J., and Mayer, K.U., 2015, Bioremediation Journal, v. 19, no. 3, p. 218-230, doi:10.1080/10889868.2014.995373.
- Microbial communities associated with zones of elevated magnetic susceptibility in hydrocarbon-contaminated sediments: Beaver, C.L., Williams, A.E., Atekwana, E.A., Mewafy, F.M., Aal, G.A., Slater, L.D., and Rossbach, S., 2015, Geomicrobiology Journal, p. 00-00, doi:10.1080/01490451.2015.1049676.
- Relating subsurface temperature changes to microbial activity at a crude oil-contaminated site: Warren, E., and Bekins, B.A., 2015, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2015.09.007.
- Reactive transport modeling of geochemical controls on secondary water quality impacts at a crude oil spill site near Bemidji, MN: Ng, G.H.C., Bekins, B.A., Cozzarelli, I.M., Baedecker, M.J., Bennett, P.C., Amos, R.T., and Herkelrath, W.N., 2015, Water Resources Research, v. 51, no. 6, p. 4156-4183, doi:10.1002/2015WR016964.
- Organic contaminant transport and fate in the subsurface--Evolution of knowledge and understanding: Essaid, H.I., Bekins, B.A., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2015, Water Resources Research, v. 51, no. 7, p. 4861-4902, doi:10.1002/2015WR017121.