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Environmental Health - Toxic Substances

Bibliography

Nutrients

Fate and effects of nutrients in the environment

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A

Alexander, R.B., Böhlke, J.K., Boyer, E.W., David, M.B., Harvey, J.W., Mulholland, P.J., Seitzinger, S.P., Tobias, C.R., Tonitto, C., and Wollheim, W.M., 2009,
Dynamic modeling of nitrogen losses in river networks unravels the coupled effects of hydrological and biogeochemical processes: Biogeochemistry, v. 93, no. 1-2, p. 91-116, doi:10.1007/s10533-008-9274-8.
Antweiler, R.C., Goolsby, D.A., and Taylor, H.E., 1996,
Nutrients in the Mississippi River, 1987-92, in Meade, R.H., ed., Contaminants in the Mississippi River: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1133, p. 73-85.
Antweiler, R.C., Patton, C.J., and Taylor, H.E., 1995,
Nutrients, in Moody, J.A., ed., Chemical data for water samples collected during four upriver cruises on the Mississippi River between New Orleans, Louisiana, and Minneapolis, Minnesota, May 1990-April 1992: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-523, p. 89-92.
Antweiler, R.C., Patton, C.J., and Taylor, H.E., 1993,
Automated, colorimetric methods for determination of nitrate plus nitrite, ammonium and orthophosphate ions in nautral water samples: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-638, 40 p.
Antweiler, R.C., Smith, R.L., Voytek, M.A., Böhlke, J.-K., and Dupre, D.H., 2005,
Water-quality data from two agricultural drainage basins in northwestern Indiana and northeastern Illinois--III. Biweekly data, 2000-2002: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005-1197, 66 p.
Antweiler, R.C., Smith, R.L., Voytek, M.A., and Böhlke, J.K., 2005,
Water-quality data from two agricultural drainage basins in northwestern Indiana and northeastern Illinois--II. Diel data, 1999-2001: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005-1053, 114 p.
Antweiler, R.C., Smith, R.L., Voytek, M.A., Böhlke, J.K., and Richards, K.D., 2005,
Water-quality data from two agricultural drainage basins in northwestern Indiana and northeastern Illinois--I. Lagrangian and synoptic data, 1999-2002: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-1317, 206 p.
Antweiler, R.C., and Taylor, H.E., 1997,
Spatial distribution of nutrients in the Mississippi River system (1991-1992), in Proceedings--Gulf of Mexico Hypoxia Conference, Kenner, Louisiana: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, p. 133-143.
Avanzino, R.J., and Kennedy, V.C., 1993,
Long-term frozen storage of streamwater samples for dissolved orthophosphate, nitrate plus nitrate, and ammonia analysis: Water Resources Research, v. 29, no. 10, p. 3,357-3,362, 93WR01684, doi:10.1029/93WR01684.

B

Bachman, L.J., Krantz, D.E., and Böhlke, J.K., 2002,
Hydrogeologic framework, ground-water geochemistry and assessment of nitrogen yield from base flow in two agricultural watersheds, Kent County, Maryland: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPA/600/R-02/008, 93 p.
Bachman, R.W., Cloern, J.E., Hecky, R.E., and Schindler, D.W., 2006,
Eutrophication of freshwater and marine ecosystems: Limnology and Oceanography, Speical Issue, v. 51, no. 1, part 2, p. 351-800 (Abstract).
Baeseman, J., Smith, R., and Silverstein, J., 2006,
Denitrification potential in stream sediments impacted by acid mine drainage--Effects of pH, various electron donors, and iron: Microbial Ecology, v. 51, no. 2, p. 232-241, doi:10.1007/s00248-005-5155-z.
Baesman, S.M., 2004,
Denitrification in acid-impacted mountain stream sediments: Boulder, University of Colorado, Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Ph.S. dissertation, 200 p.
Baker, N.T., Stone, W.W., Wilson, J.T., and Meyer, M.T., 2006,
Occurrence and transport of agricultural chemicals in Leary Weber Ditch Basin, Hancock County, Indiana, 2003-04: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5251, 44 p.
Barbaro, J.R., Walter, D.A., and LeBlanc, D.R., 2013,
Transport of nitrogen in a treated-wastewater plume to coastal discharge areas, Ashumet Valley, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013-5061, 37 p.
Barnes, R.T., Smith, R.L., and Aiken, G.R., 2012,
Linkages between denitrification and dissolved organic matter quality, Boulder Creek watershed, Colorado: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 117, no. G1, p. G01014, doi:10.1029/2011jg001749.
Battaglin, W.A., Furlong, E.T., and Burkhardt, M.R., 2001,
Concentration of selected sulfonylurea, sulfonamide, and imadazolinone herbicides, other pesticides, and nutrients in 71 streams, 5 reservoir outflows, and 25 wells in the midwestern United States, 1998: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 00-4225, 123 p.
Battaglin, W.A., and Goolsby, D.A., 1999,
Are shifts in herbicide use reflected in concentration changes in midwestern rivers?: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 33, no. 17, p. 2917-2925, doi:10.1021/es9900149.
Battaglin, W.A., Kendall, C., Chang, C.C.Y., Silva, S.R., and Campbell, D.H., 2001,
Chemical and isotopic evidence of nitrogen transformation in the Mississippi River, 1997-98: Hydrological Processes, v. 15, no. 7, p. 1285-1300, doi:10.1002/hyp.214.
Battaglin, W.A., Kendall, C., Chang, C.C.Y., Silva, S.R., and Campbell, D.H., 2001,
Isotopic and chemical composition of inorganic and organic water-quality samples from the Mississippi River Basin, 1997-98: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4095, 57 p.
Battaglin, W.A., Kendall, C., Goolsby, D.A., and Boyer, L.L., 1997,
Plan of study to determine if the isotopic ratios δ15N and δ18O can reveal the sources of nitrate discharged by the Mississippi River into the Gulf of Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-230, 18 p.
Baumgartner, L.K., 2000,
Short-term, single-well injection experiments in a sand and gravel aquifer--Applicability for the measurement of nitrate production and consumption rates in situ: Boulder, University of Colorado, Department of Environmental, Population, and Organismic Biology, Unpublished M.A. thesis, 96 p.
Bencala, K.E., Triska, F.J., Kennedy, V.C., Zellweger, G.W., Duff, J.H., and Avanzino, R.J., 1989,
Exchange between stream and substream flows--Implications for pollutant transport and nutrient cycling through a forested watershed, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 610.
Bennett, P.C., Rogers, J.R., and Hiebert, F.K., 1999,
Microbial weathering of silicates--a strategy for releasing essential nutrients from rocks, in International Symposium on Environmental Biogeochemistry.
Blevins, D.W., 1991,
Planned studies of movement of nitrogen species and herbicides on claypan soils at the Management Systems Evaluation Area, Missouri, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 240-242.
Blevins, D.W., Wilkison, D.H., Kelly, B.P., and Silva, S.R., 1996,
Movement of nitrate fertilizer to glacial till and runoff from a claypan soil: Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 25, no. 3, p. 582-593, doi:10.2134/jeq1996.00472425002500030026x.
Blevins, D.W., Wilkison, D.H., Silva, S.R., and Kelly, B.P., 1996,
Use of 15N to trace movement of nitrogen fertilizer at a field plot, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 401-409.
Blum, J., Kulp, T., Han, S., Lanoil, B., Saltikov, C., Stolz, J., Miller, L., and Oremland, R., 2012,
Desulfohalophilus alkaliarsenatis gen. nov., sp. nov., an extremely halophilic sulfate- and arsenate-respiring bacterium from Searles Lake, California: Extremophiles, p. 1-16, doi:10.1007/s00792-012-0468-6.
Böhlke, J.K., 2003,
Sources, transport, and reaction of nitrate in ground water, in Lindsey, B.D., and others, ed., Residence times and nitrate transport in ground water discharging to streams in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4035, p. 25-39.
Böhlke, J.K., Antweiler, R.C., Harvey, J.W., Laursen, A.E., Smith, L.K., Smith, R.L., and Voytek, M.A., 2009,
Multi-scale measurements and modeling of denitrification in streams with varying flow and nitrate concentration in the upper Mississippi River Basin, USA: Biogeochemistry, v. 93, no. 1-2, p. 117-141, doi:10.1007/s10533-008-9282-8.
Böhlke, J.K., and Coplen, T.B., 1995,
Interlaboratory comparison of reference materials for nitrogen-isotope-ratio measurements--Reference and intercomparison materials for stable isotopes of light elements, in IAEA, ed., IAEA TECDOC 825, p. 51-66.
Böhlke, J.K., and Denver, J.M., 1995,
Combined use of groundwater dating, chemical, and isotopic analyses to resolve the history and fate of nitrate contamination in two agricultural watersheds, Atlantic coastal plain, Maryland: Water Resources Research, v. 31, no. 9, p. 2319-2339, 95WR01584, doi:10.1029/95WR01584.
Böhlke, J.K., Ericksen, G.E., and Revesz, K., 1997,
Stable isotope evidence for an atmospheric origin of desert nitrate deposits in northern Chile and southern California: Chemical Geology, v. 136, p. 135-152.
Böhlke, J.K., Gwinn, C.J., and Coplen, T.B., 1993,
New reference materials for nitrogen-isotope-ratio measurements: Geostandards Newsletter, v. 17, p. 159-164.
Böhlke, J.K., Harvey, J.W., and Voytek, M.A., 2004,
Reach-scale isotope tracer experiment to quantify denitrification and related processes in a nitrate-rich stream, midcontinent United States: Limnology and Oceanography, v. 49, no. 3, p. 821-838.
Böhlke, J.K., Hatzinger, P.B., Sturchio, N.C., Gu, B., Abbene, I., and Mroczkowski, S.J., 2009,
Atacama perchlorate as an agricultural contaminant in groundwater: Isotopic and chronologic evidence from Long Island, New York: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 15, p. 5619-5625, doi:10.1021/es9006433.
Böhlke, J.K., and Horan, M., 2000,
Strontium isotope geochemistry of ground waters and streams affected by agriculture, Locust Grove, Maryland: Applied Geochemistry, v. 15, p. 599-609.
Böhlke, J.K., and Krantz, D.E., 2003,
Isotope geochemistry and chronology of offshore ground water beneath Indian River Bay, Delaware: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4192, 37 p.
Böhlke, J.K., Mroczkowski, S.J., and Coplen, T.B., 2003,
New reference materials for oxygen isotopes in nitrate, in International Symposium on Isotope Hydrology and Integrated Water Resources Management (IAEA-CSP-23), Vienna, Austria, May 19-23, 2003: International Atomic Energy Agency, p. 477-478.
Böhlke, J.K., Mroczkowski, S.J., and Coplen, T.B., 2003,
Oxygen isotopes in nitrate--New reference materials for 180:170:160 measurements and observations on nitrate-water equilibration: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, v. 17, p. 1835-1846.
Böhlke, J.K., O'Connell, M.E., and Prestegaard, K.L., 2007,
Ground water stratification and delivery of nitrate to an incised stream under varying flow conditions: Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 36, no. 3, p. 664-680, doi:10.2134/jeq2006.0084.
Böhlke, J.K., Smith, R.L., and Hannon, J.E., 2007,
Isotopic analysis of N and O in nitrite and nitrate by sequential selective bacterial reduction to N2O: Analytical Chemistry, v. 79, no. 15, p. 5888-5895, doi:10.1021/ac070176k.
Böhlke, J.K., Smith, R.L., and Miller, D.N., 2006,
Ammonium transport and reaction in contaminated groundwater--Application of isotope tracers and isotope fractionation studies: Water Resources Research, v. 42, W05411, doi:10.1029/2005WR004349.
Böhlke, J.K., Verstraeten, I.M., and Kraemer, T.F., 2007,
Effects of surface-water irrigation on the sources, fluxes, and residence times of water, nitrate, and uranium in an alluvial aquifer: Applied Geochemistry, v. 22, no. 1, p. 152-174, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2006.08.019.
Böhlke, J.K., Wanty, R., Tuttle, M., Delin, G., and Landon, M., 2002,
Denitrification in the recharge area and discharge area of a transient agricultural nitrate plume in a glacial outwash sand aquifer, Minnesota: Water Resources Research, v. 38, no. 7, p. 101-126, 2001WR000663, doi:10.1029/2001WR000663.
Bradley, P.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 1993,
Arsenate inhibition of denitrification in nitrate contaminated sediments: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, v. 25, no. 10, p. 1459-1462, doi:10.1016/0038-0717(93)90062-G.
Bradley, P.M., Chapelle, F.H., Jagucki, M.L., and McMahon, P.B., 1994,
Effect of atrazine on potential denitrification in aquifer sediments: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, v. 26, no. 4, p. 523-524, doi:10.1016/0038-0717(94)90186-4.
Bradley, P.M., ed., 2013,
Current perspectives in contaminant hydrology and water resources sustainability: New York, InTech, 333 p., ISBN:9789535110460,
Brand, W.A., Coplen, T.B., Aerts-Bijma, A.T.A., Böhlke, J.K., Gehre, M., Geilman, H., Gröning, M., Jansen, H.G., Meijer, H.A.J., Mroczkowski, S.J., Qi, H., Soergel, K., Stuart-Williams, H., Weise, S.M., and Werner, R.A., 2009,
Comprehensive inter-laboratory calibration of reference materials for δ18O versus VSMOW using various on-line high-temperature conversion techniques: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, v. 23, no. 7, p. 999-1,019, doi:10.1002/rcm.3958.
Bratkovich, A., Dinnel, S.P., and Goolsby, D.A., 1995,
Variability and prediction of freshwater and nitrate fluxes for the Louisiana-Texas shelf--Mississippi and Atchafalaya source functions: Estuaries, v. 17, no. 4, p. 766-778.
Bratton, J.F., Böhlke, J.K., Krantz, D.E., and Tobias, C.R., 2009,
Flow and geochemistry of groundwater beneath a back-barrier lagoon--The subterranean estuary at Chincoteague Bay, Maryland: Marine Chemistry, v. 113, no. 1-2, p. 78-92, doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2009.01.004.
Bratton, J.F., Böhlke, J.K., Manheim, F.T., and Krantz, D.E., 2004,
Ground water beneath coastal bays of the Delmarva Peninsula--Ages and nutrients: Ground Water, v. 42, no. 7, p. 1021-1034, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2004.tb02641.x.
Briggs, M.A., Lautz, L.K., and Hare, D.K., 2013,
Residence Time control on hot moments of net nitrate production and uptake in the hyporheic zone: Hydrological Processes, doi:10.1002/hyp.9921.
Brinton, T.I., Antweiler, R.C., and Taylor, H.E., 1996,
Method for the determination of dissolved chloride, nitrate and sulfate in natural water using ion chromatography: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-426-A, 16 p.
Brinton, T.I., Garbarino, J.R., Peart, D.B., Taylor, H.E., and Antweiler, R.C., 1995,
Concentration and transport data for dissolved inorganic constituents in water collected during seven cruises on the Mississippi River and some of its tributaries, July 1987 - June 1990: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-524, 102 p.
Brooks, M.H., 1991,
Development and evaluation of a technique for measuring denitrification enzyme activity in nitrate-contaminated ground water: Golden, Colorado School of Mines, Department of Chemistry and Geochemistry, unpublished M.S. thesis, 94 p.
Brooks, M.H., Smith, R.L., and Garabedian, S.P., 1996,
Small-scale tracer tests applied to the measurement of in situ denitrification rates in a sewage-contaminated aquifer, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 243-248.
Brooks, M.H., Smith, R.L., and Macalady, D.L., 1992,
Inhibition of existing denitrification enzyme activity by chloramphenicol: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 58, no. 5, p. 1746-1753.
Buckner, C.R., 2013,
Metagenomics and transcriptional expression of microbial communities in a nitrogen-contaminated aquifer in Cape Cod: Wilmington, N.C., University of North Carolina Wilmington, Center for Marine Science, unpublished M.S. thesis, 60 p.
Burkart, M.R., and Kolpin, D.W., 1993,
Regional assessment of factors related to herbicides and nitrate in near-surface aquifers of the midcontinent, in Agricultural research to protect water quality--Proceedings of the Conference, Minneapolis, Minn., February 21-24, 1993: Ankeny, Iowa, Soil and Water Conservation Society, p. 390-392.
Burkholder, J., Libra, B., Weyer, P., Heathcote, S., Kolpin, D.W., Thorne, P.S., and Wichman, M., 2006,
Impacts of waste from concentrated animal feeding operations on water quality: Environmental Health Perspectives, v. 115, no. 2, p. 308-312, doi:10.1289/ehp.8839.
Burns, D.A., Boyer, E.W., Elliott, E.M., and Kendall, C., 2009,
Sources and transformations of nitrate from streams draining varying land uses--Evidence from dual isotope analysis: Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 38, no. 3, p. 1149-1159, doi:10.2134/jeq2008.0371.
Bussey, K.W., 1998,
Ferrous iron and phosphate for screened-auger samples, in Savoie, J., and LeBlanc, D.R., eds., Water-quality data and methods of analysis for samples collected near a plume of sewage-contaminated ground water, Ashumet Valley, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 1993-94: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 97-4269, p. 23.
Bussey, K.W., and Walter, D.A., 1996,
Spatial and temporal distribution of specific conductance, boron, and phosphorus in a sewage-contaminated aquifer near Ashumet Pond, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-472, 44 p.
Byrne, M.J., Sr., Smith, R.L., and Repert, D.A., 2012,
Potential for denitrification near reclaimed water application sites in Orange County, Florida, 2009: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012-1123, 54 p.

C

CENR, 2000,
Integrated assessment of hypoxia in the northern Gulf of Mexico: National Science and Technology Council Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, Washington, D.C., 58 p.
Caffrey, J.M., Cloern, J.E., and Grenz, C., 1998,
Changes in production and respiration during a spring phytoplankton bloom in San Francisco Bay, California, USA--Implications for net ecosystem metabolism: Marine Ecology Progress Series, v. 172, p. 1-12, doi:10.3354/meps172001.
Caffrey, J.M., and Miller, L.G., 1995,
A comparison of two nitrification inhibitors used to measure nitrification rates in estuarine sediments: FEMS Microbiology Ecology, v. 17, p. 213-219, doi:10.1016/0168-6496(95)00026-7.
Campagnolo, E.R., Johnson, K.R., Karpati, A., Rubing, C.S., Kolpin, D.W., Meyer, M.T., Esteban, J.E., Currier, R.W., Smith, K., Thu, K.M., and McGeehin, M., 2002,
Antimicrobial residues in animal waste and water resources proximal to large-scale swine and poultry feeding operations: The Science of the Total Environment, v. 299, no. 1-3, p. 89-95, doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(02)00233-4.
Campbell, D.H., Cravotta, C.A., Ging, P., Lind, C.J., Lawrence, G.B., Murdoch, P.S., Silva, S., and Wilkison, D., 1996,
Atmospheric deposition and nitrogen cycling in soils--Use of isotopes for determining sources (Working Groups 3 and 4 summary report), in Puckett, L.J., and Triska, F.J., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Nitrogen Cycling Workshop, Denver, Colorado, October 30 - November 2, 1995: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-477, p. 72-77.
Casciotti, K.L., Böhlke, J.K., McIlvin, M.R., Mroczkowski, S.J., and Hannon, J.E., 2007,
Oxygen isotopes in nitrite--Analysis, calibration, and equilibration: Analytical Chemistry, v. 79, no. 6, p. 2427-2436, doi:10.1021/ac061598h.
Casciotti, K.L., Sigman, D.M., Hastings, M., Böhlke, J.K., and Hilkert, A., 2002,
Measurement of the oxygen isotopic composition of nitrate in seawater and freshwater using the denitrifier method: Analytical Chemistry, v. 74, p. 4905-4912, doi:10.1021/ac020113w.
Ceazan, M.L., 1987,
Migration and transformations of ammonium and nitrate in a sewage-contaminated aquifer at Cape Cod, Massachusetts: Golden, Colorado School of Mines, Department of Chemistry and Geochemistry, unpublished M.S. thesis, 145 p.
Ceazan, M.L., Smith, R.L., and Thurman, E.M., 1989,
Role of ion exchange in the transport of ammonium through a contaminated sand and gravel aquifer, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 642.
Ceazan, M.L., Smith, R.L., and Thurman, E.M., 1988,
Fate of ammonium in a sewage-contaminated ground water, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. B-29-B-30.
Ceazan, M.L., Thurman, E.M., and Smith, R.L., 1989,
Retardation of ammonium and potassium transport through a contaminated sand and gravel aquifer--The role of cation exchange: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 23, no. 11, p. 1402-1408, doi:10.1021/es00069a012.
Ceazan, M.L., Thurman, E.M., and Smith, R.L., 1987,
The role of cation exchange in the transport of ammonium and nitrate in a sewage-contaminated aquifer, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. B-53-B-58.
Centers for Disease Control, 2000,
Sampling protocol to assess and monitor off-farm transport of waste-associated chemical and microbial constituents on swine feeding operations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health, Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, Health Studies Branch, Atlanta, GA, 50 p.
Chang, C.C., Langston, J., Riggs, M., Campbell, D.H., Silva, S.R., and Kendall, C., 1999,
A method for nitrate collection for δ15N and δ18O analysis from waters with low nitrate concentrations: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v. 56, p. 1856-1860.
Chang, C.C.Y., Kendall, C., Silva, S.R., Battaglin, W.A., and Campbell, D.H., 2002,
Nitrate stable isotopes--Tools for determining nitrate sources among different land uses in the Mississippi River Basin: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v. 59, no. 12, p. 1874-1885, doi:10.1139/f02-153.
Chapelle, F.H., Campbell, B.G., Widdowson, M.A., and Landon, M.K., 2013,
Modeling the long-term fate of agricultural nitrate in groundwater in the San Joaquin Valley, California (Chapter 6), in Bradley, P.M., ed., Current Perspectives in Contaminant Hydrology and Water Resources Sustainability: New York, InTech, ISBN:9789535110460.
Chiou, C.T., and Rutherford, D.W., 1996,
Determination of surface area of soil components by sorption of nitrogen and ethylene glycol monoethyl ether vapors and evaluation of adsorption, partition and cation solvation processes, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 375-380.
Christopher, S.F., Mitchell, M.J., McHale, M.R., Boyer, E.W., Burns, D.A., and Kendall, C., 2008,
Factors controlling nitrogen release from two forested catchments with contrasting hydrochemical responses: Hydrologic Processes, v. 22, no. 1, p. 46-62, doi:10.1002/hyp.6632.
Clark, G.M., Broshears, R.E., Hooper, R.P., and Goolsby, D.A., 2002,
Evaluating the influence of source basins on downstream water quality in the Mississippi River: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 38, no. 3, p. 803-818, doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.2002.tb00998.x.
Cloern, J., Krantz, T., and Duffy, J.E., 2006,
Eutrophication, in Cleveland, C.J., ed., Encyclopedia of Earth: Washington, D.C., Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment (online only).
Cloern, J.E., 2001,
Our evolving conceptual model of the coastal eutrophication problem: Marine Ecology Progress Series, v. 210, p. 223-253, doi:10.3354/meps210223.
Cloern, J.E., 1999,
The relative importance of light and nutrient limitation of phytoplankton growth--A simple index of coastal ecosystem sensitivity to nutrient enrichment: Aquatic Ecology, v. 33, no. 1, p. 3-15.
Cloern, J.E., 1996,
Phytoplankton bloom dynamics in coastal ecosystems--A review with some general lessons from sustained investigation of San Francisco Bay, California: Reviews of Geophysics, v. 34, no. 2, p. 127-168.
Cloern, J.E., Canuel, E.A., and Harris, D., 2002,
Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope composition of aquatic and terrestrial plants of the San Francisco Bay estuarine system: Limnology and Oceanography, v. 47, no. 3, p. 713-729.
Cloern, J.E., and Dugdale, R., 2010,
San Francisco Bay, in Glibert, P.M., and others, eds., Nutrients in Estuaries--A Summary Report of the national Estuarine Experts Workgroup 2005-2007: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, p. 117-126.
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Chlorine-36 as a tracer of perchlorate origin: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 18, p. 6934-6938, doi:10.1021/es9012195.

T

Tate, C.M., Broshears, R.E., and McKnight, D.M., 1995,
Phosphate dynamics in an acidic mountain stream--Interactions involving algal uptake, sorption by iron oxide, and photoreduction: Limnology and Oceanography, v. 40, no. 5, p. 938-946.
Tate, C.M., McKnight, D.M., and Spaulding, S.A., 1991,
Phosphate uptake by algae in a stream contaminated by acid mine drainage, St. Kevin Gulch, Leadville, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 387-391.
Taylor, H.E., Antweiler, R.C., Brinton, T.I., Roth, D.A., and Moody, J.A., 1994,
Major ions, nutrients and trace elements in the Mississippi River near Thebes, Illinois, July through September, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1120-D, 21 p.
Taylor, J.B., 2012,
Assessing the role of anammox in a nitrogen contaminated aquifer: University of North Carolina Wilmington, Deptartment of Biology and Marine Biology, unpublished M.S. thesis, 76 p.
Terrio, P.J., Ostrodka, L.M., Loftin, K.A., Good, G., and Holland, T., 2013,
Initial results from a reconnaissance of cyanobacteria and associated toxins in Illinois, August--October 2012: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013-1019, 4 p.
Thompson, J.K., 1999,
The effect of infaunal bivalve grazing on phytoplankton bloom development in South San Francisco Bay: Stanford, Calif., Stanford University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Ph.D. Thesis, 419 p.
Thorn, K.A., and Cox, L.G., 2012,
Ultraviolet irradiation effects incorporation of nitrate and nitrite nitrogen into aquatic natural organic matter: Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 41, no. 3, p. 865-881, doi:10.2134/jeq2011.0335.
Thorn, K.A., and Cox, L.G., 2009,
N-15 NMR spectra of naturally abundant nitrogen in soil and aquatic natural organic matter samples of the International Humic Substances Society: Organic Geochemistry, v. 40, no. 4, p. 484-499, doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2009.01.007.
Thorn, K.A., and Mikita, M.A., 2000,
Nitrite fixation by humic substances--Nitrogen-15 nuclear magnetic resonance evidence for potential intermediates in chemodenitrification: Soil Science Society of America Journal, v. 64, no. 2, p. 568-582, doi:10.2136/sssaj2000.642568x.
Thurman, E.M., 1987,
A conceptual chemical process model for sewage contamination of a sand and gravel aquifer, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. B-37-B-42.
Thurman, E.M., Barber, L.B., II, Ceazan, M.L., Smith, R.L., Brooks, M.G., Schroeder, M.P., Keck, A.J., Driscoll, A.J., LeBlanc, D.R., and Nichols, W.J., Jr., 1984,
Sewage contaminants in ground water, in LeBlanc, D.R., ed., Movement and fate of solutes in a plume of sewage-contaminated ground water, Cape Cod, Massachusetts--U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Waste Ground-Water Contamination Program--Papers presented at the toxic waste technical meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 20-22, 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-475, p. 47-88.
Tindall, J.A., Lull, K.J., and Gaggiani, N.G., 1994,
Effects of land disposal of municipal sewage sludge on fate of nitrates in soil, streambed sediment and water quality: Journal of Hydrology, v. 163, no. 1-2, p. 147-185, doi:10.1016/0022-1694(94)90027-2.
Tindall, J.A., Petrusak, R.L., and McMahon, P.B., 1995,
Nitrate transport and transformation processes in unsaturated porous media: Journal of Hydrology, v. 169, no. 1-4, p. 51-94, doi:10.1016/0022-1694(94)02666-Y.
Tobias, C., and Böhlke, J.K., 2011,
Biological and geochemical controls on diel dissolved inorganic carbon cycling in a low-order agricultural stream--Implications for reach scales and beyond: Chemical Geology, v. 283, no. 1-2, p. 18-30, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2010.12.012.
Tobias, C.R., Böhlke, J.K., and Harvey, J.W., 2007,
The oxygen-18 isotope approach for measuring aquatic metabolism in high-productivity waters: Limnology and Oceanography, v. 52, no. 4, p. 1,439-1,453.
Topping, B.R., Kuwabara, J.S., Garrett, K.K., Takekawa, J.Y., Parchaso, F., Piotter, S., Clearwater, I., and Shellenbarger, G.G., 2013,
Internal nutrient sources and nutrient distributions in Alviso Pond A3W, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013-1128, 17 p.
Triska, F.J., and Duff, J.H., 1997,
Sediment associated nitrification and denitrification potentials at the interface between a bankside ground water seep and the channel of the Shingobee River, in Winter, T.C., ed., Interdisciplinary research initiative--Hydrological and biogeochemical research in the Shingobee River headwaters area, north-central Minnesota: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 96-4215, p. 155-160.
Triska, F.J., Duff, J.H., A.P., J., and Avanzino, R.J., 2008,
Nutrient chemistry, transformation and release in riparian groundwater seep discharge during the final meter of subsurface transport, Minnesota, USA: Verhandlungen des Internationalen Verein Limnologie, v. 30, no. 3, p. 435-440.
Triska, F.J., Duff, J.H., and Avanzino, R.J., 1993,
Patterns of hydrological exchange and nutrient transformation in the hyporheic zone of a gravel bottom stream--Examining terrestrial aquatic linkages: Freshwater Biology, v. 29, p. 259-274.
Triska, F.J., Duff, J.H., and Avanzino, R.J., 1993,
The role of water exchange between a stream channel and its hyporheic zone in nitrogen cycling at the terrestrial-aquatic interface: Hydrobiologia, v. 251, p. 167-184.
Triska, F.J., Duff, J.H., Warren, E., Godsy, E.M., Jackman, A.P., and Avanzino, R.J., 2006,
High and low flow nitrate distribution and its implications for nitrate retention in Navigation Pool 8, Upper Mississippi River (UMR), and in a high nitrate tributary, the Root River, USA, in Jones, J., ed., XXIX Congress of the International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology, Lahti, Finland, August 8-14, 2004: Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, v. 29, no. 4, p. 1,729-1,735, ISBN:978-3-510-54068-6.
Triska, F.J., Jackman, A.P., Duff, J.H., and Avanzino, R.J., 1994,
Ammonium sorption to channel and riparian sediments--A transient storage pool for dissolved inorganic nitrogen: Biogeochemistry, v. 26, p. 67-83.
Triska, F.J., Kennedy, V.C., Avanzino, R.J., and Stanley, K.C., 1995,
Long-term effects of clearcutting and short-term impacts of storms on inorganic nitrogen uptake and regeneration in a small stream at summer base flow, in Nolan, K.M., Kelsey, H.M., and Marron, D.C., eds., Geomorphic processes and aquatic habitat in the Redwood Creek Basin, northwestern California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1454, p. V1-V13.
Triska, F.J., Pringle, C.M., Zellweger, G.W., Duff, J.H., and Avanzino, R.J., 1993,
Dissolved inorganic nitrogen composition, transformation, retention, and transport in naturally phosphate-rich and phosphate-poor tropical streams: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v. 50, p. 665-675.

U

Underwood, J.C., 2009,
The effect of sulfamethoxazole on the growth, denitrifying activity, and community composition of groundwater bacteria from Cape Cod, MA: Denver, Colo., University of Colorado Denver, Deptartment of Biology, unpublished M.S. thesis, 74 p.

V

van Geen, A., and Luoma, S.N., 1993,
Trace metals Cd, Cu, Ni, Zn, and nutrients in coastal waters adjacent to San Francisco Bay, California: Estuaries, v. 16, no. 3A, p. 559-566.
Verstraeten, I.M., Böhlke, J.K., and Kraemer, T.F., 2000,
Groundwater/surface-water interactions and sources of nitrogen and uranium in an irrigated area of Nebraska, USA, in Dassargues, A., ed., Proceedings, Tacers and Modelling in Hydrogeology: International Association of Hydrological Sciences Publication 262, p. 525-531.
Verstraeten, I.M., Böhlke, J.K., Kraemer, T.F., and Cannia, J., 2002,
Use of environmental tracers and isotopes to evaluate sources of water, nitrate, and uranium in an irrigated alluvial valley, Nebraska: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 100-01, 4 p.
Verstraeten, I.M., McGuire, V.L., and Battaglin, W.A., 1996,
Use of 2D and 3D GIS in well selection and interpretation of nitrate data, central Nebraska, USA, in Kovar, K., and Nachtnebel, H., eds., Application of Geographic Information Systems in Hydrology and Water Resources Management--Proceedings of HydroGIS'96 meeting, Vienna, Austria, April 1996: International Association of Hydrological Sciences Publication No. 235, p. 585-591.
Verstraeten, I.M., Steele, G.V., Böhlke, J.K., Kraemer, T.F., Wilson, K.E., and Carnes, A.E., 2001,
Selected field and analytical methods and analytical results in the Dutch Flats area, western Nebraska, 1995-99: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-413, 53 p.
Volkmar, E.C., Dahlgren, R.A., Stringfellow, W.T., Henson, S.S., Borglin, S.E., Kendall, C., and Van Nieuwenhuyse, E.E., 2011,
Using lagrangian sampling to study water quality during downstream transport in the San Luis Drain, California, USA: Chemical Geology, v. 283, no. 1-2, p. 68-77, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2011.01.029.

W

Wallenstein, M.D., Myrold, D.D., Firestone, M., and Voytek, M., 2006,
Environmental controls on denitrifying communities and denitrification rates--Insights from molecular methods: Ecological Applications, v. 16, no. 6, p. 2143-2152, doi:10.1890/1051-0761(2006)016[2143:ECODCA]2.0.CO;2.
Walter, D.A., 2013,
The simulated effects of wastewater-management actions on the hydrologic system and nitrogen-loading rates to wells and ecological receptors, Popponesset Bay watershed, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013-5060, 62 p.
Walter, D.A., and LeBlanc, D.R., 1997,
Geochemical and hydrologic considerations in remediating phosphorus-contaminated ground water in a sewage plume near Ashumet Pond, Cape Cod Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-202, 20 p.
Walter, D.A., LeBlanc, D.R., Stollenwerk, K.G., and Campo, K.W., 1999,
Phosphorus transport in sewage-contaminated ground water, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 3 of 3--Subsurface Contamination from Point Sources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018C, p. 305-315.
Walter, D.A., Rea, B.A., Stollenwerk, K.G., and Savoie, J., 1996,
Geochemical and hydrologic controls on phosphorus transport in a sewage-contaminated sand and gravel aquifer near Ashumet Pond, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2463, 89 p.
Walvoord, M.A., Phillips, F.M., Stonestrom, D.A., Evans, R.D., Hartsough, P.C., Newman, B.D., and Striegl, R.G., 2004,
Response to comment on "A reservoir of nitrate beneath desert soils": Science, v. 304, p. 51, doi:10.1126/science.1095033.
Walvoord, M.A., Phillips, F.M., Stonestrom, D.A., Evans, R.D., Hartsough, P.C., Newman, B.D., and Striegl, R.G., 2003,
A reservoir of nitrate beneath desert soils: Science, v. 302, no. 5647, p. 1021-1024, doi:10.1126/science.1086435.
Walvoord, M.A., and Striegl, R.G., 2007,
Increased groundwater to stream discharge from permafrost thawing in the Yukon River basin--Potential impacts on lateral export of carbon and nitrogen: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 34, no. 12, L12402, doi:10.1029/2007GL030216.
Wankel, S.D., Chen, Y., Kendall, C., Post, A.F., and Paytan, A., 2010,
Sources of aerosol nitrate to the Gulf of Aqaba--Evidence from δ15N and δ18O of nitrate and trace metal chemistry: Marine Chemistry, v. 120, no. 1-4, p. 90-99, doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2009.01.013.
Wankel, S.D., Kendall, C., Francis, C.A., and Paytan, A., 2006,
Nitrogen sources and cycling in the San Francisco Bay estuary--A nitrate dual isotopic composition approach: Limnology and Oceanography, v. 51, no. 4, p. 1654-1664 (Abstract).
Wankel, S.D., Kendall, C., and Paytan, A., 2009,
Using nitrate dual isotopic composition δ15N and (δ18O) as a tool for exploring sources and cycling of nitrate in an estuarine system: Elkhorn Slough, California: Journal of Geophysical Research G--Biogeosciences, v. 114, no. 1, G01011, doi:10.1029/2008JG000729.
Wankel, S.D., Kendall, C., Pennington, J.T., Chavez, F.P., and Paytan, A., 2007,
Nitrification in the euphotic zone as evidenced by nitrate dual isotopic composition--Observations from Monterey Bay, California: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, v. 21, no. 2, GB2009, doi:10.1029/2006GB002723.
Wanty, R.B., Tuttle, M.L., Böhlke, J.K., and Briggs, P.H., 1994,
Chemical analyses of ground and surface water from Battle Brook drainage basin, near Princeton, Minnesota: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-129, 26 p.
Wanty, R.B., Tuttle, M.L., Landon, M.K., Delin, G.N., and Böhlke, J.K., 1996,
Geochemistry of nitrogen in a farmed watershed near Princeton, Minnesota, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 591-596.
Ward, B.B., Eveillard, D., Kirshtein, J.D., Nelson, J.D., Voytek, M.A., and Jackson, G.A., 2007,
Ammonia-oxidizing bacterial community composition in estuarine and oceanic environments assessed using a functional gene microarray: Environmental Microbiology, v. 9, no. 10, p. 2522-2538, doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2007.01371.x.
Warren, E., Godsy, E.M., Duff, J.H., Triska, F.J., and Jackman, A.P., 2006,
Nitrate reduction and microbial numbers in upper Mississippi River sediments, Pool 8, La Crosse, Wisconsin, USA: Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, v. 29, p. 1578-1582.
Watada, M., 1997,
Natural denitrification in a sewage contaminant plume, Cape Cod, Massachusetts: University of Colorado at Boulder, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering unpublished project report, variously p.
White, A.F., Schulz, M.S., Vivit, D.V., Bullen, T.D., and Fitzpatrick, J., 2012,
The Impact of biotic/abiotic interfaces in mineral nutrient cycling--A study of soils of the Santa Cruz chronosequence, California: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 77, no. 0, p. 62-85, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2011.10.029.
Wilkison, D.H., and Blevins, D.W., 1999,
Observations on preferential flow and horizontal transport of nitrogen fertilizer in the unsaturated zone: Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 28, no. 5, p. 1568-1580, doi:10.2134/jeq1999.00472425002800050022x.
Wilkison, D.H., Blevins, D.W., and Silva, S.R., 2000,
Use of isotopically labeled fertilizer to trace nitrogen fertilizer contributions to surface, soil, and ground water: Journal of Environmental Hydrology, v. 8, no. 6, p. 1-16 (Abstract).
Wilson, T., Amirbahman, A., Norton, S., and Voytek, M., 2010,
A record of phosphorus dynamics in oligotrophic lake sediment: Journal of Paleolimnology, v. 44, no. 1, p. 279-294, doi:10.1007/s10933-009-9403-y.
Wright, W.G., 1999,
Oxidation and mobilization of selenium by nitrate in irrigation drainage: Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 28, no. 4, p. 1182-1187, doi:10.2134/jeq1999.00472425002800040019x.

Y

Yen, S., Liu, S., and Kolpin, D.W., 1996,
Analysis of nitrate in near-surface aquifers in the midcontinental United States--An application of the inverse hyperbolic sine Tobit model: Water Resources Research, v. 32, no. 10, p. 3003-3011, 96WR02102, doi:10.1029/96WR02102.
Young, M.B., McLaughlin, K., Kendall, C., Stringfellow, W., Rollog, M., Elsbury, K., Donald, E., and Paytan, A., 2009,
Characterizing the oxygen isotopic composition of phosphate sources to aquatic ecosystems: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 14, p. 5190-5196, doi:10.1021/es900337q.

Z

Zohar, I., Shaviv, A., Young, M., Kendall, C., Silva, S., and Paytan, A., 2010,
Phosphorus dynamics in soils irrigated with reclaimed waste water or fresh water--a study using oxygen isotopic composition of phosphate: Geoderma, v. 159, no. 1-2, p. 109-121, doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2010.07.002.

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There are 404 publications in this section of the bibliography. The above list is sorted by author. The Toxics Bibliographic Data Base was last updated on 7/29/14.

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