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Petroleum Related Contamination

Site B on the shores of Skiatook Lake, Okla., is still active, and has a tank battery containing produced water (brine) and oil. The brine is disposed of in the subsurface with this onsite injection well (one of two). Deep-well injection regulations require that injection wells be completed in aquifers with total dissolved solids greater than 10,000 mg/L (milligrams per liter)
Site B on the shores of Skiatook Lake, Okla., is still active, and has a tank battery containing produced water (brine) and oil. The brine is disposed of in the subsurface with this onsite injection well (one of two). Deep-well injection regulations require that injection wells be completed in aquifers with total dissolved solids greater than 10,000 mg/L (milligrams per liter) -- from the Osage-Skiatook Petroleum Environmental Research Project

Bibliography 422 Publications

Subsurface spills of petroleum compounds (crude oil, gasoline, and gasoline additives) may be the most frequently cited cause of ground-water contamination. USGS scientists and their partners are developing information and tools essential for effective remediation and long-term management of fuel spills. A major theme of this research is the effectiveness and practical limitations of Natural Attenuation for treatment of sites with petroleum related contamination. Research has been conducted at 4 research sites:

Crude Oil Contamination in a Shallow Outwash Aquifer -- Bemidji, Minnesota

Oxygenated Gasoline -- Laurel Bay, South Carolina

Produced Water -- Osage-Skiatook Petroleum Environmental Research Project, Oklahoma

Gasoline -- Galloway Township, New Jersey [Completed]

Other Program Petroleum Related Research

Program Headlines on Petroleum Related Research

Fact Sheets

Upcoming Publications

  • Effects of dual-pump crude oil recovery system, Bemidji, Minnesota, USA: Delin, G.N., and Herkelrath, W.N., Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation (IN PRESS).
  • Adaptations of indigenous bacteria to karst aquifers in south-Central Kentucky contaminated with fuel: Byl, T.D., Metge, D.W., Agyman, D.T., Bradley, M., Hileman, G., and Harvey, R.W., Journal of Cave and Karst Systems (IN PRESS).

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Page Last Modified: Monday, 07-Jul-2014 17:44:14 EDT