USGS - science for a changing world

Environmental Health - Toxic Substances

Bibliography

Investigations of Watershed Contamination from Hard-Rock Mining

Sorted by Author Sort by Year Sort by Title Sort by Publication Type Only On-Line Reports Search the Toxics Program Bibliography Go to Contents of the Toxics Program Bibliography

This bibliography has the following subcategories:

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | J | K | L
M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y | Z

A

Aiko, K.C., 2003,
Investigation of zinc uptake processes by manganese-oxide-coated sediments from a mining-contaminated stream, Pinal Creek, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, MS Thesis, 200 p.
Alpers, C.N., 1995,
Responsibilities and activities of the U.S. Geological Survey related to mining and the environment, in Workshop report--Mine Waste Technical Forum, Las Vegas, Nev., July 25-27, 1995: Washington, D.C., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, p. 3-53 to 3-63.
Alpers, C.N., Antweiler, R.C., Taylor, H.E., Dileanis, P.D., and Domagalski, J.J., 2000,
Metals transport in the Sacramento River, California, 1996-97--Volume 2. Interpretation of metal loads: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 00-4002, 106 p.
Alpers, C.N., Blowes, D.W., Nordstrom, D.K., and Jambor, J.L., 1994,
Secondary minerals and acid mine-water chemistry, in Jambor, J.L., and Blowes, D.W., eds., Environmental geochemistry of sulfide mine-wastes: Nepean, Ontario, Mineralogical Association of Canada, Short Course Notes, v. 22, p. 247-270.
Alpers, C.N., Hunerlach, M.P., Marvin-DiPasquale, M.C., Antweiler, R.C., Lasorsa, B.K., De Wild, J.F., and Snyder, N.P., 2006,
Geochemical data for mercury, methylmercury, and other constitutents in sediments from Englebright Lake, California, 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 151, 95 p.
Alpers, C.N., Hunerlach, M.P., May, J.T., Hothem, R.L., Taylor, H.E., Antweiler, R.C., De Wild, J.F., and Lawler, D.A., 2005,
Geochemical characterization of water, sediment, and biota affected by mercury contamination and acidic drainage from historical gold mining, Greenhorn Creek, Nevada County, California, 1999-2001: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5251, 278 p.
Alpers, C.N., and Hunerlack, M.P., 2000,
Mercury contamination from historic gold mining in California: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-061-00, 6 p.
Alpers, C.N., Jambor, J.L., and Nordstrom, D.K., 2000,
Sulfate minerals--crystallography, geochemistry, and environmental significance: Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, v. 40, p. 608.
Alpers, C.N., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1999,
Geochemical modeling of water-rock interactions in mining environments, in Plumlee, G.S., and Logsdon, M.J., eds., The environmental geochemistry of mineral deposits--Part 1. Processes, methods and health issues: Reviews in Economic Geology, v. 6A, p. 289-324.
Alpers, C.N., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1991,
Geochemical evolution of extremely acid mine waters at Iron Mountain, California--Are there any lower limits to PH?, in Second International Conference on the Abatement of Acidic Drainage, Montreal, Proceedings: v. 2, p. 321-341.
Alpers, C.N., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1990,
Stoichiometry of mineral reactions from mass balance computations for acid mine waters, Iron Mountain, California, in Gadsy, J.W., Malick, J.W., and Day, S.J., eds., Acid-mine drainage-designing for closure: BiTech Publishers, Vancouver, B.C., p. 23-33.
Alpers, C.N., Nordstrom, D.K., and Ball, J.W., 1989,
Solubility of jarosite solid solutions precipitated from acid mine waters, Iron Mountain, California: Science Geological Bulletin, v. 42, p. 281-298.
Alpers, C.N., Nordstrom, D.K., and Burchard, J.M., 1992,
Compilation and interpretation of water quality and discharge data for acid mine waters at Iron Mountain, Shasta County, California, 1940-91: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4160, 173 p.
Alpers, C.N., Nordstrom, D.K., and Spitzley, J., 2003,
Extreme acid mine drainage from a pyritic massive sulfide deposit, the Iron Mountain end-member, in Jambor, J.L., Blowes, D.W., and Ritchie, A.I.M., eds., Environmental Aspects of Mine Wastes: Mineralogical Association of Canada, v. 31, p. 407-430.
Alpers, C.N., Nordstrom, D.K., and Thompson, J.M., 1994,
Seasonal variations in the Zn/Cu ratio of acid mine drainage from Iron Mountain, California, in Alpers, C.N., and Blowes, D.W., eds., Environmental geochemistry of sulfide oxidation: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society ACS Symposium Series 550, p. 324-344.
Alpers, C.N., Rye, R.O., Nordstrom, D.K., White, L.D., and King, B.S., 1992,
Chemical crystallographic and isotopic properties of alunite and jarosite from acid hypersaline Australian lakes: Chemical Geology, v. 96, p. 203-226.
Alpers, C.N., Stewart, A.R., Saiki, M.K., Marvin-DiPasquale, M., Topping, B.R., Rider, K.M., Gallanthine, S.K., Kester, C.A., Rye, R.O., Antweiler, R.C., and DeWild, J.F., 2008,
Environmental factors affecting mercury in Camp Far West Reservoir, 2001-03: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5008, 358 p.
Alpers, C.N., Taylor, H.E., and Domagalski, J.J., 2000,
Metals transport in the Sacramento River, California, 1996-97--Volume 1. Methods and data: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4286, 428 p.
Alpers, C.N., Taylor, H.E., and Domagalski, J.J., 2000,
Summary and conclusions, in Alpers, C.N., Taylor, H.E., and Domagalski, J.J., eds., Metals transport in the Sacramento River, California, 1996-97--Volume 1. Methods and data: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4286, p. 98-99.
Alpers, C.N., Taylor, H.E., Roth, D.A., Cain, D.J., Ball, J.W., Unruh, D.M., and Deleanis, P.D., 2000,
Study design--Field and laboratory methods, in Alpers, C.N., Taylor, H.E., and Domagalski, J.J., eds., Metals transport in the Sacramento River, California, 1996-97--Volume 1. Methods and data: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4286, p. 19-37.
Angeroth, C.E., 2002,
Characterization of hydraulic conductivity of the alluvium and basin fill, Pinal Creek basin near Globe, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4205, 27 p.
Angeroth, C.E., Leake, S.A., and Wagner, B.J., 1999,
Preliminary model development of the ground- and surface-water system in Pinal Creek Basin, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 211-216.
Antweiler, R.C., Dileanis, P.D., Alpers, C.N., and Taylor, H.E., 2000,
Results, in Alpers, C.N., Taylor, H.E., and Domagalski, J.J., eds., Metals transport in the Sacramento River, California, 1996-97--Volume 1. Methods and data: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4286, p. 62-97.
Antweiler, R.C., Taylor, H.E., and Alpers, C.N., 2012,
Distribution and geochemistry of selected trace elements in the Sacramento River near Keswick Reservoir: Chemical Geology, v. 298-299, p. 70-78, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2011.12.025.
Arai, Y., and Fuller, C.C., 2012,
Effects of sulfate ligand on uranyl carbonato surface species on ferrihydrite surfaces: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, v. 365, no. 1, p. 268-274, doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2011.09.026.
Arai, Y., McBeath, M., Bargar, J.R., Joye, J., and Davis, J.A., 2006,
Uranyl adsorption and surface speciation at the imogolite-water interface--Self-consistent spectroscopic and surface complexation models: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 70, no. 10, p. 2492-2509, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2006.02.013.
Asta, M.P., Kirk Nordstrom, D., and Blaine McCleskey, R., 2012,
Simultaneous oxidation of arsenic and Antimony at low and circumneutral pH, with and without microbial catalysis: Applied Geochemistry, v. 27, no. 1, p. 281-291, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.09.002.
Axtmann, E.V., Cain, D.J., and Luoma, S.N., 1997,
Effect of tributary inflow of the distribution of trace metals in fine-grained sediments and benthic insects of the Clark Fork River, Montana: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 31, no. 3, p. 750-758, doi:10.1021/es960417y.

B

Baedecker, M.J., Back, W., and Cravotta III, C.A., 1994,
Consequences of energy use on water, in Carter, L.M.H., ed., Tenth V.E. McKelvey Forum, Energy and the Environment - Application of geosciences to decision making: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1108, p. 34-36.
Baeseman, J., Smith, R., and Silverstein, J., 2006,
Denitrification potential in stream sediments impacted by acid mine drainage--Effects of pH, various electron donors, and iron: Microbial Ecology, v. 51, no. 2, p. 232-241, doi:10.1007/s00248-005-5155-z.
Baesman, S.M., 2004,
Denitrification in acid-impacted mountain stream sediments: Boulder, University of Colorado, Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Ph.S. dissertation, 200 p.
Balistrieri, L.S., Nimick, D.A., and Mebane, C.A., 2012,
Assessing time-integrated dissolved concentrations and predicting toxicity of metals during diel cycling in streams: Science of the Total Environment, v. 425, p. 155-168, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.03.008.
Ball, J.W., McMleskey, R.B., and Nordstrom, D.K., 2010,
Water-chemistry data for selected springs, geysers, and streams in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, 2006-2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1192, 84 p.
Ball, J.W., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1998,
Critical evaluation and selection of standard state thermodynamic properties for chromium metal and its aqueous ions, hydrolysis species, oxides, and hydroxides: Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, v. 43, no. 6, p. 895-918.
Ball, J.W., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1994,
A comparison of simultaneous plasma, atomic absorption, and iron colormetric techniques for the determination of major and trace constituents in acid mine waters: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 93-4122, 151 p.
Ball, J.W., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1989,
Final revised analyses of major and trace elements from acid mine waters in the Leviathan Mine drainage basin, California and Nevada, October 1981 to October 1982: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 89-4138, 46 p.
Ball, J.W., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1985,
Major and trace-element analysis of acid mine waters in the Leviathan mine drainage basin, California and Nevada--October 1981 to October 1982: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 85-4169, 46 p.
Ball, J.W., Nordstrom, D.K., McCleskey, R.B., and To, T.B., 1999,
A new method for the direct determination of dissolved Fe(III) concentration in acid mine waters, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 297-304.
Ball, J.W., Nordstrom, D.K., and Runkel, R.L., 2000,
Reactive and non-reactive transport modeling for Wightman Fork, Summitville Mine, Colorado--Application of the OTIS/OTEQ model to a low-flow synoptic study, in Proceedings from the Fifth International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage, Denver, Colorado, May 21-24, 2000: Littleton, Colo., Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, v. 1 of 2, p. 125-134.
Ball, J.W., Runkel, R.L., and Nordstrom, D.K., 2005,
Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water quality investigation. 12. Geochemical and reactive-transport modeling based on tracer injection-synoptic sampling studies for the Red river, New Mexico, 2001-2002: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5149, 78 p.
Ball, J.W., Runkel, R.L., and Nordstrom, D.K., 2004,
Evaluating remedial alternatives for the Alamosa River and Wightman Fork, near Summitville Mine, Colorado--Application of a reactive transport model to low- and high-flow simulations, in Zannetti, P., ed., Environmental Sciences and Environmental Computing: The EnviroComp Institute, v. II, p. 1-54.
Ball, J.W., Runkel, R.L., and Nordstrom, D.K., 2001,
Reactive transport modeling at high-flow - Wightman Fork/Alamosa River, USA, in Cidu, R., ed., Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Water - Rock Interaction, Villasimius, Italy, July 10-15, 2001: A.A. Balkema Publishers, v. 2, p. 1181-1184.
Ball, J.W., Runkel, R.L., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1999,
Transport modeling of reactive and non-reactive constituents from Summitville, Colorado--Preliminary results from the application of the OTIS/OTEQ model to the Wightman Fork/Alamosa River System, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 305-311.
Bargar, J.R., Fuller, C.C., Marcus, M.A., Brearley, A.J., Perez De la Rosa, M., Webb, S.M., and Caldwell, W.A., 2009,
Structural characterization of terrestrial bacteriogenic Mn oxides from Pinal Creek, AZ: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 73, no. 4, p. 889-910, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2008.10.036.
Bargar, J.R., Reitmeyer, R., and Davis, J.A., 1999,
Spectroscopic confirmation of uranium(VI)-carbonato adsorption complexes on hematite: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 33, no. 14, p. 2481-2484, doi:10.1021/es990048g.
Bargar, J.R., Reitmeyer, R., Lenhart, J.J., and Davis, J.A., 2000,
Characterization of uranium (VI)-carbonato ternary complexes on hematite--EXAFS and electrophoretic mobility measurements: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 64, p. 2737-2749, doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(00)00398-7.
Bargar, J.R., Williams, K.H., Campbell, K.M., Long, P.E., Stubbs, J.E., Suvorova, E.I., Lezama-Pacheco, J.S., Alessi, D.S., Stylo, M., Webb, S.M., Davis, J.A., Giammar, D.E., Blue, L.Y., and Bernier-Latmani, R., 2013,
Uranium redox transition pathways In acetate-amended sediments: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, v. 110, no. 12, p. 4506-11, doi:10.1073/pnas.1219198110.
Bekins, B., Rittmann, B.E., and MacDonald, J.A., 2001,
Natural attenuation strategy for groundwater cleanup focuses on demonstrating cause and effect: Eos, v. 82, no. 5, p. 53, 57-58.
Bencala, K.E., 2010,
Stream-groundwater interactions, in Wilderer, P.A., ed., Treatise on Water Science: Elsevier, v. 2 - Hydrology, Uhlenbrook, S., Ed., ISBN:978-0-444-53193-3.
Bencala, K.E., 2005,
Hyporheic exchange flows, in Anderson, M.G., and McDonnell, J.J., eds., Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences: New Jersey, John Wiley and Sons, v. 3, Chapter 113, p. 1,733-1,740.
Bencala, K.E., 2000,
Invited Commentary--Hyporheic zone hydrological processes: Hydrological Processes, v. 14, no. 15, p. 2797-2798, doi:10.1002/1099-1085(20001030)14:15<2797::AID-HYP402>3.0.CO;2-6.
Bencala, K.E., 1993,
A perspective on stream-catchment connections: Journal of North American Benthological Society, v. 12, p. 44-47.
Bencala, K.E., Duff, J.H., Harvey, J.W., Jackman, A.P., and Triska, F.J., 1993,
Modelling within the stream-catchment continuum, in Jakeman, A.J., Beck, M.B., and McAleer, J.J., eds., Modelling Change in Environmental Systems: Wiley, p. 163-187.
Bencala, K.E., Gooseff, M.N., and Kimball, B.A., 2011,
Rethinking hyporheic flow and transient storage to advance understanding of stream-catchment connections: Water Resources Research, v. 47, no. 3, W00H03, doi:10.1029/2010wr010066.
Bencala, K.E., Kimball, B.A., and McKnight, D.M., 1991,
Use of variation in solute concentration to identify interactions of the substream zone with instream transport, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 377-379.
Bencala, K.E., McKnight, D.M., Zellweger, G.W., and Kimball, B.A., 1988,
Monitoring acidic streams for transport studies, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 119-124.
Bencala, K.E., and Ortiz, R.F., 1999,
Theory and(or) reality--Analysis of sulfate mass-balance at Summitville, Colorado, poses process questions about the estimation of metal loadings, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 119-122.
Bencala, K.E., and Walters, R.A., 2010,
Simulation of solute transport in a mountain pool-and-riffle stream--A transient storage model (Chap. F2), in Burt, T.P., Pinay, G., and Sabater, S., eds., Riparian Zone Hydrology and Biogeochemisty--IAHS Benchmark Papers in Hydrology Series no. 5: Wallingford, U.K., IAHS Press, ISBN:978-907161-09-4 (Reprinting of Bencala and Walters, 1983: Water Resources Research, v.19, p.718-724.).
Bencala, K.E., and Walters, R.A., 1983,
Simulation of solute transport in a mountain pool-and-riffle stream--A transient storage model: Water Resources Research, v. 19, no. 3, p. 718-724, doi:10.1029/WR019i003p00718.
Bergholm, A., 1995,
Oxidation of pyrite, in Nordstrom, D.K., DeMonge, J.M., and Lovgren, L., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-389, p. 20.
Besser, J.M., Brumbaugh, W.G., May, T.W., Church, S.E., and Kimball, B.A., 2001,
Bioavailability of metals in stream food webs and hazards to brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) in the Upper Animas River Watershed, Colorado: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, v. 40, no. 1, p. 48-59, doi:10.1007/s002440010147.
Besser, J.M., and Leib, K.J., 1999,
Modeling frequency of occurrence of toxic concentrations of zinc and copper in the Upper Animas River, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 75-81.
Best, J.E., 2002,
Geochemical characterization of trace metal substitution in manganese precipitates from Pinal Creek, Arizona: Tempe, Arizona State University, M.S. Thesis, 126 p.
Best, J.E., Geiger, K.E., and O'Day, P.A., 1999,
Partitioning of trace metals between contaminated stream waters and manganese oxide minerals, Pinal Creek, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 227-237.
Bigham, J.M., and Nordstrom, D.K., 2000,
Iron and aluminum hydroxysulfates from acid sulfate waters: Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, v. 40, p. 351-403.
Biochemielab, and Bianchi, F., 2006,
Studio del trasporto di massa del fiume Merse nel tratto tra il fosso di Ribudelli e le Vene di Ciciano, eseguito con il metodo dell'immissione continuativa di un tracciante ed il campionamento sinottico: Firenze, Italia, Geosciences, 28 p.
Böhlke, J.K., Verstraeten, I.M., and Kraemer, T.F., 2007,
Effects of surface-water irrigation on the sources, fluxes, and residence times of water, nitrate, and uranium in an alluvial aquifer: Applied Geochemistry, v. 22, no. 1, p. 152-174, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2006.08.019.
Bond, D.L., Davis, J.A., and Zachara, J.M., 2008,
Uranium(VI) release from contaminated vadose zone sediments--Estimation of potential contributions from dissolution and desorption, in Barnett, M.O., and Kent, D.B., eds., Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia II--Variables, Mechanisms, and Model Applications: Amsterdam, Elsevier, v. 375-416, p. 474, ISBN:978-0-444-53212-1.
Borrok, D.M., Nimick, D.A., Wanty, R.B., and Ridley, W.I., 2008,
Isotopic variation of dissolved copper and zinc in stream waters affected by historical mining: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 72, no. 2, p. 329-344, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2007.11.014.
Borrok, D.M., Wanty, R.B., Ridley, W.I., Lamothe, P.J., Kimball, B.A., Verplank, P.L., and Runkel, R.L., 2009,
Application of iron and zinc isotopes to track the sources and mechanisms of metal loading in a mountain watershed: Applied Geochemistry, v. 24, no. 7, p. 1270-1277, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2009.03.010.
Borrok, D.M., Wanty, R.B., Ridly, W.I., Wolf, R., Lamothe, P.J., and Adams, M., 2007,
Separation of copper, iron, and zinc from complex aqueous solutions for isotopic measurement: Chemical Geology, v. 242, no. 3-4, p. 400-414, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.04.004.
Boughton, G.K., 2001,
Metal loading in Soda Butte Creek upstream of Yellowstone National Park, Montana and Wyoming--A retrospective analysis of previous research; and quantification of metal loading, August 1999: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4170, 68 p.
Bouse, R.M., Fuller, C.C., Luoma, S., Hornberger, M.I., Jaffe, B.E., and Smith, R.E., 2010,
Mercury-contaminated hydraulic mining debris in San Francisco Bay: San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science, v. 8, no. 1.
Bove, D.J., Lowers, H.A., Plumlee, G.S., and Verplanck, P.L., 2008,
In-situ acid weathering reactions in areas affected by large-scale and pervasive hydrothermal alteration in the Southern Rocky Mountains (Chapter C), in Verplanck, P.L., ed., Understanding Contaminants Associated with Mineral Deposits: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 2008-1328, p. 14-17.
Bove, D.J., Mast, M.A., Wright, W.G., Verplanck, P.L., Meeker, G.P., and Yager, D.B., 2000,
Geologic control on acidic and metal-rich waters in the southeast Red Mountains area near Silverton, Colorado--Proceedings of the International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage, Denver, May 22-25, 2000, in Church, S.E., ed., Preliminary release of scientific reports on the acidic drainage in the Animas River watershed, San Juan County, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-034, p. 1-11.
Bove, D.J., Walton-Day, K., and Kimball, B.A., 2009,
The use of fluoride as a natural tracer and the relationship to geologic features--Examples from the Animas River Watershed, San Juan Mountains, Colorado: Geochemistry--Exploration, Environment, and Analysis, v. 9, no. 2, p. 125-138, doi:10.1144/1467-7873/09-197.
Boyer, E.W., 1994,
Hydrology and the variation of dissolved organic carbon in soil and stream waters of two headwater catchments--Summit County, Colorado: Charlottesville, University of Virginia, Master of Science Thesis, Environmental Science, 102 p.
Boyer, E.W., Hornberger, G.M., Bencala, K.E., and McKnight, D.M., 2000,
Effects of asynchronous snowmelt on flushing of dissolved organic carbon--A mixing model approach: Hydrological Processes, v. 14, no. 18, p. 3291-3308, doi:10.1002/1099-1085(20001230)14:18<3291::AID-HYP202>3.0.CO;2-2.
Boyer, E.W., Hornberger, G.M., Bencala, K.E., and McKnight, D.M., 1997,
Response characteristics of DOC flushing in an alpine catchment: Hydrological Processes, v. 11, no. 12, p. 1635-1647, doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1085(19971015)11:12<1635::AID-HYP494>3.0.CO;2-H.
Boyer, E.W., Hornberger, G.M., Bencala, K.E., and McKnight, D.M., 1996,
Overview of a simple model describing variation of dissolved organic carbon in an upland catchment: Ecological Modeling, v. 86, p. 183-188, doi:10.1016/0304-3800(95)00049-6.
Boyer, E.W., Hornberger, G.W., and Bencala, K.E., 1993,
Hydrological controls on the temporal variation of dissolved organic carbon in Deer Creek near Montezuma, Colorado, in McAleer, M., and Jakeman, A., eds., Proceedings of the 10th Biennial Conference of the Modeling and Simulation Society of Australia, December 6-10, 1993: The University of Western Australia, p. 501-506.
Boyer, E.W., McKnight, D.M., Bencala, K.E., Brooks, P.D., Anthony, M.W., Zellweger, G.W., and Harnish, R.E., 1999,
Streamflow and water quality characteristics for the Upper Snake River and Deer Creek Catchments in Summit County, Colorado--Water years 1980 to 1990: Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado Occasional Paper 53, 81 p (+ diskett).
Boyle, T.P., and Gustina, G.W., 2000,
A strategy for use of multivariate methods of analysis of benthic macroinvertebrate communities to assess mine-related ecological stress, in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage, Denver, Colorado, May 21-24, 2000: Littleton, Colo., Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, p. 1425-1432.
Breault, R.F., Colman, J.A., Aiken, G.R., and McKnight, D.M., 1996,
Copper speciation and binding by organic matter in copper-contaminated streamwater: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 30, no. 12, p. 3477-3486, doi:10.1021/es9601301.
Briggs, M.A., Day-Lewis, F.D., Ong, J.B.T., Curtis, G.P., and Lane, J.W., 2013,
Simultaneous estimation of local-scale and flow path-scale dual-domain mass transfer parameters using geoelectrical monitoring: Water Resources Research, v. 49, no. 9, p. 5615-5630, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20397.
Briggs, P.H., Sutley, S.J., and Livo, K.E., 2003,
Questa baseline and pre-mining ground water investigation. 11. Geochemistry of composited material from alteration scars and mine-waste piles: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2003-458, 17 p.
Brooks, P.D., McKnight, D.M., and Bencala, K.E., 2001,
Annual maxima in zinc concentrations during spring snowmelt in streams impacted by mine drainage: Environmental Geology, v. 40, no. 11-12, p. 1447-1454, doi:10.1007/s002540100338.
Brooks, P.D., McKnight, D.M., and Bencala, K.E., 1999,
The relationship between soil heterotrophic activity, soil dissolved organic carbon (DOC) leachate, and catchment-scale DOC export in headwater catchments: Water Resources Research, v. 35, no. 6, p. 1895-1902, 1998WR900125, doi:10.1029/1998WR900125.
Broshears, R.E., 1996,
Reactive solute transport in acidic streams: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 90, no. 1-2, p. 195-204.
Broshears, R.E., Bencala, K.E., Kimball, B.A., and McKnight, D.M., 1992,
Tracer-dilution experiments and solute-transport simulations for a mountain streams, Saint Kevin Gulch, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 92-4081, 18 p.
Broshears, R.E., Kimball, B.A., and Runkel, R.L., 1996,
Simulation of reactive transport during a pH modification experiment in a mountain stream affected by acid mine drainage, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 781-788.
Broshears, R.E., Kimball, B.A., and Runkel, R.L., 1995,
Interpreting spatial profiles of concentration in acid mine drainage streams, in Hotchkiss, W.R., Downey, J.S., Gutentag, E.D., and Moore, J.E., eds., Water resources at risk, Denver, Colo.: Minneapolis, Minnesota, American Institute of Hydrology, p. LL-10-21.
Broshears, R.E., Runkel, R.L., and Kimball, B.A., 1994,
Development and application of a reactive solute transport model for trace metals in mountain streams, in Dutton, A.R., ed., Toxic Substances and the Hydrologic Sciences--Proceedings of the conference, Austin, Texas, April 10-13, 1994: Minneapolis, Minn., American Institute of Hydrology, p. 19-34.
Broshears, R.E., Runkel, R.L., Kimball, B.A., Bencala, K.E., and McKnight, D.M., 1996,
Reactive solute transport in an acidic stream--Experimental pH increase and simulation of controls on pH, aluminum, and iron: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 30, no. 10, p. 3016-24, doi:10.1021/es960055u.
Brown, J.G., 1996,
Movement of metal contaminants in ground water in the Pinal Creek basin, Arizona---Model assessment and simulation of reactive transport: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 236 p.
Brown, J.G., 1991,
Particle-tracking analysis of flow in the stream-aquifer system in Pinal Creek basin, Arizona, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 448-453.
Brown, J.G., 1990,
Chemical, geologic, and hydrologic data from the study of acidic contamination in the Miami Wash-Pinal Creek area, Arizona, water years 1988-89: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 90-395, 75 p.
Brown, J.G., Bassett, R.L., and Glynn, P.D., 2000,
Reactive transport of metal contaminants in alluvium--Model comparison and column simulation: Applied Geochemistry, v. 15, no. 1, p. 35-50, doi:10.1016/S0883-2927(99)00004-9.
Brown, J.G., Bassett, R.L., and Glynn, P.D., 1998,
Analysis and simulation of reactive transport of metal contaminants in ground water in Pinal Creek Basin, Arizona, in Steefel, C.I., and Van Cappellen, P., eds., Special Issue--Reactive Transport Modeling of Natural Systems: New York, Elsevier, Journal of Hydrology, v. 209, p. 225-250.
Brown, J.G., Bassett, R.L., Glynn, P.D., and Parkhurst, D.L., 1995,
Reactive transport of metal contaminants in ground water in Pinal Creek Basin, Arizona, in Geddis, A.M., ed., Water Use in Arizona---Cooperation or Conflict: Arizona Hydrological Society's 8th Annual Symposium, Proceedings, Tucson, Arizona, September 14-16, 1995: Tucson, Ariz., Arizona Hydrological Society, p. 104-105.
Brown, J.G., Brew, R., and Harvey, J.W., 1997,
Research on acidic metal contaminants in Pinal Creek Basin near Globe, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-005-97, 4 p.
Brown, J.G., and Eychaner, J.H., 1996,
Distribution of chemical constituents in surface water, Pinal Creek Basin, Arizona, in Brown, J.G., and Favor, B., eds., Hydrology and geochemistry of aquifer and stream contamination related to acidic water in Pinal Creek Basin near Globe, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2466, p. 61-80.
Brown, J.G., and Eychaner, J.H., 1996,
Research of acidic contamination of ground water and surface water, Pinal Creek Basin, Arizona, in Brown, J.G., and Favor, B., eds., Hydrology and geochemistry of aquifer and stream contamination related to acidic water in Pinal Creek Basin near Globe, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2466, p. 1-20.
Brown, J.G., and Favor, B., eds., 1996,
Hydrology and geochemistry of aquifer and stream contamination related to acidic water in Pinal Creek Basin near Globe, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2466, 103 p.
Brown, J.G., and Glynn, P.D., 2003,
Kinetic dissolution of carbonates and Mn oxides in acidic water--measurement of in situ field rates and reactive transport modeling: Applied Geochemistry, v. 18, no. 8, p. 1225-1239, doi:10.1016/S0883-2927(03)00010-6.
Brown, J.G., Glynn, P.D., and Bassett, R.L., 1999,
Geochemistry and reactive-transport of metal contaminants in ground water, Pinal Creek Basin, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 141-153.
Brown, J.G., and Harvey, J.W., 1996,
Hydrologic and geochemical factors affecting metal contaminant transport in Pinal Creek basin near Globe, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 1035-1042.
Brumbaugh, W.G., Petty, J.D., Huckins, J.N., and Manahan, S.E., 1999,
Development of a passive integrative sampler for labile metals in water, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 93-98.
Buchwalter, D.B., Cain, D.J., Clements, W.H., and Luoma, S.N., 2008,
Using biodynamic models to reconcile differences between laboratory toxicity tests and field biomonitoring with aquatic insects: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 42, no. 8, p. 3,117-3,117, doi:10.1021/es703130e.
Buchwalter, D.B., Cain, D.J., Clements, W.H., and Luoma, S.N., 2007,
Using biodynamic models to reconcile differences between laboratory toxicity tests and field biomonitoring with aquatic insects: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 41, no. 13, p. 4,821-4,828, doi:10.1021/es070464y.
Buxton, H.T., Nimick, D.A., von Guerard, P., Church, S.E., Frazier, A., Gray, J.R., Lipin, B.R., Marsh, S.P., Woodward, D.F., Kimball, B.A., Finger, S., Ischinger, L., Fordham, J.C., Power, M.S., Bunck, C., and Jones, J.W., 1997,
A science-based, watershed strategy to support effective remediation of abandoned mine lands, in Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage, Vancouver, B.C., May 31-June 6, 1997: p. 1869-1880.

C

Cain, D., Croteau, M.-N., and Luoma, S., 2011,
Bioaccumulation dynamics and exposure routes of Cd and Cu among species of aquatic mayflies: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 30, no. 11, p. 2532-2541, doi:10.1002/etc.663.
Cain, D.J., Buchwalter, D.B., and Luoma, S.N., 2006,
Influence of metal exposure history on the bioaccumulation and subcellular distribution of aqueous cadmium in the insect Hydropsyche californica: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 25, no. 4, p. 1042-1049, doi:10.1897/05-255R.1.
Cain, D.J., Carter, J.L., Fend, S.V., Luoma, S.N., Alpers, C.N., and Taylor, H.E., 2000,
Metal exposure to a benthic invertebrate, Hydropsyche californica, in the Sacramento River downstream of Keswick Reservoir, California: Canadian Journal of Fisheries, v. 57, p. 380-390.
Cain, D.J., Carter, J.L., Fend, S.V., Luoma, S.N., Alpers, C.N., and Taylor, H.E., 1998,
Metal exposure to a benthic invertebrate, Hydropsyche california, in the Sacramento River downstream of Keswick Reservoir, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-654, 26 p.
Cain, D.J., Croteau, M.-N., and Fuller, C.C., 2013,
Dietary bioavailability of Cu adsorbed to colloidal hydrous ferric oxide: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 6, p. 2869-2876, doi:10.1021/es3044856.
Cain, D.J., Fend, S.V., and Carter, J.L., 1989,
Temporal and spatial variability of arsenic in benthic insects from Whitewood Creek, South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 257-268.
Cain, D.J., Fend, S.V., and Carter, J.L., 1988,
Arsenic concentrations of selected benthic insects in Whitewood Creek and the Belle Fourche River, South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 55-60.
Cain, D.J., Luoma, S.N., and Wallace, W.G., 2004,
Linking metal bioaccumulation of aquatic insects to their distributions in a mining-impacted river: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 23, p. 1463-1473, doi:10.1897/03-291.
Caine, J.S., 2003,
Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water quality investigation 6. Preliminary brittle structural geologic data, Questa mining district, southern Sangre de Cristo Mountains, New Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2003-280, 24 p.
Caine, J.S., Manning, A.H., Philip L. Verplanck, Bove, D.J., Kahn, K.G., and Ge, S., 2008,
U.S. Geological Survey Research in Handcart Gulch, Colorado--An alpine watershed affected by metalliferous hydrothermal alteration (Chapter I), in Verplanck, P.L., ed., Understanding Contaminants Associated with Mineral Deposits: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 2008-1328, p. 50-57.
Caldwell, R.R., Nimick, D.A., and DeVaney, R.M., 2014,
Occurrence and hydrochemistry of radiochemical constituents in groundwater of Jefferson County and surrounding areas, southwestern Montana, 2007 through 2010: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013-5235, 61 p.
Callender, E., and Ficklin, W.H., 1988,
Remobilization of arsenic in sediments from the Cheyenne River area of Lake Oahe, South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 41-48.
Callender, E., Ficklin, W.H., Kimball, B.A., and Edelmann, P.R., 1989,
Heavy-metal geochemistry of sediments in the Pueblo Reservoir, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 81-91.
Callender, E., Kimball, B.A., and Axtmann, E.V., 1991,
Transition metal geochemistry of the Upper Arkansas River, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 392-397.
Callender, E., and Robbins, J.A., 1993,
Transport and accumulation of radionuclides and stable elements in a Missouri River reservoir: Water Resources Research, v. 29, no. 6, p. 1787-1804, 93WR00387, doi:10.1029/93WR00387.
Callender, E., Robbins, J.A., and Morehead, N.R., 1989,
Records of fallout CS-137 in Lake Oahe Reservoir, South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 611.
Campbell, K.M., Alpers, C.N., Nordstrom, D.K., Blum, A., and Williams, A., 2013,
Characterization and remediation of iron(III) oxide-rich scale in a pipeline carrying acid mine drainage at Iron Mountain Mine, California, USA, in Brown, A., Figueroa, L., and Wolkersdorfer, C., eds., Annual International Mine Water Association Conference--Reliable Mine Water Technology, Golden, Colo., August 5-9, 2013: Denver, Colo., Publication Printers, p. 287-294, ISBN:9780615793856.
Campbell, K.M., Davis, J.A., Bargar, J., Giammar, D., Bernier-Latmani, R., Kukkadapu, R., Williams, K.H., Veramani, H., Ulrich, K.U., Stubbs, J., Yabusaki, S., Figueroa, L., Lesher, E., Wilkins, M.J., Peacock, A., and Long, P.E., 2011,
Composition, stability, and measurement of reduced uranium phases for groundwater bioremediation at Old Rifle, CO: Applied Geochemistry, v. 26, Supplement, p. S167-S169, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.03.094.
Campbell, K.M., Nordstrom, D.K., and Hay, M.B., 2012,
Kinetic modelling of microbial iron (II) oxidation, iron (III) hydrolysis, and arsenic (III) oxidation in acid waters, in Ng, J.C., and others, eds., Understanding the Geological and Medical Interface of Arsenic, As 2012 --Proceedings of the 4th International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment, Cairns, Australia, July 22-27, 2012: CRC Press, p. 461-462, ISBN:9780415637633.
Cannon, M.R., Church, S.E., Fey, D.L., McDougal, R.R., Smith, B.D., and Nimick, D.A., 2004,
Understanding trace-element sources and transport to upper Basin Creek in the vicinity of the Buckeye and Enterprise Mines, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-E1, p. 401-455.
Caruso, B.S., Cox, T.J., Runkel, R.L., Velleux, M.L., Bencala, K.E., Nordstrom, D.K., Julien, P.Y., Butler, B.A., Alpers, C.N., Marion, A., and Smith, K.S., 2008,
Metals fate and transport modelling in streams and watersheds--State of the science and USEPA workshop review: Hydrologic Processes, v. 22, no. 19, p. 4011-4021, doi:10.1002/hyp.7114.
Cavé, L.C., Fey, M.V., and Nordstrom, D.K., 2001,
Dissolution rate of apophyllite - the effects of pH and implications for underground water storage, in Cidu, R., ed., Proceedings of the tenth international symposium WRI-10, Villasimius, Italy, June 10-15, 2001: A.A. Balkema, p. 251-254.
Chapin, T.P., Nimick, D.A., Gammons, C.H., and Wanty, R.B., 2007,
Diel cycling of zinc in a stream impacted by acid rock drainage--Initial results from a new in situ Zn analyzer: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, v. 133, no. 1-3, p. 161-167, doi:10.1007/s10661-006-9569-y.
Chapin, T.P., and Wanty, R., 2005,
Development of a solenoid pumped in situ zinc analyzer for environmental monitoring: Analytica Chimica Acta, v. 543, no. 1-2, p. 199-208, doi:10.1016/j.aca.2005.04.046.
Chapra, S.C., and Runkel, R.L., 1999,
Modeling impact of storage zones on stream dissolved oxygen: Journal of Environmental Engineering, v. 125, no. 5, p. 415-419.
Cherry, J.A., Morel, F.M.M., Rouse, J.V., Schnoor, J.L., and Wolman, M.G., 1986,
Hydrochemistry of sulfide and arsenic-rich tailings and alluvium along Whitewood Creek, South Dakota: Colorado School of Mines, Mineral and Energy Resources, v. 29, no. 5, 6, and 7, p. 44.
Choate, L.M., Ranville, J.F., Blumenstein, E.P., and Smith, K.S., 2008,
Simple screening tests to determine the potential metal toxicity of mining-waste leachates (Chapter E), in Verplanck, P.L., ed., Understanding Contaminants Associated with Mineral Deposits: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 2008-1328, p. 24-27.
Choi, J., 1998,
Transport modeling of metal contaminants in a stream-aquifer system: Tucson, University of Arizona, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, Ph.D. Dissertation, 225 p.
Choi, J., Harvey, J.W., and Conklin, M.H., 2000,
Characterizing multiple timescales of stream and storage zone interaction that affect solute fate and transport in streams: Water Resources Research, v. 36, no. 6, p. 1511-1518, 2000WR900051, doi:10.1029/2000WR900051.
Choi, J., Hulseapple, S.M., Conklin, M.H., and Harvey, J.W., 1998,
Modeling CO2 degassing and pH in a stream-aquifer system, in Steefel, C.I., and Van Cappellen, P., eds., Special Issue--Reactive Transport Modeling of Natural Systems: New York, Elsevier, Journal of Hydrology, v. 209, p. 297-310.
Choi, J.Y., Harvey, J.W., and Conklin, M.H., 1999,
Use of multi-parameter sensitivity analysis to determine relative importance of factors influencing natural attenuation of mining contaminants, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 185-191.
Church, S.E., 2000,
Preliminary release of scientific reports on the acidic drainage in the Animas River Watershed, San Juan County, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-034, 116 p.
Church, S.E., Fey, D.L., Brouwers, E.M., Holmes, C.W., and Blair, R., 1999,
Determination of pre-mining geochemical conditions and paleoecology in the Animas River watershed, Colorado, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 19-30.
Church, S.E., Fey, D.L., and Marot, M.E., 2005,
Lake-sediment geochemical record from 1960 to 2002, Eagle Rock and Fawn Lakes, Taos County, New Mexico [Questa baseline and premining ground-water quality investigation 8]: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5006, 47 p.
Church, S.E., Kimball, B.A., Fey, D.L., Ferderer, D.A., Yager, T.J., and Vaughn, R.B., 1997,
Source, transport, and partitioning of metals between water, colloids, and bed sediments of the Animas River, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-151, 1-135 p.
Church, S.E., Nimick, D.A., Finger, S.E., and O'Neill, J.M., 2004,
The Boulder River watershed study, Jefferson County, Montana, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-B, p. 13-28.
Church, S.E., Owen, J.R., von Guerard, P., Verplanck, P.L., Kimball, B.A., and Yager, D.B., 2007,
The effects of acidic mine drainage from historical mines in the Animas River watershed, San Juan County, Colorado--What is being done and what can be done to improve water quality?, in DeGraff, J.V., ed., Understanding and responding to hazardous substances at mine sites in the western United States: Boulder, Colo., Geological Society of America, p. 47-83, ISBN:9780813741178.
Church, S.E., Unruh, D.M., Fey, D.L., and Sole, T.C., 2004,
Trace elements and lead isotopes in streambed sediment in streams affected by historical mining, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-D8, p. 279-335.
Church, S.E., Von Guerard, P., and Finger, S.E., Eds, 2007,
Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the animas river watershed, San Juan County, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1651, 1096 p (2 volumes).
Church, S.E., von Guerard, P., and Finger, S.E., 2007,
Environmental effects of historical mining in the Animas River watershed, southwestern Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2007-3051, 4 p.
Cleasby, T.E., and Nimick, D.A., 2002,
Metal concentrations and sources in the Miller Creek watershed, Park County, Montana, August 2000: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4148, 32 p.
Cleasby, T.E., and Nimick, D.A., 2002,
Streamflow, water quality, and quantification of metal loading in the upper Tenmile Creek watershed, Lewis and Clark County, west-central Montana, September 1998: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4072, 64 p.
Cleasby, T.E., Nimick, D.A., and Kimball, B.A., 2000,
Quantification of metal loads by tracer-injection and synoptic-sampling methods in Cataract Creek, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 00-4237, 39 p.
Cleasby, T.E., Thamke, J.N., and Nimick, D.A., 2003,
Arsenic and metal loads and source areas in the Middle Fork Warm Springs Creek watershed, Jefferson County, Montana, June 2001: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4153, 33 p.
Conko, K.M., Landa, E.R., Kolker, A., Kozlov, K., Gibb, H.J., Centeno, J.A., Panov, B.S., and Panov, Y.B., 2013,
Arsenic and mercury in the soils of an industrial city in the Donets Basin, Ukraine: Soil and Sediment Contamination--An International Journal, v. 22, no. 5, p. 574-593, doi:10.1080/15320383.2013.750270.
Cowie, R., Williams, M.W., Wireman, M., and Runkel, R.L., 2014,
Use of natural and applied tracers to guide targeted remediation efforts in an acid mine drainage system, Colorado Rockies, USA: Water (Switzerland), v. 6, no. 4, p. 745-777, doi:10.3390/w6040745.
Cox, M.H., and Hatch, C., 2003,
Water temperature, streamflow, and ground-water elevation in and adjacent to the Russian River between Hopland and Guerneville, CA from 1998-2002: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2003-454, 39 p.
Cox, M.H., Mendez, G.O., Kratzer, C.R., and Reichard, E.G., 2003,
Evaluation of tracer tests completed in 1999 and 2000 on the upper Santa Clara River, Los Angeles and Ventura Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 2003-4277, 99 p.
Cox, M.H., and Schemel, L.E., 2007,
Chemical and hydrologic data from the Cement Creek and upper Animas River confluence and mixing zone, Silverton, Colorado, September 1997: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1048, 4 p (includes a data file).
Cox, T.J., and Runkel, R.L., 2008,
Eulerian-Lagrangian numerical scheme for simulating advection, dispersion, and transient storage in streams and a comparison of numerical methods: Journal of Environmental Engineering, v. 134, no. 12, p. 996-1005, doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9372(2008)134:12(996).
Cozzetto, K.D., Bencala, K.E., Gooseff, M.N., and McKnight, D.M., 2013,
The influence of stream thermal regimes and preferential flow paths on hyporheic exchange in a glacial meltwater stream: Water Resources Research, v. 49, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20410.
Craven, A.M., Aiken, G.R., and Ryan, J.N., 2012,
Copper(II) binding by dissolved organic matter--Importance of the copper-to-dissolved organic matter ratio and implications for the biotic ligand model: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 46, no. 18, p. 9948-9954, doi:10.1021/es301015p.
Cravotta, C.A., Brady, K.B.C., Rose, A.W., and Douds, J.B., 1999,
Frequency distribution of the pH of coal-mine drainage in Pennsylvania, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 313-324.
Cravotta, C.A., III, Parkhurst, D.L., Means, B., McKenzie, R., and Arthur, W., 2010,
Using the computer program AMDTreat with a PHREEQC titration module to compute caustic quantity, effluent quality, and sludge volume, in Wolkersdorfer, C., and Freund, A., eds., Mine Water and Innovative Thinking--International Mine Water Association 2010 Symposium, Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada, September 5-9, 2010: CBU Press, p. 111-114, ISBN:978-1-897009-47-5.
Cravotta, C.A., III, Parkhurst, D.L., Means, B., McKenzie, R., Morris, H., and Arthur, W., 2010,
A geochemical module for "AMDTreat" to compute caustic quantity, effluent quality, and sludge volume, in Barnhisel, R.I., ed., Bridging Reclamation, Science and Community--2010 National Meeting of the American Society of Mining and Reclamation, Pittsburgh, Pa., June 5-11, 2010: Lexington, Ky., American Society of Mining and Reclamation, p. 1413-1436.
Croteau, M.-N., Cain, D.J., and Fuller, C.C., 2013,
Novel and nontraditional use of stable isotope tracers to study metal bioavailability from natural particles: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 7, p. 3424-3431, doi:10.1021/es400162f.
Croteau, M.N., and Luoma, S.N., 2009,
Predicting dietborne metal toxicity from metal influxes: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 13, p. 4915-4921, doi:10.1021/es9007454.
Curtis, G.P., and Davis, J.A., 2004,
Simulation of U(VI) transport in groundwater with variable geochemical conditions, in Wanty, R.B., and Seal II, R.R., eds., Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction, Saratoga Springs, New York, July 2004: Balkema, v. 2, p. 927-933.
Curtis, G.P., Davis, J.A., and Naftz, D.L., 2006,
Simulation of reactive transport of uranium(VI) in groundwater with variable chemical conditions: Water Resources Research, v. 42, W04404, doi:10.1029/2005WR003979.
Curtis, G.P., Fox, P., Kohler, M., and Davis, J.A., 2004,
Comparison of in situ uranium K D values with a laboratory determined surface complexation model: Applied Geochemistry, v. 19, p. 1643-1653, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2004.03.004.
Curtis, G.P., Kohler, M., and Davis, J.A., 2009,
Comparing approaches for simulating the reactive transport of U(VI) in ground water: Mine Water and the Environment, v. 28, no. 2, p. 84-93, doi:10.1007/s10230-009-0064-x.
Custer, C.M., Yang, C., Crock, J.G., Shearn-Bochsler, V., Smith, K.S., and Hageman, P.L., 2009,
Exposure of insects and insectivorous birds to metals and other elements from abandoned mine tailings in three Summit County drainages, Colorado: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, v. 153, no. 1-4, p. 161-177, doi:10.1007/s10661-008-0346-y.

D

Davis, J.A., and Curtis, G.P., 2003,
Application of surface complexation modeling to describe uranium (VI) adsorption and retardation at the uranium mill tailings site at Naturita, Colorado: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Report NUREG CR-6820.
Davis, J.A., Curtis, G.P., Wilkins, M.J., Kohler, M., Fox, P.M., Naftz, D.L., and Lloyd, J.R., 2006,
Processes affecting transport of uranium in a suboxic aquifer: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, v. 31, p. 548-555, doi:10.1016/j.pce.2006.04.005.
Davis, J.A., Meece, D.E., Kohler, M., and Curtis, G.P., 2004,
Approaches to surface complexation modeling of uranium(VI) adsorption on aquifer sediments: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 68, p. 3621-3641, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2004.03.003.
Davis, S.N., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1992,
Hydrogeochemical investigations in boreholes at the Stripa mine (Sweden): Stripa Project Technical Report 92-19, 178 p.
Desborough, G.A., Briggs, P.H., and Mazza, N., 1998,
Chemical and mineralogical characteristics and acid-neutralizing potential of fresh and altered rocks and soils of the Boulder River headwaters in Basin and Cataract Creeks of northern Jefferson Co., Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-40, 21 p.
Desborough, G.A., Briggs, P.H., Nazza, N., and Driscoll, R., 1998,
Acid-neutralizing potential of minerals in intrusive rocks of the Boulder batholith in northern Jefferson Co., Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-364, 21 p.
Desborough, G.A., and Driscoll, R., 1998,
Mineralogical characteristics and acid-neutralizing potential of drill core samples from eight sites considered for metal-mine related waste repositories in northern Jefferson, Powell, and Lewis and Clark Co., Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-790, 6 p.
Desborough, G.A., and Fey, D.L., 1997,
Preliminary characterization of acid-generating potential and toxic metal solubility of some abandoned metal-mining related wastes in the Boulder River headwaters, northen Jefferson Co., Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-478, 21 p.
Desborough, G.A., Leinz, R.W., Sutley, S.J., Briggs, P.H., Swayze, G.A., Smith, K.S., and Breit, G.N., 2000,
Leaching studies of schwertmannite-rich precipitates from the Animas River headwaters, Colorado, and Boulder River headwaters, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-004, 16 p.
Desborough, G.A., Smith, K.S., Lowers, H.A., Swayze, G.A., Hammarstrom, J.M., Diehl, S.F., Leinz, R.W., and Driscoll, R.L., 2010,
Mineralogical and chemical characteristics of some natural jarosites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 74, no. 3, p. 1041-1056, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2009.11.006.
Diehl, S.F., Hageman, P.L., Koenig, A.E., Seal Ii, R.R., Smith, K.S., Benzel, W.M., and Driscoll, R.L., 2010,
Techniques to understand metal leaching from ore minerals in mine-waste material, in Proceedings of the 2010 Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration (SME) Annual Meeting and Exhibit, Phoenix, Arizona, February 28-March 3, 2010: Red Hook, NY, Curran Associates, Inc., p. 614-616, ISBN:9781617380822.
Diehl, S.F., Hageman, P.L., and Smith, K.S., 2008,
What is weathering in mine waste? Mineralogic evidence for sources of metals in leachates (Chapter A), in Verplanck, P.L., ed., Understanding Contaminants Associated with Mineral Deposits: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 2008-1328, p. 4-7.
Dodge, K.A., Hornberger, M.I., and Axtmann, E.V., 1996,
Water quality, bed sediment and biological data (October 1994-September 1995) and statistical summaries of data for streams in the upper Clark Fork basin, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-432, 109 p.
Dodge, K.A., Hornberger, M.I., and Bouse, R.M., 1999,
Water quality, bed sediment and biological data (October 1997 through September 1998) and statistical summaries of data for streams in the Upper Clark Fork basin, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-251, 102 p.
Dodge, K.A., Hornberger, M.I., and Dyke, J.L., 2013,
Water-quality, bed-sediment, and biological data (October 2010 through September 2011) and statistical summaries of data for streams in the Clark Fork Basin, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013-1017.
Dodge, K.A., Hornberger, M.I., and Dyke, J.L., 2010,
Water-quality, bed-sediment, and biological data (October 2008 through September 2009) and statistical summaries of long-term data for streams in the Clark Fork Basin, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1267, 17 p.
Dodge, K.A., Hornberger, M.I., and Dyke, J.L., 2009,
Water-quality, bed-sediment, and biological data (October 2007 through September 2008) and statistical summaries of long-term data for streams in the Clark Fork Basin, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1178, 140 p.
Dodge, K.A., Hornberger, M.I., and Dyke, J.L., 2008,
Water-quality, bed-sediment, and biological data (October 2006 through September 2007) and statistical summaries of long-term data for streams in the Clark Fork Basin, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1318, vi, 134 p.
Dodge, K.A., Hornberger, M.I., and Dyke, J.L., 2007,
Water-quality, bed-sediment, and biological data (October 2005 through September 2006) and statistical summaries of long-term data for streams in the Clark Fork Basin, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1301, 125 p.
Dodge, K.A., Hornberger, M.I., and Dyke, J.L., 2006,
Water-quality, bed-sediment, and biological data (October 2004 through September 2005) and statistical summaries of data for streams in the Upper Clark Fork Basin, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1266, 109 p.
Dodge, K.A., Hornberger, M.I., and Dyke, J.L., 2005,
Water-quality, bed-sediment, and biological data (October 2003 through September 2004) and statistical summaries of data for streams in the Upper Clark Fork Basin, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005-1356, 124 p (includes map, 28 cm.).
Dodge, K.A., Hornberger, M.I., and Lavigne, I.R., 2004,
Water-quality, bed-sediment and biological data (October 2002 through September 2003) and statistical summaries of data for streams in the upper Clark Fork basin, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-1340, 107 p.
Dodge, K.A., Hornberger, M.I., and Lavigne, I.R., 2003,
Water-quality, bed-sediment, and biological data (October 2001 through September 2002) and statistical summaries of data for streams in the upper Clark Fork basin, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-356, 95 p.
du Bray, E.A., ed., 1995,
Preliminary compilation of descriptive geoenvironmental mineral deposit models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-0831, Online Version 1.0.
Duff, J.H., Murphy, F., Fuller, C.C., Triska, F.J., Harvey, J.W., and Jackman, A.P., 1998,
A mini drive point sampler for measuring pore water solute concentrations in the hyporheic zone of sand-bottom streams: Limnology and Oceanography, v. 43, no. 6, p. 1378-1383.
Dunlap, C.E., Alpers, C.N., Bouse, R., Taylor, H.E., Unruh, D.M., and Flegal, A.R., 2008,
The persistence of lead from past gasoline emissions and mining drainage in a large riparian system--Evidence from lead isotopes in the Sacramento River, California: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 72, no. 24, p. 5935-5948, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2008.10.006.

E

Elias, D.A., Senko, J.M., and Krumholz, L.R., 2003,
A procedure for quantitation of total oxidized uranium for bioremediation studies: Journal of Microbiological Methods, v. 53, no. 3, p. 343-353.
Envirologic Systems Inc., 1983,
Mining activities and water-quality report: Florence, Arizona, Central Arizona Association of Governments Mineral Extraction Task Force Report METF7, 142 p.
Erdman, J.A., and Smith, K.S., 1996,
Stream contamination from the Summitville Mine and its impact on alfalfa production in part of the San Luis Valley, in Thompson, R.A., Hudson, M.R., and Pillmore, C.L., eds., Geologic excursions to the Rocky Mountains and beyond, Field trip guidebook for the 1996 annual meeting, Geological Society of America, Denver, Colorado, October 28-31, 1996: Colorado Geological Survey Special Publication 44, CD-ROM, p. 5.
Erdman, J.A., and Smith, K.S., 1995,
Impact of the Summitville Mine on irrigation water and alfalfa in the southwestern San Luis Valley, Colorado, in 1995 Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration Annual Meeting and Exhibit, Supplement to Mining Engineering, Denver, Colorado, March 6-9, 1995: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, p. 55.
Erdman, J.A., and Smith, K.S., 1995,
Impact of the lower Alamosa River water on alfalfa, southwestern San Luis Valley, Colorado--1994 follow-up study: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-43, 13 p.
Erdman, J.A., and Smith, K.S., 1994,
Impact of the Summitville Mine on irrigation water, agricultural soils, and alfalfa in the southwestern San Luis Valley, Colorado, in Carter, L.M.H., Toth, M.I., and Day, W.C., eds., USGS research on mineral resources--1994: Part A--Program and abstracts, Ninth V.E. McKelvey Forum on Mineral and Energy Resources, Tucson, Arizona, February 22-25, 1994: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1103-A, p. 32-33.
Erdman, J.A., and Smith, K.S., 1993,
Impact of the Summitville Mine on irrigation water, agricultural soils, and alfalfa in the southwestern San Luis Valley, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-616, 4 p.
Erdman, J.A., Smith, K.S., Dillon, M.A., and ter Kuile, M., 1995,
Impact of Alamosa River water on alfalfa, southwestern San Luis Valley, Colorado, in Posey, H.H., Pendleton, J.A., and Van Zyl, D., eds., Proceedings: Summitville Forum '95: Colorado Geological Survey Special Publication 38, p. 263-269.
Erdman, J.A., Smith, K.S., and ter Kuile, M., 1996,
Impact of the lower Alamosa River water on alfalfa, southwestern San Luis Valley, Colorado--1995 follow-up study of effects from the Summitville Mine: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-034, 32 p.
Erickson, B.M., 1988,
Status report on a study of the effects of acid mine drainage on vegetation near Leadville, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 649-651.
Erickson, B.M., Briggs, P.H., Kennedy, K.R., and Peacock, T.R., 1991,
Analytical results for sedge samples collected on the wetland receiving acid mind drainage waters from St. Kevin Gulch, Leadville, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 91-126, 83 p.
Erickson, B.M., Briggs, P.H., Kennedy, K.R., and Peacock, T.R., 1991,
Chemical composition of the wetland vegetation receiving the acid mine-drainage water of St. Kevin Gulch, Leadville, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 419-421.
Erickson, B.M., Briggs, P.H., and Peacock, T.R., 1996,
Metal concentrations in sedges in a wetland receiving acidic mine drainage from St. Kevin Gulch, Leadville, Colorado, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 797-804.
Erickson, B.M., Harms, T.F., and Filipek, L.H., 1988,
Problems associated with analyses of plant samples in the Tar Creek study, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. D-17-D-20.
Eychaner, J.H., 1991,
The Globe, Arizona, research site--Contaminants related to copper mining in a hydrologically integrated environment, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 439-447.
Eychaner, J.H., 1991,
Inorganic contaminants in acidic water near Globe, Arizona, in Rasmussen, T.C., ed., Survival in the Desert, Water Quality and Quantity Issues into the 21st Century: Arizona Hydrological Society, Third Annual Symposium, Proceedings, Casa Grande, Arizona, September 20--22, 1990: Tucson, Arizona, Arizona Hydrological Society, p. 242--252.
Eychaner, J.H., 1991,
Solute transport in perennial streamflow at Pinal Creek, Arizona, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 481-485.
Eychaner, J.H., 1989,
Movement of inorganic contaminants in acidic water near Globe, Arizona, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 567-575.
Eychaner, J.H., 1989,
Research activities related to acidic water near Globe, Arizona, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 599-601.
Eychaner, J.H., 1988,
Evolution of acidic ground-water contamination in a copper-mining area in Arizona, in Ouazar, D., Brebbia, C.A., and Stout, G.E., eds., Water Quality, Planning and Management, v. 6, of Computer Methods and Water Resources--Proceedings of the First International Conference, Morocco, 1988: Southampton, United Kingdom, Computational Mechanics Publications, p. 291-302.
Eychaner, J.H., 1988,
Geohydrologic setting of the Miami Wash-Pinal Creek acidic ground-water study area near Globe, Arizona, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. E-3-E-6.
Eychaner, J.H., Rehmann, M.R., and Brown, J.G., 1989,
Chemical, geologic, and hydrologic data from the study of acidic contamination in the Miami Wash-Pinal Creek area, Arizona, water years 1984-87: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-410, 105 p.
Eychaner, J.H., and Stollenwerk, K.G., 1987,
Acidic ground-water contamination from copper mining near Globe, Arizona--I,Overview, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. D-13-D-18.
Eychaner, J.H., and Stollenwerk, K.G., 1985,
Neutralization of acidic ground water near Globe, Arizona, in American Water Resources Association Symposium on Groundwater Contamination and Reclamation--Proceedings, Tucson, Ariz., August, 1985: p. 141-148.

F

Fairchild, J.F., Poulton, B.C., May, T.W., and Miller, S.F., 1999,
Evaluation of the recovery of fish and invertebrate communities following reclamation of a watershed impacted by an abandoned coal surface mine, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 261-268.
Faires, L.M., and Eychaner, J.H., 1991,
Trace-element trends at Pinal Creek, Arizona, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 461-465.
Farag, A.M., Nimick, D.A., Kimball, B.A., Church, S.E., Harper, D.D., and Brumbaugh, W.G., 2007,
Concentrations of metals in water, sediment, biofilm, benthic macroinvertebrates, and fish in the Boulder River Watershed, Montana, and the role of colloids in metal uptake: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, v. 52, no. 3, p. 397-409, doi:10.1007/s00244-005-0021-z.
Farag, A.M., Nimick, D.A., Kimball, B.A., Church, S.E., Skarr, D., Brunbaugh, W.G., Hogstrand, C., and MacConnell, E., 2004,
Aquatic health and exposure pathways of trace elements, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed,Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-D10, p. 369-400.
Farag, A.M., Skaar, D., Nimick, D.A., MacConnell, E., and Hogstrand, C., 2003,
Characterizing aquatic health using salmonid mortality, physiology, and biomass estimates in streams with elevated concentrations of arsenic, cadmium, copper, lead, and zinc in the Boulder River watershed, Montana: Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, v. 132, p. 450-467.
Farag, A.M., Woodward, D.F., Skaar, D., and Brumbaugh, W.G., 1999,
Charaterizing the aquatic health in the Boulder River watershed, Montana, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 55-58.
Fey, D.L., Becker, M.F., and Smith, K.S., 2010,
Geochemical data for core and bottom-sediment samples collected in 2007 from Grand Lake O' the Cherokees, northeast Oklahoma: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1298, 20 p.
Fey, D.L., and Church, S.E., 1999,
Analytical results for 35 mine-waste tailings cores and six bed sediment samples, and an estimate of the volume of contaminated materials at Buckeye meadow on upper Basin Creek, northern Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-537, 59 p.
Fey, D.L., and Church, S.E., 1998,
Analytical results for forty-two fluvial tailings cores and seven stream sediment samples from High Ore Creek, northern Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-215, 49 p.
Fey, D.L., Church, S.E., and Finney, C.J., 2000,
Analytical results for Bullion Mine and Crystal Mine waste samples and bed sediments from a small tributary to Jack Creek and from Uncle Sam Gulch, Boulder River watershed, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-031, 63 p.
Fey, D.L., and Desborough, G.A., 2004,
Metal leaching in mine-waste materials and two schemes for classification of potential environmental effects of mine-waste piles, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-D4, p. 137-153.
Fey, D.L., Desborough, G.A., and Finney, C.J., 2000,
Analytical results for total-digestion, EPA-1312 leach, and net acid production for twenty-three abandoned metal-mining related wastes in the Boulder River watershed, Northern Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-0114, 17 p.
Fey, D.L., Unruh, D.M., and Church, S.E., 1999,
Chemical data and lead isotopic compositions in stream-sediment samples from the Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-575, 147 p.
Ficklin, W.H., and Callender, E., 1989,
Arsenic geochemistry of rapidly accumulating sediments, Lake Oahe, South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 217-222.
Ficklin, W.H., and Callender, E., 1988,
Speciation of aresenic in sediments and interstitial water from the Cheyenne River arm of Lake Oahe, South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 49-54.
Ficklin, W.H., Love, A.H., and Briggs, P.K., 1991,
Analytical results for total and partial metal extractions in aquifer material, Pinal Creek, Globe, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 91-111, 33 p.
Ficklin, W.H., Love, A.H., and Papp, C.S.E., 1991,
Solid-phase variations in an aquifer as the aqueous solution changes, Globe, Arizona, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 475-480.
Ficklin, W.H., and Ryder, J.L., 1988,
Arsenic species in ground water and pore water in stream sediments affected by mine drainage in Montana and Colorado, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusettes, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. E-9-E-11.
Filipek, L.H., Nordstrom, D.K., and Ficklin, W.H., 1987,
The interaction of acid mine drainage with waters and sediments of West Squaw Creek in the West Shasta Mining District, California: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 21, no. 4, p. 388-396, doi:10.1021/es00158a009.
Finger, S.E., Church, S.E., and Nimick, D.A., 2004,
Evaluating the success of remediation in the Boulder River watershed, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-F, p. 495-502.
Finger, S.E., Farag, A.M., Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Sole, T.C., 2004,
Synthesis of water, sediment, and biological data using hazard quotients to assess ecosystem health, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-C, p. 29-48.
Fitzpatrick, J.J., 1989,
Mineralogy of flocculant constituents in St. Kevin Gulch, Leadville, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 606.
Flinchbaugh, H., 1996,
Biotic and abiotic processes contributing to the removal of Mn(II), Co(II) and Cd(II) from Pinal Creek, Globe, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, unpublished M.S. thesis, 150 p.
Fox, P.M., Davis, J.A., and Zachara, J.M., 2006,
The effect of calcium on aqueous uranium(VI) speciation and adsorption to ferrihydrite and quartz: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 70, no. 6, p. 1379-1387, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2005.11.027.
Fuller, C.C., 1996,
Experimental studies of trace-metal partitioning in perennial reaches of Pinal Creek, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 1101-1105.
Fuller, C.C., and Akstin, K.C., 2014,
Laboratory studies of biostimulated uranium reduction by ISR aquifer sediments and suboxic remobilization of sequestered uranium (Chapter 3), in Yabusaki, S.B., and others, eds., Assessing the Potential for Biorestoration of Uranium In Situ Recovery Sites: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission NUREG/CR-7167.
Fuller, C.C., and Bargar, J.R., 2014,
Processes of zinc attenuation by biogenic manganese oxides forming in the hyporheic zone of pinal creek, Arizona: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 48, no. 4, p. 2165-2172, doi:10.1021/es402576f.
Fuller, C.C., Bargar, J.R., Davis, J.a., and Piana, M.J., 2002,
Mechanisms of uranium interactions with hydroxyapatite--Implications for groundwater remediation: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 36, no. 2, p. 158-165, doi:10.1021/es0108483.
Fuller, C.C., Barger, J.R., and Davis, J.A., 2003,
Molecular-scale characterization of uranium sorption by bone apatite materials for a permeable reactive barrier demonstration: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 37, no. 20, p. 4642-4649, doi:10.1021/es0343959.
Fuller, C.C., and Davis, J.A., 2003,
Evaluation of the processes controlling dissolved arsenic in Whitewood Creek, South Dakota, in Kuwabara, J.S., and Fuller, C.C., eds., Toxic substances in surface waters and sediments--A study to assess the effects of arsenic-contaminated alluvial sediment in Whitewood Creek, South Dakota: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1681, p. 27-48.
Fuller, C.C., and Davis, J.A., 1989,
Influence of coupling of sorption and photosynthetic processes on trace element cycles in natural waters: Nature, v. 340, no. 6228, p. 52-54.
Fuller, C.C., Davis, J.A., and Claypool-Frey, R.G., 1988,
Partitioning of arsenic by iron oxides in Whitewood Creek, South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 19-22.
Fuller, C.C., Davis, J.A., and Waychunas, G.A., 1993,
Surface chemistry of ferrihydrite--2. Kinetics of arsenate adsorption and coprecipitation: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 57, no. 10, p. 2271-2282, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(93)90568-H.
Fuller, C.C., Davis, J.A., Zellwegger, G.W., and Goddard, K.E., 1989,
Coupled chemical, biological and physical processes in Whitewood Creek, South Dakota--Evaluation of the controls of dissolved arsenic, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 235-246.
Fuller, C.C., and Harvey, J.W., 2000,
Reactive uptake of trace metals in the hyporheic zone of a mining-contaminated stream, Pinal Creek, Arizona: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 34, no. 7, p. 1150-1155, doi:10.1021/es990714d.
Fuller, C.C., and Harvey, J.W., 1999,
The effect of trace-metal reactive uptake in the hyporheic zone on reach-scale metal transport in Pinal Creek, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 163-172.

G

Gallegos, T.J., Fuller, C.C., Webb, S.M., and Betterton, W., 2013,
Uranium(VI) interactions with mackinawite in the presence and absence of bicarbonate and oxygen: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 13, p. 7357-7364, doi:10.1021/es400450z.
Gammons, C.H., Duaime, T.E., Parker, S.R., Poulson, S.R., and Kennelly, P., 2010,
Geochemistry and stable isotope investigation of acid mine drainage associated with abandoned coal mines in central Montana, USA: Chemical Geology, v. 269, no. 1-2, p. 100-112, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2009.05.026.
Gammons, C.H., Grant, T.M., Nimick, D.A., Parker, S.R., and DeGrandpre, M.D., 2007,
Diel changes in water chemistry in an arsenic-rich stream and treatment-pond system: Science of the Total Environment, v. 384, no. 1-3, p. 433-451, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.06.029.
Gammons, C.H., Milodragovich, L., and Belanger-Woods, J., 2007,
Influence of diurnal cycles on metal concentrations and loads in streams draining abandoned mine lands--An example from High Ore Creek, Montana: Environmental Geology, v. 53, no. 3, p. 611-622, doi:10.1007/s00254-007-0676-z.
Gammons, C.H., Nimick, D.A., Parker, S.R., Cleasby, T.E., and McCleskey, R.B., 2005,
Diel behavior of iron and other heavy metals in a mountain stream with acidic to neutral pH - Fisher Creek, Montana, USA: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 69, no. 10, p. 2505-2516, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2004.11.020.
Gammons, C.H., Nimick, D.A., Parker, S.R., Snyder, D.M., McCleskey, R.B., Amils, R., and Poulson, S.R., 2008,
Photoreduction fuels biogeochemical cycling of iron in Spain's acid rivers: Chemical Geology, v. 252, no. 3-4, p. 202-213, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2008.03.004.
Gammons, C.H., Shope, C.L., and Duaime, T.E., 2005,
A 24 h investigation of the hydrogeochemistry of baseflow and stormwater in an urban area impacted by mining--Butte, Montana: Hydrological Processes, v. 19, no. 14, p. 2737-2753, doi:10.1002/hyp.5783.
Gammons, C.H., Woods, S.A., and Nimick, D.A., 2005,
Diel behavior of rare earth elements in a mountain stream with acidic to neutral pH: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 69, no. 15, p. 3747-3758, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2005.03.019.
Gehrke, G.E., Blum, J.D., and Marvin-DiPasquale, M., 2011,
Sources of mercury to San Francisco Bay surface sediment as revealed by mercury stable isotopes: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 75, no. 3, p. 691-705, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2010.11.012.
Geiger, K.E., 1999,
Characterization and distribution of transition metals in manganese oxides from a mining-contaminated stream, Pinal Creek, Arizona: Tempe, Arizona State University, Department of Geological Sciences, Unpublished Masters thesis, 128 p.
Gelinas, S.L., and Tupling, R., 2004,
Monitoring remediation--Have mine-waste and mill-tailings removal and flood-plain restoration been successful in the High Ore Creek Valley?, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-E2, p. 457-473.
Gellenbeck, D.J., and Hunter, Y.R., 1994,
Hydrologic data from the study of acidic contamination in the Miami Wash--Pinal Creek area, Arizona, water years 1992--93: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94--508, 103 p.
Gerner, L.J., Rossi, F.J., and Kimball, B.K., 2002,
Selected hydrologic data for Little Cottonwood Creek, Salt Lake County, Utah, September 1998: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 01-38, 2 sheets (on CD) p.
Giddings, E.M., Hornberger, M.I., and Hadley, H.K., 2001,
Trace-metal concentrations in sediment and water and health of aquatic macroinvertebrate communities of streams near Park City, Summit County, Utah: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4213, 22 p.
Gihring, T.M., Druschel, G.K., McCleskey, R.B., Hamers, R.J., and Banfield, J.F., 2001,
Rapid arsenite oxidation by Thermus Aquaticus and Thermus Thermophilus - Field and laboratory investigations: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 35, p. 3857-3862, doi:10.1021/es010816f.
Gilbert, H.L., 2003,
An investigation of biofilms and manganese oxide formation in Pinal Creek, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, M.S. Thesis, 292 p.
Gimeno Serrano, M.J., Auque Sanz, L.F., and Nordstrom, D.K., 2000,
REE speciation in low-temperature acidic waters and the competitive effects of aluminum: Chemical Geology, v. 165, no. 167-180.
Glynn, P.D., 2000,
Solid-solution solubilities and thermodynamics--sulfates, carbonates, and halides, in Alpers, C.N., Jambor, J.L., and Nordstrom, D.K., eds., Sulfate Minerals -- Crystallography, Geochemistry, and Environmental Significance: reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry: Mineralogical Society of America and The Geochemical Society, v. 40, Chapter 10, p. 281-511.
Glynn, P.D., 1991,
Effect of impurities in gypsum on contaminant transport at Pinal Creek, Arizona, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 466-474.
Glynn, P.D., and Brown, J.G., 2012,
Integrating field observations and inverse and forward modeling--Application at a site with acidic, heavy-metal-contaminated groundwater (Chapter 8), in Bundschuh, J., and Zilberbrand, M., eds., Geochemical Modeling of Groundwater, Vadose and Geothermal Systems: Boca Raton, Fla., CRC Press, v. 5 (Multiphysics Modeling), p. 181-234.
Glynn, P.D., and Brown, J.G., 1996,
Reactive transport modeling of acidic metal-contaminated ground water at a site with sparse spatial information, in Lichtner, P.C., Steefel, C.I., and Oelkers, E.H., eds., Reactive Transport in Porous Media: Washington, D.C., Mineralogical Society of America, Reviews in Mineralogy, v. 34, p. 377--438.
Glynn, P.D., and Busenberg, E., 1996,
Dissolved gas and chlorofluorocarbon content of ground waters in the Pinal Creek basin, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 1043-1054.
Glynn, P.D., and Busenberg, E., 1996,
Unsaturated zone diffusion of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the Pinal Creek basin, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 1055-1064.
Glynn, P.D., Busenberg, E., and Brown, J.G., 1999,
Use of chlorofluorocarbons, dissolved gases, and water isotopes to characterize ground-water recharge in an aquifer contaminated by acidic, metal-laden wastewater, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 155-162.
Glynn, P.D., Engesgaard, P., and Kipp, K.L., 1991,
Use and limitations of two computer codes for simulating geochemical mass transport at the Pinal Creek toxic-waste site, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 454-460.
Goddard, K.E., 1989,
Composition, distribution, and hydrologic effects of contaminated sediments resulting from the discharge of gold milling wastes to Whitewood Creek at Lead and Deadwood, South Dakota: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 87-4051, 76 p.
Goddard, K.E., 1989,
Overview of research activities on the Cheyenne River system, western South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 199-202.
Goddard, K.E., 1988,
Gold-mill-tailings contamination of the Cheyenne River system, western South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 1-10.
Goddard, K.E., Horowitz, A.J., and Shearer, C.K., 1988,
Distribution of solid-phase arsenic and trace elements in bottom and suspended sediments, Whitewood Creek and the Belle Fourche and Cheyenne Rivers, western South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 13-18.
Goddard, K.E., and Wuolo, R.W., 1988,
Processes controlling the concentration of dissolved arsenic in Whietewood Creek, South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 23-28.
Gomez, B., and Marron, D.C., 1991,
Neotectonic effects on sinuosity and channel migration, Belle Forche River, western South Dakota: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, v. 16, p. 227-235.
Gooseff, M.N., Bencala, K.E., Scott, D.T., Runkel, R.L., and McKnight, D.M., 2005,
Sensitivity analysis of conservative and reactive stream transient storage models applied to field data from multiple-reach experiments: Advances in Water Resources, v. 28, no. 5, p. 479-492, doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2004.11.012.
Gooseff, M.N., Bencala, K.E., and Wondzell, S.M., 2008,
Solute transport along stream and river networks (Chap. 18), in Rice, S.P., Roy, A.G., and Rhoads, B.L., eds., River Confluences, Tributaries and the Fluvial Network: Hoboken, N.J., John WIley and Sons, Ltd., p. 395-417, ISBN:978-0-470-02672-4.
Gooseff, M.N., Briggs, M.A., Bencala, K.E., McGlynn, B.L., and Scott, D.T., 2013,
Do transient storage parameters directly scale in longer, combined stream reaches?--Reach length dependence of transient storage interpretations: Journal of Hydrology, v. 483, p. 16-25, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.12.046.
Gooseff, M.N., McKnight, D.M., Runkel, R.L., and Duff, J.H., 2004,
Denitrification and hydrologic transient storage in a glacial meltwater stream, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica: Limnology and Oceanography, v. 49, no. 5, p. 1884-1895.
Gooseff, M.N., McKnight, D.M., Runkel, R.L., and Vaughn, B.H., 2003,
Determining long time-scale hyporheic zone flow paths in Antarctic streams: Hydrological Processes, v. 17, no. 9, p. 1691-1710, doi:10.1002/hyp.1210.
Gorby, Y.A., and Lovley, D.R., 1992,
Enzymatic uranium precipitation: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 26, no. 1, p. 205-207, doi:10.1021/es00025a026.
Gray, J.E., Hines, M.E., Krabbenhoft, D.P., and Thoms, B., 2012,
Methylation of Hg downstream from the Bonanza Hg mine, Oregon: Applied Geochemistry, v. 27, no. 1, p. 106-114, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.09.019.
Gray, J.E., Theodorakos, P.M., Fey, D.L., and Krabbenhoft, D.P., 2014,
Mercury concentrations and distribution in soil, water, mine waste leachates, and air in and around mercury mines in the Big Bend region, Texas, USA: Environmental Geochemistry and Health, doi:10.1007/s10653-014-9628-1 (Advanced Web release).
Gray, J.E., Theodorakos, P.M., and Krabbenhoft, D.P., 2008,
Evaluation of mercury contamination at inactive mercury mines in and around Big Bend National Park, in Gray, J.E., and Page, W.R., eds., Geological, geochemical, and geophysical studies by the U. S. Geological Survey in Big Bend National Park, Texas: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1327, p. 57-64.
Greskowiak, J., Hay, M.B., Prommer, H., Liu, C., Post, V.E.A., Ma, R., Davis, J.A., Zheng, C., and Zachara, J.M., 2011,
Simulating adsorption of U(VI) under transient groundwater flow and hydrochemistry--Physical versus chemical nonequilibrium model: Water Resources Research, v. 47, no. 8, p. W08501, doi:10.1029/2010wr010118.

H

Haines, S.S., Diffendorfer, J.E., Balistrieri, L., Berger, B., Cook, T., DeAngelis, D., Doremus, H., Gautier, D.L., Gallegos, T., Gerritsen, M., Graffy, E., Hawkins, S., Johnson, K.M., Macknick, J., McMahon, P., Modde, T., Pierce, B., Schuenemeyer, J.H., Semmens, D., Simon, B., Taylor, J., and Walton-Day, K., 2014,
A framework for quantitative assessment of impacts related to energy and mineral resource development: Natural Resources Research, v. 23, no. 1, p. 3-17, doi:10.1007/s11053-013-9208-6.
Hamlin, S.N., and Alpers, C.N., 1996,
Hydrogeology and geochemistry of acid mine drainage in ground water in the vicinity of Penn Mine and Camanche Reservoir, Calaveras County, California--Second-year summary, 1992-93: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 96-4257, 44 p.
Hamlin, S.N., and Alpers, C.N., 1995,
Hydrogeology and geochemistry of acid mine drainage in ground water in the vicinity of Penn Mine and Camanche Reservoir, Calaveras County, California-- First-year summary: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4040, 45 p.
Harvey, J.W., 1993,
Measurement of variation in soil-solute tracer concentration across a range of effective pore sizes: Water Resources Research, v. 29, p. 1831-1837, 93WR00529, doi:10.1029/93WR00529.
Harvey, J.W., and Bencala, K.E., 1993,
The effect of streambed topography on surface-subsurface water exchange in mountain catchments: Water Resources Research, v. 29, no. 1, p. 89-98, 92WR01960, doi:10.1029/92WR01960.
Harvey, J.W., Bencala, K.E., and Zellweger, G.W., 1991,
Preliminary investigation of the effect of hillslope hydrology on the mechanics of solute exchange between streams and subsurface gravel zones, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 413-418.
Harvey, J.W., Conklin, M.H., and Koelsch, R.S., 2003,
Predicting changes in hydrologic retention in an evolving semi-arid alluvial stream: Advances in Water Resources, v. 26, no. 9, p. 939-950, doi:10.1016/S0309-1708(03)00085-X.
Harvey, J.W., and Fuller, C.C., 1998,
Effect of enhanced manganese oxidation in the hyporheic zone on basin-scale geochemical mass balance: Water Resources Research, v. 34, no. 4, p. 623-636, 97WR03606, doi:10.1029/97WR03606.
Harvey, J.W., and Fuller, C.C., 1996,
Association of selected metals with colloidal and suspended particulate material in shallow ground water and surface water at Pinal Creek, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 1073-1079.
Harvey, J.W., Fuller, C.C., and Conklin, M.H., 1999,
Enhanced removal of dissolved manganese in hyporheic zones--Centimeter-scale causes and kilometer-scale consequences, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 193-199.
Harvey, J.W., Fuller, C.C., and Wagner, B.J., 1996,
Interactions between shallow ground water and surface water that affect metal transport in Pinal Creek, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 1065-1072.
Harvey, J.W., and Wagner, B.J., 2000,
Quantifying hydrologic interactions between streams and their subsurface hyporheic zones, in Jones, J.A., and Mulholland, P.J., eds., Streams and Ground Waters: San Diego, Academic Press, p. 3-44.
Harvey, J.W., Wagner, B.J., and Bencala, K.E., 1996,
Evaluating the reliability of the stream tracer approach to characterize stream-subsurface water exchange: Water Resources Research, v. 32, no. 8, p. 2441-51, 96WR01268, doi:10.1029/96WR01268.
Haschenburger, J.K., 1989,
Manganese in channel sediments of Pinal Creek, Arizona, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 593-597.
Haschenburger, J.K., 1989,
Variation of copper in stream sediment: Tempe, Arizona State University, M.S. thesis, 67 p.
Hem, J.D., and Lind, C.J., 1996,
Chemical processes in manganese oxide and carbonate precipitation in Pinal Creek, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 1095-1099.
Hem, J.D., and Lind, C.J., 1994,
Chemistry of manganese precipitation in Pinal Creek, Arizona, USA--A laboratory study: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 58, no. 6, p. 1601-1613, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(94)90562-2.
Herring, J.R., and Walton-Day, K., 2007,
Selenium and other elements in water and adjacent rock and sediment of Toll Gate Creek, Aurora, Arapahoe County, Colorado, December 2003 through March 2004: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5018, 58 p.
Hinkle, S.R., Bencala, K.E., Wentz, D.A., and Krabbenhoft, D.P., 2013,
Mercury and methylmercury dynamics in the hyporheic zone of an Oregon stream: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 225, no. 1, p. 1-17, doi:10.1007/s11270-013-1694-y.
Hinkle, S.R., Duff, J.H., Triska, F.J., Laenen, A., Gates, E.B., Bencala, K.E., Wentz, D.A., and Silva, S.R., 2001,
Linking hyporheic flow and nitrogen cycling near the Willamette River - a large river in Oregon, USA: Journal of Hydrology, v. 244, no. 3-4, p. 157-180, doi:10.1016/S0022-1694(01)00335-3.
Hoal, K.O., Smith, K.S., Russell, C.C., Walton-Day, K., and Stammer, J.G., 2009,
Application of quantitative micro-mineralogy to tailings and mining waste, in D. Sego, Alostaz, M., and Beier, N., eds., Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Conference on Tailings and Mine Waste (Tailings and Mine Waste ‘09), Banff, Alberta, Canada, November 1-4, 2009: University of Alberta, Canada, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, p. 703-709, ISBN:978-1-55195-225-0.
Hoal, K.O., Woodhead, J., and Smith, K., 2013,
The importance of mineralogical input into geometallurgy programs (Keynote paper), in The Second AusIMM International Geometallurgy Conference 2003 (GeoMet 2013), Brisbane, Australia, September 30-October 2, 2013: Melbourne, Australia, The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, p. 16.
Hornberger, M.I., Lambing, J.H., Luoma, S.N., and Axtmann, E.V., 1997,
Spatial and temporal trends of trace metals in surface water, bed sediment, and biota of the upper Clark Fork Basin, Montana, 1985-95: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-669, 127 p.
Hornberger, M.I., Luoma, S.N., Johnson, M.L., and Holyoak, M., 2009,
Influence of remediation in a mine-impacted river--Metal trends over large spatial and temporal scales: Ecological Applications, v. 19, no. 6, p. 1522-1535, doi:10.1890/08-1529.1.
Horowitz, A.J., and Elrick, K.A., 1988,
Arsenic geochemistry of sediment cores from the Cheyenne River arm of Lake Oahe, South Dakota--1985 results, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 39-40.
Horowitz, A.J., Elrick, K.A., and Cook, R.B., 1989,
Source and transport of arsenic in the Whitewood Creek--Belle Fourche--Cheyenne River--Lake Oahe system, South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 223-233.
Hulseapple, S.M., 1995,
A field study of reareation and solute transport at Pinal Creek, Globe, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 94 p.
Hunerlach, M.P., Alpers, C.N., Marvin-DiPasquale, M., Taylor, H.E., and De Wilde, J.F., 2004,
Geochemistry of mercury and other trace elements in fluvial tailings upstream of Gaguerre Point Dam, Yuba River, California, August 2001: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5165, 77 p.
Hunerlach, M.P., Rytuba, J.J., and Alpers, C.N., 1999,
Mercury contamination from hydraulic placer-gold mining in the Dutch Flat mining district, California, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 2 of 3--Contamination of Hydrologic Systems and Related Ecosystems: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018B, p. 179-189.
Hydro Geo Chem Inc., 1989,
Investigation of acid water contamination along Miami Wash and Pinal Creek, Gila County, Arizona: Claypool, Ariz., Cyprus Miami Mining Corporation, 140 p.

J

Jakeman, A.J., Hornberger, G.M., Littlewood, I.G., Whitehead, P.G., Harvey, J.W., and Bencala, K.E., 1992,
A systematic approach to modelling the dynamic linkage of climate, physical catchment descriptors, and hydrologic response components: Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, v. 33, p. 359-366, doi:10.1016/0378-4754(92)90122-W.
Jambor, J.L., Nordstrom, D.K., and Alpers, C.N., 2000,
Metal-sulfate salts from sulfide mineral oxidation: Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, v. 40, p. 305-350.
Jamieson, H.E., Robinson, C., Alpers, C.N., McCleskey, R.B., Nordstrom, D.K., and Peterson, R.C., 2005,
Major and trace element composition of copiapite-group minerals and coexisting water from the Richmond mine, Iron Mountain, California: Chemical Geology, v. 215, p. 387-405, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2004.10.001.
Jamieson, H.E., Robinson, C., Alpers, C.N., Nordstrom, D.K., Poustovetov, A., and Lowers, H.A., 2005,
The composition of coexisting jarosite-group minerals and water from the Richmond mine, Iron Mountain, California: Canadian Mineralogist, v. 43, no. 4, p. 1225-1242.
Janssen, E.M.L., Croteau, M.-N., Luoma, S.N., and Luthy, R.G., 2010,
Measurement and modeling of polychlorinated biphenyl bioaccumulation from sediment for the marine polychaete Neanthes arenaceodentata and response to sorbent amendment: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 44, no. 8, p. 2857-2863, doi:10.1021/es901632e.
Jencso, K.G., McGlynn, B.L., Gooseff, M.N., Bencala, K.E., and Wondzell, S.M., 2010,
Hillslope hydrologic connectivity controls riparian groundwater turnover--Implications of catchment structure for riparian buffering and stream water sources: Water Resources Research, v. 46, no. 10, W10524, doi:10.1029/2009wr008818.
Jencso, K.G., McGlynn, B.L., Gooseff, M.N., Wondzell, S.M., Bencala, K.E., and Marshall, L.A., 2009,
Hydrologic connectivity between landscapes and streams--Transferring reach- and plot-scale understanding to the catchment scale: Water Resources Research, v. 45, no. 4, W04428, doi:10.1029/2008WR007225.
Jones, C.A., Nimick, D.A., and McCleskey, R.B., 2004,
Relative effect of temperature and pH on diel cycling of dissolved trace elements in Prickly Pear Creek, Montana: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 153, no. 1-4, p. 95-113, doi:10.1023/B:WATE.0000019934.64939.f0.

K

Kay, J., 2000,
The reactive uptake and release of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) by sediments from a mining-contaminated stream, Pinal Creek, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, unpublished M.S. thesis, 221 p.
Kay, J.T., Conklin, M.H., Fuller, C.C., and O'Day, P.A., 2001,
Processes of nickel and cobalt uptake by a manganese oxide forming sediment in Pinal Creek, Globe Mining District, Arizona: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 35, no. 24, p. 4719-4725, doi:10.1021/es010514d.
Keefe, S.H., Barber, L.B., Runkel, R.L., and Ryan, J.N., 2004,
Fate of volatile organic compounds in constructed wastewater treatment wetlands: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 38, no. 7, p. 2209-2216, doi:10.1021/es034661i.
Keefe, S.H., Barber, L.B., Runkel, R.L., Ryan, J.N., McKnight, D.M., and Wass, R.K., 2004,
Conservative and reactive solute transport in constructed wetlands: Water Resources Research, v. 40, no. 1, W01201, doi:10.1029/2003WR002130.
Keefe, S.H., Daniels, J.S., Runkel, R.L., Wass, R.D., Stiles, E.A., and Barber, L.B., 2010,
Influence of hummocks and emergent vegetation on hydraulic performance in a surface flow wastewater treatment wetland: Water Resources Research, v. 46, no. 11, p. W11518, doi:10.1029/2010wr009512.
Kelley, K.D., Eppinger, R.G., and Walton-Day, K., 2002,
Selected geochemical studies related to mineral deposits by the U.S. Geological Survey: Explore Newsletter, Society of Exploration Geochemists, v. 116, p. 1-23.
Kimball, B., and Runkel, R., 2009,
Spatially detailed quantification of metal loading for decision making--Metal mass loading to American Fork and Mary Ellen Gulch, Utah: Mine Water and the Environment, v. 28, no. 4, p. 274-290, doi:10.1007/s10230-009-0085-5.
Kimball, B.A., 1999,
Seasonal variation in metal concentrations in a stream affected by acid mine drainage, St. Kevin Gulch, Colorado (Chapter 22), in Filipek, L.H., and Plumlee, G.S., eds., The Environmental Geochemistry of Mineral Deposits--Part B, Case Studies and Research Topics: Littleton, Colo., The Society of Economic Geologists, p. 467-477.
Kimball, B.A., 1997,
Use of tracer injections and synoptic sampling to measure metal loading from acid mine drainage: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-245-96, 4 p.
Kimball, B.A., 1996,
Past and present research on metal transport in St. Kevin Gulch, Colorado, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 753-758.
Kimball, B.A., 1991,
Physical, chemical, and biological processes in waters affected by acid mine drainage--From headwater streams to downstream reservoirs, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 365-370.
Kimball, B.A., 1988,
Overview of the upper Arkansas River surface-water toxics study near Leadville, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 99-102.
Kimball, B.A., Bencala, K.E., and Besser, J.M., 1999,
Synthesis of watershed characterization for making remediation decisions, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 3-7.
Kimball, B.A., Bencala, K.E., and Broshears, R.E., 1994,
Geochemical processes in the context of hydrologic transport, in Dutton, A.R., ed., Toxic Substances and the Hydrologic Sciences--Proceedings of the conference, Austin, Texas, April 10-13, 1994: Minneapolis, Minn., American Institute of Hydrology, p. 80-94.
Kimball, B.A., Bencala, K.E., and McKnight, D.M., 1989,
Research on metals in acid mine drainage in the Leadville, Colorado, area, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 65-70.
Kimball, B.A., Bencala, K.E., McKnight, D.M., and Maura, W.S., 1988,
Geochemistry of dissolved metals in St. Kevin Gulch, an acidic mountain stream near Leadville, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 137-144.
Kimball, B.A., Bencala, K.E., and Runkel, R.L., 2000,
Quantifying effects of metal loading from mine drainage, in Proceedings from the Fifth International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage, Denver, Colorado, May 21-24, 2000: Littleton, Colo., Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, p. 1381-1389.
Kimball, B.A., Bianchi, F., Walton-Day, K., Runkel, R.L., Nannucci, M., and Salvadori, A., 2007,
Quantification of changes in metal loading from storm runoff, Merse River (Tuscany, Italy), in Cidu, R., and Frau, F., eds., Water in Mining Environments, Proceedings of the International Mine Water Association Symposium 2007, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, May 27-31, 2007: p. 83-87.
Kimball, B.A., Bianchi, F., Walton-Day, K., Runkel, R.L., Nannucci, M., and Salvadori, A., 2007,
Quantification of changes in metal loading from storm runoff, Merse River (Tuscany, Italy): Mine Water and the Environment, v. 26, no. 4, p. 209-216, doi:10.1007/s10230-007-0020-6.
Kimball, B.A., Broshears, R.E., Bencala, K.E., and McKnight, D.M., 1994,
Coupling of hydrologic transport and chemical reactions in a stream affected by acid mine drainage: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 28, no. 12, p. 2065-73, doi:10.1021/es00061a014.
Kimball, B.A., Broshears, R.E., Bencala, K.E., and McKnight, D.M., 1991,
Comparison of rates of hydrologic and chemical processes in a stream affected by acid mine drainage, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 407-412.
Kimball, B.A., Broshears, R.E., McKnight, D.M., and Bencala, K.E., 1994,
Effects of instream pH modification on transport of sulfide-oxidation products, in Alpers, C.N., and Blowes, D.W., eds., Environmental chemistry of sulfide oxidation: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society ACS Symposium Series 550, p. 224-243.
Kimball, B.A., Broshears, R.E., McKnight, D.M., and Bencala, K.E., 1993,
Preliminary evaluation of the effects of an instream pH modification on transport of sulfide-oxidation products, in Alpers, C.N., and Blowes, D.W., eds., Environmental Chemistry of Sulfide Oxidation: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society ACS Symposium Series 550, p. 224-243.
Kimball, B.A., Callender, E., and Axtmann, E.V., 1995,
Effects of colloids on metal transport in a river receiving acid mine drainage, Upper Arkansas River, Colorado, U.S.A.: Applied Geochemistry, v. 10, no. 3, p. 285-306, doi:10.1016/0883-2927(95)00011-8.
Kimball, B.A., and Church, S.E., 1997,
Effects of colloidal iron and aluminum on the transport and transformation of metals in rivers affected by mine drainage, in Proceedings of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Sediment Workshop, "Expanding Sediment Research Capabilities in Today's USGS", Reston, VA, and Harpers Ferry, WV, February 4-7, 1997: U.S. Geological Survey.
Kimball, B.A., Church, S.E., and Besser, J.M., 2006,
Lessons learned from the U.S. Geological Survey Abandoned Mine Lands Initiative - 1997-2002, in Barnhisel, R.I., ed., International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage 7, St. Louis, Missouri, March 27-30, 2006: American Society of Mining and Reclamation, p. 944-963.
Kimball, B.A., Johnson, K.K., Runkel, R.L., and Steiger, J.I., 2004,
Quantification of metal loading to Silver Creek through the Silver Maple Claims area, Park City, Utah, May 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4296, 39 p.
Kimball, B.A., and McKnight, D.M., 1989,
Metal partitioning and photoreduction of iron in filtrates of acid streamwater, St. Kevin Gulch, Leadville, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 93-100.
Kimball, B.A., McKnight, D.M., Broshears, R.E., and Bencala, K.E., 1992,
Effect of instream pH modification on aluminum, in Kharaka, Y.K., and Maest, A.S., eds., Low temperature environments, v. 1 of Water-rock interaction--Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction--WRI-7, Park City Utah, July 13-18, 1992: Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema, p. 393-396.
Kimball, B.A., McKnight, D.M., Wetherbee, G.A., and Harnish, R.A., 1992,
Mechanisms of iron photoreduction in a metal-rich, acidic stream (St. Kevin Gulch, Colorado, USA): Chemical Geology, v. 96, no. 1-2, p. 227-239, doi:10.1016/0009-2541(92)90130-W.
Kimball, B.A., Nimick, D.A., Gerner, L.J., and Runkel, R.L., 1999,
Quantification of metal loading in Fisher Creek by tracer injection and synoptic sampling, Park County, Montana, August 1997: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4119, 40 p.
Kimball, B.A., Nordstrom, D.K., Runkel, R.L., and Verplanck, P.L., 2006,
Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water quality investigation. 23. Quantification of solute mass loading for Red River, New Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5004.
Kimball, B.A., and Runkel, R.L., 2010,
Evaluating remediation alternatives for mine drainage, Little Cottonwood Creek, Utah, USA: Environmental Earth Sciences, v. 60, no. 5, p. 1,021-1,036, doi:10.1007/s12665-009-0240-0.
Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., Bencala, K.E., and Walton-Day, K.E., 1999,
Use of tracer-injection and synoptic-sampling studies to quantify effects of metal loading from mine drainage, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 31-36.
Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., Cleasby, T.E., and Nimick, D.A., 2004,
Quantification of metal loading by tracer injection and synoptic sampling, 1997-98 (Chapter D6), in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 191-262.
Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., and Gerner, L.J., 2009,
Methods and basic data from mass-loading studies in American Fork, October 1999, and Mary Ellen Gulch, Utah, September 2000: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 443, 33 p.
Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., and Gerner, L.J., 2001,
Quantification of mine-drainage inflows to Little Cottonwood Creek, Utah, using a tracer-injection and synoptic-sampling study: Environmental Geology, v. 40, p. 1390-1404, doi:10.1007/s002540100320.
Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., and Gerner, L.J., 1999,
Quantification of metal loading in French Gulch, Summit County, Colorado, using a tracer-injection study, July 1999: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4078, 38 p.
Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., and Walton-Day, K., 2010,
An approach to quantify sources, seasonal change, and biogeochemical processes affecting metal loading in streams--Facilitating decisions for remediation of mine drainage: Applied Geochemistry, v. 25, no. 5, p. 728-740, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2010.02.005.
Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., and Walton-Day, K., 2008,
Principal locations of major-ion, trace-element, nitrate, and Escherichia coli loading to Emigration Creek, Salt Lake County, Utah, October 2005: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2008-5043, 33 p.
Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., and Walton-Day, K., 2007,
Principal locations of metal loading from flood-plain tailings, Lower Silver Creek, Utah, April 2004: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5248, 33 p.
Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., and Walton-Day, K., 2004,
Evaluation of remediation alternatives in streams affected by acidic, metal-rich drainage, in Wanty, R.B., and Seal III, R.R., eds., Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction WRI-II, Saratoga Springs, New York, June 27-July 2, 2004: A.A. Balkema, p. 1551-1555.
Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., and Walton-Day, K., 2003,
Use of field-scale experiments and reactive transport modeling to evaluate remediation alternatives in streams affected by acid mine drainage, in Jambor, J.L., Blowes, D.W., and Ritchie, A.I.M., eds., Environmental Aspects of Mine Wastes: Mineralogical Association of Canada, Short Course Series, v. 31, p. 261-282.
Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., Walton-Day, K., and Bencala, K.E., 2002,
Assessment of metal loads in watersheds affected by acid mine drainage by using tracer injection and synoptic sampling--Cement Creek, Colorado, USA: Applied Geochemistry, v. 17, no. 9, p. 1183-1207, doi:10.1016/S0883-2927(02)00017-3.
Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., Walton-Day, K., and Stover, B.K., 2006,
Evaluation of metal loading to streams near Creede, Colorado, August and September 2000: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5143, 64 p.
Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., Walton-Day, K., and Williamson, J.E., 2006,
Quantification of mass loading to Strawberry Creek near the Gilt Edge mine, South Dakota: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5006, 41 p.
Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., Wanty, R.B., and Verplanck, P.L., 2010,
Reactive solute-transport simulation of pre-mining metal concentrations in mine-impacted catchments--Redwell Basin, Colorado, USA: Chemical Geology, v. 269, no. 1-2, p. 124-136, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2009.05.024.
Kimball, B.A., Walton-Day, K., and Runkel, R.L., 2007,
Quantification of metal loading by tracer injection and synoptic sampling, 1996-2000 (Chapter E9), in Church, S.E., von Guerard, P., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated Investigations of Environmental Effects of Historical Mining in the Animas River Watershed, San Juan County, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1651, v. 1, p. 417-495.
Kimball, B.A., and Wetherbee, G.A., 1989,
Instream chemical reactions of acid mine water entering a neutral stream near Leadville, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 71-79.
Kimball, B.E., Mathur, R., Dohnalkova, A.C., Wall, A.J., Runkel, R.L., and Brantley, S.L., 2009,
Copper isotope fractionation in acid mine drainage: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 73, no. 5, p. 1,247-1,263, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2008.11.035.
King, T.V., ed., 1995,
Environmental considerations of active and abandoned mine lands--Lessons from Summitville, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2220, 38 p.
Koch, J.C., Runkel, R.L., Striegl, R., and McKnight, D.M., 2013,
Hydrologic controls on the transport and cycling of carbon and nitrogen in a boreal catchment underlain by continuous permafrost: Journal of Geophysical Research--Biogeosciences, p. 1-12, doi:10.1002/jgrg.20058 (Advanced Web release).
Koelsch, R.S., 2000,
Effects of floods and recovering aquatic vegetation on surface and subsurface storage processes at Pinal Creek, Globe, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, M.S. Thesis, 114 p.
Kohler, M., Curtis, G.P., Kent, D.B., and Davis, J.A., 1996,
Experimental investigation and modeling of uranium (VI) transport under variable chemical conditions: Water Resources Research, v. 32, no. 12, p. 3539-3551, 96WR02815, doi:10.1029/95WR02815.
Kohler, M., Curtis, G.P., Meece, D.E., and Davis, J.A., 2004,
Methods for estimating adsorbed uranium(VI) and distribution coefficients of contaminated sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 38, p. 240-247, doi:10.1021/es0341236.
Kolker, A., Panov, B.S., Landa, E.R., Panov, Y.B., Korchemagin, V.A., and Conko, K.M., 2002,
Trace-metal geochemistry and environmental implications of selected Donbas coals and associated mine water in the vicinity of Donetsk, Ukraine, in Proceedings of the Pittsburg Coal Conference, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania.
Kolker, A., Panov, B.S., Panov, Y.B., Landa, E.R., Conko, K.M., Korchemagin, V.A., Shendrik, T., and McCord, J.D., 2009,
Mercury and trace element contents of Donbas coals and associated mine water in the vicinity of Donetsk, Ukraine: International Journal of Coal Geology, v. 79, no. 3, p. 83-91, doi:10.1016/j.coal.2009.06.003.
Konieczki, A.D., and Angeroth, C.E., 1997,
Hydrologic data from the study of acidic contamination in the Miami Wash-Pinal Creek area, Arizona, water years 1994-96: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-247, 94 p.
Konieczki, A.D., Brown, J.G., and Parker, J.T.C., 2008,
Hydrologic data from the study of acidic contamination in the Miami Wash--Pinal Creek Area, Arizona, water years 1997-2004: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1273.
Kraemer, F.T., Doughten, M.W., and Bullen, T.D., 2002,
Use of ICP/MS with ultrasonic nebulizer for routine determination of uranium activity ratios in natural water: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 36, no. 22, p. 4899-4904, doi:10.1021/es020522+.
Kraemer, T.F., and Genereux, D.P., 1998,
Applications of uranium- and thorium-series radianuclides in catchment hydrology studies, in Kendall, C., and McDonnell, J.J., eds., Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology: Amsterdam, Elsevier, p. 679-722.
Kuwabara, J.S., 1992,
Associations between benthic flora and diel changes in dissolved arsenic, phosphorus, and related physico-chemical parameters: Journal of the North American Benthological Society, v. 11, p. 218-228.
Kuwabara, J.S., Arai, Y., Topping, B.R., Pickering, I.J., and George, G.N., 2007,
Mercury speciation in piscivorous fish from mining-impacted reservoirs: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 41, no. 8, p. 2745-2749, doi:10.1021/es0628856.
Kuwabara, J.S., Berelson, W.M., Balistrieri, L.S., Woods, P.F., Topping, B.R., Steding, D.J., and Krabbenhoft, D.P., 2000,
Benthic flux of metals and nutrients into the water column of Lake Coeur d'Alene, Idaho---Report of an August, 1999, pilot study: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 00-4132, 74 p.
Kuwabara, J.S., Cain, D.J., Carter, J.L., and Fend, S.V., 1988,
Biological investigations--Surface-Water Toxics Program, Whitewood Creek and the Belle Fourche and Cheyenne Rivers, South Dakota, in Goddard, K.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey, Applied research studies of the Cheyenne River System, South Dakota--Description and collation of data, water years 1985-86: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 88-484, chap. J, p. 148-158.
Kuwabara, J.S., Chang, C.C.Y., and Pasilis, S.P., 2004,
Effects of benthic fauna on arsenic transport in Whitewood Creek, South Dakota, in Kuwabara, J.S., and Fuller, C.C., eds., Toxic Substances in Surface Waters and Sediments--A Study to Assess the Effects of Arsenic-Contaminated Alluvial Sediment in Whitewood Creek, South Dakota: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1681, p. 1-26.
Kuwabara, J.S., Chang, C.C.Y., and Pasilis, S.P., 1990,
Effects of benthic flora on arsenic transport: Journal of Environmental Engineering, v. 116, p. 394-409.
Kuwabara, J.S., Chang, C.C.Y., and Pasilis, S.P., 1989,
Periphyton effects on arsenic transport in Whitewood Creek, South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 247-255.
Kuwabara, J.S., Chang, C.C.Y., and Pasilis, S.P., 1988,
Effects of algal growth on arsenic transport in Whitewood Creek, South Dakota--Preliminary results, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 33-38.
Kuwabara, J.S., and Fuller, C.C., 2004,
Toxic substances in surface waters and sediments--A study to assess the effects of arsenic-contaminated alluvial sediment in Whitewood Creek, South Dakota: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1681, 48 p.
Kuwabara, J.S., and Fuller, C.C., 2003,
Toxic substances in surface waters and sediments--A study to assess the effects of arsenic-contaminated alluvial sediment in Whitewood Creek, South Dakota: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1681, 56 p.
Kuwabara, J.S., Marvin-Dipasquale, M., Praskins, W., Byron, E., Topping, B.R., Carter, J.L., Fend, S.V., Parchaso, F., and Krabbenhoft, D.P., 2002,
Flux of dissolved forms of mercury across the sediment-water interface in Lahontan Reservoir, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4138, 48 p.
Kuwabara, J.S., Topping, B.R., Woods, P.F., and Carter, J.L., 2007,
Free zinc ion and dissolved orthophosphate effects on phytoplankton from Coeur d'Alene Lake, Idaho: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 41, no. 8, p. 2811-2817, doi:10.1021/es062923l.
Kuwabara, J.S., Topping, B.R., Woods, P.F., Carter, J.L., and Hager, S.W., 2006,
Interactive effects of dissolved zinc and orthophosphate on phytoplankton from Coeur d'Alene Lake, Idaho: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5091, 47 p.
Kuwabara, J.S., Woods, P.F., Berelson, W.M., Balistrieri, L.S., Carter, J.L., Topping, B.R., and Fend, S.V., 2003,
Importance of sediment-water interactions in Coeur d'Alene Lake, Idaho, USA--Management implications: Environmental Management, v. 32, no. 3, p. 348-359.

L

Laenan, A., and Bencala, K.E., 2001,
Transient storage assessments of dye-tracer injections in rivers of the Willamette Basin, Oregon: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 37, no. 2, p. 367-377, doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.2001.tb00975.x.
Lambing, J.H., Nimick, D.A., and Cleasby, T.E., 2004,
Short-term variation of trace-element concentrations during base flow and rainfall runoff in small basins, August 1999, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-D7, p. 263-278.
Landa, E.R., 2006,
Oink if you love coal: Geotimes, v. 51, no. 4, p. 60.
Landa, E.R., 2005,
Microbial biogeochemistry of uranium mill tailings: Advances in Applied Microbiology, v. 57, p. 113-130, doi:10.1016/S0065-2164(05)57004-7.
Landa, E.R., 2004,
Uranium mill tailings--Nuclear waste and natural laboratory for geochemical and radioecological investigations: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, v. 77, p. 1-27, doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2004.01.030.
Landa, E.R., 2003,
Mobilization of radionuclides from uranium mill tailings and related waste materials in anaerobic environments: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, v. 255, no. 3, p. 559-563, doi:10.1023/A:1022501003604.
Landa, E.R., 1999,
Geochemical and biogeochemical controls on element mobility in and around uranium mill tailings--recent studies: Reviews in Economic Geology, v. 6B, p. 527-538.
Landa, E.R., 1999,
Transferability of soil cleanup standards in remedial actions associated with technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive materials--Geochemical perspecitives, in International Atomic Energy Agency Symposium on Restoration of Environments with Radioactive Residues, Arlington, Virginia, November 29-December 3, 1999: IAEA-SM-359, p. 101-104.
Landa, E.R., 1993,
A brief history of the American radium industry and its ties to the scientific community of the early twentieth century: Environment International, v. 19, p. 503-508, doi:10.1016/0160-4120(93)90275-M.
Landa, E.R., and Councell, T.B., 2000,
Uranium content and leachable fraction of fluorspars: Health Physics, v. 79, no. 3, p. 286-290.
Landa, E.R., Cravotta, C.A., II., Naftz, D.L., Verplanck, P.L., Nordstrom, D.K., and Zielinski, R.A., 1999,
Geochemical investigations by the U.S. Geological Survey on uranium mining, milling, and environmental restoration, in Hylko, J.M., and Salyer, R.L., eds., Proceedings from the Health Physics Society Meeting, January 24-27: Madison, WI, Medical Physics Publishing, p. 215-220.
Landa, E.R., Cravotta, C.A., Naftz, D.L., Verplanck, P.V., Nordstrom, D.K., and Zielinski, R.A., 2000,
Geochemical investigations by the U.S. Geological Survey on uranium mining, milling, and environmental restoration: Technology (Merril Eisenbud memorial issue), v. 7, p. 381-396.
Landa, E.R., and Gray, J.R., 1995,
U.S. Geological Survey research on the environmental fate of uranium mining and milling wastes: Environmental Geology, v. 26, p. 19-31, doi:10.1007/BF00776028.
Landa, E.R., Le, A.H., Luck, R.L., and Yeich, P.J., 1995,
Sorption and coprecipitation of trace concentrations of thorium and various minerals under conditions simulating an acid uranium mill effluent environment: Inorganica Chimica Acta, v. 229, p. 247-252, doi:10.1016/0020-1693(94)04251-P.
Landa, E.R., Perkin, R.G., and Grantz, A., 1993,
Sampling for possible radionuclide contamination of Russian origin in the Canada Basin region, in Grantz, A., ed., Cruise report and preliminary results--U.S. Geological Survey Cruise P1-93-AR, Northwind Ridge and Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean aborad USCGC POLAR STAR, August 16 - September 15, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-389, p. 15-17.
Landa, E.R., Phillips, E.J.P., and Lovley, D.R., 1991,
Release of 226 Ra from uranium mill tailings by microbial Fe(III) reduction: Applied Geochemistry, v. 6, p. 647-652.
Landa, E.R., Stieff, L.R., Germani, M.S., Tanner, A.B., and Evans, J.R., 1994,
Intense alpha-particle emitting crystallites in uranium mill wastes: Nucelar Geophysics, v. 8, no. 5, p. 443-454.
Leib, K.J., Mast, M.A., and Wright, W.G., 2002,
Using water-quality profiles to characterize seasonal water quality and loading in the Upper Animas River Basin, southwestern Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4230, 45 p.
Leib, K.J., Wright, W.G., and Mast, M.A., 1999,
Using flood-analysis techniques to estimate dissolved-zinc concentrations, in Tailings and Mine Waste '99: Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema, p. 633-638.
Lenhart, J.J., Bargar, J.R., and Davis, J.A., 2001,
Spectroscopic evidence for ternary surface complexes in the lead(II)-malonic acid-hematite system: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, v. 234, p. 448-452, doi:10.1006/jcis.2000.7345.
Lewis, M.E., and Clark, M.L., 1997,
How does streamflow affect metals in the Upper Arkansas River?: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-226-96, 4 p.
Lind, C.J., 1991,
Copper-mining-related acid drainage, in Konsten, C.J.M., ed., Report of the International Workshop on Delayed Environmental Effects of Chemical Pollution with Focus on the Nordic Countries, Uppsala, Sweden, September 14-15, 1991: Foundation of Ecodevelopment, app. 1, no. 8, p. 42-43.
Lind, C.J., 1991,
Manganese minerals and associated fine particulates in the Pinal Creek streambed, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 486-491.
Lind, C.J., and Anderson, L.S., 1992,
Trace metal scavenging by precipitating Mn and Fe oxides, in Kharaka, Y.K., and Maest, A.S., eds., Low temperature environments, v. 1 of Water-rock interaction--Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction--WRI-7, Park City Utah, July 13-18, 1992: Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema, p. 397-402.
Lind, C.J., Creasey, C.L., and Angeroth, C., 1998,
In-situ alteration of minerals by acidic ground water resulting from mining activities--Preliminary evaluation of method: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, v. 64, p. 293-305, doi:10.1016/S0375-6742(98)00039-9.
Lind, C.J., and Hem, J.D., 1996,
Manganese and iron oxide deposits and trace-metal associations in stream sediments, Pinal Creek Basin, Arizona, in Brown, J.G., and Favor, B., eds., Hydrology and geochemistry of aquifer and stream contamination related to acidic water in Pinal Creek Basin near Globe, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2466, p. 81-98.
Lind, C.J., and Hem, J.D., 1993,
Manganese minerals and associated fine particulates in the streambed of Pinal Creek, Arizona--A mining-related acid drainage problem: Applied Geochemistry, v. 8, p. 67-80.
Lind, C.J., and Oscarson, R.L., 1997,
Iron deposition as acidic groundwater encounters carbonates in the alluvium of Pinal Creek, Arizona, U.S.A.: Applied Geochemistry, v. 12, no. 1, p. 83-95, doi:10.1016/S0883-2927(96)00056-X.
Lind, C.J., and Stollenwerk, K.G., 1996,
Alteration of alluvium by acidic ground water resulting from copper mining at Pinal Creek, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 1089-1094.
LoVetere, S.H., Nordstrom, D.K., Maest, A.S., and Naus, C.A., 2003,
Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water quality investigation. 3. Historical ground-water quality for the Red River Valley, New Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 2003-4186, 49 p.
Longsworth, S.A., 1991,
Measurement of stream reaeration at Pinal Creek, Arizona, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 492-497.
Longsworth, S.A., and Taylor, A.M., 1992,
Hydrologic data from the study of acidic contamination in the Miami Wash-Pinal Creek area, Arizona, water years 1990-91: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-468, 59 p.
Lovley, D.R., Fraga, J.L., Blunt-Harris, E.L., Hayes, L.A., Phillips, E.J.P., and Coates, J.D., 1998,
Humic substances as a mediator for microbially catalyzed metal reduction: Acta Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica, v. 26, no. 3, p. 152-157, doi:10.1002/(SICI)1521-401X(199805)26:3<152::AID-AHEH152>3.0.CO;2-D.
Lovley, D.R., and Philips, E.J.P., 1992,
Reduction of uranium by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 58, no. 3, p. 850-856.
Lovley, D.R., and Phillips, E.J.P., 1992,
Bioremediation of uranium contamination with enzymatic uranium reduction: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 26, no. 11, p. 2228-2234, doi:10.1021/es00035a023.
Lovley, D.R., Phillips, E.J.P., Gorby, U.A., and Landa, E.R., 1991,
Microbial reduction of uranium: Nature, v. 350, no. 6317, p. 413-416.
Lovley, D.R., Phillips, E.J.P., Gorby, Y.A., and Landa, E.R., 1991,
Microbial reduction of uranium, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 548-551.
Ludington, S., Plumlee, G., Caine, J., Bove, D., Holloway, J., and Livo, E., 2005,
Geologic influences on ground and surface waters in the lower Red River watershed, New Mexico [Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water quality investigation 10]: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5245, 46 p.
Luoma, S.N., Cain, D.J., and Rainbow, P.S., 2010,
Calibrating biomonitors to ecological disturbance--A new technique for deciphering metal effects in natural waters: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, v. 6, no. 2, p. 199-209, doi:0.1897/IEAM_2009-067.1.

M

Maest, A.S., Nordstrom, D.K., and LoVetere, S.H., 2004,
Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water quality investigation 4. Historical surface-water quality for the Red River Valley, New Mexico, 1965-2001: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5063, 156 p.
Manning, A.H., Verplanck, P.L., Mast, M.A., Marsik, J., and McCleskey, R.B., 2011,
Spring runoff water-chemistry data from the Standard Mine and Elk Creek, Gunnison County, Colorado, 2010: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1159, 20 p.
Marble, J.C., 1998,
Biotic contribution of Mn(II) removal at Pinal Creek, Globe, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, unpublished M.S. thesis, 191 p.
Marble, J.C., Corley, T.L., and Conklin, M.H., 1999,
Representative plant and algal uptake of metals near Globe, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 239-245.
Marble, J.C., Corley, T.L., Conklin, M.H., and Fuller, C.C., 1999,
Environmental factors affecting oxidation of manganese in Pinal Creek, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 173-183.
Maret, T.R., Cain, D.J., MacCoy, D.E., and Short, T.M., 2003,
Response of benthic invertebrate assemblages to metal exposure and bioaccumulation associated with hard-rock mining in northwestern streams, USA: Journal of the North American Benthological Society, v. 22, no. 4, p. 598-620.
Marron, D.C., 1992,
Floodplain storage of mine tailings in the Belle Fourche River system--A sediment budget approach: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, v. 17, p. 675-685.
Marron, D.C., 1989,
Physical and chemical characteristics of a metal-contaminated overbank deposit, west-central South Dakota, USA: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, v. 14, p. 419-432.
Marron, D.C., 1989,
The transport of mine tailings as suspended sediment in the Belle Fourche River, west-central South Dakota, USA: International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS) Publication no. 184 (Sediment and the Environment), p. 19-26.
Marron, D.C., 1989,
Trends in arsenic concentration and grain-size distribution of metal-contaminated overbank sediments along the Belle Fourche River downstream from Whitewood Creek, South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 211-216.
Marron, D.C., 1988,
Field and laboratory data describing physical and chemical characteristics of metal-contaminated flood-plain deposits downstream from Lead, west-central South Dakota: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 88-349, 32 p.
Marron, D.C., 1988,
Transport and flood-plain storage of metals associated with sediment downstream from Lead, South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 11-12.
Marron, D.C., 1987,
Floodplain storage of metal-contaminated sediments downstream of a gold mine at Lead, South Dakota, in Averett, R.C., and McKnight, D.M., eds., Chemical quality of water and the hydrologic cycle: Chelsea, Mich., Lewis Publishers, Inc., p. 193-209.
Martin, E.P., 2004,
Mine inventory, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-D3, p. 127-136.
Mast, M.A., Evans, J.B., Leib, K.J., and Wright, W.G., 2000,
Hydrologic and water-quality data at selected sites in the upper Animas River watershed, southwestern Colorado, 1997-99: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-53, CD-ROM included with 20 p.
Mast, M.A., Verplanck, P.L., Yager, D.B., Wright, W.G., and Bove, D.J., 2000,
Natural sources of metals to surface waters in the upper Animas River watershed, Colorado--Proceedings of the International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage, Denver, May 22-25, 2000, in Church, S.E., ed., Preliminary release of scientific reports on the acidic drainage in the Animas river watershed, San Juan County, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-034, p. 67-76.
May, H.M., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1991,
Assessing the solubilities and reaction kinetics of aluminous minerals in soils, in Ulrich, B., and Sumner, M.E., eds., Soil acidity: Berlin, Springer-Verlag, p. 125-148.
McCafferty, A.E., Van Gosen, B.S., Smith, B.D., and Sole, T.C., 2004,
Geophysical characterization of geologic features with environmental implications from airborne magnetic and apparent resistivity data, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-D2, p. 89-125.
McCleskey, R.B., Kirk Nordstrom, D., and Ryan, J.N., 2011,
Electrical conductivity method for natural waters: Applied Geochemistry, v. 26, Supplement 1, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.03.110.
McCleskey, R.B., Nordstrom, D., K., and Naus, C.A., 2004,
Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water-quality investigation. 16. Quality assurance and quality control for water analyses: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-1341, 115 p.
McCleskey, R.B., Nordstrom, D.K., and Ball, J.W., 2003,
Metal interferences and their removal prior to the determination of As(T) and AS(III) in acid mine waters by hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4117, 14 p.
McCleskey, R.B., Nordstrom, D.K., and Maest, A.S., 2004,
Preservation of water samples for arsenic(III/V) determinations--An evaluation of the literature and new analytical results: Applied Geochemistry, v. 19, no. 7, p. 995-1009, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2004.01.003.
McCleskey, R.B., Nordstrom, D.K., Ryan, J.N., and Ball, J.W., 2012,
A new method of calculating electrical conductivity with applications to natural waters: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 77, p. 369-382, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2011.10.031.
McCleskey, R.B., Nordstrom, D.K., Steiger, J.I., Kimball, B.A., and Verplanck, P.L., 2003,
Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water quality investigation 2. Low-flow (2001) and snowmelt (2002) synoptic/tracer water chemistry for the Red River, New Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2003-148, 166 p.
McDougal, R.R., Cannon, M.R., Smith, B.D., and Ruppert, D.A., 2004,
Hydrogeology of the Boulder River watershed study area and examination of the regional ground-water flow system using interpreted fracture mapping from remote sensing data, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-D9, p. 337-368.
McDougal, R.R., and Smith, B.D., 2000,
Ground geophysical study of the Buckeye mine tailings, Boulder watershed, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-371, 16 p.
McKallip, T.E., Goddard, K.E., and Horowitz, A.J., 1989,
Arsenic in the alluvial sediments of Whitewood Creek and the Belle Fourche and Cheyenne rivers in western South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 203-209.
McKnight, D.M., 1988,
Metal-tolerant algae in St. Kevein Gulch, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 113-118.
McKnight, D.M., and Bencala, K.E., 1990,
The chemistry of iron, aluminum, and dissolved organic material in three acidic, metal-enriched, mountain streams, as controlled by watershed and in-stream processes: Water Resources Research, v. 26, no. 12, p. 3087-3100, 90WR01510, doi:10.1029/WR026i012p03087.
McKnight, D.M., Bencala, K.E., Harnish, R.A., and Runkel, R.L., 1996,
Difficulties with intermediate-scale experiments for studies of iron chemistry in streams affected by acidic mine drainage, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 789-796.
McKnight, D.M., Bencala, K.E., Zellweger, G.W., Aiken, G.R., Feder, G.L., and Thorn, K.A., 1992,
Sorption of dissolved organic material by hydrous aluminum and iron oxides occurring at the confluence of Deer Creek with the Snake River, Summit County, Colorado: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 26, no. 7, p. 1388-1396, doi:10.1021/es00031a017.
McKnight, D.M., Hornberger, G.M., Bencala, K.E., and Boyer, E.W., 2002,
In-stream sorption of fulvic acid in an acidic stream--A stream-scale transport experiment: Water Resources Research, v. 38, no. 1, p. 6-1 - 6-12, doi:10.1029/2001WR000269.
McKnight, D.M., Kimball, B.A., and Bencala, K.E., 1988,
Iron photoreduction and oxidation in an acidic mountain stream: Science, v. 240, no. 4852, p. 637-640, doi:10.1126/science.240.4852.637.
McKnight, D.M., Kimball, B.A., and Bencala, K.E., 1988,
Photoreduction of hydrous iron oxides in acidic mountain streams in Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 131-136.
McKnight, D.M., Kimball, B.A., and Runkel, R.L., 2001,
pH dependence of iron photoreduction in a Rocky Mountain stream affected by acid mine drainage: Hydrological Processes, v. 15, no. 10, p. 1979-1992, doi:10.1002/hyp.251.
McKnight, D.M., Ranville, J.F., and Harnish, R.A., 1991,
Particulate and colloidal organic material and associated trace metals in Pueblo Reservoir, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 428-433.
McKnight, D.M., Runkel, R.L., Tate, C.M., Duff, J.H., and Moorhead, D.L., 2004,
Inorganic N and P dynamics of Antarctic glacial meltwater streams as controlled by hyporheic exchange and benthic autotrophic communities: Journal of the North American Benthological Society, v. 23, no. 2, p. 171-188.
McKnight, D.M., Smith, R.L., Harnish, R.A., Miller, C.L., and Bencala, K.E., 1993,
Seasonal relationships between planktonic microorganisms and dissolved organic material in an alpine stream: Biogeochemistry, v. 21, p. 39-59.
McKnight, D.M., Wershaw, R.L., Bencala, K.E., Zellweger, G.W., and Feder, G.L., 1992,
Humic substances and trace metals associated with Fe and Al oxides deposited in an acidic mountain stream: The Science of the Total Environment, v. 117/118, p. 485-498, doi:10.1016/0048-9697(92)90113-7.
McLemore, V.T., Smith, K.S., and Russell, C.C., 2013,
Sampling and monitoring during the mining phases (Chapter 2), in McLemore, V.T., Smith, K.S., and Russell, C.C., eds., Sampling and Monitoring for the Mine Life Cycle--Management Technologies for Metal Mining Influenced Water: Englewood, Colo., Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc.
McLemore, V.T., Smith, K.S., and Russell, C.C., eds., 2013,
Sampling and monitoring for the mine life cycle--Management technologies for metal mining influenced water: Englewood, Colo., Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc., (8 chapters, 6 appendices).
Milhous, R.T., 1999,
Aquatic physical habitat and hydrology in abandoned mined land studies, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 47-54.
Miller, C.L., 1988,
Microbiology of the Arkansas River near Leadville, Colorado--Preliminary study, 1986, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 111-112.
Miller, M.P., McKnight, D.M., Cory, R.M., Williams, M.W., and Runkel, R.L., 2006,
Hyporheic exchange and fulvic acid redox reactions in an alpine stream/wetland ecosystem, Colorado Front Range: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 40, no. 19, p. 5943-5949, doi:10.1021/es060635j.
Moore, J.N., and Luoma, S.N., 1990,
Harzardous wastes from large-scale metal extraction--A case study: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 24, no. 9, p. 1278-1285, doi:10.1021/es00079a001.
Morris, J.M., Farag, A.M., Nimick, D.A., and Meyer, J.S., 2006,
Light-mediated Zn uptake in photosynthetic biofilm: Hydrobiologia, v. 571, p. 361-371, doi:10.1007/s10750-006-0261-6.
Morris, J.M., and Meyer, J.S., 2007,
Photosynthetically mediated Zn removal from the water column in High Ore Creek, Montana: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 179, no. 1-4, p. 391-395, doi:10.1007/s11270-006-9232-9.
Morris, J.M., and Meyer, J.S., 2006,
Extracellular and intracellular uptake of zinc in a photosynthetic biofilm matrix: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, v. 77, no. 1, p. 30-35, doi:10.1007/s00128-006-1028-5.
Morris, J.M., Nimick, D.A., Farag, A.M., and Meyer, J.S., 2005,
Does biofilm contribute to diel cycling of Zn in High Ore Creek, Montana?: Biogeochemistry, v. 76, no. 2, p. 233-259, doi:10.1007/s10533-005-4774-2.
Moses, C.O., Nordstrom, D.K., Herman, J.S., and Mills, A.L., 1987,
Aqueous pyrite oxidation by dissolved oxygen and by ferric iron: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 51, no. 6, p. 1561-1571, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(87)90337-1.
Mueller, R.S., Denef, V.J., Kalnejais, L.H., Suttle, K.B., Thomas, B.C., Wilmes, P., Smith, R.L., Nordstrom, D.K., McCleskey, R.B., Shah, M.B., VerBerkmoes, N.C., Hettich, R.L., and Banfield, J.F., 2010,
Ecological distribution and population physiology defined by proteomics in a natural microbial community: Molecular Systems Biology, v. 6, 374, doi:10.1038/msb.2010.30.
Myhre, S.H., and Bencala, K.E., 1998,
Surface-water quality data--Permanante and Saratoga Creeks, Santa Clara Valley, California, water year 1997: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-4, 39 p.

N

Naftz, D.L., Davis, J.A., Fuller, C.C., Morrison, S.J., Freethey, G.W., Feltcorn, E.M., Wilhelm, R.G., Piana, M.J., Joye, J.L., and Rowland, R.C., 1999,
Field demonstration of permeable reactive barriers to control radionuclide and trace-element contamination in ground water from abandoned mine lands, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 281-288.
Naftz, D.L., Freethey, G.W., Davis, J.A., Feltcorn, E., Wilhelm, R., Breeden, R., Spangler, R.R., and Morrison, S.J., 1997,
Hydrologic characterization of the Fry Canyon, Utah site prior to field demonstration of reactive chemical barriers to control radionuclide and trace-element contamination in ground water, in Proceedings of the International Containment Technology Conference, St. Petersburg, Florida, February 9-12, 1997: p. 725-729.
Naus, C.A., McCleskey, R.B., Nordstrom, D.K., Donohoe, L.C., Paillet, F., and Verplanck, P.L., 2005,
Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water quality investigation. 5. Well installation, water-level data, and surface- and ground-water chemistry in the Straight Creek Drainage Basin, Red River Valley, New Mexico, 2001-2003: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5088, 220 p.
Neaville, C.C., 1991,
Hydrogeology and simulation of ground-water and surface-water flow in the Pinal Creek basin, Gila County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 149 p.
Neaville, C.C., 1989,
Simulation of ground- and surface-water flow in the Globe area, Arizona, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 577-579.
Neaville, C.C., and Brown, J.G., 1994,
Hydrogeology and hydrologic system of Pinal Creek basin, Gila County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 93-4212, 33 p.
Nimick, D.A., 2005,
Environmental effects of historical mining in the Boulder River watershed, southwestern Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2005-3148, 2 p.
Nimick, D.A., 2003,
Diurnal variation in trace-metal concentrations in streams: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 086-03, 4 p.
Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., Cleasby, T.E., Fey, D.L., Kimball, B.A., Leib, K.J., Mast, A.M., and Wright, W.G., 1999,
Characterization of metals in water and bed sediment in two watersheds affected by historical mining in Montana and Colorado, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 11-18.
Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., 2004,
Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, 523 p.
Nimick, D.A., and Cleasby, T.E., 2004,
Trace elements in water in streams affected by historical mining, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-D5, p. 155-190.
Nimick, D.A., and Cleasby, T.E., 2001,
Quantification of metal loads by tracer injection and synoptic sampling in Daisy Creek and the Stillwater River, Park County, Montana, August 1999: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 00-4261, 51 p.
Nimick, D.A., and Cleasby, T.E., 2000,
Water-quality data for streams in the Boulder River Abandoned Mine Lands Initiative study area: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-99, 70 p.
Nimick, D.A., Cleasby, T.E., and McCleskey, R.B., 2005,
Seasonality of diel cycles of dissolved trace-metal concentrations in a Rocky Mountain stream: Environmental Geology, v. 47, no. 5, p. 603-614, doi:10.1007/s00254-004-1178-x.
Nimick, D.A., and Gammons, C.H., 2011,
Preface--Diel biogeochemical processes in terrestrial waters: Chemical Geology, v. 283, no. 1-2, p. 1-2, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2011.01.023.
Nimick, D.A., Gammons, C.H., Cleasby, T.E., Madison, J.P., Skaar, D., and Brick, C.M., 2003,
Diel cycles in dissolved metal concentrations in streams--Occurrence and possible causes: Water Resources Research, v. 39, no. 9, p. HWC 2-1 to HWC 2-17, WR001571, doi:10.1029/2002WR001571.
Nimick, D.A., Gammons, C.H., and Parker, S.R., 2011,
Diel biogeochemical processes and their effect on the aqueous chemistry of streams--A review: Chemical Geology, v. 283, no. 1-2, p. 3-17, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2010.08.017.
Nimick, D.A., Gurrieri, J.T., and Furniss, G., 2009,
An empirical method for estimating instream pre-mining ph and dissolved cu concentration in catchments with acidic drainage and ferricrete: Applied Geochemistry, v. 24, no. 1, p. 106-119, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2008.11.007.
Nimick, D.A., Harper, D.D., Farag, A.M., Cleasby, T.E., Macconnell, E., and Skaar, D., 2007,
Influence of in-stream diel concentration cycles of dissolved trace metals on acute toxicity to one-year-old cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi): Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 26, no. 12, p. 2667-2678, doi:10.1897/07-265.1.
Nimick, D.A., McCleskey, R.B., Gammons, C.H., and Parker, S.R., 2007,
Diel mercury concentration cycles in streams affected by mining and geothermal discharge: Science of the Total Environment, v. 373, no. 1, p. 344-355, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.11.008.
Nimick, D.A., and von Guerard, P., 1998,
Science for watershed decisions on abandoned mine lands--review of preliminary results, Denver, Colorado, February 4-5, 1998: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-297, 71 p.
Niyogi, D.K., Lewis, W.M., Jr., and McKnight, D.M., 2002,
Effects of stress from mine drainage on diversity, biomass, and function of primary producers in mountain streams: Ecosystems, v. 5, no. 6, p. 554-567.
Niyogi, D.K., McKinght, D.M., and Lewis, W.M., Jr., 2002,
Effects of mine drainage on breakdown of aspen litter in mountain streams: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution--Focus, v. 2, p. 329-341.
Niyogi, D.K., McKnight, D.M., Lewis, W.M., Jr, and Kimball, B.A., 1999,
Experimental diversion of acid mine drainage and the effects on a headwater stream, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 123-130.
Niyogi, D.K., McKnight, D.M., and Lewis, W.M., Jr., 1999,
Influences of water and substrate quality for periphyton in a montane stream affected by acid mine drainage: Limnology and Oceanography, v. 44, no. 3, part 2, p. 804-809.
Nordlund, B.D., and Kimball, B.A., 1989,
Metal loadings into the Arkansas River from the Leadville, Colorado area, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 605.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2012,
Arsenic in the geosphere meets the anthroposphere, in Ng, J.C., and others, eds., Understanding the Geological and Medical Interface of Arsenic, As 2012 --Proceedings of the 4th International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment, Cairns, Australia, July 22-27, 2012: CRC Press, p. 15-19, ISBN:9780415637633 (ISBN), doi:Export Date 31 May 2013.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2012,
Models, validation, and applied geochemistry--Issues in science, communication, and philosophy: Applied Geochemistry, v. 27, no. 10, p. 1899-1919, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2012.07.007.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2011,
Hydrogeochemical processes governing the origin, transport and fate of major and trace elements from mine wastes and mineralized rock to surface waters: Applied Geochemistry, v. 26, no. 11, p. 1777-1791, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.06.002.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2011,
Mine waters--Acidic to circmneutral: Elements, v. 7, no. 6, p. 393-398, doi:10.2113/gselements.7.6.393.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2011,
Quality of our groundwater resources--Arsenic and fluoride: Geosciences, v. 13, p. 82-87 (Water's Role in the Earth System).
Nordstrom, D.K., 2011,
Sulfide mineral oxidation, in Reitner, J., and Thiel, V., eds., Encyclopedia of Geobiology: Dordrecht, Springer, ISBN:978-1-4020-9211-4 (part of the Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series).
Nordstrom, D.K., 2010,
Book review--Thermodynamics and kinetics of water-rock interaction: Elements, v. 6, no. 1, p. 60.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2009,
Acid rock drainage and climate change: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, v. 100, no. 2-3, p. 97-104, doi:10.1016/j.gexplo.2008.08.002.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2008,
Mining II--Acid mine drainage, in Callicott, J.B., and Frodeman, R., ed., Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy: Macmillan Reference USA, Gale Cengage, v. 2, p. 61-63, ISBN:9780028661377.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2008,
Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water quality investigation---25--Summary of results and baseline and pre-mining ground-water geochemistry, Red River Valley, Taos County, New Mexico, 2001-2005: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1728, 111 p.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2008,
What was the groundwater quality before mining in a mineralized region? Lessons from the Questa Project: Journal of Geosciences, v. 12, no. 2, p. 139-149.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2007,
Effects of seasonal and climatic change on water quality from acid rock drainage in the Western United States, in Cidu, R., and Frau, F., eds., Water in Mining Environments, Proceedings of the International Mine Water Association Symposium 2007, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, May 27-31, 2007: p. 11-16 (keynote address).
Nordstrom, D.K., 2005,
A river on the edge--Water quality in the Red River and the USGS background study, in Price, L.G., Bland, D., McLemore, V.T., and Barker, J.M., eds., Mining in New Mexico, Decision-Makers Conference 2005, Taos region, Socorro, New Mexico: New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, p. 64-67.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2004,
From research to remediation--Application of hydrogeochemical research for effective mine site remediation, in Jarvis, A.P., Dudgeon, B.A., and Younger, P.L., eds., Mine Water 2004, Process, Policy, and Progress, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom, September 19-23, 2004: International Mine Water Association, v. 1, p. 141-148.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2004,
Negative pH, efflorescent mineralogy, and the challenge of environmental restoration at the Iron Mountain Superfund mine site, or why not to plug a mine, in GIS - Geoscience Applications and Developments/Treatment technologies for mining impacted water -- Workshop at the Geological Institute of the Technical University of the Mining Academy, Freiberg, Germany, June 18, 2004: Wissenschaftliche Mitteilungen, v. 25, p. 125-131.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2003,
Effects of microbiological and geochemical interactions in mine drainage, in Jambor, J.L., Blowes, D.W., and Ritchie, A.I.M., eds., Environmental Aspects of Mine Wastes: Mineralogical Association of Canada, v. 31, p. 227-238.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2003,
Modeling low-temperature geochemical processes (chapter 2), in Drever, J.I., ed., Treatise on Geochemistry: Elsevier, v. 5 of 10 volumes, p. 1-38, ISBN:9780080437514.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2002,
Aqueous redox chemistry and the behavior of iron in acid mine waters, in Wilkin, R.T., Ludwig, R.D., and Ford, R.G., eds., Proceedings of the workshop on monitoring oxidation-reduction processes for ground-water restoration, Dallas, Texas, April 25-27, 2000: Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPA/600/R-02/002, p. 43-47.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2000,
Advances in the hydrogeochemistry and microbiology of acid mine waters: International Geological Review, v. 42, p. 499-515.
Nordstrom, D.K., 2000,
Thermodynamic properties of environmental arsenic species--Limitations and needs, in Young, C., ed., Minor Elements 2000, Processing and Environmental Aspects of As, Sb, Se, Te, and Bi: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, p. 325-331.
Nordstrom, D.K., 1999,
Consilience and conciliation, the need for less human impact and more humane impact, in Armannson, H.P., ed., Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Geochemistry of the Earth's Surface, Reykjavik, Iceland, August 15-19, 1999, p. 139-142.
Nordstrom, D.K., 1999,
Some fundamentals of geochemistry, in Plumlee, G.S., and Logsdon, M.J., eds., The environmental geochemistry of mineral deposits--Part A. Processes, methods and health issues: Society of Economic Geologists Reviews in Economic Geology, v. 6A, p. 117-124.
Nordstrom, D.K., 1999,
Sulfates, in Alexander, D.E., and Fairbridge, R.W., eds., Encyclopedia of Environmental Science: Kluwer Academic Publishers, p. 580-585.
Nordstrom, D.K., 1997,
Videotape lecture--Negative pH, ultra-acidic mine waters and the challenge of environmental restoration at the Iron Mountain Mine Superfund Site: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-355.
Nordstrom, D.K., 1996,
The geochemistry of acid mine water--From research to remediation, in Fourth International Symposium Geochemistry Earth's Surface, Ikley, United Kingdom, July 22-28, 1996: p. 354-360.
Nordstrom, D.K., 1996,
Trace metal speciation in natural waters--Computational vs. analytical: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 90, p. 257-267.
Nordstrom, D.K., 1993,
Perspectives on mobile geochemical laboratories for on-site analyses of natural waters, in 5th Spanish Geochemical Congress, Spain, September 21-24, 1993.
Nordstrom, D.K., 1991,
Chemical modeling of acid mine waters in the Western United States, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 534-538.
Nordstrom, D.K., 1985,
The formation of acid marine waters--A review, in Proceedings of the Hazardous Materials Management Conference--HAZMAT WEST '85, 1985: p. 453-457.
Nordstrom, D.K., 1985,
The rate of ferrous iron oxidation in a stream receiving acid mine effluent, in Subitzky, S., ed., Selected papers in the hydrological sciences, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2270, p. 113-119.
Nordstrom, D.K., 1982,
Aqueous pyrite oxidation and the consequent formation of secondary iron minerals, in Kittrick, J.A., Fanning, D.A., and Hossner, L.R., eds., Acid sulfate weathering: Soil Science Society, p. 37-56.
Nordstrom, D.K., 1982,
The effect of sulfate on aluminum concentrations in natural waters--Some stability relations in the system Al2O3-SO3-H2O at 298 K: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 46, no. 4, p. 681-692, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(82)90168-5.
Nordstrom, D.K., and Alpers, C.N., 1999,
The geochemistry of acid mine waters, in Plumlee, G.S., and Logsdon, M.J., eds., The environmental geochemistry of mineral deposits--Part A. Processes, methods and health issues: Society of Economic Geologists Reviews in Economic Geology, v. 6A, p. 133-160.
Nordstrom, D.K., and Alpers, C.N., 1999,
Negative pH, efflorescent mineralogy, and consequences for environmental restoration at the Iron Mountain Superfund site, California: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, v. 96, p. 3455-3462, doi:10.1073/pnas.96.7.3455 (This paper was presented at the National Academy of Sciences colloquium "Geology, Mineralogy, and Human Welfare," held November 8-9, 1998 at the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center in Irvine, CA.).
Nordstrom, D.K., and Alpers, C.N., 1995,
Remedial investigations, decisions, and geochemical consequences at Iron Mountain Mine, California, in Hynes, T.P., and Blanchette, M.C., eds., Proceedings of Sudbury '95--Mining and the environment, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, May 28 - June 1, 1995: Ottawa, Canada, CANMET, v. 2, p. 633-642.
Nordstrom, D.K., Alpers, C.N., Coston, J.A., Taylor, H.E., McCleskey, R.B., Ball, J.W., Ogle, S.A., Cotsifas, J.S., and Davis, J.A., 1999,
Geochemistry, toxicity, and sorption properties of contaminated sediments and pore waters from two reservoirs receiving acid mine drainage, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 289-296.
Nordstrom, D.K., Alpers, C.N., Ptacek, C.J., and Blowes, D., 2000,
Negative pH and extremely acidic mine waters at Iron Mountain Mine, California: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 34, p. 254-258, doi:10.1021/es990646v.
Nordstrom, D.K., and Archer, D.G., 2003,
Arsenic thermodynamic data and environmental geochemistry, in Welch, A.H., and Stollenwerk, K.G., eds., Arsenic in ground water--Geochemistry and Occurrence: Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers, p. 1-25.
Nordstrom, D.K., and Ball, J.W., 1985,
Toxic element composition of acid mine waters from sulfide ore deposits, in Fernandez-Rebio, R., ed., Mine water--Proceeding of the Second International Congress, Granada, Spain, 1985: International Mine Water Association, p. 749-758.
Nordstrom, D.K., Blaine McCleskey, R., and Ball, J.W., 2009,
Sulfur geochemistry of hydrothermal waters in Yellowstone National Park--IV Acid-sulfate waters: Applied Geochemistry, v. 24, no. 2, p. 191-207, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2008.11.019.
Nordstrom, D.K., Burchard, J.M., and Alpers, C.N., 1990,
The production and variability of acid mine drainage at Iron Mountain, California--A Superfund site undergoing rehabilitation, in Gadsy, J.W., Malick, J.W., and Day, S.J., eds., Acid-mine drainage-designing for closure: Vancouver, Canada, BiTech Publishers, p. 13-21.
Nordstrom, D.K., and Campbell, K.M., 2014,
Modeling low-temperature geochemical processes (Chapter 7.2), in Drever, J.I., ed., Surface And Groundwater, Weathering and Soils, in Holland, H.D. and Turekian, Karl K., eds. Treatise on Geochemistry (2nd ed.): Oxford, Elsevier, v. 7, p. 27-68, ISBN:978-0-08-098300-4.
Nordstrom, D.K., and May, H.M., 1989,
Aqueous equilibrium data for a mononuclear aluminum species, in Sposito, G., 1989, ed., The environmental chemistry of aluminum: Boca Raton, Fla., CRC Press, p. 27-53.
Nordstrom, D.K., McCleskey, R.B., and Ball, J.W., 2010,
Challenges in the analysis and interpretation of acidic waters, in Wolkersdorfer, C., and Freund, A., eds., International Mine Water Association Symposium--Mine Water and Innovative Thinking, Sydney, Nova Scotia: CBU Press, p. 379-383 (direct link to pdf).
Nordstrom, D.K., McCleskey, R.B., and Campbell, K.M., 2012,
Arsenic in Yellowstone's thermal waters--Trends and anomalies, in Ng, J.C., and others, eds., Understanding the Geological and Medical Interface of Arsenic, As 2012 --Proceedings of the 4th International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment, Cairns, Australia, July 22-27, 2012: CRC Press, p. 479-480, ISBN:9780415637633 (ISBN), doi:Export Date 31 May 2013.
Nordstrom, D.K., McCleskey, R.B., Hunt, A.G., and Naus, C.A., 2005,
Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water quality investigation. 14. Interpretation of ground-water geochemistry in catchments other than the Straight Creek catchment, Red River Valley, Taos County, New Mexico, 2002-2003: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5050, 94 p.
Nordstrom, D.K., McNutt, R.H., Puigdomenech, I., Smellie, J.A.T., and Wolf, M., 1992,
Ground water chemistry and geochemical modeling of water-rock interactions at the Osamu Utsumi mine and the Morro do Ferro analogue study sites, Pocos de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, v. 45, no. 1-3, p. 249-287, doi:10.1016/0375-6742(92)90127-T.
Nordstrom, D.K., and Parks, G.A., 1987,
Solubility and stability of scorodite--Discussion: American Mineralogist, v. 72, p. 849-851.
Nordstrom, D.K., and Southam, G., 1997,
Geomicrobiology of sulfide mineral oxidation, Chapter 11, in Banfield, J.F., and Nealson, K.N., eds., Geomicrobiology--Interactions Between Microbes and Minerals: Washington, D.C., Mineralogical Society of America, v. 35, p. 361-390.
Nordstrom, D.K., Wright, W.G., Mast, M.A., Bove, D.J., and Rye, R.O., 2007,
Aqueous-sulfate stable isotopes--A study of mining-affected and undisturbed acidic drainage (Chapter E8), in Church, S.E., von Guerard, P.B., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated Investigations of Environmental Effects of Historical Mining in the Animas River Watershed, San Juan County, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1651, v. 1, p. 387-416.
Novo-Grdac, K.J., and Smith, C.H., 1991,
Application of MINTEQA2 to the speciation of contaminants at Globe, Arizona, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 498-501.

O

O'Day, P.A., Geiger, K.E., and Fuller, C.C., 1998,
Molecular scale characterization of manganese oxides and trace metals in stream sediments from a mining-contaminated site, in Arehart, G.B., and Julston, J.R., eds., 9th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction--WRI-9, Proceedings, Taupo, New Zealand, March 30 - April 3, 1998: Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema, p. 993-996.
O'Neill, J.M., Lund, K., Van Gosen, B.S., Desborough, G.A., Sole, T.C., and DeWitt, E.H., 2004,
Geologic framework, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-D1, p. 49-88.
Ortiz, R.F., and Ball, J.W., 2003,
Summary of synoptic sampling and tracer-injection tests in the Alamosa River Basin during low-flow conditions, October 1998--A sampling analysis report for modeling reactive transport of metals for the Summitville Mine: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-466, 55 p.
Ortiz, R.F., and Ball, J.W., 2003,
Summary of synoptic sampling and tracer-injection tests in the Alamosa River basin during high-flow conditions, June 1999--A sampling analysis report for modeling reactive transport of metals for the Summitville Mine, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-467, 60 p.
Ortiz, R.F., and Bencala, K.E., 2001,
Determination of instream metal loads using tracer-injection and synoptic-sampling techniques in Wightman Fork, southwestern Colorado, September 1997: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 00-4154, 26 p.
Ortiz, R.F., von Guerard, P.B., and Walton-Day, K., 1995,
Effect of a localized rainstorm on the water quality of the Alamosa River upstream from Terrace Reservoir, south-central Colorado, August 9-10, 1993, in Posey, H.H., Pendleton, J.A., and Van Zyl, D., eds., Colorado Geological Survey Summitville Forum '95: Colorado Geological Survey Special Publication 38, p. 178-182.

P

Packman, A.I., and Bencala, K.E., 2000,
Modeling surface - subsurface hydrologic interactions, in Jones, J.B., and Mulholland, P.J., eds., Streams and Ground Waters: Academic Press, p. 45-80.
Papp, C.S.E., Filipek, L.H., and Smith, K.S., 1991,
Selectivity and effectiveness of extractants used to release metals associated with organic matter: Applied Geochemistry, v. 6, p. 349-352.
Parker, E.A., 1998,
A photochemical study of manganese oxides from Pinal Creek, Globe, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, M.S. Thesis, 96 p.
Parker, S.R., Gammons, C.H., Jones, C.A., and Nimick, D.A., 2007,
Role of hydrous iron oxide formation in attenuation and diel cycling of dissolved trace metals in a stream affected by acid rock drainage: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 181, no. 1-4, p. 247-263, doi:10.1007/s11270-006-9297-5.
Parker, S.R., Gammons, C.H., Pedrozo, F.L., and Wood, S.A., 2008,
Diel changes in metal concentrations in a geogenically acidic river--Rio Agrio, Argentina: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 178, no. 2, p. 213-223, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.06.029.
Parker, S.R., Gammons, C.H., Poulson, S.R., and DeGrandpre, M.D., 2007,
Diel variations in stream chemistry and isotopic composition of dissolved inorganic carbon, upper Clark Fork River, Montana, USA: Applied Geochemistry, v. 22, no. 7, p. 1329-1343, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2007.02.007.
Parker, S.R., Poulson, S.R., Gammons, C.H., and DeGrandpre, M.D., 2005,
Biogeochemical controls on diel cycling of stable isotopes of dissolved 02 and dissolved inorganic carbon in the Big Hole River, Montana: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 39, no. 18, p. 7134-7140, doi:10.1021/es0505595.
Parkhurst, D.L., 1988,
Mine-water discharge, metal loading, and chemical reactions, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. D-5-D-9.
Parkhurst, D.L., 1987,
Chemical analyses of water samples from the Picher mining area, northeast Oklahoma and southeast Kansas: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-453, 43 p.
Parkhurst, D.L., Doughten, M., and Hearn, P., 1989,
Chemical analyses of stream sediment in the Tar Creek Basin of the Picher mining areas, northeast Oklahoma: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 88-469, 13 p.
Paschke, S.S., Harrison, W.J., and Walton-Day, K., 2001,
Effects of acid recharge on groundwater at the St. Kevin Gulch site, Leadville, Colorado: Geochemistry, Exploration, Environment, Analysis, v. 1, no. 1, p. 3-14.
Paschke, S.S., Kimball, B.A., and Runkel, R.L., 2005,
Quantification and simulation of metal loading to the Upper Animas River, Eureka to Silverton, San Juan County, Colorado, September 1997 and August 1998: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5054, 73 p.
Paschke, S.S., Runkel, R.L., Walton-Day, K., Kimball, B.A., and Schaffrath, K.R., 2013,
Streamflow and water-quality conditions including geologic sources and processes affecting selenium loading in the Toll Gate Creek watershed, Aurora, Arapahoe County, Colorado, 2007: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2012-5280, 108 p.
Payn, R.A., Gooseff, M.N., McGlynn, B.L., Bencala, K.E., and Wondzell, S.M., 2012,
Exploring changes in the spatial distribution of stream baseflow generation during a seasonal recession: Water Resources Research, v. 48, no. 4, W04519, doi:10.1029/2011WR011552.
Payn, R.A., Gooseff, M.N., McGlynn, B.L., Bencala, K.E., and Wondzell, S.M., 2009,
Channel water balance and exchange with subsurface flow along a mountain headwater stream in Montana, United States: Water Resources Research, v. 45, no. 11, p. 14, W11427, doi:10.1029/2008wr007644.
Payne, T.E., Davis, J.A., Ochs, M., Olin, M., and Tweed, C.J., 2004,
Uranium adsorption on weathered schist--Intercomparison of modeling approaches: Radiochimica Acta, v. 92, p. 651-661.
Payne, T.E., Davis, J.A., and Waite, T.D., 1996,
Uranium adsorption on ferrihydrite--Effects of phosphate and humic acid: Radiochimica Acta, v. 74, p. 239-243.
Payne, T.E., Davis, J.A., and Waite, T.D., 1994,
Uranium retention by weathered schists--The role of iron minerals: Radiochimica Acta, v. 66/67, p. 297-303.
Payne, T.e., Davis, J.A., Lumpkin, G.R., Chisari, R., and Waite, T.D., 2004,
Surface complexation model of uranyl sorption on Georgia kaolinite: Applied Clay Science, v. 26, p. 151-162, doi:10.1016/j.clay.2003.08.013.
Peiffer, S., Walton-Day, K., and Macalady, D.L., 1999,
The interaction of natural organic matter with iron in a wetland (Tennessee Park, Colorado) receiving acid mine drainage: Aquatic Geochemistry, v. 5, p. 207-223.
Phillips, E.J.P., Landa, E.R., and Lovley, D.R., 1995,
Remediation of uranium contaminated soils with bicarbonate extraction and microbial U(VI) reduction: Journal of Industrial Microbiology, v. 14, no. 3-4, p. 203-207, doi:10.1007/BF01569928.
Piper, D.Z., Skorupa, J.P., Presser, T.S., Hardy, S.J., Hamilton, M.A., Huebner, M.A., and Gulbrandsen, R.A., 2000,
The Phosphoria Formation at the Hot Springs Mine in southeast Idaho--A source of trace elements to ground water, surface water, and biota: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-050, 73 p.
Plumlee, G.S., and Edelmann, P., 1995,
The Summitville mine and its downstream effects: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-23 (On-line update).
Plumlee, G.S., Ficklin, W.H., Montour, M., Smith, K.S., Meier, A.L., and Briggs, P.H., 1994,
The geochemistry and environmental degradation of cyanide at the Summitville Mine, Colorado, in Carter, L.M.H., Toth, M.I., and Day, W.C., eds., USGS research on mineral resources--1994: Part A--Program and abstracts, Ninth V.E. McKelvey Forum on Mineral and Energy Resources, Tucson, Arizona, February 22-25, 1994: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1103-A, p. 77-78.
Plumlee, G.S., Ficklin, W.H., Smith, K.S., Montour, M., Gray, J., Hageman, P., Briggs, P.H., and Meier, A.L., 1994,
Geologic and geochemical controls on the composition of acid waters draining the Summitville Mine, Colorado, in Carter, L.M.H., Toth, M.I., and Day, W.C., eds., USGS research on mineral resources--1994: Part A--Program and abstracts, Ninth V.E. McKelvey Forum on Mineral and Energy Resources, Tucson, Arizona, February 22-25, 1994: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1103-A, p. 78.
Plumlee, G.S., Lowers, H., Koenig, A., and Ludington, S., 2005,
Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water quality invistigation. 13. Mineral microscopy and chemistry of mined and unmined porphyry molybdenum mineralization along the Red River, New Mexico--Implications for ground- and surface-water quality: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005-1442.
Plumlee, G.S., Smith, K.S., and Montour, M.R., 1996,
Compositions and metal loadings from several seeps at the Summitville Mine--Preliminary results of sampling in August, 1995, and comparison to August, 1994, results: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-049, 6 p.
Plumlee, G.S., Smith, K.S., Mosier, E.L., Ficklin, W.H., Montour, M., Briggs, P., and Meier, A., 1995,
Geochemical processes controlling acid-drainage generation and cyanide degradation at Summitville, in Posey, H.H., Pendleton, J.A., and Van Zyl, D., eds., Proceedings: Summitville Forum '95: Colorado Geological Survey Special Publication 38, p. 23-34.
Plumlee, G.S., and Ziegler, T.L., 2003,
The medical geochemistry of minerals, dusts, soils, and other earth materials (chapter 7), in Lollar, B.S., ed., Treatise on Geochemistry: Elsevier, v. 9 of 10 volumes, p. 1-61, ISBN:9780080437514.
Pool, D.R., and Eychaner, J.H., 1995,
Measurements of aquifer-storage change and specific yield using gravity surveys: Ground Water, v. 33, no. 3, p. 425-432, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1995.tb00299.x.
Powers, M.H., and Burton, B.L., 2004,
Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water quality investigation. 1. Depth to bedrock determinations using shallow seismic data acquired in the Straight Creek drainage near Red River, New Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-1236, 18 p.
Puls, R.W., and Eychaner, J.H., 1990,
Sampling of ground water for inorganics-pumping rate, filtration, and oxidation effects, in Proceedings of the Fourth National Outdoor Action Conference on Aquifer Restoration, Ground Water Monitoring, and Geophysical Methods, Las Vegas, Nev., May 14-17, 1990: Dublin, Ohio, Water Well Journal Publishing Company, p. 313-327.
Puls, R.W., Eychaner, J.H., and Powell, R.M., 1990,
Colloidal-facilitated transport of inorganic contaminants in ground water--Pt. I, Sampling considerations: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Research Brief EPA 600/M-90/023, 11 p.
Puls, R.W., Powell, R.M., and Clark, D.A., 1996,
Assessment of colloidal transport in ground water, Pinal Creek Basin, Arizona, in Brown, J.G., and Favor, B., eds., Hydrology and geochemistry of aquifer and stream contamination related to acidic water in Pinal Creek Basin near Globe, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2466, p. 51-60.
Puls, R.W., Powell, R.M., and Rees, T.F., 1991,
Stability and transport of inorganic colloids through contaminated aquifer material, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 507-510.

R

Rainbow, P.S., Kriefman, S., Smith, B.D., and Luoma, S.N., 2011,
Have the bioavailabilities of trace metals to a suite of biomonitors changed over three decades in SW England estuaries historically affected by mining?: Science of the Total Environment, v. 409, no. 8, p. 1589-1602, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.01.012.
Rainbow, P.S., and Luoma, S.N., 2010,
The legacy lies in the sediments: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, v. 6, no. 3, p. 505-506, doi:10.1002/ieam.91.
Ranville, J.F., 1992,
Factors influencing the electrophoretic mobility of suspended sediments in acid mine drainage: Golden, Colorado School of Mines, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation (T-4213), 270 p.
Ranville, J.F., Harnish, R.A., and McKnight, D.M., 1991,
Particulate and colloidal organic material in Pueblo Reservoir, Colorado--Influence of autochthonous source on chemical composition, in Baker, R.A., ed., Organic substances and sediments in water: Chelsea, Michigan, Lewis Publishers, p. 47-73.
Ranville, J.F., Smith, K.S., Macalady, D.L., and Rees, T.F., 1989,
Colloidal properties of flocculated bed material in a stream contaminated by acid mine drainage, St. Kevin Gulch, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 111-118.
Ranville, J.F., Smith, K.S., McKnight, M.D., Macalady, D.L., and Rees, T.F., 1991,
Effect of organic matter coprecipitation and sorption with hydrous iron oxides on electrophoretic mobility of particles in acid mine drainage, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 422-427.
Rea, B.A., Davis, J.A., and Waychunas, G.A., 1994,
Studies of the reactivity of the ferrihydrite surface by iron isotopic exchange and Mossbauer spectroscopy: Clays and Clay Minerals, v. 42, p. 23-34.
Rees, T.F., and Ranville, J.F., 1988,
Identification of colloids present at Sheeler Seeps, Whitewood Creek, South Dakota, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 29-32.
Reese, R.S., 1989,
Characterization of organic contamination of ground water in a mining area, Globe, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 138 p.
Reese, R.S., and Bassett, R.L., 1990,
Characterization of organic contamination of ground water in a mining area, Globe, Arizona, in Lehr, J.H., ed., Ground water management--Proceedings of the ground-water geochemistry conference, Kansas City, Mo., February 20-22, 1990: National Water Well Association, p. 221-236.
Rhea, D.T., Harper, D.D., Farag, A.M., and Brumbaugh, W.G., 2006,
Biomonitoring in the Boulder River watershed, Montana, USA--Metal concentrations in biofilm and macroinvertebrates, and relations with macroinvertebrate assemblage: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, v. 115, no. 1-3, p. 381-393, doi:10.1007/s10661-006-7086-7.
Rich, C.L., Litke, D.W., Granitto, M., Pelltier, R.T., and Sole, T.C., 2004,
Digital databases and CD-ROM for the Boulder River watershed, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-G, p. 503-523.
Robbins, E.A., 2003,
The role of water speedwell in the distribution and rates of metal removal from Pinal Creek, near Globe, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. Thesis, 213 p.
Robbins, E.I., Corley, T.L., and Conklin, M.H., 1999,
Manganese removal by the epilithic microbial consortium at Pinal Creek near Globe, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 247-258.
Robbins, E.I., Nord, G.L., Jr., Savela, C.E., Eddy, J.I., Livi, K.J.T., Gullett, C.D., Nordstrom, D.K., Chou, I.M., and Briggs, K.M., 1996,
Microbial and mineralogical analysis of aluminum-rich precipitates that occlude porosity in a failed anoxic limestone drain, Monogalia County, West Virginia, in 13th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, September 3-7, 1996: p. 761-767.
Robbins, E.I., Rodgers, T.M., Alpers, C.N., and Nordstrom, D.K., 2000,
Ecogeochemistry of the subsurface food web at pH 0-2.5 in Iron Mountain, California, U.S.A.: Hydrobiologia, v. 433, no. 1-3, p. 15-23, doi:10.1023/A:1004050216537.
Rostad, C., Schmitt, C., Schumacher, J., and Leiker, T., 2011,
An exploratory investigation of polar organic compounds in waters from a lead-zinc mine and mill complex: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 217, no. 1, p. 431-443, doi:10.1007/s11270-010-0598-3.
Roth, D.A., Taylor, H.E., Domakzalski, J., Dileanis, P., Peart, D.B., Antweiler, R.C., and Alpers, C.N., 2001,
Distribution of inorganic mercury in Sacramento River water and suspended colloidal sediment material: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, v. 40, no. 2, p. 161-172, doi:10.1007/s002440010159.
Runkel, R.L., 2010,
One-dimensional transport with equilibrium chemistry (OTEQ)--A reactive transport model for streams and rivers: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods book 6, chapter B6, 102 p.
Runkel, R.L., 2007,
Toward a transport-based analysis of nutrient spiraling and uptake in streams: Limnology and Oceanography--Methods, v. 5, p. 50-62.
Runkel, R.L., 2002,
A new metric for determining the importance of transient storage: Journal of the North American Benthological Society, v. 21, no. 4, p. 529-543.
Runkel, R.L., 2000,
Using OTIS to model solute transport in streams and rivers: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 138-99, 4 p.
Runkel, R.L., 1998,
One dimensional transport with inflow and storage (OTIS)--A solute transport model for streams and rivers: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4018, 73 p.
Runkel, R.L., 1996,
Solution of the advection-dispersion equation--Continuous load of finite duration: Journal of Environmental Engineering, v. 122, no. 9, p. 830-832, doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9372(1996)122:9(830).
Runkel, R.L., 1995,
Simulation models for conservative and nonconservative solute transport in streams, in Osterkamp, W.R., ed., Effects of scale on interpretation and management of sediment and water quality--Proceedings of the 1995 Meeting of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences, Boulder, Colorado, July 3-14, 1995: International Association of Hydrological Sciences IAHS Publication 225, p. 153-159.
Runkel, R.L., 1993,
Development and application of an equilibrium-based simulation model for reactive solute transport in small streams: Boulder, University of Colorado, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, 202 p.
Runkel, R.L., and Bencala, K.E., 1995,
Transport of reacting solutes in rivers and streams, in Singh, V.P., ed., Environmental Hydrology: Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Kleuwer Academic Publishers, p. 137-164.
Runkel, R.L., Bencala, K.E., and Broshears, R.E., 1996,
An equilibrium-based simulation model for reactive solute transport in small streams, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 775-780.
Runkel, R.L., Bencala, K.E., Broshears, R.E., and Chapra, S.C., 1996,
Reactive solute transport in streams--1, Development of an equilibrium-based model: Water Resources Research, v. 32, no. 2, p. 409-418, 95WR03106, doi:10.1029/95WR03106.
Runkel, R.L., Bencala, K.E., and Kimball, B.A., 1999,
Modeling solute transport and geochemistry in streams and rivers using OTIS and OTEQ, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 109-118.
Runkel, R.L., Bencala, K.E., Kimball, B.A., Walton-Day, K., and Verplanck, P.L., 2009,
A comparison of pre- and post-remediation water quality, Mineral Creek, Colorado: Hydrological Processes, v. 23, no. 23, p. 3319-3333, doi:10.1002/hyp.7427.
Runkel, R.L., and Broshears, R.L., 1992,
One-dimensional transport with inflow and storage (OTIS)--A solute transport model for small streams: Boulder, Colo., CADSWES, 1 p.
Runkel, R.L., and Chapra, S., 1993,
An efficient numerical solution of the transient storage equations for solute transport in small streams: Water Resources Research, v. 29, no. 1, p. 211-215, 92WR02217, doi:10.1029/92WR02217.
Runkel, R.L., and Chapra, S.C., 1994,
Reply to "Comment on an efficient numerical solution of the transient storage equations for solute transport in small streams" by Dawes and Short: Water Resources Research, v. 30, no. 10, p. 2863-2865, 94WR00986, doi:10.1029/94WR00986.
Runkel, R.L., and Kimball, B.A., 2002,
Evaluating remedial alternatives for an acid mine drainage stream--Application of a reactive transport model: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 36, no. 5, p. 1093-1101, doi:10.1021/es0109794.
Runkel, R.L., Kimball, B.A., McKnight, D.M., and Bencala, K.E., 1999,
Reactive solute transport in streams--A surface complexation approach for trace metal sorption: Water Resources Research, v. 35, no. 12, p. 3829-3840, 1999WR900259, doi:10.1029/1999WR900259.
Runkel, R.L., Kimball, B.A., Steiger, J.I., and Walton-Day, K., 2009,
Geochemical data for upper Mineral Creek, Colorado, under existing ambient conditions and during an experimental pH modification, August 2005: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 442, 41 p.
Runkel, R.L., Kimball, B.A., Walton-Day, K., and Verplanck, P.L., 2007,
A simulation-based approach for estimating premining water quality--Red Mountain Creek, Colorado: Applied Geochemistry, v. 22, no. 9, p. 1899-1918, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2007.03.054.
Runkel, R.L., Kimball, B.A., Walton-Day, K., and Verplanck, P.L., 2005,
Geochemistry of Red Mountain Creek, Colorado, under low-flow conditions, August 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5101, 78 p.
Runkel, R.L., Kimball, B.A., Walton-Day, K., Verplanck, P.L., and Broshears, R.E., 2012,
Evaluating remedial alternatives for an acid mine drainage stream--A model post audit: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 46, no. 1, p. 340-347, doi:10.1021/es2038504.
Runkel, R.L., McKnight, D.M., and Andrews, E.D., 1998,
Analysis of transient storage subject to unsteady flow--Diel flow variation in an Antarctic stream: Journal of North American Benthological Society, v. 17, no. 2, p. 143-154.
Runkel, R.L., McKnight, D.M., Bencala, K.E., and Chapra, S.C., 1996,
Reactive solute transport in streams--2, Simulation of a pH modification experiment: Water Resources Research, v. 32, no. 2, p. 419-430, 95WR03107, doi:10.1029/95WR03107.
Runkel, R.L., McKnight, D.M., and Rajaram, H., 2003,
Modeling hyporheic zone processes: Advances in Water Resources, v. 26, no. 9, p. 901-905, doi:10.1016/S0309-1708(03)00079-4.
Runkel, R.L., and Restrepo, P.J., 1993,
Solute transport modeling under unsteady flow regimes--An application of the Modular Modeling Sytem, in Hon, K., ed., Water management in the `90s--A Time for Innovation--Proceedings of the 20th Anniversary Conference of the Water Resource Planning and Management Division of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Seattle, Wash., May 1-5, 1993: Washington, D.C., American Society of Civil Engineers, p. 256-259.
Runkel, R.L., Walton-Day, K., Kimball, B.A., Verplanck, P.L., and Nimick, D.A., 2013,
Estimating instream constituent loads using replicate synoptic sampling, Peru Creek, Colorado: Journal of Hydrology, v. 489, p. 26-41, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.02.031.
Russell, C.C., S., S.K., and McLemore, V.T., 2013,
Data management, assessment, and analysis for decision-making (Chapter 7), in McLemore, V.T., Smith, K.S., and Russell, C.C., eds., Sampling and Monitoring for the Mine Life Cycle--Management Technologies for Metal Mining Influenced Water: Englewood, Colo., Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc.
Russell, C.C., S., S.K., and McLemore, V.T., 2013,
Decision making, risk, and uncertainty (Chapter 4), in McLemore, V.T., Smith, K.S., and Russell, C.C., eds., Sampling and Monitoring for the Mine Life Cycle--Management Technologies for Metal Mining Influenced Water: Englewood, Colo., Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc.
Russell, C.C., S., S.K., and McLemore, V.T., 2013,
The planning process (Chapter 5), in McLemore, V.T., Smith, K.S., and Russell, C.C., eds., Sampling and Monitoring for the Mine Life Cycle--Management Technologies for Metal Mining Influenced Water: Englewood, Colo., Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc.
Russell, C.C., S., S.K., and McLemore, V.T., 2013,
Sampling and monitoring program implementation (Chapter 6), in McLemore, V.T., Smith, K.S., and Russell, C.C., eds., Sampling and Monitoring for the Mine Life Cycle--Management Technologies for Metal Mining Influenced Water: Englewood, Colo., Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc.
Rye, R.O., and Alpers, C.N., 1997,
The stable isotope geochemistry of jarosite: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-88, 44 p.

S

Schemel, L.E., and Cox, M.H., 2005,
Descriptions of the Animas River-Cement Creek confluence and mixing zone near Silverton, Colorado, during the late summers of 1996 and 1997: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005-1064, 4 p (Online only).
Schemel, L.E., Cox, M.H., Kimball, B.A., and Bencala, K.E., 1999,
Partitioning of zinc between dissolved and colloidal phases in the Animas River near Silverton, Colorado, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 63-66.
Schemel, L.E., Cox, M.H., Runkel, R.L., and Kimball, B.A., 2006,
Multiple injected and natural conservative tracers quantify mixing in a stream confluence affected by acid mine drainage near Silverton, Colorado: Hydrological Processes, v. 20, no. 13, p. 2727-2743, doi:10.1002/hyp.6081.
Schemel, L.E., Kimball, B.A., and Bencala, K.E., 2000,
Colloid formation and metal transport through two mixing zones affected by acid mine drainage near Silverton, Colorado: Applied Geochemistry, v. 15, no. 7, p. 1003-1018.
Schemel, L.E., Kimball, B.A., and Bencala, K.E., 1999,
Colloid formation and the transport of aluminum and iron in the Animas River near Silverton, Colorado, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 59-62.
Schemel, L.E., Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., and Cox, M.H., 2007,
Formation of mixed Al-Fe colloidal sorbent and dissolved-colloidal partitioning of Cu and Zn in the Cement Creek-Animas River confluence, Silverton, Colorado: Applied Geochemistry, v. 22, no. 7, p. 1467-1484, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2007.02.010.
Schmidt, T.S., Clements, W.H., Mitchell, K.A., Church, S.E., Wanty, R.B., Fey, D.L., Verplanck, P.L., and San Juan, C.A., 2010,
Development of a new toxic-unit model for the bioassessment of metals in streams: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 29, no. 11, p. 2432-2442, doi:10.1002/etc.302.
Schumacher, J., and Stollenwerk, K., 1991,
Geochemical controls on the migration of molybdenum, uranium, and other constituents at the Weldon Spring chemical plant site, in Proceedings of the Geosciences Workshop: U.S. Department of Energy DOE/OR/21548-197, p. 87-140 (Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project (WSSRAP) geosciences workshop, O'Fallon, Mo. (United States), Febuary 21, 1991).
Scott, D.T., Gooseff, M.N., Bencala, K.E., and Runkel, R.L., 2003,
Automated calibration of a stream solute transport model--Implications for interpretation of biogeochemical parameters: Journal of the North American Benthological Society, v. 22, no. 4, p. 492-510.
Scott, D.T., Runkel, R.L., McKnight, D.M., Voelker, B.M., Kimball, B.A., and Carraway, E.R., 2003,
Transport and cycling of iron and hydrogen peroxide in a freshwater stream--Influence of organic acids: Water Resources Research, v. 39, no. 11, p. HWC 1-1 - HWC 1-14, 2002WR001768, doi:10.1029/2002WR001768.
Senko, J.M., Istok, J.D., Suflita, J.M., and Krumholz, L.R., 2002,
In-situ evidence for uranium immobilization and remobilization: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 36, no. 7, p. 1491-1496, doi:10.1021/es011240x.
Senko, J.M., Mohamed, Y., Dewers, T.A., and Krumholz, L.R., 2005,
Role for Fe(III) minerals in nitrate-dependent microbial U(IV) oxidation: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 39, no. 8, p. 2529-2536, doi:10.1021/es048906i.
Senko, J.M., Suflita, J.M., and Krumholz, L.R., 2005,
Geochemical controls on microbial nitrate-dependent U(IV) oxidation: Geomicrobiology Journal, v. 22, p. 371-378, doi:10.1080/01490450500248911.
Shope, C.L., Xie, Y., and Gammons, C.H., 2006,
The influence of hydrous Mn-Zn oxides on diel cycling of Zn in an alkaline stream draining abandoned mine lands: Applied Geochemistry, v. 21, no. 3, p. 476-491, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2005.11.004.
Sigleo, A.C., Cunningham, K.M., Goldberg, M.C., and Kimball, B.A., 1989,
Hydroxyl radical formation in St. Kevin Gulch, an iron-rich stream in Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 125-129.
Slater, L.D., Ntarlagiannis, D., Day-Lewis, F.D., Mwakanyamale, K., Versteeg, R.J., Ward, A., Strickland, C., Johnson, C.D., and Jr., J.W.L., 2010,
Use of electrical imaging and distributed temperature sensing methods to characterize surface water-groundwater exchange regulating uranium transport at the Hanford 300 Area, Washington: Water Resources Research, v. 46, no. 10, W10533, doi:10.1029/2010WR009110.
Smith, B.D., McCafferty, A.E., and McDougal, R.R., 2000,
Utilization of airborne magnetic, electromagnetic, and radiometric data in abandoned mine land investigations, in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage, Denver, Colorado, May 21-24, 2000: Littleton, Colo., Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, p. 1525-1530.
Smith, B.D., McDougal, R.R., and Lund, K., 2004,
Geologic, geophysical, and seismic characterization of the Luttrell Pit as a mine-waste repository, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-E3, p. 475-494.
Smith, B.D., and Sole, T., 2000,
Schlumberger DC resistivity soundings in the Boulder watershed, Jefferson and Lewis and Clark Counties, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-110, 31 p.
Smith, J.D., Lambing, J.H., Nimick, D.A., Parret, C., Ramey, M., and Schafer, W., 1998,
Geomorphology, flood-plain tailings, and metal transport in the Upper Clark Fork Valley, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4170, 56 p.
Smith, K.S., 2011,
Approach for environmental baseline water sampling, in SME Annual Meeting and Exhibit and CMA 113th National Western Mining Conference 2011, Denver, CO, February 27-March 2, 2011: Curran Associates, Inc., ISBN:9781617829727.
Smith, K.S., 1996,
Processes controlling dissolved copper concentrations during an instream pH-modification experiment, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 769-774.
Smith, K.S., 1991,
Factors influencing metal sorption onto iron-rich sediment in acid-mine drainage: Golden, Colorado School of Mines, Ph.D. thesis, 239 p.
Smith, K.S., Ficklin, W.H., Plumlee, G.S., and Meier, A.L., 1992,
Metal and arsenic partitioning between water and suspended sediment at mine-drainage sites in diverse geologic settings, in Kharaka, Y.K., and Maest, A.S., eds., Low temperature environments, v. 1 of Water-rock interaction--Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction--WRI-7, Park City, Utah, July 13-18, 1992: Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema, p. 443-447.
Smith, K.S., Ficklin, W.H., and Ranville, J.F., 1990,
Examples and modeling of trace metal water/sediment partitioning in Colorado streams affected by acid mine drainage, in Gough, L.P., ed., Environmental forum 1990--Geoscience investigations that emphasize chemical, physical, and biological ecosystem processes: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 90-288, p. 12.
Smith, K.S., Filipek, L.H., Updegraff, D.M., and Papp, C.S.E., 1988,
Distribution of microorganisms and selected metals in mine drainage, stream water, and sediment, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. D-11-D-15.
Smith, K.S., Hoal, K.O., Walton-Day, K., Stammer, J.G., and Pietersen, K., 2013,
Automated quantitative micro-mineralogical characterization for environmental applications, in Proceedings of the 2013 SME Annual Meeting and Exhibit (SME 2013) and CMA 115th National Western Mining Conference--Mining--It's About the People, Denver, Colo., February 24-27, 2013: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration (SME), p. 7, ISBN:9781627486279 (Preprint 13-140).
Smith, K.S., Lamothe, P.J., Meier, A.L., Walton-Day, K., and Ranville, J.F., 1999,
Metal leaching through a fluvial tailings deposit along the upper Arkansas River, Colorado, in Tailings and Mine Waste '99--Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Tailings and Mine Waste '99, Fort Collins, Colorado, January 24-27, 1999: Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema, p. 627-632.
Smith, K.S., and Langmuir, D., 1987,
Inhibition of aqueous copper and lead adsorption onto goethite by dissolved carbonate species, in Averett, R.C., and McKnight, D.M., eds., Chemical Quality of Water and the Hydrologic Cycle: Chelsea, Mich., Lewis Publishers, p. 351-358.
Smith, K.S., and Macalady, D.L., 1991,
Water/sediment partitioning of trace elements in a stream receiving acid-mine drainage, in Second International Conference on the Abatement of Acidic Drainage, Proceedings, Montreal, Canada, September 16-18, 1991: p. 435-450.
Smith, K.S., Macalady, D.L., and Briggs, P.H., 1989,
Partitioning of metals between water and flocculated bed material in a stream contaminated by acid mine drainage near Leadville, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 101-109.
Smith, K.S., McLemore, V.T., and C.C., R., 2013,
Sampling considerations in the mining environment (Chapter 3), in McLemore, V.T., Smith, K.S., and Russell, C.C., eds., Sampling and Monitoring for the Mine Life Cycle--Management Technologies for Metal Mining Influenced Water: Englewood, Colo., Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc.
Smith, K.S., Mosier, E.L., Montour, M.R., Plumlee, G.S., Ficklin, W.H., Briggs, P.H., and Meier, A.L., 1995,
Yearly and seasonal variations in acidity and metal content of irrigation waters from the Alamosa River, Colorado, in Posey, H.H., Pendleton, J.A., and Van Zyl, D., eds., Proceedings: Summitville Forum '95: Colorado Geological Survey Special Publication 38, p. 293-298.
Smith, K.S., Ranville, J.F., and Macalady, D.L., 1991,
Predictive modeling of copper, cadmium, and zinc partitioning between streamwater and bed sediment from a stream receiving acid mine drainage, St. Kevin Gulch, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 380-386.
Smith, K.S., Ranville, J.F., Macalady, D.L., and Rees, T.F., 1988,
Monodisperse colloids from an acid-mine-drainage impacted stream, in Preprints of Papers Presented at the Third Chemical Congress of North America and 195th ACS National Meeting, Division of Environmental Chemistry, Toronto, Ontario, June 5-10, 1988: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society, v. 28, no. 1, p. 527-529.
Smith, K.S., Ranville, J.F., Plumlee, G.S., and Macalady, D.L., 1998,
Predictive double-layer modeling of metal sorption in mine-drainage systems, in Jenne, E.A., ed., Adsorption of metals by geomedia--variables, mechanisms, and model applications: San Diego, Calif., Academic Press, p. 521-547.
Smith, K.S., Sutley, S.J., Briggs, P.H., Meier, A.L., Walton-Day, K., Ranville, J.F., and Jerz, J.K., 1998,
Trends in water-leachable lead from a fluvial tailings deposit along the upper Arkansas River, Colorado, in Tailings and Mine Waste '98--Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Tailings and Mine Waste '98, Fort Collins, Colorado, January 26-28, 1998: Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema, p. 763-768.
Smith, K.S., Walton-Day, K., Hoal, K.O., Driscoll, R.L., and Pietersen, K., 2012,
Pre- and post-remediation characterization of acid-generating fluvial tailings material, in 9th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, May 20-26, 2012.
Smith, K.S., Walton-Day, K., and Ranville, J.F., 2000,
Evaluating the effects of fluvial tailings deposits on water quality in the upper Arkansas River basin, Colorado--observational scale considerations, in Proceedings from the Fifth International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage, Denver, Colorado, May 21-24, 2000: Littleton, Colo., Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, p. 1415-1424.
Smith, K.S., Walton-Day, K., and Ranville, J.F., 1999,
Considerations of observational scale when evaluating the effect of, and remediation strategies for, a fluvial tailings deposit in the Upper Arkansas River Basin, Colorado, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 131-138.
Snyder, N.P., Allen, J.R., Dare, C., Hampton, M.A., Schneider, G., Wooley, R.J., Alpers, C.N., and Marvin-DiPasquale, M.C., 2004,
Sediment grain-size and loss-on-ignition analyses from 2002 Englebright Lake coring and sampling campaigns: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-1080, 46 p.
Spindler, P.H., 1993,
Algal distribution and chemical gradients in Pinal Creek, Gila County, Arizona: Tempe, Arizona State University, M.S. thesis, 73 p.
Spindler, P.H., and Sommerfeld, M.R., 1996,
Relations among algal species and chemical gradients in Pinal Creek, near Globe, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 1107-1113.
Stamenkovic, J., Gustin, M.S., Marvin-DiPasquale, M.C., Thomas, B.A., and Agee, J.L., 2004,
Distribution of total and methyl mercury in sediments along Steamboat Creek (Nevada, USA): Science of the Total Environment, v. 322, no. 1-3, p. 167-177, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2003.10.029.
Stewart, A.R., Saiki, M.K., Kuwabara, J.S., Alpers, C.N., Marvin-DiPasquale, M., and Krabbenhoft, D.P., 2008,
Influence of plankton mercury dynamics and trophic pathways on mercury concentrations of top predator fish of a mining-impacted reservoir: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v. 65, no. 11, p. 2,351-2,366.
Stipp, S.L.S., Parks, G.A., Nordstrom, D.K., and Leckie, J.O., 1993,
Solubility-product constant and thermodynamic properties for synthetic otavite, CdCO3(s), and aqueous association constants for the Cd(II)-CO2-H2O system: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 57, no. 12, p. 2,699-2,713, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(93)90384-9.
Stoliker, D.L., Campbell, K.M., Fox, P.M., Singer, D.M., Kaviani, N., Carey, M., Peck, N.E., Bargar, J.R., Kent, D.B., and Davis, J.A., 2013,
Evaluating chemical extraction techniques for the determination of uranium oxidation state in reduced aquifer sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 16, p. 9225-9232, doi:10.1021/es401450v.
Stoliker, D.L., Kaviani, N., Kent, D.B., and Davis, J.A., 2013,
Evaluating ion exchange resin efficiency and oxidative capacity for the separation of uranium(iv) and uranium(vi): Geochemical Transactions, v. 14, no. 1, doi:10.1186/1467-4866-14-1.
Stoliker, D.L., Kent, D.B., and Zachara, J.M., 2011,
Quantifying differences in the impact of variable chemistry on equilibrium uranium(VI) adsorption properties of aquifer sediments: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 45, no. 20, p. 8733-8740, doi:10.1021/es202677v.
Stoliker, D.L., Liu, C., Kent, D.B., and Zachara, J.M., 2013,
Characterizing particle-scale equilibrium adsorption and kinetics of uranium(VI) desorption from U-contaminated sediments: Water Resources Research, v. 49, no. 2, p. 1163-1177, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20104.
Stollenwerk, K.G., 1996,
Simulation of reactions affecting transport of constituents in the acidic plume, Pinal Creek Basin, Arizona, in Brown, J.G., and Favor, B., eds., Hydrology and geochemistry of aquifer and stream contamination related to acidic water in Pinal Creek Basin near Globe, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2466, p. 21-50.
Stollenwerk, K.G., 1994,
Geochemical interactions between constituents in acidic groundwater and alluvium in an aquifer near Globe, Arizona: Applied Geochemistry, v. 9, no. 4, p. 353--369, doi:10.1016/0883-2927(94)90058-2.
Stollenwerk, K.G., 1991,
Simulation of copper, cobalt, and nickel sorption in an alluvial aquifer near Globe, Arizona, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 502-506.
Stollenwerk, K.G., 1988,
Neutralization of acidic ground water in eastern Arizona, in Ragone, S.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the second technical meeting, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 21-25, 1985: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-481, p. E-7-E-8.
Stollenwerk, K.G., and Eychaner, J.H., 1989,
Solubility of aluminum and iron in ground water near Globe, Arizona, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 581-591.
Stollenwerk, K.G., and Eychaner, J.H., 1987,
Acidic ground-water contamination from copper mining near Globe, Arizona--II, Neutralization capacity of alluvium, in Franks, B.J., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Program on Toxic Waste--Ground-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the third technical meeting, Pensacola, Florida, March 23-27, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-109, p. D-19-D-24.
Stream Solute Workshop, 1990,
Concepts and methods for assessing solute dynamics in stream ecosystems: Journal of the North American Benthological Society, v. 9, p. 95-119.
Stubbs, J.E., Veblen, L.A., Elbert, D.C., Zachara, J.M., Davis, J.A., and Veblen, D.R., 2009,
Newly recognized hosts for uranium in the Hanford Site vadose zone: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 73, no. 6, p. 1,563-1,576, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2008.12.004.
Swayze, G.A., Desborough, G.A., Smith, K.S., Heather A. Lowers, Hammarstrom, J.M., Diehl, S.F., Leinz, R.W., and Driscoll, R.L., 2008,
Understanding jarosite--From mine waste to Mars (Chapter B), in Verplanck, P.L., ed., Understanding Contaminants Associated with Mineral Deposits: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 2008-1328, p. 8-13.

T

Tate, C.M., Broshears, R.E., and McKnight, D.M., 1995,
Phosphate dynamics in an acidic mountain stream--Interactions involving algal uptake, sorption by iron oxide, and photoreduction: Limnology and Oceanography, v. 40, no. 5, p. 938-946.
Tate, C.M., McKnight, D.M., and Spaulding, S.A., 1991,
Phosphate uptake by algae in a stream contaminated by acid mine drainage, St. Kevin Gulch, Leadville, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 387-391.
Taylor, B.E., Wheeler, M.C., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1984,
Oxygen and sulfur isotope compositions of sulfate in acid mine drainage--Evidence for oxidation mechanisms: Nature, v. 308, p. 538-541.
Taylor, B.E., Wheeler, M.C., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1984,
Stable isotope geochemistry of acid mine drainage--Experimental oxidation of pyrite: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 48, no. 12, p. 2,669-2,678, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(84)90315-6.
Taylor, H., Antweiler, R., Roth, D., Alpers, C., and Dileanis, P., 2012,
Selected trace elements in the Sacramento River, California--Occurrence and distribution: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, v. 62, no. 4, p. 557-569, doi:10.1007/s00244-011-9738-z.
Taylor, H.E., Antweiler, R.C., Alpers, C.N., Roth, D.A., Brinton, T.I., Cain, D.J., Ball, J.W., Unruh, D.M., and Dileanis, P.D., 2000,
Quality assurance and quality control, in Alpers, C.N., Taylor, H.E., and Domagalski, J.J., eds., Metals transport in the Sacramento River, California, 1996-97--Volume 1. Methods and data: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4286, p. 38-61.
Taylor, J.A., 1998,
Waste rock effects on mine drainage water, upper Animas watershed, Colorado: Durango, Colo., Fort Lewis College, unpublished thesis, 17 p.
Thamke, J.N., Wotan, T.R., Cleasby, T.E., and Nimick, D.A., 2002,
Arsenic loads and source areas in and along Bear Creek, Park County, Montana, September 2000: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4074, 25 p.
To, T.B., Nordstrom, D.K., Cunningham, K.M., Ball, J.W., and McCleskey, R.B., 1999,
A new method for the direct determination of dissolved Fe(III) concentration in acid mine waters: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 33, no. 5, p. 807-813, doi:10.1021/es980684z.
Tolle, S., and Arthur, G.V., 1991,
Aquifer restoration under the Clean Water Act, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 520-523.
Topping, B.R., Kuwabara, J.S., Marvin-DiPasquale, M.C., Agee, J.L., Kieu, L.H., Flanders, J.R., Parchaso, F., Hager, S.W., Lopez, C.B., and Krabbenhoft, D.P., 2004,
Sediment remobilization of mercury in south San Francisco Bay, California: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5196, 57 p.

U

U.S. Geological Survey, 2004,
Summary and conclusions from investigation of the effects of historical mining in the Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana, in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652-A, p. 1-12.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2000,
Interim report on the scientific investigations in the Animas River watershed, Colorado to facilitate remediation decisions by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Forest Service, March 29, 2000 meeting, Denver, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-245, 34 p.
U.S. Geological Survey, 1999,
The USGS Abandoned Mine Lands Initiative--Protecting and restoring the environment near abandoned mine lands: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 095-99, 2 p.
Unruh, D.M., Church, S.E., Nimick, D.A., and Fey, D.L., 2009,
Metal contamination and post-remediation recovery in the Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: Geochemistry--Exploration, Environment, Analysis, v. 9, no. 2, p. 179-199, doi:10.1144/1467-7873/09-191.
Unruh, D.M., Fey, D.L., and Church, S.E., 2000,
Chemical data and lead isotopic compositions of geochemical baseline samples from streambed sediments and smelter slag, lead isotopic compositions in fluvial tailings, and dendrochronology results from the Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-038, 75 p.

V

Verplanck, P.L., Manning, A.H., Graves, J.T., McCleskey, R.B., Todorov, T., and Lamothe, P.J., 2009,
Geochemistry of standard mine waters, Gunnison County, Colorado, July 2009: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1292, 21 p.
Verplanck, P.L., Manning, A.H., Kimball, B.A., McCleskey, R.B., Runkel, R.L., Caine, J.S., Adams, M., Gemery-Hill, P.A., and Fey, D.L., 2008,
Ground- and surface-water chemistry of Handcart Gulch, Park County, Colorado, 2003-2006: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1020, 31 p.
Verplanck, P.L., Manning, A.H., Kimball, B.K., McCleskey, R.B., Runkel, R.L., Caine, J.S., Adams, M., Gemery-Hill, P.A., and Fey, D.L., 2007,
Ground- and surface-water chemistry of Handcart Gulch, Park County, Colorado, 2003-2006: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1020, 31 p.
Verplanck, P.L., Mueller, S.H., Goldfarb, R.J., and Nordstrom, D.K., 2007,
Elevated arsenic in ground water, Ester Dome (Alaska), in Cidu, R., and Frau, F., eds., Water in Mining Environments, Proceedings of the International Mine Water Association Symposium 2007, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, May 27-31, 2007: p. 473-477.
Verplanck, P.L., Mueller, S.H., Goldfarb, R.J., Nordstrom, D.K., and Youcha, E.K., 2008,
Geochemical controls of elevated arsenic concentrations in groundwater, Ester Dome, Fairbanks district, Alaska: Chemical Geology, v. 255, no. 1-2, p. 160-172, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2008.06.020.
Verplanck, P.L., Nordstrom, D.K., Bove, D.J., Plumlee, G.S., and Runkel, R.L., 2009,
Naturally acidic surface and ground waters draining porphyry-related mineralized areas of the Southern Rocky Mountains, Colorado and New Mexico: Applied Geochemistry, v. 24, no. 2, p. 255-267, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2008.11.014.
Verplanck, P.L., Nordstrom, D.K., Farmer, G.L., Unruh, D.M., and Fey, D.L., 2001,
Sr isotopic investigation to determine ground water flow paths, Silverton, Colorado, in Cidu, R., ed., Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Water Rock Interaction WRI-10, Villasimius, Italy, June 10-15, 2001: A.A. Balkema, v. 2, p. 1585-1588.
Verplanck, P.L., Nordstrom, D.K., and McCleskey, R.B., 2005,
Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water quality investigation. 20. Water chemistry trends of the Red River, Taos County, New Mexico, with data from selected seeps, tributaries, and snow, 2000-2004: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5028.
Verplanck, P.L., Nordstrom, D.K., Plumlee, G.S., and Walker, B.M., 2010,
Estimating natural background groundwater chemistry, Questa Molybdenum Mine, New Mexico: Field Guides, v. 18, p. 141-161, doi:10.1130/2010.0018(07).
Verplanck, P.L., Nordstrom, D.K., and Taylor, H.E., 1999,
Overview of rare earth element investigations in acid waters of U.S. Geological Survey abandoned mine lands watersheds, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 83-92.
Verplanck, P.L., Nordstrom, D.K., Taylor, H.E., and Kimball, B.A., 2004,
Rare earth element partitioning between hydrous ferric oxides and acid mine water during iron oxidation: Applied Geochemistry, v. 19, no. 8, p. 1339-1354, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2004.01.016.
Verplanck, P.L., Unruh, D.M., and Fey, D.L., 2001,
Evaluation of strontium isotopes as a geochemical tracer in the Middle Fork Mineral Creek basin, southwestern Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 00-4290, 21 p.
Verplanck, P.L., Wanty, R.B., Berger, B.R., Tuttle, M., Kimball, B.A., and Farmer, G.L., 2004,
Hydrogeochemistry of an acidic, alpine watershed, Redwell basin, Colorado, in Wanty, R.B., and Seal III, R.R., eds., Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction WRI-II, Saratoga Springs, New York, June 27-July 2, 2004: A.A. Balkema, p. 1649-1653.
Verplanck, P.L., ed., 2008,
Understanding contaminants associated with mineral deposits: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 2008-1328, 96 p.
Verstraeten, I.M., Böhlke, J.K., and Kraemer, T.F., 2000,
Groundwater/surface-water interactions and sources of nitrogen and uranium in an irrigated area of Nebraska, USA, in Dassargues, A., ed., Proceedings, Tacers and Modelling in Hydrogeology: International Association of Hydrological Sciences Publication 262, p. 525-531.
Verstraeten, I.M., Böhlke, J.K., Kraemer, T.F., and Cannia, J., 2002,
Use of environmental tracers and isotopes to evaluate sources of water, nitrate, and uranium in an irrigated alluvial valley, Nebraska: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 100-01, 4 p.
Villinski, J.E., 2001,
Dissolution of manganese (IV) oxides and precipitation of ferric iron--Implications for redox processes in an alluvial aquifer affected by acid mine drainage: Tucson, University of Arizona, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, Ph.D. Dissertation, 349 p.
Villinski, J.E., O'Day, P.A., Corley, T.L., and Conklin, M.H., 2001,
In situ spectroscopic and solution analyses of the reductive dissolution of Mn02 by Fe(II): Environmental Science and Technology, v. 35, no. 6, p. 1157-1163, doi:10.1021/es001356d.
Villinski, J.E., O'Day, P.A., Corley, T.L., and Conklin, M.H., 1999,
A flow-through cell for in-situ, real time X-ray absorption spectroscopy studies of geochemical reactions, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 217-225.
Vincent, K.R., Church, S.E., and Fey, D.L., 1999,
Geomorphological context of metal-laden sediments in the Animas River floodplain, Colorado, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 99-105.
Vivit, D.V., Thorn, K.A., and Hem, J.D., 1997,
Comparative results of 27A1 NMR spectrometric and ferron colorimetric analyses of hydroxaluminum hydrolysis products in aged mildly acidic aqueous systems, in Nanny, M.A., Minear, R.A., and Leenheer, J.A., eds., Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Environmental Chemistry: New York, Oxford University Press, p. 140-160.

W

Waber, N., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1992,
Geochemical modeling of granitic ground waters at the Stripa site (Sweden) using a mass balance approach, in Kharaka, Y.K., and Maest, A.S., eds., Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction, Park City, Utah, July 13-18, 1992: A.A. Balkema, p. 243-246.
Wagner, B.J., and Harvey, J.W., 1999,
Evaluating the ability of tracer tests to quantify reactive solute transport in stream-aquifer systems, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 201-209.
Wagner, B.J., and Harvey, J.W., 1997,
Experimental design for estimating parameters of rate-limited mass transfer--Analysis of stream tracer studies: Water Resources Research, v. 33, no. 7, p. 1731-1741, 97WR01067, doi:10.1029/97WR01067.
Wagner, B.J., and Harvey, J.W., 1996,
Solute-transport parameter estimation for an injection experiment at Pinal Creek, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 1081-1087.
Waite, T.D., Davis, J.A., Fenton, B.R., and Payne, T.E., 2000,
Approaches to modelling uranium (VI) adsorption on natural mineral assemblages: Radiochimica Acta, v. 88, p. 687-696.
Waite, T.D., Davis, J.A., Payne, T.E., Waychunas, G.A., and Xu, N., 1994,
Uranium(VI) adsorption to ferrihydrite--Application of a surface complexation model: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 58, no. 24, p. 5465-5478, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(94)90243-7.
Wallin, R.W., 1991,
Ground-water transport of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in association with humic substances in the Pinal Creek basin, Globe, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 80 p.
Wallin, R.W., Bassett, R.L., and Eychaner, J.H., 1991,
Ground-water transport of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in association with humic substances in the Pinal Creek basin, Globe, Arizona, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 511-515.
Walter, G.R., and Norris, J.R., 1991,
Hydrochemical zoning in the Pinal Creek alluvium, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 516-519.
Walton-Day, K., 2003,
Geochemistry of active and passive treatment processes used to treat mine drainage, in Jambor, J.L., Blowes, D.W., and Ritchie, A.I.M., eds., Environmental Aspects of Mine Wastes: Mineralogical Association of Canada, Short Course Series, v. 31, p. 335-359.
Walton-Day, K., 1999,
Geochemistry of the processes that attenuate acid mine drainage in wetlands, in Plumlee, G.S., and Logsdon, M.J., eds., The Environmental Geochemistry of Mineral Deposits, Part A--Processes, Techniques, and Health Issues: Littleton, Colo., The Society of Economic Geologists, p. 215-228.
Walton-Day, K., 1996,
Colorado wetland resources, in National water summary 1992-1993--Hydrologic events and wetland resources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2425, p. 135-140.
Walton-Day, K., 1996,
Iron and zinc budgets in surface water for a natural wetland affected by acidic mine drainage, St. Kevin Gulch, Lake County, Colorado, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 759-764.
Walton-Day, K., 1991,
Hydrology and geochemistry of a natural wetland affected by acid mine drainage St. Kevin Gulch, Lake County, Colorado: Golden, Colorado School of Mines, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation T-4033, 299 p.
Walton-Day, K., and Briggs, P.H., 1989,
Preliminary assessment of the effects of acid mine drainage on ground water beneath a wetland near Leadville, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 119-124.
Walton-Day, K., Briggs, P.H., and Romberger, S.B., 1991,
Use of mass-flow calculations to identify processes controlling water quality in a subalpine wetland receiving acid mine drainage, St. Kevin Gulch, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 371-376.
Walton-Day, K., Cameron, C.C., and Briggs, P.H., 1990,
High metal concentrations in a wetland result from input of acid mine drainage, St. Kevin Gulch, Colorado, in Society of Wetland Scientists Eleventh Annual Meeting, Proceedings, Breckenridge, Colo., June 4-8, 1990: Society of Wetland Scientists, p. 66.
Walton-Day, K., Flynn, J.L., Kimball, B.A., and Runkel, R.L., 2005,
Mass loading of selected major and trace elements in Lake Fork Creek near Leadville, Colorado, September-October 2001: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5151, 46 p.
Walton-Day, K., Healy, R.W., Maestas, F.B., and Ranalli, A.J., 2000,
Effects of remediation on geochemistry and hydrology of the unsaturated zone of fluvial tailings deposits in the floodplain of the upper Arkansas River, Colorado, in Proceedings from the Fifth International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage, Denver, Colorado, May 21-24, 2000: Littleton, Colo., Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, p. 1443-1450.
Walton-Day, K., Healy, R.W., and Smith, B., 2006,
Assessment of remediation of fluvial tailings deposits in the upper Arkansas River Basin, Lake County, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Administrative Report, 97 p.
Walton-Day, K., and Kimball, B.A., 2013,
St. Kevin Gulch Watershed Study Area, Colorado (Appendix 5 -- Case Studies of Sampling and Monitoring), in McLemore, V.T., Smith, K.S., and Russell, C.C., eds., Sampling and Monitoring for the Mine Life Cycle--Management Technologies for Metal Mining Influenced Water: Englewood, Colo., Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc.
Walton-Day, K., Kimball, B.A., and Runkel, R.L., 2002,
The use of mass-loading studies and solute transport modeling to assist in the development of TMDL's for streams affected by mine drainage, in Workshop Notebook, Colorado Department of Health and Environment, 10th National Nonpoint Source Monitoring Workshop, Breckenridge, Colorado, September 8-12, 2002, 5 p.
Walton-Day, K., Macalady, D.L., Brooks, M.H., and Tate, V.T., 1990,
Field methods for the determination of ground-water redox parameters: Ground Water Monitoring Review, v. 10, no. 4, p. 81-89.
Walton-Day, K., Mills, T.J., Amundson, A., Dee, K.T., Relego, M.R., and Borbely, C., 2013,
The water-quality effects of a bulkhead installed in the Dinero Mine tunnel, near Leadville, Colorado, in Brown, A., Figueroa, L., and Wolkersdorfer, C., eds., Annual International Mine Water Association Conference--Reliable Mine Water Technology, Golden, Colo., August 5-9, 2013: Denver, Colo., Publication Printers, p. 115-120, ISBN:9780615793856.
Walton-Day, K., Ortiz, R.F., and von Guerard, P.B., 1995,
Sources of water having low pH and elevated metal concentrations in the upper Alamosa River from the headwaters to the outlet of Terrace Reservoir, South-Central Colorado, April-September, 1993, in Posey, H.H., Pendleton, J.A., and Van Zyl, D., eds., Proceedings, Summitville Forum '95: Colorado Geological Survey Special Publication 38, p. 160-170.
Walton-Day, K., Ortiz, R.F., and von Guerard, P.B., 1995,
Water-transport--A powerful way to move metals, in King, T.V.V., ed., Environmental considerations of active and abandoned mine lands--Lessons from Summitville: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2220, p. 20-23.
Walton-Day, K., Paschke, S.S., Runkel, R.L., and Kimball, B.A., 2007,
Using the OTIS solute-transport model to evaluate remediation scenarios in Cement Creek and the Upper Animas River (Chapter E24), in Church, S.E., von Guerard, P., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated Investigations of Environmental Effects of Historical Mining in the Animas River Watershed, San Juan County, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1651, v. 2, p. 973-1028.
Walton-Day, K., and Poeter, E., 2009,
Investigating hydraulic connections and the origin of water in a mine tunnel using stable isotopes and hydrographs: Applied Geochemistry, v. 24, no. 12, p. 2266-2282, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2009.09.015.
Walton-Day, K., Rossi, F.J., Gerner, L.J., Evans, J.B., Yager, T.J., Ranville, J.F., and Smith, K.S., 2000,
Effects of fluvial tailings deposits on soils and surface- and ground-water quality, and implications for remediation--Upper Arkansas River, Colorado, 1992-1996: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4273, 100 p.
Walton-Day, K., Runkel, R.L., and Kimball, B.A., 2012,
Using spatially detailed water-quality data and solute-transport modeling to support total maximum daily load development: Journal of the American Water Works Association, v. 48, no. 5, p. 949-969, doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.2012.00662.x.
Walton-Day, K., Runkel, R.L., Kimball, B.A., and Bencala, K.E., 2000,
Application of the solute-transport models OTIS and OTEQ and implications for remediation in a watershed affected by acid mine drainage, Cement Creek, Animas River basin, Colorado, in Proceedings from the Fifth International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage, Denver, Colorado, May 21-24, 2000: Littleton, Colo., Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, p. 389-399.
Walton-Day, K., Runkel, R.L., Kimball, B.A., and Bencala, K.E., 1999,
Application of the solute-transport models OTIS and OTEQ and implications for remediation in a watershed affected by acid mine drainage, Cement Creek, Animas River Basin, Colorado, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 37-46.
Wanty, R.B., Berger, B.R., Kimball, B.A., Verlanck, P.L., and Tuttle, M.L., 2003,
Delineation of environmental tracts in mineralized areas using geologic criteria, in Proceedings of the 4th European Conference on Regional Geoscientific Cartography, Bologna, Italy, June 17-20, 2003.
Wanty, R.B., Verplanck, P.L., Tuttle, M., Runkel, R.L., Berger, B.R., and Kimball, B.A., 2004,
Resolving natural and anthropogenic sources of solutes to a watershed from historic mining, in Wanty, R.B., and Seal III, R.R., eds., Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium of Water-Rock Interaction WRI-II, Saratoga Springs, New York, June 27-July 2, 2004: A.A. Balkema, p. 1659-1663.
Ward, A.S., Payn, R.A., Gooseff, M.N., McGlynn, B.L., Bencala, K.E., Kelleher, C.A., Wondzell, S.M., and Wagener, T., 2013,
Variations in surface water-ground water interactions along a headwater mountain stream--Comparisons between transient storage and water balance analyses: Water Resources Research, v. 49, no. 6, p. 3359-3374, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20148.
Ward, A.S., Payn, R.A., Gooseff, M.N., McGlynn, B.L., Bencala, K.E., Kelleher, C.A., Wondzell, S.M., and Wagener, T., 2013,
Variations in surface water-ground water interactions along a headwater mountain stream--Comparisons between transient storage and water balance analyses: Water Resources Research, v. 49, no. 6, p. 3359-3374, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20148.
Ward, E.C., and Walton-Day, K., 1995,
Seasonal variation in water quality on Wightman Fork of the Alamosa River, 1993: Colorado Geological Survey Special Publication 38, 183-190 p.
Waychunas, G.A., Davis, J.A., and Reitmeyer, R., 1999,
GIXAFS study of Fe(III) sorption and precipitation on natural quartz surfaces: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, v. 6, p. 615-617, doi:10.1107/S0909049599001764.
Waychunas, G.A., Davis, J.S., and Fuller, C.C., 1995,
Geometry of sorbed arsenate on ferrihydrite and crystalline FeOOH--Re-evaluation of EXAFS results and topological factors in predicting sorbate geometry and evidence for monodentate complexes: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 59, p. 3655-3661, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(95)00276-6.
Waychunas, G.A., Fuller, C.C., and Davis, J.A., 2002,
Surface complexation and precipitate geometry of aqueous Zn(II) sorption on ferrihydrite--I. X-ray absorption extended fine structure spectroscopy analysis: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 66, p. 1119-1137, doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(01)00853-5.
Waychunas, G.A., Fuller, C.C., Rea, B.A., and Davis, J.A., 1996,
Wide angle X-ray scattering (WQXS) study of "two-line" ferrihydrite structure--Effect of arsenate sorption and counterion variation and comparison with EXAFS results: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 60, p. 1765-1782, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(96)89830-9.
Waychunas, G.A., Rea, B.A., Fuller, C.C., and Davis, J.A., 1993,
Surface chemistry of ferrihydrite--I. EXAFS studies of the geometry of coprecipitated and adsorbed arsenate: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 57, no. 10, p. 2251-2269, doi:10.1016/0016-7037(93)90567-G.
Waychunas, G.A., Xu, N., Fuller, C.C., Davis, J.A., and Bigham, J.M., 1995,
XAS study of arsenate and selenate substituted schwertmannite: Physica B, v. 208, p. 481-483.
Webb, S.M., Fuller, C.C., Tebo, B.M., and Bargar, J.R., 2006,
Determination of uranyl incorporation into biogenic manganese oxides using x-ray absorption spectroscopy and scattering: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 40, no. 3, p. 771-777, doi:10.1021/es051679f.
Webster, J.G., and Nordstrom, D.K., 2003,
Geothermal arsenic, in Welch, A.H., and Stollenwerk, K.G., eds., Arsenic in ground water--Geochemistry and occurrence: Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers, p. 101-125.
Webster, J.G., Nordstrom, D.K., and Smith, K.S., 1994,
Transport and natural attenuation of Cu, Zn, As, and Fe in the acid mine drainage of Leviathan and Bryant Creeks, in Alpers, C.N., and Blowes, D.W., eds., Environmental geochemistry of sulfide oxidation: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society Symposium Series 550, p. 244-260.
Wentz, D.A., Bonn, B.A., Carpenter, K.D., Hinkle, S.R., Janet, M.L., Rinella, F.A., Uhrich, M.A., Waite, L.R., Laenen, A., and Bencala, K.E., 1998,
Water quality in the Willamette Basin, Oregon, 1991-95: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1161, 34 p.
Wetherbee, G.A., and Kimball, B.A., 1991,
Use of environmental variables to estimate metal loads in streams, Upper Arkansas River Basin, Colorado, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Moneterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 398-406.
Wetherbee, G.A., Kimball, B.A., and Maura, W.S., 1991,
Selected hydrologic data for the upper Arkansas River basin, Colorado, 1986-89: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 91-528, 216 p.
White, A.F., and Peterson, M.L., 1997,
The reduction of aqueous metal species on the surfaces of Fe(II)-containing oxides--The role of surface passivation, in Sparks, D.L., and Grundi, T.J., eds., Mineral-Water Interfacial Reactions--Kinetics and Mechanisms: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society ACS Symposium Series 715, p. 323-341.
Wildhaber, M.L., Schmitt, C.J., and Allert, A.L., 1999,
Factors explaining the distribution and site densities of the Neosho Madtom (Noturus placidus) in the Spring River, Missouri, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 269-279.
Williams, R.L., Mayer, K.U., Amos, R.T., Blowes, D.W., Ptacek, C.J., and Bain, J.G., 2007,
Using dissolved gas analysis to investigate the performance of an organic carbon permeable reactive barrier for the treatment of mine drainage: Applied Geochemistry, v. 22, no. 1, p. 90-108, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2006.09.007.
Winter, T.C., Harvey, J.W., Franke, O.L., and Alley, W.A., 1998,
Ground water and surface water, a single resource: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1139, 74 p.
Wirt, L., Leib, K.J., Bove, D.J., Mast, M.A., Evans, J.B., and , and Meeker, G.P., 1999,
Determination of chemical-constituent loads during base-flow and storm-runoff conditions near historical mines in Prospect Gulch, upper Animas watershed, southwestern Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-159, 32 p.
Wood, S.A., Gammons, C.H., and Parker, S.R., 2006,
The behavior of rare earth elements in naturally and anthropogenically acidified waters: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, v. 418, no. 1-2, p. 161-165, doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2005.07.082.
Wright, W.G., 1997,
Natural and mining-related sources of dissolved minerals during low-flow in the upper Animas River, Southwestern Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-148-97, 6 p.
Wright, W.G., and Janik, C.J., 1996,
Naturally occurring and mining-affected dissolved metals in two subbasins of the Upper Animas River Basin, southwestern Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-243-95, 4 p.
Wright, W.G., Kimball, B.A., and Runkel, R.L., 2007,
Effects of the May Day Mine site on stream-water quality in the Cement Creek Basin, August 2000, in Church, S.E., von Guerard, P., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated Investigations of Environmental Effects of Historical Mining in the Animas River Watershed, San Juan County, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1651, v. 2, p. 943-972.
Wright, W.G., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1999,
Oxygen isotopes of dissolved sulfate as a tool to distinguish natural and mining-related dissolved constituents, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 67-73.
Wright, W.G., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1999,
Oxygen isotopes of dissolved sulfate as a tool to distinguish natural and mining-related dissolved constituents, in Tailings and Mine Waste '99: Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema, p. 671-678.

Y

Yabusaki, S.B., Fang, Y., Waichler, S.R., Fuller, C.C., Akstin, K., Long, P.E., and Fuhrmann, M., 2014,
Assessing the potential for biorestoration of uranium in situ recovery sites: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
Yager, D.B., Church, S.E., Verplanck, P.L., and Wirt, L., 2003,
Ferricrete, manganocrete, and bog iron occurrences with selected sedge bogs and active iron bogs and springs in the upper Animas River watershed, San Juan County, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-2406.
Yager, D.B., Mast, M.A., Verplanck, P.L., Bove, D.J., Wright, W.G., and Hageman, P.L., 2000,
Natural versus mining-related water quality degradation to tributaries draining Mount Moly, Silverton, Colorado, in Church, S.E., ed., Preliminary release of scientific reports on the acid drainage in the Animas River watershed, San Juan County, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-34, p. 99-111.
Yin, J., Haggerty, R., Stoliker, D.L., Kent, D.B., Istok, J.D., Greskowiak, J., and Zachara, J.M., 2011,
Transient groundwater chemistry near a river--Effects on U(VI) transport in laboratory column experiments: Water Resources Research, v. 47, no. 4, W04502, doi:10.1029/2010wr009369.

Z

Zellweger, G.W., 1996,
Tracer injections in small streams--Why and how we do them, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 765-767.
Zellweger, G.W., 1994,
Testing and comparison of four ionic tracers to measure stream flow loss by multiple tracer injection: Hydrological Processes, v. 8, no. 2, p. 155-65, doi:10.1002/hyp.3360080206.
Zellweger, G.W., Bencala, K.E., Kimball, B.A., and McKnight, D.M., 1989,
Evaluation of lithium, sodium, chloride, and sulfate as tracers to investigate hydrologic aspects of acidic, metal-rich streams, in Mallard, G.E., and Ragone, S.E., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, September 26-30, 1988: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4220, p. 609.
Zellweger, G.W., Bencala, K.E., McKnight, D.M., Hirsch, R.M., and Kimball, B.A., 1988,
Practical aspects of tracer experiments in acidic, metal enriched streams, in Mallard, G.E., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Surface-Water Contamination--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Denver, Colorado, February 2-4, 1987: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-764, p. 125-130.
Zellweger, G.W., and Maura, W.S., 1991,
Calculation of conservative tracer and flume-discharge measurements on a small mountain stream, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 434-437.
Zielinski, R.A., and Asher-Bolinder, S., 1996,
Uraniferous waters of southeastern Colorado--A function of geology, climate and land use, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 805-812.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | J | K | L
M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y | Z

There are 838 publications in this section of the bibliography. The above list is sorted by author. The Toxics Bibliographic Data Base was last updated on 8/8/14.

| Sorted by Author | Sort by Year | Sort by Title | Sort by Publication Type | Only On-Line Reports | Search | Contents |

More Information


Get Acrobat

The page either contains links to .pdf files or links to non-USGS pages that might have links to .pdf files. .pdf files can be viewed with Adobe Reader®.
You can download Adobe Reader® for free.

USGS Home Water Climate Change Science Systems Ecosystems Energy and Minerals Environmental Health Hazards

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://toxics.usgs.gov/bib/bib-Mining.html
Page Contact Information:
Page Last Modified: Wednesday, 07-May-2014 15:19:59 EDT