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Environmental Health - Toxic Substances

Bibliography

Agricultural Chemicals

Occurrence and fate of chemicals used for agriculture

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A

Adams, C.D., Randtke, S.J., Thurman, E.M., and Hulsey, R.A., 1990,
Atrazine and its degradation products in soil and ground water, and the effectiveness of water-treatment processes for their removal, in University of Kansas Environmental 40th Annual Conference, Proceedings, Lawrence, Kan., February 7, 1990: p. 1-24.
Adams, C.D., and Thurman, E.M., 1991,
Formation and transport of deethylatrazine in the soil and vadose zone: Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 20, no. 3, p. 540-547, doi:10.2134/jeq1991.00472425002000030007x.
Aga, D.S., 1995,
Analytical applications of immunoassays in environmental and agricultural chemistry--study of the fate and transport of herbicides: Lawrence, University of Kansas, Department of Chemistry, Ph.D. thesis, 220 p.
Aga, D.S., and Thurman, E.M., 2001,
Formation and transport of the sulfonic acid metabolites of alachlor and metolachlor in soil: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 35, no. 12, p. 2455-2460, doi:10.1021/es991264s.
Aga, D.S., and Thurman, E.M., 1997,
Environmental Immunoassays--Alternative techniques for soil and water analysis, in Aga, D.S., and Thurman, E.M., eds., Immunochemical technology for environmental applications: Washington D.C., American Chemical Society ACS Symposium Series 657, p. 1-20.
Aga, D.S., and Thurman, E.M., 1995,
Application of solid-phase extraction (SPE) for ultratrace analysis of herbicides in water and soil by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), in Kurtz, D.A., Skerritt, J.H., and Stanker, L., eds., Agrochemical Immunoanalysis-93: Arlington, Va., AOAC International, p. 317.
Aga, D.S., and Thurman, E.M., 1993,
Coupling solid-phase extraction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for ultratrace determination of herbicides in pristine water: Analytical Chemistry, v. 65, no. 20, p. 2894-2898.
Aga, D.S., Thurman, E.M., and Pomes, M.L., 1996,
Measurement of concentrations of alachlor and its ethanesulfonic acid metabolite in water by solid-phase extraction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 385-392.
Aga, D.S., Thurman, E.M., and Pomes, M.L., 1994,
Determination of alachlor and its sulfonic acid metabolite in water by solid-phase extraction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay: Analytical Chemistry, v. 66, no. 9, p. 1495-1499.
Aga, D.S., Thurman, E.M., Yockel, M.E., Zimmerman, L.R., and Williams, T.D., 1996,
Identification of a new sulfonic acid metabolite of metolachlor in soil: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 30, no. 2, p. 592-597, doi:10.1021/es9503600.
Aga, D.S., and Thurman, E.M., eds., 1997,
Immunochemical technology for environmental applications: American Chemical Society ACS Symposium Series 657, 396 p.
Alberts, E.E., Prato, A.A., Blevins, D.W., and Killpack, S.C., 1995,
Research need and plans of the Missouri MSEA project, in 5th Annual Missouri Water Quality Conference Proceedings, Columbia, Missouri, February 2, 1995: University of Missouri, p. 172-176.
Alberts, E.E., Prato, T., Kitchen, N.K., and Blevins, D.W., 1993,
Research and education to improve surface and ground water quality of a claypan soil, in Agricultural Research to Protect Water Quality--Proceedings of the Conference, Minneapolis, Minnesota, February 21-24, 1993: Ankeny, Iowa, Soil and Water Conservation Society, p. 21-38.
Alpers, C.N., Fleck, J.A., Marvin-DiPasquale, M., Stricker, C.A., Stephenson, M., and Taylor, H.E., 2014,
Mercury cycling in agricultural and managed wetlands, Yolo Bypass, California--Spatial and seasonal variations in water quality: Science of the Total Environment, v. 484, no. 1, p. 276-287, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.10.096.
Alvarez, D.A., Shappell, N.W., Billey, L.O., Bermudez, D.S., Wilson, V.S., Kolpin, D.W., Perkins, S.D., Evans, N., Foreman, W.T., Gray, J.L., Shipitalo, M.J., and Meyer, M.T., 2013,
Bioassay of estrogenicity and chemical analyses of estrogens in streams across the United States associated with livestock operations: Water Research, v. 47, no. 10, p. 3347-3363, doi:10.1016/j.watres.2013.03.028.
Anderholm, S.K., 1986,
Reconnaissance of hydrology, land use, ground-water chemistry and effects of land use on ground-water chemistry in the Albuquerque-Belen basin, New Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 86-4174, 37 p.
Anderson, J.L., Dowdy, R.H., and Delin, G.N., 1991,
Ground water impacts from irrigated ridge-tillage, in Ritter, W.F., ed., National Conference on Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Honolulu, Hawaii, July 23-26, 1991: p. 604-610.
Anderson, J.L., Dowdy, R.H., Lamb, J.A., Delin, G.N., Knighton, R., Clay, D., and Lowery, B., 1993,
Northern Cornbelt Sand Plains Management Systems Evaluation Area, in Agricultural Research to Protect Water Quality--Proceedings of the Conference, Minneapolis, Minnesota, February 21-24, 1993: Ankeny, Iowa, Soil and Water Conservation Society, p. 39-47.
Antweiler, R.C., Goolsby, D.A., and Taylor, H.E., 1996,
Nutrients in the Mississippi River, 1987-92, in Meade, R.H., ed., Contaminants in the Mississippi River: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1133, p. 73-85.
Arai, Y., Lanzirotti, A., Sutton, S., Davis, J.A., and Sparks, D.L., 2003,
Arsenic speciation and reactivity in poultry litter: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 37, p. 4083-4090, doi:10.1021/es0340580.
Asmussen, L.E., and Smith, C.N., 1990,
Study design to investigation and simulate agrichemical movement and fate in ground-water recharge, in Nash, R.G., and Leslie, A.R., eds., Ground water research and sampling design: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society ACS Symposium Series 465, p. 150-164.
Aulenbach, B.T., Buxton, H.T., Battaglin, W.A., and Coupe, R.H., 2007,
Streamflow and nutrient fluxes of the Mississippi-Atchafalaya River Basin and subbasins for the period of record through 2005: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1080 (On-line only).

B

Bachman, L.J., Krantz, D.E., and Böhlke, J.K., 2002,
Hydrogeologic framework, ground-water geochemistry and assessment of nitrogen yield from base flow in two agricultural watersheds, Kent County, Maryland: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPA/600/R-02/008, 93 p.
Bair, E.S., Springer, A.E., and Finton, C.D., 1993,
Hydrogeologic characterization of the Ohio MSEA, in Watermeir, N.L., ed., Ohio Buried Valley Aquifer Management Systems Evaluation Area Colloquium, October 27, 1993: Columbus, Ohio State University, p. 17-22.
Baker, N.T., Stone, W.W., Wilson, J.T., and Meyer, M.T., 2006,
Occurrence and transport of agricultural chemicals in Leary Weber Ditch Basin, Hancock County, Indiana, 2003-04: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5251, 44 p.
Barringer, T.A., Dunn, D., Battaglin, W., and Vowinkel, E.F., 1990,
Problems and methods involved in relating land use to ground-water quality: Water Resources Bulletin, v. 26, no. 1, p. 1-9, doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.1990.tb01345.x.
Barton, C., Vowinkel, E.F., and Nawyn, J.P., 1987,
Preliminary assessment of water quality and its relation to hydrogeology and land use--Potomac-Raritan-Magothy aquifer system, New Jersey: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 87-4023, 79 p.
Bastian, K.C., Thurman, E.M., and Rebich, R.A., 1998,
Comparison of enzyme-linked immunoassay with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for analysis of the cotton herbicide fluometuron, in 28th Mississippi Water Resources Conference, Proceedings, Raymond, Mississippi, April 7-8, 1998: Starkville, Miss., Mississippi State University, p. 45-55.
Battaglin, W., Drewes, J., Bruce, B., and McHugh, M., 2007,
Contaminants of emerging concern in the environment: Water Resources Impact, v. 9, no. 3, p. 3-4.
Battaglin, W., Sandstrom, M., Kuivila, K., Kolpin, D., and Meyer, M., 2011,
Occurrence of azoxystrobin, propiconazole, and selected other fungicides in US streams, 2005-2006: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 218, no. 1-4, p. 307-322, doi:10.1007/s11270-010-0643-2.
Battaglin, W.A., 2009,
Glypohosate and other pesticides in vernal pools and streams in parks: Park Science, v. 26, no. 2.
Battaglin, W.A., 2002,
Using ratios of atrazine transformation products to atrazine to determine its source in Midwestern streams, in Kenny, J., ed., Ground Water/Surface Water Interactions, AWRA Summer Specialty Conference Proceedings, Middleburg, Virginia: American Water Resources Association, TPS-02-2, p. 213-218.
Battaglin, W.A., 1993,
Use of volume modelling techniques to estimate agricultural chemical mass in groundwater, Minnesota, USA, in Kovar, K., and Nachtnebel, H., eds., Application of Geographic Information Systems in Hydrology and Water Resources Management: International Association of Hydrological Sciences, IAHS Publication No. 211, p. 591-599.
Battaglin, W.A., 1992,
Estimation of agricultural chemical mass in ground water by volume modeling techniques: Golden, Colorado School of Mines, M.E. thesis, ER-4284, 157 p.
Battaglin, W.A., and Fairchild, J., 2002,
Potential toxicity of pesticides measured in midwestern streams to aquatic organisms: Water Science and Technology, v. 45, no. 9, p. 95-103.
Battaglin, W.A., Furlong, E.T., and Burkhardt, M.R., 2001,
Concentration of selected sulfonylurea, sulfonamide, and imadazolinone herbicides, other pesticides, and nutrients in 71 streams, 5 reservoir outflows, and 25 wells in the midwestern United States, 1998: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 00-4225, 123 p.
Battaglin, W.A., Furlong, E.T., Burkhardt, M.R., and Peter, C.J., 2000,
Occurrence of sulfonylurea, sulfonamide, imidazolinone, and other herbicides in rivers, reservoirs and ground water in the Midwestern United States, 1998: The Science of the Total Environment, v. 248, no. 2-3, p. 123-133, doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(99)00536-7.
Battaglin, W.A., Furlong, E.T., Burkhardt, M.R., and Peter, C.J., 1999,
Occurrence of sulfonylurea, imidazolinone, and other herbicides in midwestern rivers, reservoirs, and ground water, 1998, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 2 of 3--Contamination of Hydrologic Systems and Related Ecosystems: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018B, p. 215-225.
Battaglin, W.A., Furlong, E.T., and Peter, C.J., 1998,
A reconnaissance for new, low-application rate herbicides in surface and ground water in the Midwestern United States, in Proceedings of the National Water Quality Monitoring Council (NWQMC) National Conference, Monitoring--Critical Foundations to Protect Our Waters, Reno, Nevada, July 7-9, 1998: Washington, D.C., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, p. 245-256.
Battaglin, W.A., Furlong, E.T., and Peter, C.J., 1998,
A reconnaissance for sulfonylurea herbicides in waters of the Midwestern USA--An example of collaboration between the public and private sectors: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-046-98, 4 p.
Battaglin, W.A., and Goolsby, D.A., 2000,
Herbicide concentrations in Midwest reservoirs (plus a self-study examination to earn continuing education credit): Crop Decisions, v. 42, no. 3, p. 5-8.
Battaglin, W.A., and Goolsby, D.A., 1999,
Are shifts in herbicide use reflected in concentration changes in midwestern rivers?: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 33, no. 17, p. 2917-2925, doi:10.1021/es9900149.
Battaglin, W.A., and Goolsby, D.A., 1998,
Regression models of herbicide concentrations in outflow from reservoirs in the midwestern USA, 1992-1993: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 34, no. 6, p. 1369-1390, doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.1998.tb05438.x.
Battaglin, W.A., and Goolsby, D.A., 1997,
Statistical modeling of agricultural chemical occurrence in midwestern rivers: Journal of Hydrology, v. 196, no. 1-4, p. 1-25, doi:10.1016/S0022-1694(97)00011-5.
Battaglin, W.A., and Goolsby, D.A., 1996,
Using GIS and logistic regression to estimate agricultural chemical concentrations in rivers of the midwestern USA, in Kovar, K., and Nachtnebel, H., eds., Application of Geographic Information Systems in Hydrology and Water Resources Management--Proceedings of HydroGIS'96 meeting, Vienna, Austria, April, 1996: International Association of Hydrological Sciences IAHS Publication No. 235, p. 253-260.
Battaglin, W.A., and Goolsby, D.A., 1996,
Using GIS and regression to estimate annual herbicide concentrations in outflow from reservoirs in the midwestern USA, 1992-93, in AWRA Symposium on GIS and Water Resources, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, September 22-26, 1996: American Water Resources Association.
Battaglin, W.A., and Goolsby, D.A., 1996,
Using GIS and regression to estimate annual herbicide concentrations in outflow from reservoirs in the midwestern USA, 1992-93, in Hallam, C.A., Salisbury, H.M., Lanfear, K.J., and Battaglin, W.A., eds., GIS and Water Resources--Proceedings of the American Water Resources Association: American Water Resources Association Technical Publication Series TPS-96-3, p. 89-98.
Battaglin, W.A., and Goolsby, D.A., 1995,
Spatial data in Geographic Information System format on agricultural chemical use, land use, and cropping practices in the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4176, 87 p.
Battaglin, W.A., and Goolsby, D.A., 1994,
Relations between herbicide use and annual transport of herbicides in midwestern rivers, 1991-92, in Weigmann, D.L., ed., New Directions in Pesticide Research Development, Management, and Policy--Proceedings of the Fourth National Conference, on Pesticides, Richmond, Va., November 1-3, 1993: p. 711-723.
Battaglin, W.A., Goolsby, D.A., and Coupe, R., 1993,
Annual use and transport of agricultural chemicals in the Mississippi River, 1991-92, in Goolsby, D.A., Boyer, L.L., and Mallard, G.E., eds., Selected papers on agricultural chemicals in water resources of the Midcontinental United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-418, p. 26-40.
Battaglin, W.A., Goolsby, D.A., and Coupe, R.H., 1996,
Annual use and transport of agricultural chemicals in the Mississippi River, 1991-92, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 429-440.
Battaglin, W.A., Goolsby, D.A., and Mueller, D.K., 1994,
Relations between use, concentration, and transport of agricultural chemicals in the Mississippi River basin, in Marston, R.A., and Hasfurther, V.R., eds., Effects of Human-induced Changes on Hydrologic System--Proceedings of the American Water Resources Association summer symposium, Jackson Hole, Wyoming, June 26-29, 1994: p. 1073-1086.
Battaglin, W.A., and Hay, L.E., 1996,
Effects of sampling strategies on estimates of annual mean herbicide concentrations in midwestern rivers: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 30, no. 3, p. 889-896, doi:10.1021/es950351r.
Battaglin, W.A., Kendall, C., Chang, C.C.Y., Silva, S.R., and Campbell, D.H., 2001,
Chemical and isotopic evidence of nitrogen transformation in the Mississippi River, 1997-98: Hydrological Processes, v. 15, no. 7, p. 1285-1300, doi:10.1002/hyp.214.
Battaglin, W.A., Kendall, C., Chang, C.C.Y., Silva, S.R., and Campbell, D.H., 2001,
Isotopic and chemical composition of inorganic and organic water-quality samples from the Mississippi River Basin, 1997-98: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4095, 57 p.
Battaglin, W.A., Kendall, C., Goolsby, D.A., and Boyer, L.L., 1997,
Plan of study to determine if the isotopic ratios δ15N and δ18O can reveal the sources of nitrate discharged by the Mississippi River into the Gulf of Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-230, 18 p.
Battaglin, W.A., and Kolok, A., 2014,
Featured collection introduction--Contaminants of emerging concern II: JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 50, no. 2, p. 261-265, doi:10.1111/jawr.12176.
Battaglin, W.A., Kolpin, D.W., Scribner, E.A., Kuivila, K.M., and Sandstrom, M.W., 2005,
Glyphasate, other herbicides, and transformation products in midwestern streams, 2002: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 41, no. 2, p. 323-332, doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.2005.tb03738.x.
Battaglin, W.A., Kuivila, K., Winton, K., and Meyer, M., 2008,
Occurrence of chlorothalonil, its transformation products, and selected other pesticides in Texas and Oklahoma streams, 2003-2004: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2008-5016, 9 p.
Battaglin, W.A., Meyer, M.T., Kuivila, K.M., and Dietze, J.E., 2014,
Glyphosate and its degradation product AMPA occur frequently and widely in U.S. soils, surface water, groundwater, and precipitation: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 50, no. 2, p. 275-290, doi:10.1111/jawr.12159.
Battaglin, W.A., Thurman, E.M., Kalkhoff, S.J., and Porter, S.D., 2003,
Herbicides and transformation products in surface waters of the midwestern United States: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 39, no. 4, p. 743-756, doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.2003.tb04402.x.
Battaglin, W.A., Thurman, E.M., Kolpin, D.W., Scribner, E.A., Sandstrom, M.W., and Kuivila, K.M., 2003,
Work plan for determining the occurrence of glyphosate, its transformation product AMPA, other herbicide compounds, and antibiotics in midwestern United States streams, 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-69, 18 p.
Battaglin, W.A., Ulery, R., Welborn, T., and Winterstein, T., 2003,
Susceptibility of surface water in Texas to nonpoint source pesticide contamination, in Kolpin, D., and Williams, J.W., eds., AWRA 2003 Spring Specialty Conference: Agricultural Hydrology and Water Quality, Kansas City, Missouri, May 12-14, 2003: American Water Resources Association, p. on CD-ROM, TPS-03-1, ISBN:1-882132-61-0.
Battaglin, W.A., Ulery, R.L., Winterstein, T., and Welborn, T., 2003,
Estimating the susceptibility of surface water in Texas to nonpoint-source contamination by use of logistic regression modeling: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4205, 24 p.
Bergamaschi, B.A., Baston, D.S., Crepeau, K.L., and Kuivila, K.M., 1999,
Determination of pesticides associated with suspended sediments in the San Joaquin River, California, USA, using gas-chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry: Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, v. 69, p. 305-319.
Bergamaschi, B.A., Kuivila, K.M., and Fram, M.S., 2001,
Pesticides associated with suspended sediments entering San Francisco Bay following the first major storm of water year 1996: Estuaries, v. 24, no. 3, p. 368-380.
Bergamaschi, B.A., Kuivila, K.M., and Fram, M.S., 1999,
Pesticides associated with suspended sediments in the San Francisco Bay during the first flush, December 1995, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 2 of 3--Contamination of Hydrologic Systems and Related Ecosystems: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018B, p. 23-33.
Bidwell, J.R., Becker, C., Hensley, S., Stark, R., and Meyer, M.T., 2010,
Occurrence of organic wastewater and other contaminants in cave streams in Northeastern Oklahoma and Northwestern Arkansas: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, v. 58, no. 2, p. 286-298, doi:10.1007/s00244-009-9388-6.
Blevins, D.W., 1991,
Planned studies of movement of nitrogen species and herbicides on claypan soils at the Management Systems Evaluation Area, Missouri, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 240-242.
Blevins, D.W., Wilkison, D.H., Kelly, B.P., and Silva, S.R., 1996,
Movement of nitrate fertilizer to glacial till and runoff from a claypan soil: Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 25, no. 3, p. 582-593, doi:10.2134/jeq1996.00472425002500030026x.
Blevins, D.W., Wilkison, D.H., Silva, S.R., and Kelly, B.P., 1996,
Use of 15N to trace movement of nitrogen fertilizer at a field plot, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 1, p. 401-409.
Blickwedel, R.S., and Wood, C.R., 1989,
Relation of ground-water quality to land use in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania--Camden, New Jersey area: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4211, 58 p.
Böhlke, J.K., Antweiler, R.C., Harvey, J.W., Laursen, A.E., Smith, L.K., Smith, R.L., and Voytek, M.A., 2009,
Multi-scale measurements and modeling of denitrification in streams with varying flow and nitrate concentration in the upper Mississippi River Basin, USA: Biogeochemistry, v. 93, no. 1-2, p. 117-141, doi:10.1007/s10533-008-9282-8.
Böhlke, J.K., and Denver, J.M., 1995,
Combined use of groundwater dating, chemical, and isotopic analyses to resolve the history and fate of nitrate contamination in two agricultural watersheds, Atlantic coastal plain, Maryland: Water Resources Research, v. 31, no. 9, p. 2319-2339, 95WR01584, doi:10.1029/95WR01584.
Böhlke, J.K., Hatzinger, P.B., Sturchio, N.C., Gu, B., Abbene, I., and Mroczkowski, S.J., 2009,
Atacama perchlorate as an agricultural contaminant in groundwater: Isotopic and chronologic evidence from Long Island, New York: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 15, p. 5619-5625, doi:10.1021/es9006433.
Böhlke, J.K., and Horan, M., 2000,
Strontium isotope geochemistry of ground waters and streams affected by agriculture, Locust Grove, Maryland: Applied Geochemistry, v. 15, p. 599-609.
Böhlke, J.K., Wanty, R., Tuttle, M., Delin, G., and Landon, M., 2002,
Denitrification in the recharge area and discharge area of a transient agricultural nitrate plume in a glacial outwash sand aquifer, Minnesota: Water Resources Research, v. 38, no. 7, p. 101-126, 2001WR000663, doi:10.1029/2001WR000663.
Bohn-Buxton, D.E., Buxton, H.T., and Eagen, V.K., 1996,
Simulation of ground-water flow paths and traveltime in relation to tritium and aldicarb concentrations in the upper glacial aquifer on the North fork, Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-761, 36 p.
Bosch, D.D., Leonard, R.A., and Hubbard, R.K., 1996,
Unsaturated zone transport at the Plains, Georgia field site, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 965-969.
Boxall, A.B.A., Sinclair, C.J., Fenner, K., Kolpin, D., and Maund, S.J., 2004,
When synthetic chemicals degrade in the environment--What are the absolute fate, effects, and potential risks to humans and the ecosystem?: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 38, no. 19, p. 368A-375A, doi:10.1021/es040624v.
Boxall, A.B.A., Sinclair, C.J., and Kolpin, D.W., 2006,
Potential risks of pesticide degradates to aquatic life, in Gilliom, R.J., and others, eds., Pesticides in the nation's streams and ground water, 1992-2001: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1291, p. 81-86.
Boyd, R.A., 1999,
Herbicides and herbicide degradates in shallow ground water and the Cedar River near a municipal well field, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 2 of 3--Contamination of Hydrologic Systems and Related Ecosystems: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018B, p. 289-300.
Bradford, S.A., Morales, V.L., Zhang, W., Harvey, R.W., Packman, A.I., Mohanram, A., and Welty, C., 2013,
Transport and fate of microbial pathogens in agricultural settings: Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 8, p. 775-893, doi:10.1080/10643389.2012.710449.
Bradley, P.M., Chapelle, F.H., Jagucki, M.L., and McMahon, P.B., 1994,
Effect of atrazine on potential denitrification in aquifer sediments: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, v. 26, no. 4, p. 523-524, doi:10.1016/0038-0717(94)90186-4.
Bradley, P.M., ed., 2013,
Current perspectives in contaminant hydrology and water resources sustainability: New York, InTech, 333 p., ISBN:9789535110460,
Bratkovich, A., Dinnel, S.P., and Goolsby, D.A., 1995,
Variability and prediction of freshwater and nitrate fluxes for the Louisiana-Texas shelf--Mississippi and Atchafalaya source functions: Estuaries, v. 17, no. 4, p. 766-778.
Bratton, J.F., Böhlke, J.K., Krantz, D.E., and Tobias, C.R., 2009,
Flow and geochemistry of groundwater beneath a back-barrier lagoon--The subterranean estuary at Chincoteague Bay, Maryland: Marine Chemistry, v. 113, no. 1-2, p. 78-92, doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2009.01.004.
Bratton, J.F., Böhlke, J.K., Manheim, F.T., and Krantz, D.E., 2004,
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Wilson, E.R., Smalling, K.L., Reilly, T.J., Gray, E., Bond, L., Steele, L., Kandel, P., Chamberlin, A., Gause, J., Reynolds, N., Robertson, I., Novak, S., Feris, K., and White, M.M., 2014,
Assessing the potential effects of fungicides on nontarget gut fungi (Trichomycetes) and their associated larval black fly hosts: JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 50, no. 2, p. 420-433, doi:10.1111/jawr.12166.
Windham-Myers, L., Marvin-DiPasquale, M., Kakouros, E., Agee, J.L., Kieu, L.H., Stricker, C.A., Fleck, J.A., and Ackerman, J.T., 2013,
Mercury cycling in agricultural and managed wetlands of California, USA--Seasonal influences of vegetation on mercury methylation, storage, and transport: Science of the Total Environment, v. 484, p. 308-318, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.05.027.
Windham-Myers, L., Marvin-DiPasquale, M., Stricker, C.A., Agee, J.L., Kieu, L.H., and Kakouros, E., 2014,
Mercury cycling in agricultural and managed wetlands of California, USA--Experimental evidence of vegetation-driven changes in sediment biogeochemistry and methylmercury production: Science of the Total Environment, v. 484, p. 300-307, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.05.028.
Woodall, C.A., Warner, K., Oremland, R.S., Murrell, J.C., and McDonald, I.R., 2001,
Identification of methyl halide-utilizing genes in strain IMB-1, a methyl bromide-utilizing bacterium suggests a high degree of conservation of methyl halide-specific genes in gram-negative bacteria: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 67, no. 4, p. 1,959-1,963, doi:10.1128/AEM.67.4.1959-1963.2001.
Worrall, F., 2001,
A molecular topology approach to predicting pesticide pollution of groundwater: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 35, no. 11, p. 2282-2287, doi:10.1021/es001593g.
Worrall, F., Besien, T., and Kolpin, D.W., 2002,
Groundwater vulnerability--Interactions of chemical and site properties: The Science of the Total Environment, v. 299, p. 131-143, doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(02)00270-X.
Worrall, F., and Kolpin, D.W., 2004,
Aquifer vulnerability to pesticide pollution - combining soil, land-use and aquifer properties with molecular descriptors: Journal of Hydrology, v. 293, no. 1-4, p. 191-204, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2004.01.013.
Worrall, F., and Kolpin, D.W., 2003,
Direct assessment of groundwater vulnerability from single observations of multiple contaminants: Water Resources Research, v. 39, no. 12, p. 1345-1352, 2002WR001212, doi:10.1029/2002WR001212.
Wright, W.G., 1999,
Oxidation and mobilization of selenium by nitrate in irrigation drainage: Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 28, no. 4, p. 1182-1187, doi:10.2134/jeq1999.00472425002800040019x.

Y

Yager, T.J.B., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., Kinney, C.A., Zaugg, S.D., and Burkhardt, M.R., 2014,
Dissipation of contaminants of emerging concern in biosolids applied to nonirrigated farmland in eastern Colorado: JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 50, no. 2, p. 343-357, doi:10.1111/jawr.12163.
Yang, Y.-Y., Gray, J.L., Furlong, E.T., Davis, J.G., ReVello, R.C., and Borch, T., 2012,
Steroid hormone runoff from agricultural test plots applied with municipal biosolids: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 46, no. 5, p. 2746-2754, doi:10.1021/es203896t.
Yen, S., Liu, S., and Kolpin, D.W., 1996,
Analysis of nitrate in near-surface aquifers in the midcontinental United States--An application of the inverse hyperbolic sine Tobit model: Water Resources Research, v. 32, no. 10, p. 3003-3011, 96WR02102, doi:10.1029/96WR02102.
Yost, E.E., Meyer, M.T., Dietze, J.E., Meissner, B.M., Worley-Davis, L., Williams, C.M., Lee, B., and Kullman, S.W., 2013,
Comprehensive assessment of hormones, phytoestrogens, and estrogenic activity in an anaerobic swine waste lagoon: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47, no. 23, p. 13781-13790, doi:10.1021/es4026408.
Young, M.B., McLaughlin, K., Kendall, C., Stringfellow, W., Rollog, M., Elsbury, K., Donald, E., and Paytan, A., 2009,
Characterizing the oxygen isotopic composition of phosphate sources to aquatic ecosystems: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 14, p. 5190-5196, doi:10.1021/es900337q.

Z

Zamora, C., Majewski, M.S., and Foreman, W.T., 2013,
Methods, quality assurance, and data for assessing atmospheric deposition of pesticides in the Central Valley of California: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013-5023, xi, 180 p. p.
Zimmerman, L.R., Hostetler, K.A., and Thurman, E.M., 2000,
Methods of analysis by the U.S. Geological Survey Organic Geochemistry Research Group--Determination of chloroacetanilide herbicide metabolites in water using high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection and high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-182, 30 p.
Zimmerman, L.R., Schneider, R.J., and Thurman, E.M., 2002,
Analysis and detection of the herbicides dimethenamid and flufenacet and their sulfonic and oxanilic acid degradates in natural water: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, v. 50, no. 5, p. 1045-1052, doi:10.1021/jf010779b.
Zimmerman, L.R., and Thurman, E.M., 1999,
Method of analysis by the U.S. Geological Survey Organic Geochemistry Research Group--Determination of triazine and chloroacetanilide herbicides in water by solid-phase extraction and capillary-column gas chromatography/mass spectrometry with selected-ion monitoring: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-634, 21 p.
Zimmerman, L.R., Thurman, E.M., and Bastian, K.C., 2000,
Detection of persistent organic pollutants in the Mississippi Delta using semipermeable membrane devices: The Science of the Total Environment, v. 248, no. 2-3, p. 169-179, doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(99)00540-9.
Zimmerman, L.R., Thurman, E.M., and Bastian, K.C., 1999,
Detection of persistent organic pollutants in the Mississippi Delta using semipermeable membrane devices, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Buxton, H.T., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 2 of 3--Contamination of Hydrologic Systems and Related Ecosystems: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018B, p. 367-379.

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