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The 25 Chemicals Found in All Nine of the Biosolids Studied

Median concentrations are normalized to organic carbon and are given in micrograms per kilogram of organic carbon (µg/kg OC)


Chemical Measured

Type of Chemical or Use

Median Concentration
µg/kg OC

carbamazapine

antiepileptic drug

68

diphenhydramine

antihistamine drug

340

fluoxetine

antidepressant drug

370

d-limonene

fragrance compound

630

tonalide (AHTN)

fragrance compound

11,600

galaxolide (HHCB)

fragrance compound

3,900

indole

fragrance compound

19,600

4-tert-octylphenol

detergent metabolite

4,030

para-nonylphenol-total

detergent metabolite

261,000

nonylphenol, monoethoxy-total

detergent metabolite

21,600

nonylphenol, dithoxy-total

detergent metabolite

7,010

bisphenol A

fire retardant

4,690

3-beta-coprostanol

steroid

126,000

cholesterol

steroid

209,000

beta-sitosterol

steroid

131,000

stigmastanol

steroid

17,400

phenanthrene

polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

342

anthracene

polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

139

fluoranthene

polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

1,090

pyrene

polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

1,110

phenol

disinfectant chemical

2,180

triclosan

disinfectant chemical

10,200

diethylhexyl phthalate

plasticizer

10,500

para-cresol

preservative

4,400

skatol

fecal indicator

2,510

Reference

Kinney, C.A., Furlong, E.T., Zaugg, S.D., Burkhardt, M.R., Werner, S.L., Cahill, J.D., and Jorgensen, G.R., 2006, Survey of organic wastewater contaminants in biosolids destined for land application: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 40, no. 23, p. 7207-7215, doi:10.1021/es0603406.

More Information

  • Composting industrial waste—The first U.S. survey of wastewater treatment solids destined to become fertilizer turns up numerous emerging contaminants. Naomi Lubick, September 13, 2006, Online Science News, Environmental Science and Technology
  • Land Application of Municipal Biosolids
Back To Household Chemicals and Drugs Found in Biosolids from Wastewater Treatment Plants Headlines

 

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Page Last Modified: Thursday, 04-Dec-2014 10:16:58 EST

Created on February 1, 2008