Environmental Health - Toxic Substances Hydrology Program
The Toxics Program's bibliography includes:
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Toxic Substances Hydrology Program (TSHP) was initiated in 1982 to provide objective and reliable scientific information needed by stakeholders to develop policies and practices that minimize or avoid exposure to toxic substances, provide data and information, provide cost-effective cleanup and waste-disposal strategies, and reduce future risk of contamination. The known, suspected, and hidden threats to the health of humans and other organisms due to contamination of surface water, ground water, soil, sediment, and the atmosphere are among the most significant health questions facing the Nation. Contaminants including chemicals and pathogens enter the environment, often inadvertently, via industrial, agricultural, mining, or other human activities as well as through natural earth processes such as erosion and runoff.
TSHP investigations occur over a wide range of scales—from intense point sources, such as leaks or discharges from industrial facilities; to multiple, closely spaced releases, such as domestic septic systems; to relatively uniform releases that occur over broad areas with similar land-use practices, such as agricultural and residential land uses.
Fundamental themes that motivate short-term goals and knowledge products are:
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